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12 Longest Tunnel of Railway and Road in India

The Railways and Roadways form the lifeline of transportation in India. Here we are discussing the longest tunnel of railway and road. But as you all know that railways in India are not only the biggest employer in the world but also a very important act of transportation method for long distances. It employs over 1.4 million people as per the latest records, which is huge! It is among the world’s largest railway networks which are spread over 1,15,000 km of the total length of the track. While the railways are of high importance, on the other hand, India has grown a lot in its Road transportation as well. India has the second largest road network in the world with a total length of 43,20,000 km.

Owing to the geographic ups and downs, India has seen the struggle of making tracks and roads on many new sort paths too, which led to the formation of strong and long tunnels. The tunnels have been built to help with the issues of time and geographic limitations. Most of these tunnels are built through soil, earth or rocks and are open on both ends which are used for transportation. These tunnels are very long and have held strong for many years now. Some of these man-made tunnels are as long as 11,215 meters.

Here, we have the list of 12 Longest Tunnel of Railway and Road in India


1. Pir Panjal Tunnel

Pir Panjal Tunnel in JK

The first and the longest tunnel on this list is the Pir Panjal Tunnel. It is the longest rail tunnel in India by a total length of 11.2 km. It is located in the Pir Panjal Range which is laid in the middle of the Himalayas. It is also known as Banihal Railway Tunnel. It forms the part of the Jammu to Baramulla line which in itself is a track of 345 km. This tunnel is present at an elevation of 5,770 ft.


2. Karbude Tunnel

Karbude Tunnel of Konkan Rialway

The second longest tunnel presently is the Karbude Tunnel which belongs to the Konkan Railways. It has a total length of 6,506 metres. It forms the parts of Konkan Rails in the Maharastra district. It stayed as the longest tunnel in India for a long time, that is, from 1997-2013, until the Pir Panjal Tunnel was constructed. It is also referred to as the tunnel number 35 (T-35).


3. Natuwadi Tunnel

Natuwadi Tunnel in Maharashtra

The next name on the list of the longest rail tunnels in India is of the Natuwadi Tunnel. The total length of this tunnel is 4,389 metres and was constructed in 1997. It is also a part of the Konkan Railways and is present in the state of Maharashtra. It has the stations of Karanjadi and Diwna Khavati. It is referred to as the tunnel number 6 (T-6) and is among the most frequently used tunnels presently.


4. Tike Tunnel

tike-tunnel in Maharashtra

The Tike Tunnel is the next rail-tunnel on the list of the longest Indian tunnels. It has a total track length of 4,077 metres and this is the 4th longest rail-tunnel in India. It was also part of the Konkan Railway project which started in 1997 and thus is present in the state of Maharashtra. It has the stations of Ratnagiri and Nivasar. The tunnel number given to this tunnel is 39 also known as (T-39).


5. Berdewadi Tunnel

Berwadi Tunnel in Maharashtra

With a total length of 4,000 metres, the next name on our list of top longest rail and road tunnels is the Berdewadi Tunnel. It was also the part of 1997, Konkan Railways project and is crucial to the railway network of the state of Maharashtra. The stations of this tunnel are the Adavali and Vilawade. The tunnel number given to the Berdewadi Tunnel is 49, that is, (T-49).


6. Savarde Tunnel

Sarvade Tunnel of the Konkan rails

The next tunnel that ranks in the 12 longest rail and road tunnels in India is the Savarde tunnel. It has a total length of 3,429 metres of tracks. As no surprise, this tunnel was also the part of the Konkan Railways project and was constructed in 1997. It has the stations of Kamathe and Savarde, present in the state of Maharashtra. The tunnel number of this rail tunnel is 17, i.e., (T-17).


7. Chenani Nashri Tunnel

Chenani Nashri Tunnel in JK

The Longest Road tunnel in India is the Chenani Nashri Tunnel. It is also known by the name of Patnitop Tunnel. It is present on NH-44 and in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has a total length of 9,200 metres and the allowed operating speed is 50kmph. The road is at an elevation of 1,200 metres. It became the longest tunnel in India in 2017, after inauguration by PM Narendra Modi.


8. Rohtang Tunnel

Rohtang Tunnel in Himachal

The Rohtang Tunnel or Atal Tunnel is presently the second-longest road tunnel in India which will be opened for use very soon. It has a total length of 8,800 metres and is present in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The main objective of this tunnel was to keep the roads open for the Rohtang pass even during winters in blizzards and snowfall. It is being constructed on the Leh-Manali Highway and will be very beneficial.


9. Jawahar Tunnel

Jawahar tunnel is 2 tube lane tunnel

Present in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is the next longest road tunnel in India, which is the Jawahar Tunnel. It is also known as the Banihal Tunnel. The total length of the tunnel is about 2.85 km and is the third longest road tunnel in India. It is situated at an elevation of 2,800m (9,200 ft). The tunnel has been in operation since 1956 and was renovated in 1960 by Border Roads Organisation.


10. Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel

Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel is in Jaipur

The next name on this list of the longest road tunnels in India is the Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel. This tunnel has a length of 2.80 km. It is present in Jaipur, the state of Rajasthan. The main objective of this tunnel was to link Jaipur with the National Highway 11 to the city of Agra and Bharatpur. It was constructed and inaugurated by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.


11. Aut Tunnel

Aut Tunnel in Himachal Pradesh

The second last name on this list is of the Aut tunnel which is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The tunnel runs for a length of 2.76 km. This tunnel is built near the Larji Dam Reservoir and was built for helping to provide better access to Kullu and Manali for outer cities. The main objective of the tunnel was to form the Chandigarh-Manali highway through NH21.


12. Kamshet Tunnel

Kamshet Tunnel in operation

The Kamshet Tunnel is also one the longest tunnels in India and among the longest in the state of Maharashtra. It is present in the famous and renowned Mumbai-Pune expressway, which is India’s very first concrete tolled expressway with the six-lane system. The tunnel has a stretch of about 2 km and is this very useful in cutting distance and time by a good length.

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10 Longest Railway Routes in India

Carrying over 8 billion passengers every year, Indian Railways is the fourth largest railway network in the world. That’s huge. Isn’t it? Founded on 16th April 1853, Indian railway network has a total track length of 121,410 km over a 67,368 km route. Railways are one of the most looked after mode of transportation in the country. Maybe the same is the reason for the fact that Indian railways are the eighth-largest employer in the world with 1.4 million(approx.) number of employees. These railway networks expand to some extraordinary routes that cover the length and breadth of entire India. So, here we’re today with a list of 10 Longest Railway Routes in India.


1. Vivek Express – Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari

The route followed by the Vivek Express is the longest railway route in India.

The route followed by the Vivek Express is the longest railway route followed in India. This train joins the Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari. The distance covered by this train is 4,233 km. This train has a running time of roughly 80 hours and 15 minutes and has 55 stops scheduled during the entire journey. This train starts in northern Assam region and extends to Kanyakumari in the South. This train is named after Swami Vivekananda and was introduced to mark the occasion of the 150th birth anniversary of the Indian philosopher and visionary. The route followed by this train is the ninth largest in the world. This train passes through eight states during its entire course of the journey.


2. Thiruvananthapuram – Silchar Superfast Express – Thiruvananthapuram to Silchar

The route followed by this train is the second longest in the country.

The route followed by the Thiruvananthapuram-Silchar Superfast Express is the second longest railway route followed in India. This weekly train earlier used to connect Thiruvananthapuram to Guwahati but on 21st November 2017, the train was extended to Silchar in the east. After this extension, the train became the longest running superfast train in the country. The distance covered by this train is 3,932 kilometres. This train has a running time of roughly 75 hours. This train starts from Thiruvananthapuram in the south and extends to Silchar in the east.


3. Himsagar Express – Jammu Tawi to Kanyakumari

The route followed by this train is the third longest in the country.

The route followed by the Himsagar Express is the third longest railway route followed in India. This weekly train connects Kanyakumari in the south to Shri Mata Vaishno Devi in the north. The distance covered by this train during its course of the journey is 3709 km. The train covers 12 states during its journey and has a scheduled running time of about 70 hours and 50 minutes. This train is quite famous among the South Indians who have travelled or are looking forward to a visit to Mata Vaishno Devi in the north.


4. Ten Jammu Express – Tirunelveli to Jammu

The route followed by this train is the fourth longest in the country.

The route followed by the Ten Jammu Express is the fourth longest railway route in India. This train connects Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu in the south to Katra, Jammu & Kashmir in the north. The distance covered by this train is 3,631 km. The total number of stations covered on this route is 523 and the train has a scheduled stoppage at 62 stations out of 523 stations. This weekly train has a running time of about 71 hours and 20 minutes. During the course of the journey, the train passes through 11 states.


5. Navyug Express – Mangalore to Jammu

The route followed by this train is the fifth longest in the country.

The Navyug Express runs on the fifth longest railway route in India. The distance covered by this train is 3,607 km. The network extends from Mangalore Central, Karnataka in the south to Katra, Jammu & Kashmir in the north. This weekly train crosses 15 states during the entire journey. This train has a running time of 68 hours and 10 minutes and halts at 58 scheduled stations during the journey. This train was introduced with a vision to improve the connectivity of Jammu & Kashmir with rest of the country.



6. Humsafar Express- Agartala to Bangalore Cantonment

The route followed by this train is the sixth longest in the country.

The next railway route on our list of 10 Longest Railway Routes in India is from Agartala to Bangalore Cantonment. The route followed by the Humsafar Express is the sixth longest railway network in the country. The distance covered by this train is 3,599 km. This train is completely a 3-tier AC sleeper train specially designed by Indian Railways and is known for long-haul routes. The train connects the eastern states with the IT hub of India. Currently, the train is being operated under two train numbers 12503/12504 on the weekly basis.


7. Dibrugarh Express – Yeshwantpur (Bengaluru) to Dibrugarh

The route followed by this train is the 7th longest in the country.

The seventh longest railway route in the country extends from New Tinsukia, roughly 15 km away from Dibrugarh, Assam to Yeshwantpur, near Bengaluru, Karnataka. Dibrugarh Express- the train that runs on this route covers 3,547 km during the entire journey. The train takes around 70 hours and 45 minutes to complete the entire route. Some of the important cities connected by this train are Dimapur, Guwahati, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Visakhapatnam, Vijayawada, and Bengaluru. The train passes through 7 Indian states and has 35 scheduled stops.


8. Raptisagar Express – Ernakulam (Kochi) to Barauni

The route followed by this train is the 8th longest in the country.

The next route on our list is the one followed by Raptisagar Express. This train follows the eighth longest railway route in the country. The train expands the railway connectivity from Ernakulam Junction, Kerala to Barauni in Begusarai district of Bihar. A railway network between the south western corner of India and the north eastern corner. The distance covered by this train is 3,438 km and has a scheduled running time of approximately 60 hours and 35 minutes. During the course of the journey, this train crosses 8 states of the country. This train is also a weekly express and stops at about 60 scheduled stations during the journey.


9. Amritsar Kochuveli Express – Amritsar to Kochuveli

The route followed by this train is the 9th longest in the country.

Amritsari to Kochuveli is the next railway route on our list. Amritsar Kochuveli Express connects these two places. The train passes through 7 states on its journey from north western city to the southern end of the country. The distance covered by this train is 3,295 km. The time taken by the train to cover the entire route is 57 hours and 20 minutes. Like other trains on the list, this is also a weekly train and stops at 24 scheduled stations during the course of the journey.


10. Dehradun-Kochuveli Superfast Express – Dehradun to Kochuveli

The route followed by this train is the 10th longest railway route in the country.

The last route on our list of 10 Longest Railway Routes in India is Dehradun to Kochuveli. Dehradun Kochuveli Superfast Express follows this route in the country. This express train connects Dehradun, the capital city of Uttarakhand to Thiruvananthapuram, the capital city of Kerala in the South. This train covers a distance of 3,154 km during the entire journey and has a running time of approximately 57 hours and 25 minutes. This train has a scheduled stoppage at 24 stations and passes through nine states.


This marks the end of our list of 10 Longest Railway Routes in India. No doubt, railways play an important role in the development of every nation. From transporting goods to connecting people, railways definitely does wonders. Maybe the same is the reason for Railways being the best-managed mode of transportation in the country.

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