India is the among the largest tea-consuming nations in the world and the tea culture is just as famous across the globe. The major tea plantation states in India are in the Northeastern states, along with Himachal Pradesh. The gardens of Sikkim and Tripura are known for producing some of the most perfect flavours.
While the North and Northeast India is famous for tea, South India is seen as the major producer of Coffee in India, with Karnataka 53%, Tamil Nadu 11%, Kerala 28%, and remaining comes from the states of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tripura, and Assam. Since they are grown under the shade, Indian coffee is believed to be one of the finest coffees in the world. The presence of hills and good monsoon in these regions make it the optimal place for special types of coffee and tea plantation.
Following are 8 most Popular Coffee and Tea Plantation Garden in India:
Assam Tea is a type of ‘black tea’, produced from large-leaved tea plants. The grace of great rainfall during the monsoon season and the presence of great Brahmaputra River results in making this area the best in the world for tea plantation. The tropical climate of Assam gives an individual character to its tea and a significant taste for which this tea is well-known across the globe. Green and white teas are also being produced in small quantities in the regions of Cachar, lowlands of Assam and Barak Valley. In India, Assam is the only place where tea plants are native to the land and are second in the world.
Darjeeling, the beautiful hill station of West Bengal, located in Lesser Himalayan range is well-known as a significant tourist destination as much as its tea industry. This Himalayan city produces tea from plants with small leaves, which is known for its alluring aroma and taste. Darjeeling tea is also famous and renowned as the ‘black tea’. Also, ‘oolong’ and ‘green tea’ are also becoming popular in the state for production. Some areas are also producing ‘white tea‘. Darjeeling has a large variety of tea which is produced on different plantation areas in taste and aroma such as Badamtam, Arya, Happy Valley Pussimbing, Ging, and Kaley Valley.
Nilgiri is a District in the Tamil Nadu, and a renowned mountain range laid across the Tamil Nadu, Karnataka as well as Kerala. Nilgiri tea is famous for its dark colour, fragrant and flavoured; Mostly grown in the hills of the Nilgiri, also known as ‘blue mountains’. The blue mountains of India are not only a home to rich tea plantation but also to many beautiful hill stations such as Ooty Hill Station(Queen Of Hill Stations) and the Coonoor. The Coonoor tea garden and Ooty tea gardens are major tea producing areas in the district and also a popular tourist spot.
Munnar, renowned as ‘Tea County of Kerala’, is a popular hill station located on the sumptuous Western Ghats of India. The hill city is a range of mountains positioned at the convergence of mountain brooks such as Nallathanni, Madhurapuzha, and Kundaly rivers, laying in the Idukki district. Picturesque Tea gardens of Munnar are one of the significant attractions along with beautiful flora and fauna. Munnar is also known as one of the best monsoon stops in India. Tea plantation is spread from Munnar to Central Travancore and further south in the state of Kerala. Aside from lavish green hills and tea plantations, Idukki is renowned for its 168.91 m tall arch dam which stands between the two mountains on the Periyar River identified as Idukki Dam.
Chikmagalur is the first area in India where coffee was proposed. It is well-known as the ‘Coffee estate of Karnataka’. Chikmagalur is one of the most renowned hill stations in the state of Karnataka, situated in the foothills of Mullayanagiri range. Its geography and climatic conditions make it one of the biggest coffee plantations in Karnataka (Kodagu, Coorg and Hassan follow after it). Mullayanagiri is the highest peak of Karnataka located in the Baba Budan Giri Range of the Western Ghats. It is also the tallest peak between the Himalayas and the Nilgiris and is well-known as the top spot for trekking in Karnataka.
Wyanad or ‘The green paradise of Malabar region’ is situated between the mountains of the sumptuous Western Ghats. Wayanad is one of the greatest hill stations of Kerala along with Munnar, Nalliyampathy, and Rajamala. The artistic hill region is encircled by evergreen forest, Pookkode Lake and Karapuzha Dam nearby. Its subtle climate is best for coffee and tea cultivation, thus also known as the ‘Coffee County of Kerala’. The significant type of coffee cultivated in this area is Rubusta and Arabica. The Malabar region is also renowned for its magnificent hill, green valleys and cool climate which makes its one of the main reasons for blooming flora and fauna.
Yercaud is a small and young hill station of Tamil Nadu which is situated in the Salem District of the state. Yercaud is located in the Shevaroys range of hills in the Eastern Ghats in India. It has got its name because of the forests near the lake mean ‘Lake Forest’. The cool climate and silent valley of Yercaud known as the best coffee forests in India. Nilgiris District, Coonoor and Kodaikanal are other sites in Tamil Nadu which are known for their coffee plantations. In India, Nilgiris District is further well-known for tea cultivation.
Araku is a beautiful hill station in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, in the Eastern Ghats, India. Different types of tribes have resided in Araku. Coffee Plantation in Araku is world renowned for its organic coffee brand by first tribal growers. The tribes chiefly focus on cultivating pepper and rubber, and the Coffee cultivation is secondary to the tribes in all of the state. The marvellous Araku valley is encircled by Galikonda, Sunkarimetta, Raktakonda, Chitamogondi mountains, Anantagiri, and Sunkarimetta Reserved Forest. Other coffee yielder regions of Andhra Pradesh are Chintapalli, Paderu and Maredumilli which are also located in Eastern Ghats of India.