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10 Largest and Popular Hindu Temples in the World

Hindu religion is considered to be one of the most ancient and rich religions in the entire world and owing to the rich economic conditions of the olden times, many kings, rulers and emperors constructed various temples that were both architecturally stellar and really colossal in size. These temples were the centre of attraction for many people not only in the early ages, but even now. These temples not only aided in the economic prosperity of the country but also helped the people in forwarding the knowledge and teachings of the Hindu religion through the ages.
Hindu Temples have been constructed not only in India but throughout the world, with some of the largest Hindu Temples being outside the Indian sub-continent.
Most of the ancient Hindu Temples were constructed by the dynasties like the Pandyas, Chalukyas, Pallavas, Rashtrakutas etc. They were really prosperous dynasties and had amazing architecture which till date, never ceases to amaze people. Most of the South Indian Temples were built in the Dravidian style of architecture, the North Indian temples were usually built in the Nagara style and the Central Indian Temples were built in the Vesara style of architecture. Dravidian style of architecture being the most famous one.
Hindu Temples outside India are spread in countries like Cambodia,   Indonesia,   Australia etc.  In  this article we  will take  a  look  at        10 Largest and Popular Hindu Temples in the World.

1.  Angkor Wat, Cambodia

Angkor Wat, which literally translates to “Capital Temple” is in Cambodia and is one of the largest temples in the entire world, constructed on a site measuring 162.6 hectares or (1,626,000 m2; 402 acres). It was built as a Hindu temple devoted to the God Vishnu for the Empire of Khmer, and gradually it transformed into a Buddhist temple arounf the late 12th century. It was constructed by King Suryavarman in the early years of the 12th century in Yaśodharapura, present-day Angkor, which is the capital of Khmer, as was his state temple and eventually, mausoleum. Splitting from the Shaiva tradition of their predecessor kings, Angkor Wat was dedicated to God Vishnu. As the best-maintained temple at the site, it is one of the biggest to have remained a major religious centre since its foundation. The temple is at the pinnacle of the high classical style of the Khmer architecture. It has now become a symbol of Cambodia, and also appears on its national flag, and it is the country’s major attraction for tourists.
Angkor Wat in Cambodia


2.  Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Karnataka

Ranganathaswamy temple which is generally referred to as “Sri Ranganathaswamy” in Srirangapatna, and in the Mandya district of the Karnataka state, of India, is devoted to the Hindu god Ranganatha who is considered to be a manifestation of the god Vishnu. It is one of the 5 most important pilgrimage sites of Sri Vaishnavism along with the river Kaveri for the devotees of God Ranganatha. These five holy sites all are together known as Pancharanga Kshetrams in South India. Since, Srirangapatna is the initial temple starting from the upstream of Kaveri, the deity is called Adi Ranga which translates to “first Ranga”. The city of Srirangapatna, also derives its name from this very temple, and is situated on an island in the Kaveri River.
Sri Ranganthaswamy Temple in Tamil Nadu


3.  Akshardham, Delhi

The Akshardham Temple is located on the banks of the Yamuna River in the capital of India, Delhi. It spans over in almost 100 acres of land. This temple is a mixture of Hindu religion and art. There are many statues of Gods you will find right in the centre section of the temple like Shiv Parvati, Radha Krishna, Sita Ram and Lakshmi Narayanan. The entire temple is made up of sandstone and marble. It also has a pith called Gajendra pith that constitutes all the animal kingdom. It has 148 full sized carved elephants, 42 carved birds and 125 carved human sculptures that have been made in pink stone. The temple consists of 200 sculptured stone figurines of India’s famous sages, Acharyas, monks and Godly incarnations. It also consists of 234 elaborately carved pillars, 9 decorated domes and 20,000 statues of holy figures of India.
Akshardham Temple in Delhi


4. Thillai Nadaraja Temple, Tamil Nadu

The Thillai Nadaraja Temple is located in Chidambaram town of Tamil Nadu state. The temple has been devoted to Lord Shiva in the “Ananda Tandava” pose or Nadaraja pose. It stretches over many acres of land. The temple contains images of Shiva and the Goddess Parvati. The temple was restored by the many different dynasties like the Pallava, Chola, Pandya, and Chera etc. Every Gopuram has about seven storeys with almost 50 carved sculptures and there are five different sabhas in the temple: Chit Sabha, Deva Sabha, Nritya Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Thillai Nadaraja Temple in Tamil Nadu


5.  Belur Math, Kolkata

Belur Math is one of the most exquisite and one of the largest Hindu temples in the city of Kolkata. It is also the centre of Ramakrishna Mission, founded by Swami Vivekananda. The distinguished part about it is that it has been built in such a way that it looks like a mosque, temple and church from every view. It is actually an amalgamation of Buddhist, Rajput, Hindu, Islamic and Christian architecture.
Belur Math in Kolkata


6.  Annamalaiyar Temple, Tamil Nadu

The temple is devoted to Lord Shiva and is one of the biggest temples in India. The Shiva Linga of this temple is known as Agni Linga. It is also called Arunachaleswarar, that also means one of the many forms of Shiva. It spans in approximately 25 acres of land. The temple was constructed by the Chola rulers in the late 9th century. The temple has various halls and four big gateways. There is also a massive hall with a 1000 pillars constructed by King Krishna Devaraya.
Annamalaiyar Temple in Tamil Nadu


7.  Ekambareswarar Temple, Tamil Nadu

The Ekambareswarar temple is the biggest temple in the city of Kanchipuram, in Tamil Nadu. The Temple is devoted to Lord Shiva. It spans over an area of 23 acres. The temple was constructed by Paranthaka Chola in 650 A.D. The temple was built in a way that in the months of March and April the sunrays fall directly on the main Shiva Linga. The inner walls of this temple have 1008 Shiva Lingam.
Ekambareswarar Temple in Tamil Nadu


8.  Jambukeswarar Temple, Tamil Nadu

The Jambukeswarar Temple is situated in Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu. It is one of the panchabhoota sthalams which means one of Shiva’s Temples that represent five elements of water, air, land, fire, and sky. The temple is devoted to water. The temple has an underground stream of water. The temple has an amazing archaeological design. It is one of the most influential Shiva temples in Trichy constructed around 1,800 years ago.
Jambukeswarar Temple in Tamil Nadu


9. Meenakshi Temple, Tamil Nadu

The Meenakshi Temple is an exquisite sample of Dravidian architecture. The temple represents two Gods: Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati or Meenakshi. It spans over an area of 17.3 acres. The temple was named after the Goddess Meenakshi also called Parvati. The temple was constructed by King Jayavarman Kulasekara Pandyan in 13th century. The temple was restored by a Nayak ruler Viswanatha Nayakar in the late 16th century.
Meenakshi Temple in Tamil Nadu


10. Vaitheeswaran Koil, Tamil Nadu

The temple Vaitheeswaran Koil is devoted to Lord Shiva. It is situated in Tamil Nadu state of India. The remarkability of the temple is that some of the Shivalingas inside the temple have been worshipped by Lord Ram, Lakshman and the Vulture King Jatayu. It is also believed that the holy water of this temple has the ability to cure all diseases.
Vaitheeswaran Koil in Tamil Nadu


 

10 Biggest Shopping Malls in India

Shopping malls are the manifestation of millennial pop culture! For a city to establish their prowess as a smart, strong and modern, shopping malls with great architecture are great means to achieving it.  Beautiful architecture, large open spaces, hundreds of luxury fashion stops and great food options sum up the package of a great shopping mall experience!

India has some really beautiful and large shopping malls. India has approximately 1100 operational big and small shopping centers. These range from 2,500,000 sq ft to 130,000 sq ft, with about 40 malls of large leasable area.

Shopping malls or Shopping Precinct are not just great pieces of architecture but also a great spectacle of technology. Infusing the elements of elevators, lifts and digital billboards truly elevates the shopping experience. Ironically, ever since online shopping has taken over the world by a storm the “Shopping” element from the shopping malls has decreased. But! Today shopping malls are not just for your shopping ventures and offer a whole lot more! They have amusement parks, gaming arcades, pubs, food joints and so much more. These malls can be both open-air type or enclosed malls.

Here, we have complied the list of 10 Biggest Shopping Malls in India :


1. Lulu International Shopping Mall, Kerala

With a total area of 2,500,000 sq ft, Lulu International Shopping Mall is the largest shopping mall in India. It is located in the city of Kochi, Kerala. It has an undisputed footfall of more than 80,000 per day, making it one of the most visited places in Kerala. It has more than 215 stores which includes food courts, restaurants, family and friends entertainment zones, a multiplex, ice skating rink and bowling alley. If you ever go to Kochi, Lulu Mall is a must visit for truly complete package of entertainment!
Lulu International Mall, Kerala


2. World Trade Park, Jaipur

After Lulu Mall, the World Trade Park is the largest shopping mall in India by a size of 2,400,000 sq ft (220,000 m²) gross leasable area. It resides in the heart of Jaipur, Rajasthan. It is can be seen as a festival residing in a magnificent piece of architecture. It includes a display system where 24 projectors create a single image on the ceiling. Fun Fact! World Trade Park was inaugurated by the King of Bollywood, Shah Rukh Khan. 
World Trade Park


3. DLF Mall of India, Noida

Constructed quite recently by the the DLF group, the DLF Mall of India is the 3rd largest shopping mall in India by size 2,000,000 sq ft (190,000 m²) gross leasable area. What makes it not only a great place for shopping but also entertainment if that there are 5 different zones for your preference, such as “Market Place“, “International Boulevard“,  “The High Street“,  “Family World” and “Leisure Land“.
DLF Mall Of India, Noida NCR


4. Phoenix Marketcity, Bengaluru

After the Dlf Mall of India, we have the Phoenix Marketcity located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, which is the largest mall in Bangalore and 4th largest in India (by area). It occupies 1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2) with 1,400,000 sq ft (130,000 m2) of retail space on a total of 4 floors, with over 270 stores, a 9-screen PVR Cinemas multiplex and food court.
Phoenix Marketcity (Bangalore)


5. Elante Mall, Chandigarh

The Elante Mall is the premier attraction of the city of Chandigarh, India. It is the 2nd largest shopping mall in North India, with the gross leasable area of 1,150,000 sq ft. One of the most interesting facts about the Elante is that it generates its own electricity ! Government had declined to provide electricity to the mall. Thus, it runs on generators and requires a lot of diesel every day.
Elante Mall, Chandigarh


6. Esplanade One, Bhubaneswar

Built in the year 2018, Esplanade One is the largest shopping mall in the city of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. It has been developed by the Forum Group and The Blackstone Group. It is the sixth largest mall in India, with a total commercial space of 1,000,000 sq ft. It is spread over ten floors, designed by the Practice Design Pvt Ltd.
Esplanade One, Bhubaneswar


7. Phoenix Marketcity, Chennai

Esplanade One shares the rank of being India’s sixth-largest shopping mall with Phoenix Marketcity, Chennai, with both standing at a gross leasable area of 1 million sq ft. Phoenix Marketcity mall gives prominence to an 11-screen multiplex, Luxe Cinemas from Jazz Cinemas, and Chennai’s first IMAX theatre.
Drone shot of Phoenix Marketcity


8. Viviana Mall, Maharashtra

With a beautiful and large architecture, the Viviana Mall situated in Thane, Maharashtra, is the next mall on our list of the biggest shopping malls in India. Owning to its ideal location on the Eastern Express Highway, it is well-connected and accessible from all areas of the city. It has been built on a 13-acre plot, which is spread over an area of about 1 million sq. ft. The mall has over 250 stores which comprises 19 large and small chief tenants.
Viviana Mall, Thane, Maharashtra


9. Fun Republic Mall, Lucknow

Built in the mid-2000s by the Zee Group at a cost of 800 million rupees, Fun Republic Mall is the largest mall in the state of Uttar Pradesh, located in the city of Lucknow. Having been built in an area of more than 970,000 sq ft (3,70,000 sq ft of leasable area), it is one of the largest shopping malls in India. Fun Republic Mall has one of highest footfalls among top grossing malls of India at about 25,000-28,000 on weekdays and 37,000-40,000 on weekends.
Fun Republic Mall, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow


10. Mantri Square, Bengaluru

The Mantri Square is one the nations premier shopping malls. It situated in the Malleswaram locality, Bengaluru, Karnataka. Mantri Square is one of the largest malls in the country with the a gross leasable area of 924,000 sq ft (85,800 m²). It has Six-screen INOX multiplex, Amoeba bowling alley and gaming center and Food court-dining area is spread over 100,000 sq ft with 39 food and beverage joints.
Front view of Mantri Square, Bengaluru


Top 10 Biggest States In India

India has 29 states and 7 union territories, home to the 132.42 crore people. These 29 states are divided on the basis of different criteria. It can be geographical, cultural or even the language. Each state has something distinct to offer from every other state. Each one of them has a different theme when you think about a specific state and it’s very hard when it comes to finding the same theme from two different states.

India has a total area of 3,287,263 km².Making it 7th largest country in the world. That’s the reason why some states are larger than some countries too. so’ here is a list of  Top 10 Biggest States In India. 

1. Rajasthan

Rajasthan

Known of its desserts and Rajput heritage Rajasthan is the largest state in terms of area with 342,239 km². This is 10.41 percent of the whole nation and is equivalent to the Republic of Congo. Rajasthan is a state having the 7th largest population in India. As mentioned above Rajasthan is famous for its deserts that’s home to one of the most distinct wildlife in India that includes Black Bucks, Cheetals and a verity of rodents and lizards.

Furthermore, Rajasthan has astonishing royal forts and palaces and have witnessed the great Rajputana Dinesty. If you are interested in Indian history and hot weather don’t bug you then Rajasthan is a must visit place for you.


2. Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh

With an area of 308,350 km² Madhya Pradesh is the 2nd largest state in India. It was the largest state before the year 2000 when Chattisgarh was a part of it. Madhya Pradesh is home 72,626,809 people that’s the fifth largest population in an Indian state. Madhya Pradesh is also home to a wide range of wildlife with 10 National Parks and several other National reserves. 

Madhya Pradesh has the Kanha National Park that is the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book. Furthermore, Madhya Pradesh has the proof of one of the oldest civilization in India  Kayatha culture (2100–1800 BCE) and Malwa culture (1700–1500 BCE).


3. Maharashtra

Maharashtra

Maharashtra is the home to the film industry of India-Bollywood and the financial capital of India Mumbai. And it is the third largest state in India with an area of 307,713 km² that is 1,000 lesser than that of Madhya Pradesh and almost equivalent to the area of Oman. Alongside the busy cities like Mumbai and Pune Maharashtra also has a great biodiversity too. It has 6 Tiger Reserves and it’s Amravati Region is home to the 121 species of birds.

Maharashtra also has a great historic value too. It was home of the Maratha Empire that fought foreign rulers in India for centuries.


4. Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh

Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest state in India with an area of 243,290 km² making 7.33 percent of national share and is equivalent to the United Kingdom. Also, its the most populated state too with 199,812,341 people. Uttar Pradesh also has a very high historic value. Varanasi is located on the banks of Ganga river is one of the ancient cities in India. Agra is a city that has been a Mughal capital and one of the wonders of the world The Taj Mahal is also located there. Lucknow is it’s capital and is known for its cuisine and rich history.

Uttar Pradesh is also famous for its temples and mosques. It has some of the biggest mosques in India. It is known to be the birthplace of Lord Krishna and hosts the Kumbh Mela too that is the largest religious gathering in the world.


5. Jammu And Kashmir

Jammu And Kashmir

Jammu And Kashmir are the North most and the fifth largest in India with an area of 101,338 km²making 6.76 percent of the national share. It has been divided into three regions Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. It’s known for its diverse nature that offers you some of the most astonishing views of the world. However, due to some conflicts with China and Pakistan, the whole area isn’t completely accessible to tourism.

Jammu and Kashmir host 10,000 Hindu pilgrims every year and has several shrines that attract them. Furthermore, Ladakh is known for it’s various Buddhist Monasteries.


6. Gujarat

Gujarat

Gujarat is the west most state of India and has the longest coastline. With an area of 196,024 km² Gujarat is the 6th largest state.  The most astonishing thing about this state is that its Gir National Park is the last home to the Asiatic Lions. This state has a rich history, culture, and a distinct cuisine. Gujarat was an important area of Indus Valley civilization and there is clear evidence that it was a trade hub between 1000 BC to 600 BC that served India’s business with Egypt and Persia.

Gujrat also has a lot of temples that hosts a large number of Hindu pilgrims every year. Furthermore, it’s a state with one of the highest literacy rate of 76 percent.


7. Karnataka

Karnataka

Karnataka is the 7th largest state in India with an area of 191,791 km². Karnataka is 5th largest state economy in India with a per capita GDP of ₹174,000. Furthermore, it’s one of the most literate states in India with a literacy rate of 75 percent. Karnataka also has a rich history too. It was home to some ancient and medieval empires like the Nanda empire and Maurya Empire.

Karnataka also has a rich wildlife too. It has 27 wildlife sanctuaries and one of the densest rainforests in India—The Western Ghats.


8. Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the 8th largest state in India 162,968 km² contributing 4.87 percent to the national share. Andhra Pradesh’s rank was higher in the list of largest states before Telanga got separated from it. This state is highly known for its natural attraction like beaches of Vishakapatnam and hill stations like Araku Valley and Horsey Hills. Vishakapatnam has become a trade hub with a GDP of US$43.5 billion.

Andhra Pradesh also has one of the most visited religious locations in the world—Tirupati with  18.25 million visitors per year.


9. Odisha

Odisha is the 9th largest state in terms of area with 155,707 km². Which is comparable to the size of Bangladesh. Odisha also has a mention in Indian National Anthem Jana Gana Mana as the name of Utkala. Odisha also has mentioned in  MahabharataVayu Purana, and Mahagovinda Suttanta by the name Kalinga. Hence it could be one of the oldest civilizations in India. Furthermore, the king Ashoka has evidenced to fought the war of Kalinga here. Thereafter, Buddish monuments like Shanti Stupa has been built here.


10. Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh
Despite being one of the fastest developing Chhattisgarh’s 44 percent land is covered in forest.

Chhattisgarh the tenth-largest state, with an area of 135,191 km2.  Before 2000 it was part of Madhya Pradesh and it’s currently the largest producer of steel in India contributing 15 percent to the total steel production in India. Despite being one of the fastest developing states it’s 44 percent land is covered in forest. These forests are home to a large flora and fauna.  Chhattisgarh is also a great tourist destination due to its carved temples and Buddhist sites.

Top 12 Foreign Tourist Destinations in India

Being one of the world’s most culturally rich and physically diverse land. From the mighty Himalayas to the undying horizons of the Indian ocean; The holy waters of the Ganges at the banks of Varanasi to the golden lands of Rajasthan, India is a feast for anyone who wants to find something incredible!

The tourism in India contributes to a solid 9.4% of the GDP in 2017. Tourism adds to 8% of the nations total employment. There were over 10 millions tourist in India in 2017. Also, India ranks 9th in the world for natural and cultural resources.

The seekers of wanderlust have always marked India as a “Must Visit” and always aim to travel through out the magnificent diverse lands. Though India has a gazillion places to offer, there are some which just land on the top of the bucket list. Here, we have the list of our Top 12 Foreign Tourist Destinations in India which are a must see:

1. Agra

Taj Mahal, Agra
Every traveler who seeks to truly see the world, desires to visit the 7 wonders of the world at least once in their lifetime. Thus, it leads them to the number 1 wonder, the Taj Mahal at Agra. It is the most visited destination of Indian Subcontinent. The Taj Mahal (crowning jewel of the Mughal Era) is obviously the head attraction of the city, but Agra has a lot more to offer, such as Agra Fort, Akbar’s Tomb, Tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah, Mehtab Bagh, Jama Masjid and Fatehpur Sikri, which are a must visit when in the city.


2. Delhi

Qutub Minar, Delhi
The Capital of India, Delhi comes close to the city of Agra in terms of foreign tourists. It is not just for the diplomatic and business visits but these foreign visitors also flock up due to the rich heritage and architectural wonders such as Qutub Minar , Red Fort, The Jama Masjid,  The India Gate and The Humayun’s Tomb.


3. Goa

Goa Beach
The “Party Capital of India“or Goa is ceaselessly swarmed by foreigners. What makes Goa a millennial pop hot spot are the endless night beach parties, cozy comfortable shacks, beautiful and magnificent beaches of international standards, thrilling and thriving adventure water sports, and delightful cuisines! Many Russians and Europeans take it as a rule to visit Goa at least once a year. The hospitable locals contribute majorly in the footfall. Goa is also well known for being one of the best destination Honeymoon.


4. Kerala

Kerala backwaters in Kerala, India
From the ancient times, Kerala has always presented a unique essence of India to foreign travelers. The magical backwaters of Alleppey, Kerala; the healing and refreshing Ayurvedic spa centers in Kochi and Trivandrum; the serene tea estates of Munnar; beautiful beaches of Kollam; the luxuriant forests of Wayanad; the mesmerizing views in Thekkady all add up to a wonderful experience of Kerala.

Foreigner tourists truly fall in love with the greenery that houses the state; as well as delicious, authentic Kerala delicacies and the quirky South Indian heritage.


5. Leh-Ladakh

Pangong Lake, Ladakh
Present in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, Leh and Ladakh house some of the most spectacular mountain ranges, barren valleys and mountain pass. Ladakh is also known as “Land Of Passes“. The highest motorable road in the entire world is at the “Khardung La”, Ladakh. This adds to the adventure tourism in Leh Ladakh; also including fishing, wildlife expedition and high scale trekking. Pangong Tso is a must visit tourist destination in Ladakh.


6. Rajasthan

A Fort in Rajasthan
Rajasthan or we can say the Land of Palaces and Heritage is the next hot spot on our list. From desert scrub to holy lakes, Rajasthan just keeps growing and you will keep on exploring! The chief cities which are a must visit when in Rajasthan are Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur (but if you have the luxury, don’t just stop at these!). Jaipur is the city of Palaces, on the other hand Udaipur is the The “City of Lakes” or “Venice of the East”. Udaipur is also entitled as India’s most Romantic city, thus a popular destination for honeymoon couples. The Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur is a glorious piece of architecture and is visible from any part of the Blue City.


7. Varanasi

Evening Aarti, Varanasi
Varanasi is India’s most famous religious and pilgrimage land. It is also known as the photographer’s mecca and is therefore a premier attraction for foreign tourism. Varanasi has a very unique feel to itself which is not common to most tourist places. The beautiful ‘Matths‘, serene ghats with enchanting evening ‘aartis’, the boating expeditions in the holy waters of Ganga, through the beautiful sunrise and into healing sunsets, the sights of mysticism by ‘sadhus‘; all of this presents a new world and a unmatched charm to the place which is topped by a constant liveliness in the city as if a festival is there everyday!


8. Ajanta and Ellora caves

Ajanta and Ellora caves are astoundingly carved into hillside rocks, present in the state of Maharashtra. Both of these caves are UNESCO World Heritage site. The Ellora caves are about 34 in number, whereas the Ajanta Caves are about 29 in total. The origin of the Ajanta Caves are all Buddhist and on the other hand the Ellora Caves are a mixture of Buddhist, Hindu and Jain religions.
Ajanta - Ellora Caves, Maharashtra
The most unfathomable fact about both these caves is that they were crafted by hand, that is, with only a hammer and chisel. The remarkable Kailasa Temple, well known as the Kailash Temple, present at the Cave 16 at Ellora, is unquestionably the most famous attraction.


9. Havelock Island

Water sports in Havelock Island
Home to some of the most beautiful and serene beaches with clean white sand such as the Kala Patthar Beach, Radha Nagar Beach, Elephanta Beach, Havelock Island is the one of the most beautiful islands in India. It is also well known for a variety of adventure water sports activities such as Sea Walk, Scuba Diving and Snorkeling. The Scuba diving experience of the Havelock Island is a major attraction to foreign tourists. It is also super popular as a great honeymoon destination.


10. Dharamshala

Monastery in Dharamshala
As the head of Buddhist culture in India, Dharamshala is one of the favorites for foreign tourists. The place is flocked by Spiritual seekers, wanderers and regular foreign travelers to learn about Buddhism and start its practice under a teacher. The quiet mountains, the spectacular landscapes, adventure activities, local cafe culture, and generally relaxed vibe add to the charm of the place. Foreign visitors have a keen interest in Norbulingka Monastery, Triund Hill trek and the Dalai Lama Temple Complex.


11. Uttarakhand

Valley of Flowers, Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand is an ultimate tourist destination and a popular choice among foreign travelers due its multiple attractions such as the city of Rishikesh, Jim Corbett National Park, Valley of Flowers and Nainital! It presents to you a complete package of spiritual escape, adventurous expeditions, beautiful landscapes and magical boat ventures! Uttrakhand attracts a great tourist crown every year because of all that it offers.


12. Assam

Tea Plantations in Assam
With a rich biodiversity, flora and fauna, the state of Assam is one of the best tourist destinations in India and the best in the East India! Assam is the land of untouched natural beauty, explicit bio-diversity, serene and well maintained tea plantations, unique islands, astounding religious places and warm people; which sum up to a picture perfect holiday. The city of Guwahati, Kaziranga National Park, Majuli, Manas Nation Park all are the top spots to visit in Assam.

25 Famous Indian Spices with their Hindi Names

India, since time immemorial has been called “The Land of Spices“. Major trade routes were connected to India because India exported its spices to places like Mesopotamia, Egypt, Sumeria, China and Arabia etc. There is also a mention of cloves in the Ramanyana which shows us that spices have been grown and acknowledged in India since a very long time. Spices from India were also exported to locations like Carthage, Rome and Alexandria as mentioned in ancient Roman writings dating back to 1st Century AD.
In the early ages, it was the trading and export of spices that led to the country becoming a prosperous one and attracted a lot of foreign travellers from around the world. India was one of the richest countries in the world at the time owing to the presence of trade routes which allowed the export of materials like spices and cloth in order to generate that amount of wealth.
The Arabians had close relationships with the Indian spice merchants and they were exported to the west by the Arab people. However, they discouraged any kind of competition in business and kept their source of spices a secret from the western world. They even made up stories of these spices like cinnamon growing in highly dangerous and inaccessible areas like gorges filled with poisonous snakes to entice the people into paying heavy prices for the India spices.
Europeans also travelled a lot in search of spices and Indian spices were in huge demands at that time. The spices were really difficult to produce and were even more expensive than gold back then. It is also believed that the Parthian wars were fought by the Europeans largely to maintain the trade routes to India for the exports of various kinds of spices.
The Indian Sub Continent alone is responsible for 75 percent of the world’s total spice exports. There are about a 109 varieties of spices produced throughout the world and our country alone produces more than 65 varieties.
The 109 varieties of spices produced are standardised by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO).
There are a number of spices which need processing and over the years India has become a technology led and highly mature processor of various spices. These processing techniques led to export of about 1,028,060 tons of spices in 2017-18 which generated a revenue of Rs 17,929.55 crores in those years.

Given below are 25 Famous Indian Spices with their Hindi Names :

1. Asafoetida, (हींग, Heeng)

States: Punjab, Kashmir
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 770 per kilogram
Benefits Antibiotic and other medicinal properties
Asafoetida


2. Bishop’s Weed, (अजवायन, Ajwain)

States: Rajasthan, Gujrat
Climatic Conditions: 35-45 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 300 per kilogram
Benefits: Digestion aid, Antiseptic, Relieves abdominal pain
Bishop's Weed


3. Cardmom, (इलायची, Elaichi)

States: Kerala, Maharashtra
Climatic Conditions: 18-35 degree Celsius, 75 percent Humidity
Cost: Rs 2000 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Perfumery
Cardmom


4. Poppy Seed, (खस खस, Khas Khas)

States: Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir
Climatic Conditions: Temperate and Sub Tropical
Cost: Rs 500 per kilogram
Benefits: Food additive, Sedative, Nutritive
Poppy Seeds


5. Chilli, (मिर्च, Mirch)

States: Manipur, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Kerala
Climatic Conditions: 20-25 degree Celsius with humidity
Cost: Rs 100 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Cancer treatment, Vitamin C
Chilli


6. Cinnamon, (दालचीनी, Daalchini)

States: Kerala
Climatic Conditions: 27 degree Celsius with 2500 mm of rainfall
Cost: Rs 500 per kilogram
Benefits: Antifungal, Can check nausea, Oil extraction
Cinnamon


7. Clove, (लौंग, Laung)

States: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius, 1500 mm of Rainfall
Cost: Rs 1200 per kilogram
Benefits Used in Soaps, Perfumes, Helpful in Diabetes, Reduces Toothaches
Cloves


8. Coriander, (धनिया, Dhaniya)

States: Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Assam
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 300 per kg
Benefits: Seasoning, Flavouring, Garnishing
Coriander


9. Cumin, (जीरा, Jeera)

States: Gujrat, Rajasthan
Climatic Conditions: 25-30 degree Celsius, Less Rainfall
Cost: Rs 375 per kilogram
Benefits: Antistringent, Carminative, Stimulant
Cumin


10. Fennel, (सौंफ, Saunf)

States: Northern India
Climatic Conditions: 15-25 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 150 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Stimulant, Carminative
Fennel


11. Fenugreek, (मेंथी, Methi)

States: Rajasthan, Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Climatic Conditions: 10-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 30 per kilogram
Benefits: Aphrodisiac, Hair Oil, Carminative
Fenugreek


12. Garlic, (लहसुन, Lehsun)

States: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
Climatic Conditions: Temperate Climate
Cost: Rs 100 per kilogram
Benefits: Antibacterial, Fungicidal, Insecticidal
Garlic


13. Ginger, (अदरक, Adrak)

States: Punjab, Sikkim, Meghalaya
Climatic Conditions:  20-30 degree Celsius, 150-300 mm rainfall
Cost: Rs 200 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Antibiotic, Carminative
Ginger


14. Mint, (पुदीना, Pudina)

States: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost:  Rs 500 per kilogram
Benefits: Antibacterial, Preservative, Flavouring
Mint


15. Mustard, (सरसों, Sarson)

States: Punjab, Assam, Bihar
Climatic Conditions: 15-25 degree Cesius
Cost: Rs 300 per. kilogram
Benefits: Preservative, Antioxidant
Mustard


16. Saffron, (केसर, Kesar)

States: Kashmir
Climatic Conditions: 15-25 degree Celsius, above 2000 m sea level
Cost:  Rs 1,50,000 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Antioxidant, Medicinal
Saffron


17. Parsley, (अजमोद, Ajmod)

States: Karnataka
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius,  average pH should be 6
Cost: Rs 70 per kilogram
Benefits: Garnishing, Flavouring
Parsley


18. Basil, (तुलसी, Tulsi)

States: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
Climatic Conditions: 10-20 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 120 per kilogram
Benefits: Medicinal, Insecticide, Bactericide
Basil


19. Rosemary, (रोजमैरी, Rosemary)

States:  Northern India
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost:  Rs 300 per kilogram
Benefits: Anti inflammatory, Detoxifier, Carcinogen Blocker
Rosemary


20. Turmeric, (हल्दी, Haldi)

States: Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 50 per kilogram
Benefits: Anti inflammatory,  Anti oxidant
Turmeric


21. Tamarind, (इमली, Imli)

States: Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 200 per kilogram
Benefits
Tamarind


22. Vanilla, (वनीला, Vanilla)

States: Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 25,000 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring
Vanilla


23. Nutmeg, (जायफल, Jaifal)

States: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 550 per kilogram
Benefits: Stimulant, Carminative, Astringent
Nutmeg


24. Star Anise, (चक्र फूल, Chakra Fool)

States: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka
Climatic Conditions: 20-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 350 per kilogram
Benefits: Anti-bacterial, Carminative, Diuretic, Stomachic
Star-Anise


25. Tejpat, (तेज पत्ता, Tej Patta)

States: Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 50 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Hypoglycemic, Stimulant
Tejpat


 

11 Famous Snake Breeds Found In India

India is a land with huge bio-diversity. You can find any type of environment in India whenever you want. From cold mountains to dense forests and from grasslands to deserts every kind of terrain is present in India. Owing to this diversity, India has become a home for a large variety of most deadly reptiles in the world—Snakes.

There are almost 300 native Indian species of snakes in India but out of them, only four are responsible for a majority of deaths. These deadly creatures are considered holy among Hindus and they are worshiped as Naag Devta. The reason for this is the connection between snakes and Hindu Gods Shiva and Vishnu.

1. Indian Cobra- Nag

Indian Cobra-Nag

Nagas are the most known and fearful snakes in India. The reason for this is there look that can be easily differentiated from other species. Naags can be easily recognized by their Hood. Nagas are one of the four most deadly snakes found in India and they are most populated too. They can grow up to 2 meters in length. They are highly seen in the road shows of Indian peddlers known as Speras. 

Nagas are found in almost every part of the Indian subcontinent except the cold tops of the Himalayas. Nag snakes are now a protected species in India under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972).


2. King Cobra

King Cobra

King Cobras are the largest venomous species of snakes found on earth. King Cobras can be easily recognized with the help of their hood their white stripes on a completely black body. These snakes can grow up to 18 feet in length. King Cobra is usually found in the areas with heavy rainfall hence southern rainforests make a perfect home for them. Particularly, the western ghats are famous for being home of King Cobras.

These Cobras become the cause of a lot of deaths in India and are included in four of the most deadly snakes found in India. They are also a protected species in India under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act (1972) and killing them can cause 6 years in prison.


3. Rock Python– Ajgar

Rock Python-Ajgar

Indian Rock Python or Ajgar are the largest snakes found in India. They can be easily recognized due to their size, they can grow up to 23 feet and can weigh up to 160kg. Pythons are known to kill their prey by folding around it tightly.  However, they aren’t very deadly to humans because they are not venomous and relatively slow to attack a person.  This reason for their too being popular in road shows. But it doesn’t mean they are not dangerous their bite still can cause some infections.

Ajgars are usually found in middle or southern parts of India. Particularly, Deccan plateau and western ghats. Although they can survive anywhere grasslands, swamps, and woodlands.


4. Russels Viper– Daboia

Russels Viper

Russel’s viper is also known as Daboia in some parts of India. It can be recognized through the large brown circles on its body. It is also a very venomous snake and its venom is known to destroy the affected organs. That is why Russel’s Viper is one of the four deadliest snakes in India.

Russel’s viper is spread all over India and can be found at any grassy and moist areas. They can strike there target in a second, they usually feed on rats but can eat other small rodents too.


5. Saw Scale Viper

Saw Scale Viper

Saw Scale Vipers are also one of the one most dangerous snakes in India. There are the smallest ones that fall into this category. They are usually 3 feet long and not easy to recognize but can be recognized by experts using the saw-shaped brown scales, due to which they got there name. They are also known as Echis.

Saw Scale vipers are usually found at barren lands instead of dense forests where the population is higher. Hence are responsible for relatively lesser deaths as compared to Cobras and Russell’s viper.


6. Indian Krait– Sakhra

Indian Krait

Indian Kraits are also a venomous species found in India and are the fourth one in big four most dangerous snakes in India. They can be 5 feet long and can be recognized by thin white stripes on their body. In northern India, they are known as Sakhra.

They are usually found in fields where they usually come in contact with humans. Kraits usually feed on other small snakes and some rodents. They are also known to cannibalize other Kraits too.


7. Rat Snake– Dhaman

Rat Snake-Dhaman

Rat Snakes are also called as Dhaman in India. They are non-venomous and completely unharmful to humans. Rat Snakes are found all over India and can be easily found near civilizations where they can feed on rodents. They can be up to 8 feet in length.

The most popular trait of rat snakes is that they are eaten by King Cobras. Rat Snakes are further categorized in several categories like Black Rat Snake, Grey Rat Snake, and Corn snake.


8.Trinket Snake

Trinket Snake

Trinket Snakes are found on mountains where the temperature is usually low and other snakes can’t survive. They are non-venomous and can be 4.5 feet long. It is considered a beautiful snake by experts due to black stripes on its golden body.

Due to their small size, they are really fast and aggressive. However, they are not venomous but can cause a lot of damage using their sharp teeth. They are known to feed on rodents and small lizards.


9.Boa

Boa

Boas are the small-sized pythons and are found in deserted areas. They are the largest snakes found in Thar desert the thing that differentiates them from pythons is their relatively small size. They use the same technique to kill their prey as pythons do.

However, they aren’t very deadly to humans because they are not venomous and relatively small to attack a person.


10. Keelback -Dhodia 

Keelback-Dhodia

Keelback or Dhodia also called the water snake. They are found in fresh waters of India. It can be recognized with small black diamond shapes on its back. They are non-venomous and most of the time they are found in fresh water.

Keelback is mostly found in South India and can be up to 4 feet long. They mostly feed on water frogs and small fish.


11.Vine Snake

Vine Snake

Vine Snake is a species that usually lives on trees. It is mildly venomous. These snakes are found in forests of South India and are extremely rare. Due to which ingredients of its venom are unknown.  Vine snakes are slender and their heads are shaped like leaves. These characteristics make them camouflage in the forest where they can catch their prey without getting much attention. They are usually known to feed on frogs and lizards.