India is very diverse in terms of both flora and fauna. The main reason for this is the various climatic conditions that are prevailing in India. Almost, everything can be found in different regions and different states of India. Out of all the fruits, India is famous for producing mangoes, which is also its national fruit. In different regions of India, we could find different fruits which are due to the change in the geographical and climatic conditions prevailing all over the country.
Geographical Indications of India under Agricultural also includes Himsagar Mango, Eathomozhy Tall Coconut(south), Laxman Bhog Mango, Navara Rice, Kangra Tea, and Kinnauri Apples. Right now, India is the second-largest producer of fruits in the world. China is still number one in this category.
1) Mahabaleshwar Strawberry ( Maharashtra)
Mahabaleshwar is a very small town present in the district Satara of State Maharashtra. Strawberry is one of the fruits that are famous in this place. There are many strawberry farms in this place and people often visit these farms. Along with strawberry, we can also find fruits like raspberry, mulberry, and gooseberry. These are also quite famous. It got its indication tag in the year 2010.
2) Ganganagar Kinnow ( Rajasthan)
It is a citrus fruit just like an orange. It is very beneficial for health as it contains many vitamins and nutrients like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Fiber, Calcium, and Potassium. Not only in Rajasthan, but it can also be found in hilly states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and plain states like Punjab and Haryana. These fruits are mainly harvested in the months of December and February. This fruit has not been given the indication tag. In terms of production, it occupies third place after the fruits like mango and banana.
3) Muzaffarpur Litchi ( Bihar)
Muzaffarpur is a city in the Bihar state of India. It is famous for producing litchis. It is also known as Shahi lychees and it is known as the Lychee Kingdom. It is going to be the fourth product from the state after jardalu mangoes, Katarni rice, and Magahi paan to get the GI tag which stands for Geographical indication.
4) Chestnut (Uttrakhand)
These are basically edible nuts. These belong to the family Fagaceae, which also includes oaks and beeches. Britishers were the ones who started planting these nuts in India. These are grown in hilly areas especially in the MIddle Himalayas of Uttarakhand and other North-Eastern started. These are quite costly.
5) Kashmiri Apple (Kashmir)
Apples are grown in the northern part of India like Kasmir, Himachal Pradesh and north-eastern states like Sikkim. When it comes to the largest producer of apples in India, Kashmir occupies the first place. There are so many varieties of apples in Kashmir but the most famous are Kashmir Golden Apple.
6) Kiwi Fruit (Arunachal Pradesh)
When it comes to the largest producing Kiwi state, Arunachal Pradesh is on top. It is also known as Chinese gooseberry and it is grown widely in countries like Japan, China, Iran, Spain, New Zealand, Italy, and the USA. It is not only found in hilly areas like Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, J and K, Meghalaya but also in southern parts of India like Kerala, Karnataka and Arunachal Pradesh. Abbott, Monty, Tomuri, Hayward are some of the varieties that are cultivated in India. Abbott is an early flowering and early maturing cultivar. It requires comparatively more chilling hours.
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7) Malihabad Dasheri Mango (Uttar Pradesh)
After Alphonso, the most loved and popular variety of mango is Dasheri mango. Dasheri is found in many parts of India but the Dasheri mango of Uttar Pradesh is top-notch. If we talk more specifically, it is found in the Malihabad village of Uttar Pradesh. It is also the largest producer of this kind of mango.
8) Plums (Aloo Bukhara) (Uttrakhand)
Uttarakhand is one of the hilly states in India like Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, and Assam. Many fruits can be found in Uttarakhand like chestnuts, apples, apricots, plums, plums, pears, etc. Plums are also known as Aloo Bukhara in some parts of India. It is a quite famous fruit in northern India.
9) Apple Ber (Maharashtra)
Apple Ber is a new variety of fruit, which is grown in some districts of Maharashtra and the famous Ballari district of Karnataka. Normally, all kinds of soils are suitable for the cultivation of this kind of horticultural fruit. Maharashtra is one of the biggest producers of such type of ber. Other types of ber are also found in many parts of India but this is a special kind of ber.
10) Dahanu Gholvad Chikoo ( Maharashtra)
Gholvad is a village present in the district Plagar of Maharashtra state. It is very famous for producing chikoos. Even a festival of Chikoo also takes place during January each year. This festival is also known to be a Chikoo Festival. This special type of chikoo has been given a special geographical indication (GI) tag from the Government of India that is GoI.
11) Persimmon Fruit – Japani Phal
Japani Phal is quite famous in the country of China. But if we talk about our country, it is also grown in some hilly states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Nilgiri Hills. Indian Persimmon is also cultivated in places native to coastal West Bengal and better known for uses in folk medicine.
It is also known as Persimmon fruit. This is quite a lesser-known fruit because of fewer consumptions in most of the states as it is consumed in the states where it is grown.
12) Jamun (Syzygium cumini)
Jamun is native to the south-eastern countries like India and Sri Lanka and it is also one of the most regularly grown fruit trees in our country India. This species is considered to be invasive in Hawaii and it is also found in some places of Guyana and in some places of Trinidad and Tobago also regarded as T & T.
These were the special kind of varieties of fruits famous in India. Some other fruits that are consumed in different parts of India are Tezpur Litchi in Assam, Vazhakulam Pineapple in Kerala, Allahabad Surkha Guava in Uttar Pradesh, Nanjanagud Banana, Nagpur Orange in Maharashtra, Gir Kesar in Gujarat, Apples of Himachal Pradesh. Thus, there may not be any kind of fruit variety that is not found in India. Even, India offers different types of varieties of a particular fruit which is mainly grown and sold in local markets. Such varieties may or may not be used for the export purposes for selling them to the international markets.
The northern parts of India are famous for growing fruits like apples, chestnuts, oranges and some types of mangoes. The same goes for the north-eastern states because the climatic conditions are quite the same because there are hilly areas just like northern hilly states. When we travel down to the south, the kind of climatic conditions these places have been somewhat changed and mangoes, chikoo, apple ber are quite common in such places. India ranks second in producing fruits in all over the world. Only China ranks above India. It is also one of the biggest exporters of fruits all over the world. Hope you find it informative.
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