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Top 12 Highest and Tallest Waterfalls in India

Isn’t it beautiful to see how beautiful the works of mother nature are? India is very gifted with such sensational artworks of nature, and surely Waterfalls are one of its best spectacles. It is amazing how Waterfalls are formed by water rushing down from a steep edge and creates beautiful showers. The water flows from a land on a higher altitude and falls down on lower altitude land from where it will continue are either a lake or river.

India has a great range of waterfalls which are very magnificent and beautiful. These are among the most beautiful and tallest waterfalls in the world. Waterfalls are a great source of tourism and are often serve as the best attraction. Waterfalls are also known as cascades. The thrill-seekers from around the globe visit these cascades for experiencing adventures of climbing and bathing in these wondrous waters.

It is a most breathtaking sight to look at a waterfall unfurling all of its might from a place of calm origin into a river or a rivulet. As if breathing life into a new place. Nature has some of the most beautiful ways of teaching us about life and selflessness.

Here are the Top 12 Highest and Tallest Waterfalls in India:

1.Kunchikal Falls

Beautiful Kunchikal Falls

The first name on this list is of the Kunchikal Falls. These are the tallest waterfalls in India. They have a height of 455 metres (1,493 ft). They are present in the Shimoga district of the state of Karnataka. They are a cascade type of waterfall and have a multi-tiered structure. The falls are formed by the Varahi river. It is also the second tallest waterfall in Asia.

2. Barehipani Falls

tiered Barehipani Falls

The second tallest waterfall in India is the Barehipani Falls. These are among the most beautiful waterfalls in India. They have a height of 399 metres (1,309 ft). These falls are located in the Simlipal National Park which is present in the Mayurbhanj district of the state of Odisha. The main feature of this waterfall is that it is two-tiered and among the highest falls in Asia.

3.Nohkalikai Falls

 Nohkalikai falls in Meghalaya

The Nohkalikai Falls are not only among the tallest Indian waterfalls but also it is the tallest plunge type waterfall in India. It has a total fall span of 340 metres (1,120 ft). This waterfall is located in the Cherrapunji district of the state of Meghalaya. These are formed by the rainwater deposited at the summit of a short plateau. Thus, the strength of this waterfall decreases from December to February.

4. Nohsngithiang Falls

Nohsngithiang Waterfalls in Meghalaya

The Nohsngithiang Falls is popularly known as the Seven Sisters Waterfalls. It is known by this name because of the seven-segmented type of waterfall that it forms. This waterfall is located in the East Khasi Hills district, Mawsmai in the state of Meghalaya. The waterfall has a total height of 315 metres (1,033 ft), which makes it the fourth tallest waterfall in India.

5. Dudhsagar Falls

dudhsagar waterfalls in goa

The next name on our list of tallest waterfalls in India is of the Dudhsagar Falls. The literal meaning of Dudhsagar translates to Sea of Milk. The falls got its name because of its rich milky appearance. These falls are a four-tiered type of waterfall. They are located 60km away from Panaji in Goa. These waterfalls have a total height of 310 metres (1,020 ft). The source of water for the waterfall is Mandovi River.

6. Langshiang Falls

langshiang-falls in meghalaya

The Langshiang Falls is the next tallest waterfalls in India, presently. They have a total height of 1,106 ft. These falls are said to increase their depth with the increase in the water and can reach a height of 337 metres sometimes. These falls are located near the village of Sangriang which is in the West Khasi Hills District in the state of Meghalaya. The source of water is the Kynshi River.

7.Kynrem Falls

beautiful kynrem falls

The next waterfall we have on this list is the Kynrem Falls. The Kynrem Falls are the 7th tallest waterfalls in India and are located at about 12km from Cherrapunji in the state of Meghalaya. They have a total fall span of 305 metres (1,001 ft). These Kynrem falls are located inside the national park of Thangkharang Park. These are also a type of cascade forming multi-tiered waterfall.

8. Meenmutty Falls

Meenmutty falls in Kerala

The Meenmutty Falls are among the most beautiful waterfalls in India and these are the tallest waterfalls present in the State of Kerala in the Wayanad District. These are a triple-tiered type of waterfalls and have a total fall span of 300 metres (980 ft). Many thrill seekers plan their trek to this waterfall through Wayanad-Ooty road, but it gets very risky during rainy season.

9. Thalaiyar Falls

single streamed Thalaiyar Falls

The next name among the highest and tallest waterfalls in India is of the Thalaiyar Falls. These are located in the Theni District of the state of Tamil Nadu. These waterfalls have a total height of 297 metres (974 ft). It has an elevation of 820 metres (2,690 ft). The source of water for the Thalaiyar Falls is the Manjalar River. These are also known as Rat Tail Falls.

10. Barkana Falls

barkana falls in shimoga

The Barkana Falls are the tenth tallest waterfalls in India. They have a fall span of 259 metres (850 ft). These waterfalls are formed by the waters of the Seetha River which gets collected at the summit. These Barkana Falls are located near Agumbe, near the district of Shimoga in the state of Karnataka. This is a tiered type of waterfall and is filled with water only during the rainy season.

11. Jog Falls

beautiful Jog Waterfalls

The second last name on the list of the highest waterfalls in India is of the Jog Falls. The Jog Falls are also among the most beautiful and spectacular waterfalls in India. These waterfalls are present in the Shimoga District in the state of Karnataka. These are a type of segmented waterfalls and it becomes a plunge waterfall depending on the season. They have a total height of 253 metres (830 ft).

12. Khandadhar Falls

tiered khandadhar falls

Then lastly we have the 12th most beautiful and tallest waterfall in India, the Khandadhar Falls. These falls are located in the district of Sundagarh in the state of Odisha. It is a horsetail type of waterfall. The total height of the Khandadhar Falls is 244 metres (801 ft). Since the fall looks like a Sword (‘Khanda‘) and is a Fall (‘Dhara‘), it was named as Khandadhar.

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10 Most Popular Waterfalls in India

Waterfalls, also called cascades are truly magnificent features found in nature. They display the beauty of nature explicitly. Waterfalls are also a great center of attraction for tourists and bring a lot of tourism in the place where they are situated. Many thrill seekers also find big and beautiful cascades as a means of fulfilling their adventures.
Waterfalls are formed when a stream of water brings in agents of erosion or sediments like silt, gravel etc. with it. These sediments erode the soft rocks like sandstone or lime stone, plunging the rock below. As the steepness of the rock increases, the velocity of the stream along with the sediments also increases and erosion of the bedrock further intensifies. This erosion is carried on till only hard rocks like granite remain. These granite formations form cliffs and ledges which become the waterfall. At the base of a waterfall, the erosion can be really intense and form whirlpools. The area behind the cascade becomes a hollow structure that resembles a cave, also known as “Rock Shelter”. This rock shelter also breaks and the process continues.
Waterfalls can be classified into many types depending on their Volume, Width or Length.
India is also home to a large number of waterfalls. Many of these attract tourists from all over the world.

Given below are 10 Most Popular Waterfalls in India:

1. Jog Falls, Karnataka

Beautiful Jog Falls

The Jog Falls is situated in the Shimoga District of Karnataka. It is the second highest plunge waterfall of India with a height of 253 meters. It is also know as Gerosoppa Falls. Jog falls is a major tourist attraction of Karnataka. It is one of the biggest waterfalls by volume in the country with a flow rate of 5387 cubic meters per second. The water flow is so enormous that it can be felt in the nearby rocks.

2. Athirappilly Falls, Kerala

Beautiful Athirapally Falls

Athirappilly Falls, is located in Athirappilly, in the Thrissur District of Kerala. It falls from the Chalakudy River, originating from the upper extent of the Western Ghats at the entrance to the Sholayar mountain ranges.It is the largest waterfall in Kerala, which stands tall at 80 feet. Just a short drive from Athirappilly to the Vazhachal falls, which is close to dense green forests that are home to many endangered and endemic species of flora and fauna.

3. Thalaiyar Falls, Tamil Nadu

Beautiful Thalaiyar Falls

Thalaiyar Falls, is also called the Rat Tail Falls is situated in Devadanapatti of Theni District, Tamil Nadu State, South India. Thalaiyar Falls is 975 feet (297 m) high and is the highest waterfall of Tamil Nadu, and the sixth highest cascade of India and the 267th highest waterfall of the entire world.

4. Nahkalikai Falls, Meghalaya

Beautiful Nahkalikai falls

Nohkalikai Falls is the tallest plunge cascade of India. It is 1115 feet or 340 metres high. This waterfall is situated near Cherrapunji, one of the wettest places on the entire planet. Nohkalikai Falls is fed by the rainwater that is collected on the top of a relatively small plateau and it decreases in power during the dry season like December till February. Below the Nahkalikai Falls there has been formed a plunge pool with unusually green colored water.

5. Bhimlat Falls, Rajasthan

Beautiful Bhimlat Falls

Research data shows us that the Bhimlat was figured due to an earthquake that occurred in the 8th century. The cascade may be only 60 metres in height, but the fact that it is situated in Rajasthan, is really breathtaking.

6. Dudhsagar Falls, Goa

Beautiful Dudhsagar Falls

Dudhsagar Falls which literally translates to “Sea of Milk” is a four-tiered cascade which is located on the Mandovi River in the state of Goa of the Indian subcontinent. It is located at a distance of 60 km from Panaji by road and lies on the Madgaon-Belagavi rail route about 46 km from Madgaon and 80 kilometers south of Belagavi. Dudhsagar Falls is one of India’s tallest waterfalls with a height reaching 310 m or (1017 feet) and has an average breadth of 30 meters or (100 feet)

7. Chitrakot Falls, Odisha

Beautiful Chitrakot Falls

The Chitrakoot Falls is a natural cascade which is situated near Jagdalpur, in Bastar district in the state of Chhattisgarh on the Indravati River. It is also situated at a range of 38 kilometres to the west of Jagdalpur. The height of the Chitrakoot falls is about 29 metres or (95 ft). It is the widest waterfall in the country. Because of this very reason, during the monsoon season, it is also called the Niagara Falls of India.

8. Kune Falls, Pune

Beautiful Kune Falls

Kune Falls is located at a height of 622 m and lies against the stunning leeward of the famous Sahyadri Mountains also called the Western Ghats. It is a three-tiered cascade falling down from a height of about 200 m and must be visited by people travelling to Lonavala. The cascade is dichotomous into 2 parts and the tallest fall of this three-tier cascade is of about 100 m in height. This place is entirely surrounded by plush green vegetative cover and provides a beautiful scenery.

9. Hogenakkal Falls, Tamil Nadu

Beautiful Hogenakkal Falls

Hogenakkal is situated in South India on the Kaveri river of the Dharmapuri district in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is situated at about 180 km or (110 mi) from Bangalore city and 46 km or (29 mi) from Dharmapuri District. It is sometimes called as the “Niagara Falls of India,” it is also famous for its bathing areas and the hide boat rides, projecting this as the most popular tourist site. Carbonatite rocks are also found on this site and are believed to be the oldest of its type in the South Asian Continent and some of the oldest on the planet. The Government of the state of Tamil Nadu proposed to convert the cascade to provide drinking water for Tamil Nadu.

10. Shivanasamudra Falls, Karnataka

Beautiful Shivanasamudra Falls

The Shivanasamudra Falls is located on the Kaveri River, after the river had found its course through the rocks and hills of the Deccan Plateau of India and falls down to form a beautiful cascade. The town named Shivanasamudra parts the Kaveri river into two cascades. This creates the fourth biggest island in Kaveri’s course.
It has a width of about 305 meters or (1,001 ft), and a height of about 98 m or (322 ft), and an average volume of about 934 cubic metres per second or (33,000 cu ft/s).