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Top 10 Popular and Best Hairstylists In India

Different faces and different styles, in all that we want a hairstyle that makes us stand out. A hairstyle can make or break an impression. It is a way of delivering our personality, from curls, bob or mullet and the mixes of these hair cuts with colours we choose, from the basic browns to pop pink or even an electric blue, helps describe our personality. What better way to deliver this than with a hairstylist that understands our mood? When we aim for this expression of our core, we want a reliable hairstylist to guide us. What better than India’s top best hairstylists?!

10 best hairstylists in india

Hairstylist not only delivers a basic hairstyle but also studies the face structure and style of the person. You may be confused about whether to chop off those long locks or stay with whatever hairstyle you have had. Hairstyles provide with the guidance and that leap of faith.

India is home to some iconic names when it comes to Hairstylists. The following list of hairstylists has some of the most hailed names in the industry. They might be helpful to decide about your next “New day, New me” look!

Read on to find the one that might fit the description of your perfect hairstylist:

1. Jawed Habib

Jawed Habib - Celebrity Hairstylist
Celebrity Hairstylist Jawed Habib

The name we all know and the one that never gets old. Jawed Habib is an icon in the hair and fashion industry. He built a career spanning more than 25 years all through his efforts and dedication. 

Known for his flamboyant and frivolous methods, Jawed Habib has built a name as more than a hairstylist. He is an entrepreneur and teacher, with salons and training academies spread all over the country.

2. Adhuna Bhabani

Adhuna Bhabani Akhtar, Famous Hairstylist
Popular and Trendy Hairstylist Adhuna Bhabani

A much-celebrated name in the industry, Adhuna Bhabani is a creative and dynamic hairstylist. She is also known by her former married name Adhuna Akhtar. Intrigued by the art of hairstyling, Adhuna got drawn towards this profession at a very young age. She has worked with almost all big names in the industry. 

She is also known for being the founder and creative director of the brand BBlunt. She is one of the best hairstylists in India.

3. Savio Pereira

Savio Pereira Hairstylist
Celebrity stylist and makeover expert Savio Pereira

Savio Pereira is among the most popular and best hair professionals in India. He is a common household name as he has also appeared in many Indian reality shows. Following his success and fame, he is now mostly associated with many top brands like L’Oreal, Schwarzkopf and more.

He has maintained his position among the best hairstylists by keeping a great flow with the trends.

4. Aalim Hakim

Best Hairstylist for men, Aalim Hakim

The next popular name on the list of the best hairstylists in India is Aalim Hakim. From top cricketers to Bollywood heroes, Aalim is one of the most preferred hairstylists by men. Many stars have time and again provided testimonials of his magic works.

Many big names associated with his work are Ranbir Kapoor, Shahid Kapoor, M.S. Dhoni, Sachin Tendulkar and more.

5. Sapna Bhavnani

Sapna Bhavnani The Hairstylist
Unconventional and frivolous hair professional Sapna Bhavnani

A warrior and then an artist, Sapna Bhavnani is one of the best hairstylists in India. She has worked with celebrities such as Priyanka Chopra, John Abraham, Bipasha Basu, Katrina Kaif, Gauri Khan and many more. 

Sapna is known for her bold and eccentric style and has created a strong presence in the field.

6. Vikas Marwah

Vikas Marwah the famous hairstylist
The Quirky and Trendy stylist Vikas Marwah

Vikas Marwah, also known as the Emerging Talent, is a popular hairstylist. Based in Mumbai, Marwah is known for his fresh and trendy approach. He has won many awards and gained a lot of recognition making him a distinguished name in the top 10 Indian hairstylists.

A great education, celebrity customers and a face-brand, Vikas has more than just his skills to prove is skills.

7. Dilshad Pastakia

Hairstylist Dilshad Pastakia
Popular hairstylist Dilshad Pastakia

A great stylist with a great personality is the best way to describe hairstylist Dilshad Pastakia. She is a favourite of many Indian celebrities including Badshah of Bollywood, Shar Rukh Khan. 

What makes her even more special? It is her work ethics and loyalty. She has worked for almost all celebrities and yet caters to everyone without focusing on the background.

8. Sylvie

With an experience of over 30 years, Sylvie is a prominent figure in the industry. She is easily among the best hairstylists that India has. From top celebrities like Hema Malini, Juhi Chawla, Sushmita Sen, Sonu Sood and many more, Sylvie has been the preferred celebrity hair and makeup stylist for all of them.

She has featured in many newspapers and magazines like Times of India, The Hindustan Times. She has also appeared on tv channels like Sony, Zee and many more.

9. Ambika Pillai

Popular Hairstylist Ambika Pillai
Elegant and popular hairstylist, Ambika Pillai

The next amazing hairstylist on the list of best hairstylists in India is Ambika Pillai. Hailing from the city of Kollam, Kerala, Ambika has made her presence prominent over the years. She is both a hairstylist as well as a makeup artist. She has even trained her sisters into the journey of makeovers.

Ambika is a distinguished name in fashion weeks, advertisements, movies and photoshoots. 

10. Elton J Fernandez

Elton Fernandez the Hairstylist
The rising star of hairstyle and fashion, Elton Fernandez

Growing in popularity with his quirky and ever-trendy style, Elton J Fernandez had made his name a brand. He has worked with many celebrities and is a popular choice in the youth. Elton has worked with Neha Dhupia on her style show #StyleByNeha. He is a wonderful makeover specialist and has helped many girls get their dream glow-up.

We hope you loved our curated list of Top 10 Most Popular and Best Hairstylists In India. So, next time you plan that makeover you always wanted, go through this list and choose your dream maestro that brings out the best of you!

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Top 10 Popular Colleges in India (2020 Ranking)

Education is said to be the key to eradicate poverty and help in the growth of any country’s economy. It is the key to success. Educating the child properly will help in developing the future of any nation. And higher education is an even more important part of the overall development of personality, skill and knowledge. Mostly, higher education is done at three levels, that is, Bachelor’s, Masters and PhD. All these can be done in various study fields such as Arts, Social sciences, Sciences, Humanities, Law, and many more.

In India, higher education is of high importance. Students are majorly involved in the fields of science and engineering. India has some of the world’s most capable colleges. There are about 40,000 colleges and institutions in India and many of them have a very good international ranking. Though we mostly talk about the Universities in India, the performance of individual colleges is very important. The national ranking and performance of these colleges are administrated by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD). The official list of rankings is made by the NIRF, that is, the National Institutional Framework. If you want to know about the best ranking colleges and the most popular ones among the Indian youth, we have the following list just for you.

Top 10 Popular Colleges in India:

1. St. Stephen’s College

Beautiful campus of Stephen's

St. Stephen’s College is presently one of the most popular colleges in India and is considered to be the best for arts and sciences. It is a part of the University of Delhi and is present in the North Campus. Also, the campus of St. Stephen’s College is among the most beautiful and well-maintained in the country. It has been ranked among the best colleges in the overall ranking by the NIRF. Stephen has also produced many notable alumni such as Khushwant Singh.

2. Miranda House

Beautiful garden of Miranda House

Miranda House is also one of the top colleges in the country and has had a great student output in the last few years. Miranda House is an all-girls college and is a part of the University of Delhi. It has been ranked as one of the top colleges for sciences & liberal arts in India. The King’s College London and Miranda House have allegiance and students often go to study at King’s College for Summer School. Miranda House has Sheila Dikshit & Neeti Mohan as notable alumni.

3. Hindu College

Main Entrance

Hindu college is a part of the University of Delhi. The Ministry of Science and Technology of India has presented the status of ‘Star College‘ to the Hindu college. The college has a very selective process of admitting students. It has been ranked as one of the best colleges in India by NIRF. It offers courses in sciences, social sciences, commerce and humanities. The most notable alumni are Imtiaz Ali, Gautam Gambhir and many more.

4. AIIMS, Delhi

central lawn at AIIMS

If we talk about the best medical college in the country, All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) is undoubtedly the best and most popular choice among students. Every year about 3 lakh students appear for UG entrance but only 1.7% qualify, thus shows how difficult the level of acceptance is. None the less, only the best students get accepted. It has produced many great doctors and notable alumni as Roman Saini, Ramesh C. Deka etc.

5. Presidency College

Main building entrance

Having produced some of India’s most notable contributors such as C. V. Raman and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, the Presidency college has become a very popular choice for students. This college is among the oldest art colleges in India. The Presidency college is among the most prestigious colleges and has a admits students only selective one. It has main departments as sciences, law and arts. It is also among the oldest government arts colleges in India.

6. Shri Ram College of Commerce

Beautiful infrastructure of SRCC

If we talk about the best college for commerce in India, Shri Ram College of Commerce is the indisputable king. Students who want to excel in the field of commerce aim for Shri Ram College as their first choice because of the excellent faculty, beautiful campus notable alumni. They incorporated many exchange programs to help make it a college of global status. The most notable alumni are Arun Jaitley, Rajat Sharma and many more honorable people.

7. Lady Shri Ram College for Women

Full view of LSRC garden

Lady Shri Ram College for Women is the sister college of Shri Ram College and is the best all-women college for commerce in India. It also ranks among the best for Arts and Education and also great for Mass Communication. The LSRC is a part of the University Of Delhi and is present in Lajpat Nagar, Delhi. The department for journalism and mass communication has gained a great reputation. The college has many notable alumni such as Aung San Suu Ki, Aditi Rao Hydari.

8. St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai

Second Quadrangle Arches

The next college which is a popular choice among Indian students is the St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai. It has an affiliation with the University of Mumbai. The campus of the college is very beautiful and has been a part of many movies such as Main Hoon Na, Satyame Jayate and many more. Also, many public figures such as Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton have been here. They have notable alumni as Anil Kapoor, Vidya Balan, Mukesh Ambani and many more.

9. BITS, Pilani

Beautiful view of BITS

If we talk about engineering colleges, Birla Institute of Technology & Science, Pilani is undoubtedly among the most popular options. While the IITs are of institutional importance only, BITS has been granted the status of a complete college. The government of India has given the title of ‘Institute of Eminence‘ BITS and 5 other colleges only. BITS has given many notable alumni to the country such as Sabeer Bhatia, Baba Kalyani and many more.

10. Loyola College, Chennai

College of excellence

The last very popular college is the Loyola College which is an independent Jesuit college and a constituent of the University of Madras, Chennai, India. It provides degree programmes in various fields such as natural sciences, social sciences, commerce, and arts. The Loyola College has received the status of ‘College of Excellence because of its brilliant results, infrastructure and alumni. Some of the most notable alumni are Justice Jasti Chelameswar, Viswa Nathan Anand.

Top Colleges in India

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10 Most Expensive Cities to Live in India

With the increasing standards of living conditions of people across the globe, the rise in the cost of living is an everyday occurrence. This increase in the cost of living is called ‘Inflation’. But one of the living factors which when getting a hit of inflation cause a lot of serious issues with the overall earning and other living factors. Thus, getting to know all about the most expensive cities around you is a very important step. Before you decide to move to any new place, it is best to know how expensive it is and especially the cost of housing.

India is among the cheapest countries in the world. The most expensive cities in India lie very low on the list of the most expensive cities in the world in terms of housing. The average rent costs for expensive houses, average size, is 30,000 to 40,000 rupees in the cities and in the lesser costly cities have rates ranging up to 20,000 approx. It is important to know more about the cost of homes among the other aspects compromising of the overall cost of living. The facilities in big cities like Mumbai and Delhi are world-class but still have a very low-cost in comparison to countries like America and Australia. The average rents in New York, USA are 396.85% higher than in Mumbai. So, if you are interested in knowing more about the cities which are the most expensive for building, buying or renting homes, we have the following list for you.

12 Most Expensive Cities in India to live:

1. Mumbai

City of Bollywood

The most expensive city in India is none other the city of dreams, the city that is better known as the home of ‘Bollywood’, Mumbai. It is the capital city of Maharashtra and it is also the economic capital of India too. Though it has less area for building many homes, because of a lot of beaches and sea areas, it has very tall buildings and thus very little space to breathe. Since it has a lot of posh people, the cost of expense is higher than all the other cities in the country.

2. Delhi

capital of India

The next city which is the most expensive is the capital of India, Delhi. If we don’t take the nearby regions of Delhi, such as Noida, Ghaziabad, and Gurgaon, there are many posh and luxury areas in Delhi which make it very expensive. It is the centre of the country and thus attracts many job seekers. Thus, adding to the population and the increase in the demand of homes, food and transport. Delhi is the capital of India.

3. Chennai

the unexplored treasure

The next name is of the city Chennai. Though many people may be surprised to know that it ranks higher than many other Indian cities, it has very high rates than others. There are many expensive areas in the city such as the Boat Club, Poes Garden and many more and thus contribute to the higher cost of living. Also, Chennai has some very beautiful beaches adding to the worth of the city.

4. Bengaluru

Silicon Valley of India

The next name is of Bengaluru, also known as the ‘Silicon Valley of India’. Although it ranks lower than cities like Mumbai and Delhi in terms of its rents and buying prices of homes, food and transportation, it has a higher rank in the cost of living grading than famous cities of Cape Town. The cost of living has been affected because of the booming businesses. These prices can go higher depending upon location.

5. Kolkata

Metro city Kolkata

Among the top 5 most expensive cities in the list of the most expensive cities for homes, Kolkata is in the lower end of the range. The prices are higher than most cities but still comparatively reasonable. The city of Kolkata has a very high population and thus it has contributed to the rise in prices of almost all things. Also because of the high population, the government has expanded the transportation system.

6. Pune

busy streets of pune

The city of Pune is an ideal location for those who love subtle weather and great shopping locations. In terms of its size, Pune is the seventh biggest city, but because of the extensive transportation and business opportunities, it ranks higher in the cost of living. With the rise in the IT sector and strong economic growth, the population has bloomed and thus creating more demand and higher prices.

7. Lucknow

City of Nawabs

The city of Lucknow, also known as the land of Nawabs, became one of the most expensive cities in the country because of its rich history and food culture. Also, as it is the capital of U.P., one of India’s largest states, it has a very high population and thus the demand for work and living space. Lucknow is also a very popular tourist destination and thus the expensive cost of living.

8. Chandigarh

The city beautiful

The next name is of ‘The City Beautiful‘, Chandigarh. It is the capital of both the states of Haryana and Punjab. Since it is the nearest big city from Himachal Pradesh and the centre for Punjab and Haryana, it has seen a rise in the cost of living. The booming population has caused the demand for space and the central Chandigarh has been through the heat. Also, the cleanliness and nature add to the buzz.

9. Jaipur

Pink City

The majestic city of Jaipur is among the most touristic and rich cities in India. It is also called the ‘Pink City‘. Because of its popularity, Jaipur saw an overall increase in the cost of living. It is also an expensive city because of the amount of tourist, there has been an increase in the competition in the local businesses and thus an increase in economic growth and thus the inflation.

10. Ahmedabad

Biggest city of Gujarat

The biggest city of Gujarat, Ahmedabad, is the last name on this list of the ten most expensive cities to live in India. Though it is the fifth most populated city in India but ranks at number 10 according to the overall cost of living. It has very good educational institutes like Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad which adds to the city’s popularity. Also, being the home state of Mahatma Gandhi, attracts many people to this city.

Top Expensive Cities in India

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10 Famous Olympics Medalists of India

If we talk about bringing honour to any country, well one word that expresses it all is Olympics! Ever since the beginning of the human race, sports have been important to scale the skills of an individual, they help not only to improve health but also to improve the overall personality. And Olympics is where it all takes place together.

The Olympics are an international sports event which are held every four years. These are the Summer and Winter Games (alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart). Indian athletes have won 28 medals, all at the Summer Games. There are numerous events in which over 200 participants take part. The International Olympics Committee was formed in 1894 and soon in 1896, first Olympics took place in Athens. Initially, there were only Summer Sports, then the Winter Olympics and the Paralympic Games. Olympic sports have gained recognition across the globe and this is evident from the fact that in 2016 Brazil Olympics more than 200 countries participated which is much more than the 14 countries that participated in Athens.

India first participated in the Olympics in 1900. The Indian Athletes have won a total of 28 medals so far, in which there are 9 Gold medals, 7 Silver medals and 12 Bronze medals. All these medals have been won at the Summer Games. India also started participating in Winter Olympics from 1964. There have been many great athletes who have contributed to these achievements in the Olympics, so we bring to you the list of 10 Most Popular Olympics Medalist in India who we are proud of:

1. Abhinav Bindra

Gold Medalist Abhinav Bindra

The first name who is undoubtedly the most popular name among most Olympic winners is Abhinav Bindra. He was the first-ever, individual sports player in India to win the gold medal. He is the former Wolrd Champion and also the Olympics Champion in the 10-meter air rifle event. He won this prestigious award in the Summer Olympics of Bejing, 2008. He was also the first to hold the title of World Champion and Olympics Gold Medalist both together.

2. Dhyan Chand

The Magician Dhyan Chand

Dhyanchand is a name that no one can leave when talking about great sports personalities. He was not just a hockey player but one of the greatest hockey players who ever lived. He was the captain of the Indian team and lead it to win gold in 1936 Berlin Olympics. He has aided in bringing three gold medals to India in 1928, 1932 and 1936. For his brilliant ball control and play style, he was also known as ‘The Magician’ and ‘The Wizard’.

3. Vijender Singh

Boxer Vijendra Singh

The next popular sports personality well known for his international achievements is Vijendra Singh. He has won many Professional Middleweight Boxing events and international titles, and some of them include the Bronze Medal at Bejing Olympics in 2008, Gold medal at the Guangzhou Asian Games in 2010 and many other. He is currently the WBO Asia Pacific Super Middleweight Champion and WBO Oriental Super Middleweight Champion.

4. P.V. Sindhu

P.V. Sindhu after winning semi-final at olympics

Leading the way for women sports, P.V. Sindhu is a popular sports personality who has contributed greatly towards encouraging women’s sports in India. She is a professional badminton player and has won about 20 international medals, which includes the Silver medal at 2016, Rio De Janeiro and of course a gold at the 2019 World Championships (thus becoming the first Indian to become the World Champion in Badminton ). She was just 17 when she gained international attention and got into the BWF World Rankings. Presently, she stands at 3rd position in this ranking for Women’s Singles.

5. Sushil Kumar

Silver medal winner sushil kumar

Sushil Kumar Solanki is an Indian Freestyle wrestler who has made the country proud by bringing home two Olympic medals. He is first Indian to have achieved this accomplishment. In 2008, Bejing Olympics he won his Bronze medal and later in 2012, London Olympics he won his Silver Medal in wrestling. Also, he won 3 gold medals in three different Commonwealth Games and also he won Gold in 2010, Moscow Wolrd Championship.

6. Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore

Portrait of Colonel Rajyavardhan Rathore

Colonel Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore is the next popular name on this list of Indian Olympic Medalists. He won the Silver medal at the 2004 Athens Olympics and over 25 International Medals at several championships in the Double Trap Event. He is not only well known for his achievements in sports but also for his various achievements in Defence Services. He was awarded the Sword of Honor for the best all-round Gentleman Cadet in IMA.

7. Saina Nehwal

Saina at 2010 common wealth games

The next name who is a very popular Indian Olympic medalist is Saina Nehwal. She is the former world no. 1 and has won over 23 international titles. She won the Bronze medal at the London Olympics in 2012. In 2015, she became the first-ever Indian female to become world no.1 and 2nd overall, after Prakash Padukone. Saina Nehwal has been many prestigious awards by the Indian Government such as Padma Vibhushan, Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratan and also Arjuna Award.

8. Mary Kom

First interview of Mary Kom

Chungneijang Mary Kom Hmangte, popularly known as Mary Kom is the next name on our list. She is a professional boxer and gained popularity after becoming the first female Indian boxer at an international level. She has won the Bronze medal in 2012, London Olympics. She was won over 6 World Championships. Mary Kom also placed at no.1 rank in the AIBA World Women’s Ranking Light Category. She has won over 18 international titles.

9. Leander Paes

Leander Paes playing a doubles match

Another legendary sportsman on this list is none other than Leander Paes. He is considered to be one of the best doubles and mixed doubles tennis player ever. He has accomplished many achievements in tennis and that includes winning eight doubles and ten mixed doubles Grand Slam titles. He has won many prestigious Indian awards such as Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, Arjuna Award, Padma Shri, Padma Vibhushan and many more.

10. Sakshi Malik

2016 interview of Sakshi Malik

The final name we have on this list is of Sakshi Malik. Being an accomplished freestyle wrestler, she has contributed highly towards the encouragement of Women Wrestling. Sakshi Malik has won many national and international titles. She brought home the Bronze Medal from 2016, Rio De Janeiro Olympics. She is the first female to have achieved this accomplishment. She has participated in the Pro Wrestling League as well.

Above we have listed 10 Indian Medal Winners at the Olympic Games. These are people who made India and its people proud of their ultimate achievements.

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4 Popular Indian Astronauts that are World Renowned

The outer space is said to be the world of infinite possibilities and there are very few humans who have achieved the privilege of going out to that space, millions of miles away from earth. The experience of zero gravity and no air is beyond a lay man’s comprehension. Astronauts are those trained humans who are extensively trained by a human spaceflight program to perform various tasks such as commanding, piloting, or serving as a crew member of a spacecraft. They are also trained to handle themselves in zero gravity.

Not just anyone can become an astronaut. Astronauts are always held with the highest respect since they have worked very hard to achieve this. The first-ever man to go to outer space was Yuri Gagarin and the woman was Valentina Tereshkova. The first man to land on the moon and walk on it was Neil Armstrong. Indian has also accomplished greatly in space travel. 4 Indians and Indian origin became astronauts. India also has its own space research center called the Indian Space Research Organisation and they have launched many successful missions such as Mangalyaan or the Mars Orbital Project and many more.

To get to know about these popular Astronauts and their achievements, have formed the list of 4 Popular Indian Astronauts and their Achievements:

1. Rakesh Sharma

Before space travel, rakesh sharma

The first name on this list is of Rakesh Sharma. He is the first-ever Indian citizen who became an astronaut. He was born on 13 January 1949. Prior to becoming an astronaut, Rakesh Sharma joined the National Defence Academy. Then in 1970, he was commissioned as a pilot in the Indian Air Force. He is among the most respected alumnus of the NDA. On 20 September1982, Rakesh Sharma got selected to become an astronaut. This was done under the joint program between the Indian Space Research Organisation and the Soviet Intercosmos space program to send people into space.

Soviet rocket Soyuz T-11 that was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic on the second of April 1984 had Rakesh Sharma on board as a part of the crew. He was trained extensively for this program. The total time he spent was 7 days, 21 hours and 40 minutes. When he was aboard the Salyut 7, his main tasks included conduction of various scientific and technical studies. These studies had about forty-three experimental sessions. Sharma got retired at the post of Wing Commander and then ultimately retired from flying in 2001.

2. Kalpana Chawla

Portait of Kalpana Chawla

The name probably every man and woman know in this country is of Kalpana Chawla. She is not only an astronaut but also an inspiration for many. She was born on March 17, 1962. She was born in Karnal, India and to achieve her dreams of becoming an astronaut she moved to the USA. She received her Bachelor of Engineering degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College, India and then soon she moved to the USA, in 1982, where she received her Master’s and PhD. In 1991, Kalpana applied to join the NASA Astronaut Corps and then she joined it by the year 1995.

In 1996, she was selected to go on her first outer space mission. Her first space mission included a six-astronaut crew that flew the Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87 and for her second Mission, she was the part of the crew for STS-107. Though the crew got on space aboard very safely, they could not return back the same. The mission was already said to have many technical issues and that ultimately became the reason for the failure of the mission. All the seven-membered crew is said to have disintegrated when returning to earth. Thus marking, February 1, 2003, as an ill-fated day.

3. Sunita Williams

Portrait of Sunita Williams

Sunita Pandya Lyn Williams is popularly known as Sunita Williams is a very popular astronaut who has many accomplishments to her name. She is a descendant of Indo-Slovenian origins. She was born on born September 19, 1965. In 1987, she got her Bachelor’s degree in physical sciences from the United States Naval Academy. From there she began her carrier in United States Navy. In the navy, she started her training at the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School and thus became a pilot for the navy. Soon after that, she was selected for the astronaut program by NASA.

Throughout her carrier at NASA. She has been part of the space shuttle mission multiple times. She was launched to the outer space for the first time on December 9, 2006, on STS-116. In this expedition, she completed three spacewalks and did various other researches. She ran the first-ever marathon on the moon. She was brought back with the STS-117. NASA again selected her to join the expeditions 32 and 33. For expedition 33, she was chosen as the commander. She has successfully spent 321 days 17 hours 15 minutes in the outer space. She is among the best astronauts ever.

4. Ravish Malhotra

Cosmonaut Ravish Malhotra

Ravish Malhotra is a name very few know of. He is often called a forgotten hero and here in this list, we would like to share about this great man. Ravish Malhotra was born on 25 December 1943. He was born in Lahore, British India. He has his education at National Defence Academy and just like Rakesh Sharma, he later became a pilot at the Indian Air Force. His story is not very different from Rakesh Sharma and is the lesser-known companion of India’s first astronaut. On 20 September1982, Rakesh Sharma got selected to become an astronaut when he was a Wing Commander.

This was done under the joint program between the Indian Space Research Organisation and the Soviet Intercosmos space program to send people into space. He was then selected to be the back-up for Rakesh Sharma. Ravish went through just as much intense training as Rakesh and became a great cosmonaut. Though he did not go to space, he became a successful cosmonaut and contributed highly to make Rakesh the first successful Indian astronaut. He got retired from the IAF as Air Commodore. He has also worked as a test pilot.

Above is the list of four popular and courageous Indian Astronauts who left their deep daring imprints on the new generation.

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10 Biggest Movie Theatre (Multiplexes) In India

Films are considered one of the most influential entertainers of today’s life. Be it Hollywood or Bollywood, the film culture is part of our everyday routine. All celebrations whether it is Diwali, Eid or Christmas comes with some filmy entertainers around the corner and with it comes the culture of Multiplexes. These are the movie theatres that have multiple screens within a single complex. Many of the multiplexes are formed into an already existing building such as malls or any other independent building. The first-ever movie theatre was Edison’s Vitascope Theatre. And after that, the evolution of multiplexes began. In 1967, IMAX made its first multiplex.

With the rise of the Indian Cinema, there was a rise in the popularity of the movie theatres. Firstly, there were only single-screen theatres and soon after that came the multiplexes and even megaplexes. India saw the culture of multiplexes started in the mid-1980s. The first-ever multiplex built in India was by Parsi entrepreneur Jamshedji Framji Madan known as the Madan Theatre. It is still among the best multiplexes in India. If you would like to know more about the biggest movie theatres in India, we have compiled the following list of the 10 Biggest Movie Theatre (Multiplexes) In India, just for you!

1. PVR Director’s Cut, New Delhi

Inside the theatre of PVR

If we talk about the biggest and most luxurious multiplexes in India, the first name can be none other than the PVR Director’s Cut. It is present in the capital of India, Delhi. It was a production of PVR which was aimed to bring a very luxurious overall experience to the viewer. They have some of the most pleasurable sofa seats for each individual. Not only are the seats the main attraction but the facilities of cafes and bars add to the experience.

2. Prasad’s, Hyderabad

IMAX at Prasad's

The next name on this list is a big and famous name when we talk about the biggest multiplexes in India. It is none other than Prasad’s located in the city of Hyderabad. Initially, Prasad was formed by IMAX and it mostly supported the IMAX format films. It was, in fact, the first multiplex built by IMAX in India. But later, they stopped supporting the IMAX format and it slowly moved out. Prasad’s is said to have some of the best screens.

3. PVR Superplex, Noida

Luxury filled Superplex

If you would love a great experience of a weekend movie experience with one of the biggest screens in India, it is at PVR Superplex located in Noida. It is also a luxury packed multiplex and offers a world-class movie experience. But it is not just the luxury seats and lighting but also the wide range of screens such as IMAX, 4D etc. There is also a playhouse. It is present in the Logix Town Center shopping mall.

4. PVR Koramangala

IMAX screen, PVR

The PVR Koramangala is also a very popular name in the multiplex industry of India. It is among the biggest multiplexes in Bengaluru. It is not just big screens but also a huge space that makes it a very special experience. The seats and the services all say the word extravagance. When you book your tickets here, you are showered with great services such as pre-selected food and even have the choice to select your server yourself.

5. INOX Laserplex, Mumbai

Insignia scrren at INOX

The next name on this list of the biggest and best multiplexes in India is of the INOX Laserplex. It is said to be among the best movie theatres in Mumbai. If you want a very amazing movie experience and that too at an affordable price range, the INOX Laserplex is the best destination. The type of screen used by this multiplex is known as Insignia. These screens are among the best screens being used. The total screens are 5 which have a varying price range.

6. PVR Lulu Mall, Kerala

beautiful ambiance of PVR

The PVR of Lulu Mall is among the biggest and most high-end multiplexes in India. It is located in the city of Kochi, Kerala. PVR Lulu Mall is one of the largest multiplexes in India and also the Lulu mall is among the largest in India. It has more than 9 screens in total and the total capacity is near to 3000 viewers at a time. Even with all the luxury and space the price range of these screens is very much affordable. The mall and the multiplex come as overall package.

7. Ariesplex SL Cinemas

Beautiful SL cinemas

When in Kerala, if you don’t just want to settle with PVR Lulu Mall, the city also has another big multiplex called the Ariesplex SL Cinemas. It is also among the biggest multiplexes in India. The seats are good quality and comfortable and it has very large viewer capacity. The prices are relatively cheaper than the above names but the experience is not any less. The good quality of food and some beautiful amenities are the chief features of this multiplex.

8. Raj Mandir Cinema, Jaipur

Royal themed cinemas

The next famous name on this of the biggest movie theatres in India is of the Raj Mandir Cinemas, Jaipur. The name of Raj Mandir has come down in history as one of the best multiplexes in India even now. It was formed in 1976 and is one of the oldest movie theatres in India. Because of its grand size and historic importance, it is an important tourist destination in the Pink City of Jaipur. The theme of Raj Mandir Cinemas has always been very Royal.

9. PVR Plaza, Delhi

Popular cinema at CP, Plaza

The second last name we have on this list of the PVR Plaza, which is located in the capital city of India, Delhi. It is situated at a very prime location in Connaught Place and thus adds to the features of this theatre. The PVR Plaza has great ambiance and also the services are good. They have very good screens and the watching experience has been rated very high. The tickets to the PVR Plaza are also very affordable and in a wide range.

10. Mayajaal Multiplex

Luxurious 16-screen theatre

If we talk about the top 10 movie theatre in India, it can’t be without the Mayajaal Multiplex. This multiplex is among the biggest multiplexes in India and has about 16 screens in it. The multiplex has a beautiful reception and also offers the facility of a food court just nearby. It is one of the best weekend hits in Chennai. It has been in operation for more than 21 years and is among the most popular movie theatres in the country.

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10 Largest Forests in India

Decades after becoming a world of forest degradation, India stands tall at a growth rate of 0.7% in its forest cover; because of this India has shown its prowess in the list of top 10 nations in the world with the largest forest cover! As of 2015, India had a forest cover of over 7,06,800 sq km which is almost 24% of the total size of the nation! These mystical and alluring forests are a true spectacle of the wonders of nature and are also home to some of the most exquisite and endangered species of birds and wildlife. A Bliss!

Indian Forests are either protected or reserved. Thus, aiming to save the forest lands. Tribal Communities are major contributors to preserving these protected forests. The Forestry in India is the among the most significant contributors in the rural industry and also it is an important environmental resource. But it is not that most of these forests help in wood as a resource but also a lot of non-wood resources are cultivated and produced such as latex, gums, essentials oils, medicinal plants and much more. Though forests are very important for the India economy they are also a great rejuvenation spot. With the increase in the hectic lifestyle of people, forests provide as great recreational spots. Many adventurers thrive in the deep forests of India to find calm and peace. India has some of the most beautiful forests in the world. So, if you are looking for some of the best forests in India, we have compiled the list of 10 Largest Forests in India :

1. Gir Forest, Gujarat

lions at gir forest

The first name and one of the largest forest areas in India are of the Gir Forests in the state of Gujarat. These forests are the part of the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests. The Gir Forests have some part of them are the Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary. Though these forests are mostly arid, they are home to a wide range of flora and fauna. These forests are also home to the rare and endangered Asiatic Lions.

2. Sundarban Forests, West Bengal

Rainforests of Sundarbans

If you want to find something exotic and want a once in a lifetime kind of experience the Sundarban Forests are just the place for you. These forests are present in the state of West Bengal Sundarbans. These are a type of mangrove forest and they cover an area of about 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi). The most unique feature of these forests is the wide range of wildlife which goes from the magnificent White Tigers and Bengals to the rarest Birds and much more.

3. Khasi Hills, Meghalaya

Beautiful trek of Khasi Hills

The beauty of the Khasi Hills lies in the fact that these forests can be visited in any time of the year and would still leave you breathless by their picturesque views. These forests are present in Meghalaya and are a type of sub-tropical forests. These forests also receive the highest rainfall in the world and the highest record is of Cherrapunji in East Khasi hills of Meghalaya. These are a number of activities for tourists to engage and thrive in.

4. Kaziranga Forest, Assam

Rhinos of Kaziranga Forest

The next name on this list of the most popular and best forests in India is of the Kaziranga Forest. It is a dense tropical moist broadleaf forest with marshland. These forests are present in the state of Assam and have a major part of them as the Kaziranga National Park. It is among the best forests in the world because of the efforts of the government and people to protect these lands and also the wildlife such as the Great One-Horned Rhinoceros.

5. Arunachal Pradesh Forest

Beautiful forests of Arunachal Pradesh

If you want to experience the diversity and beauty of forests at its best the Arunachal Pradesh Forests are the best. These are mainly Tropical and Sub-tropical and as you walk through these forests you will find the Temperate forest, Pine forests, and Subalpine forest. Arunachal Pradesh Forest has a variety of flora and fauna which include about 5000 species of plants, 500 different birds, 85 terrestrial mammals and a wide number of insects, butterflies, and reptiles.

6. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Tamil Nadu

elephants at the biosphere reserve

The next beautiful and one of the most famous forests in India are of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in the state of Tamil Nadu. The blue mountain and the tropical forest attract nature lovers from all over the world. The type forests here are tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests. Some of the oldest tribal groups live here. Also, these forests are home to lion-tailed macaque and Nilgiri Tahr.

7. Vandalur Forest Reserve

Birds at Vandalur forests

The next name on this list of most popular forests in India is of the Vandalur Reserve Forest. These forests are located in the suburb of Vandalur, near the centre of Chennai. If you want to plan a holiday out of the mainstream things, this is one of the best options. The views and the journey is a feast for any nature lover. Also, one of the major attractions is the Madras Zoo which was included in this reserves a popular tourist attraction.

8. Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand

Tigers of Jim Corbett Forests

The next popular Indian forest is the famous Jim Corbett National Park located in the state of Uttarakhand. The park has 73% forest cover and 10% grassland. The forests are dense moist deciduous forests and thus are home to a wide spectrum of wildlife. Whether you want to see the Royal Bengal Tiger or the beautiful peacocks or the rare Deers, you get a glimpse of it all here in the forests’ of Jim Corbett National Park.

9. Keibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur

floating forest

The second last name on this list of the most popular forests in India is the forest of Keibul Lamjao National Park. It is located in the state of Manipur. It is famous as the world’s one and only floating park. The park is surrounded by water and fish farms. These forests were turned into a national park to help with the conservation of the last of the brow-antlered deer in the world. The Keibul Lamjao forms an important part of the Loktak Lake.

10. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh

Bengal tigers at Kanha forest

The last and probably one of the most world-renowned forests of India is the Kanha National Park. These forests are present in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. These forests are the inspiration behind Rudyard Kipling’s famous “The Jungle Book“. The forests on the highland are tropical moist, dry deciduous type and of a completely distinct nature from bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus) on slopes.

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Top 12 Famous Indian Poets (Hindi and English)

Poetry, since time immemorial, has been a specialty of Indian people. India has produced so many awe-inspiring poets that have told us about our history in form of poems, stories, songs and so on. Their poetry is the anchor that has made us stick to our roots and provided not only with the knowledge of our country and our ancestors but also have had a soul-nourishing effect on the majority population of the country. Indian literature was written in many languages since India is a greatly diversified nation ranging from languages like Hindi, Awadhi, and Sanskrit to Urdu, Persian etc. Many foreign travelers have come and gone to India and have written praises about its prosperity, peacefulness, and administration.

India, as a country has had a really contrasting history. From being the “The Golden Sparrow” of the world to being colonized by the British for 200 years. Thus, it comes as no surprise that the poetry that drew out of the hearts of these Indian poets is as beautiful as it could get. From poets writing songs about their valiant Kings to poets writing about oppression by the British and bravery of the people of India.

Here is a list of Top 12 Famous Indian Poets of Hindi and English:

1. Kalidasa


Kalidasa lived in the 4th-5th century CE and wrote in Sanskrit language and has widely been accepted as the country’s greatest poet. He has written a number of works, which include poems as well as plays. The most famous one being: Abhigyan Shakuntalam that describes the love story of King Dushyant and Shakuntala. He has also written other famous works like Raghuvansam and Meghadatta.
Kalidasa has also written epic poems like Kumarsambhava which describes the birth of Subramanya.

2. Chand Bardai

Prithviraj Raso

Chand Bardai was born on 30th September 1149 in Rajasthan and has been popularly known for writing the famous epic poem Prithviraj Raso. Prithviraj Raso was written in Brajbhasha and describes the life of King Prithviraj Chauhan. It is an incredibly long poem and comprises of an upward of 10,000 stanzas.
Prithviraj Chauhan was a valiant King who defeated Mohammad Ghazni in the First Battle of Terrain, but let him go the first time. When Mohammad Ghazni came the second time he defeated Prithviraj and this poem describes that.

3. Rabindranath Tagore

Nobel Prize

Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7th May 1861 in the Province of Bengal and was not only a poet, but also a polymath, musician, and an artist. In 1913, Rabindranath Tagore became the first Non-European to win a Nobel Prize. Rabindranath Tagore was popularly known as “The Bard of Bengal.” His writing style was exceptionally mercurial but it remained vastly unknown outside the Province of Bengal.
His most famous works include Gitanjali, The Postmaster, Chokher Bali, The Postmaster, Gora, Kabuliwala, Sadhana, Ghare Baire, Nastanirh (The Broken Nest) etc.

4. Harivansh Rai Bachchan


Harivansh Rai Bachchan was born on 27th November 1907 in Allahabad. He is known as one of the most famous modern poets of India. Students throughout the country have read his poems as a part of their curriculum. He also received The Padma Bhushan in 1986 for his immense contribution to Hindi literature. He was a prolific writer and his writing style was very motivational and simple. He could bring about the complexities of life and motivate people by using a very minimalistic and simple approach.
Some of his famous works include Madhushala, Agnipath, Ruke Na Tu, Teer Par Kaise Rukoon.

5. Maithili Sharan Gupt

Arjun ki pratigya

Maithili Sharan Gupt was born on 3rd August 1866 in Chirgaon. He was one of the finest Indian poets of ‘Khari Boli’ or the Plain Dialect. In a time when most of the poets favored the use of Brajbhasha dialect, Maithili Sharan Gupt wrote in Khari Boli and was amazingly successful at that too. He is also one of the most sought-after modern Indian poets and students throughout the country read his works as a part of their curriculum.
Some of his most famous works include Nahush Ka Patan, Dono Or Prem Palta hai, Arjun ki Pratigya.

6. Muhammad Iqbal

Modern hindi poet

Muhammad Iqbal was born on 9th November 1877 in Sialkot District of Punjab Province during British India. Many literary critics and media outlooks called him the ”Poet of the East”. His family was descended from the Kashmiri Pandit Brahmin line and Iqbal grew up in fairly humble surroundings. He loved both of his parents and, when his mother died in 1914 he wrote a short elegy in her honor.
Sir Muhammed Iqbal died on the 21st April 1938 at the age of 60. Some of Muhammad Iqbal’s famous poems are Sympathy, I Desire, Ahead of the Stars, The Crescent.

7. Mirza Ghalib

Court of Bahadur Shah Zafar II

Mirza Ghalib was the pen name of Mirza Asadullah Ghalib. He was born on 27th December 1797. He was majorly an Urdu and Persian language poet. He is considered to be one of the greatest poets of all times. Not only in the Indian Sub Continent but throughout the world. Mirza Ghalib has written various short poems that became very famous during that time.
During the reign of Bahadur Shah Zafar II, Mirza Ghalib was given the title of ‘Dabir-ul-Mulk‘ and he was also bestowed upon with an additional title of ‘Najm-ul-Daulah

8. Kabir


Kabir lived through the 15th Century CE and was a mystical or Sufi poet. He wrote many short poems also known as ‘Kabir Ke Dohe‘.  He mostly portrayed a side of the connection between the human and the divine. He was an extremely religious man and portrayed that in his writings. His writings became extremely popular and have since then gained even more popularity.
Each of his writings had a mystical connection to the divinity and also had a moral. His poems could be compared to moral lessons with absolute finesse in poetry.

9. Meerabai

Lord Krishna

Meerabai was born in the year 1498 in Kurki District, Pali in Rajasthan. She belonged to the Royal Family of Rajasthan. Her family disapproved of her singing in public since she belonged to the Royal Family, so she left her family and went on to sing praises of her Lord, Krishna and also called herself as her wife. She wrote a number of poems and songs, singing the praises of Lord Krishna and went on to attain Moksha or ‘Nirvana’ through Bhakti Yoga.
She was widely seen as a prominent figure during the Bhakti movement in the late 1600s.
One of her most famous songs was ‘Payo Ji Maine Ram Ratan Dhan’, written in the local Rajasthani dialect.

10.Ruskin Bond


Ruskin Bond was born on 19th May 1934 in Kasauli, which presently lives in Shimla. He was awarded the Sahitya Academy Award in 1992 for his contribution to literature in India. He has written hundreds of short stories and poems. He wrote his first short story in 1951 which was named “Untouchable.”
He has written several horror stories describing the hauntings of Shimla and the adjacent areas. His short stories are a treat to read. His Autobiography was published in the year 2017 which was titled, “Lone Fox Dancing.”
Some of his most famous works are Himalayan Tales, Indian Ghost Stories, A Tiger in The House etc.

11.Rudyard Kipling

Bombay Born

Rudyard Kipling was born on 30th December 1865 in Bombay Presidency of British India. Although he was not an Indian national, he was born here and spent most of his life in India. He was inspired by the Indian way of living. This inspired him to write books like “The Jungle Book”. In 1907, at the age of 42, he was also awarded the Nobel prize for literature which made him the first English Literature writer to win a Nobel prize.
He was also offered Knighthood on several occasions, which he respectfully declined.
Some of his most famous works are: The Jungle Book, If, Rikki Tikki Tavi.

12.Nissim Ezekiel

Jewish Indian

Nissim Ezekiel was born on 16th December 1924 in Bombay Presidency of British India. He was awarded the Sahitya Academy Award in 1983 for his poetry collection, Latter Day Psalms.
Ezekiel enriched and established Indian English language poetry through his modernist innovations and techniques, which enlarged Indian English literature, moving it beyond purely spiritual and Orientalist themes, to include a wider range of concerns and interests, including mundane familial events. Some of his famous works are Time to Change, Sixty Poems, The Third etc.

List of Famous Indian Poets

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Top 12 Highest and Tallest Waterfalls in India

Isn’t it beautiful to see how beautiful the works of mother nature are? India is very gifted with such sensational artworks of nature, and surely Waterfalls are one of its best spectacles. It is amazing how Waterfalls are formed by water rushing down from a steep edge and creates beautiful showers. The water flows from a land on a higher altitude and falls down on lower altitude land from where it will continue are either a lake or river.

India has a great range of waterfalls which are very magnificent and beautiful. These are among the most beautiful and tallest waterfalls in the world. Waterfalls are a great source of tourism and are often serve as the best attraction. Waterfalls are also known as cascades. The thrill-seekers from around the globe visit these cascades for experiencing adventures of climbing and bathing in these wondrous waters.

It is a most breathtaking sight to look at a waterfall unfurling all of its might from a place of calm origin into a river or a rivulet. As if breathing life into a new place. Nature has some of the most beautiful ways of teaching us about life and selflessness.

Here are the Top 12 Highest and Tallest Waterfalls in India:

1.Kunchikal Falls

Beautiful Kunchikal Falls

The first name on this list is of the Kunchikal Falls. These are the tallest waterfalls in India. They have a height of 455 metres (1,493 ft). They are present in the Shimoga district of the state of Karnataka. They are a cascade type of waterfall and have a multi-tiered structure. The falls are formed by the Varahi river. It is also the second tallest waterfall in Asia.

2. Barehipani Falls

tiered Barehipani Falls

The second tallest waterfall in India is the Barehipani Falls. These are among the most beautiful waterfalls in India. They have a height of 399 metres (1,309 ft). These falls are located in the Simlipal National Park which is present in the Mayurbhanj district of the state of Odisha. The main feature of this waterfall is that it is two-tiered and among the highest falls in Asia.

3.Nohkalikai Falls

 Nohkalikai falls in Meghalaya

The Nohkalikai Falls are not only among the tallest Indian waterfalls but also it is the tallest plunge type waterfall in India. It has a total fall span of 340 metres (1,120 ft). This waterfall is located in the Cherrapunji district of the state of Meghalaya. These are formed by the rainwater deposited at the summit of a short plateau. Thus, the strength of this waterfall decreases from December to February.

4. Nohsngithiang Falls

Nohsngithiang Waterfalls in Meghalaya

The Nohsngithiang Falls is popularly known as the Seven Sisters Waterfalls. It is known by this name because of the seven-segmented type of waterfall that it forms. This waterfall is located in the East Khasi Hills district, Mawsmai in the state of Meghalaya. The waterfall has a total height of 315 metres (1,033 ft), which makes it the fourth tallest waterfall in India.

5. Dudhsagar Falls

dudhsagar waterfalls in goa

The next name on our list of tallest waterfalls in India is of the Dudhsagar Falls. The literal meaning of Dudhsagar translates to Sea of Milk. The falls got its name because of its rich milky appearance. These falls are a four-tiered type of waterfall. They are located 60km away from Panaji in Goa. These waterfalls have a total height of 310 metres (1,020 ft). The source of water for the waterfall is Mandovi River.

6. Langshiang Falls

langshiang-falls in meghalaya

The Langshiang Falls is the next tallest waterfalls in India, presently. They have a total height of 1,106 ft. These falls are said to increase their depth with the increase in the water and can reach a height of 337 metres sometimes. These falls are located near the village of Sangriang which is in the West Khasi Hills District in the state of Meghalaya. The source of water is the Kynshi River.

7.Kynrem Falls

beautiful kynrem falls

The next waterfall we have on this list is the Kynrem Falls. The Kynrem Falls are the 7th tallest waterfalls in India and are located at about 12km from Cherrapunji in the state of Meghalaya. They have a total fall span of 305 metres (1,001 ft). These Kynrem falls are located inside the national park of Thangkharang Park. These are also a type of cascade forming multi-tiered waterfall.

8. Meenmutty Falls

Meenmutty falls in Kerala

The Meenmutty Falls are among the most beautiful waterfalls in India and these are the tallest waterfalls present in the State of Kerala in the Wayanad District. These are a triple-tiered type of waterfalls and have a total fall span of 300 metres (980 ft). Many thrill seekers plan their trek to this waterfall through Wayanad-Ooty road, but it gets very risky during rainy season.

9. Thalaiyar Falls

single streamed Thalaiyar Falls

The next name among the highest and tallest waterfalls in India is of the Thalaiyar Falls. These are located in the Theni District of the state of Tamil Nadu. These waterfalls have a total height of 297 metres (974 ft). It has an elevation of 820 metres (2,690 ft). The source of water for the Thalaiyar Falls is the Manjalar River. These are also known as Rat Tail Falls.

10. Barkana Falls

barkana falls in shimoga

The Barkana Falls are the tenth tallest waterfalls in India. They have a fall span of 259 metres (850 ft). These waterfalls are formed by the waters of the Seetha River which gets collected at the summit. These Barkana Falls are located near Agumbe, near the district of Shimoga in the state of Karnataka. This is a tiered type of waterfall and is filled with water only during the rainy season.

11. Jog Falls

beautiful Jog Waterfalls

The second last name on the list of the highest waterfalls in India is of the Jog Falls. The Jog Falls are also among the most beautiful and spectacular waterfalls in India. These waterfalls are present in the Shimoga District in the state of Karnataka. These are a type of segmented waterfalls and it becomes a plunge waterfall depending on the season. They have a total height of 253 metres (830 ft).

12. Khandadhar Falls

tiered khandadhar falls

Then lastly we have the 12th most beautiful and tallest waterfall in India, the Khandadhar Falls. These falls are located in the district of Sundagarh in the state of Odisha. It is a horsetail type of waterfall. The total height of the Khandadhar Falls is 244 metres (801 ft). Since the fall looks like a Sword (‘Khanda‘) and is a Fall (‘Dhara‘), it was named as Khandadhar.

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Best 12 Online Affiliate Marketing Programs in India

The buzz of Online Affiliate Marketing has come to India and is spreading really fast. If you know what Online Affiliate Marketing is, you would know how powerful its growth is, and if you don’t, do not worry! We are here to tell you all about it and also the best programs available for online affiliate marketing for you to get started on.

What are Online Affiliate Marketing and its programs? and why is it gaining so much popularity? Affiliate Marketing is a method of marketing in which you will refer a certain product (by some other seller) to anyone you may or may not know, and if they that product through your referral, you get the commission. All the major and many minor online shopping companies offer such affiliate programs so that they can get promoted and also you can easily earn some cash. Now, you may realise why it is getting so popular as the investment is least to zero but you still get good returns. In India, the scope of such programs is growing rapidly because of the huge population and also because India is the biggest hub for investors and traders. Also to understand this Affiliate Marketing, you may think of it as an alternative to Google Adsense. Though many of these affiliate program companies seek top bloggers, anyone can join these programs. There are direct affiliate sites of the companies and you can sign up on them.

So now if you interested in some Online Affiliate Marketing and want to join some programs, we have a whole list for you, here is the compilation of Best 12 Online Affiliate Marketing Programs in India:


Affiliate page of Flipkart

Flipkart is hands down one of the most popular shopping websites in India today and thus joining an affiliate program at the Flipkart Affiliate is the first on our list. You can earn easy money from Flipkart Affiliate by easily signing up. All you will need to do is to pull in traffic on your affiliate link which will redirect to Flipkart. You can use any of your sites, such as website, mobile site, mobile apps which will move the traffic to Flipkart and earn up to 15% commissions.

By offering a wide range of products, precise tracking, great fee and on-time payouts, the Flipkart affiliate has become one of the best online affiliate marketing programs in India. Also, it’s absolutely free!


Affiliate page of Amazon

The next name on this list is none other than the international online shopping giant The affiliate program offered by Amazon is known as Amazon Associates. It is already well-known for providing millions of products thus the popularity of Amazon Associates is increasing greatly. The associates or the affiliates can get very good fees which can get up to 12%. Ever since its launch in India, the growth of Amazon Associates has only increased.

Another great feature of Amazon’s affiliate program is that you can earn the marketing fees from all the qualifying sales and not just the ones that have been marketed.


Affiliate page of eBay

The third name is of eBay India. The eBay India’s affiliate program is very fast and efficient. It helps you to start earning commissions in a very fast and easy way. This affiliate program also gives good commissions which are up to 12%. It is very simple as you just need to provide good marketing to the site and then you will receive your share of fees on every sale made because of your promotion. The eBay Affiliate is absolutely free to join.

Anyone can join the eBay Affiliate whether it is a person or a complete organisation. The payment is really good and also quicker than most programs.


Affiliate page of Godaddy

The GoDaddy Affiliate by the GoDaddy is the next on this list of best Indian Online Affiliate Programs. It is also a program that doesn’t require you to pay any fees and is also very simple to put up on your website or app. What you will need to do is to place the links of the GoDaddy website on either the banner of your site or app, or you can add a text type anywhere you wish to. It provides up to 10% commission.

Since there are no cost or minimum purchase rule or anything, you have nothing to lose and a good payout to again. The percentage of your commission will be decided after a certain regularity in your marketing.


snapdeal affiliate page

Another popular name in the online affiliate marketing in India is of Snapdeal Affiliate if a great program that has good commission values. It has a very basic working mechanism just like most of the other programs, that you need to sign up at the affiliate site of Snapdeal, which is free of cost then you start promoting it either via links of by the use of affiliate links on your website or mobile site or app.

Snapdeal Affiliate offers up to 10% commission rates to the affiliates on every purchase made by their referral, this can be also up to 400 rupees.


affiliate page of TripAdvisor

The TripAdvisor affiliate is a great option for those websites and bloggers who are into travelling and have a travel based background because this will help the visitor to select your TripAdvisor suggestion. TripAdvisor affiliate is free to use and lets you earn great commissions. Since it consists of a community of trustworthy travellers from across the globe, the credibility of the link gets increased by a lot of value.

Through the TripAdvisor Affiliate, you can get very high commission rate which goes as high as 50% of the total. Thus, making a great shot to try.


Affiliate page of BigRock

BigRock is probably one of the biggest names in online affiliate marketing today. It’s a super easy three-way process which is just signing up, referring to customers and earning commissions. If you are a web designer or blogger who is interested in web hosting, then BigRock Affiliate is for you. Since BigRock offers high-value domain registration, they also give great commission which can go as high as 45-50%.

Just set up the BigRock Affiliate link on your site and start selling the products and services by BigRock, soon enough you will see how fast you start earning.


Affiliate page of vcommissions

The next name on our list of best online affiliate programs in India is the vCommission. It is one of India’s Affiliate Network which helps in delivering better performance to the many popular India Brands by adding affiliates to itself. That is, vcommission is a site for promotion which itself uses affiliates for marketing some top brands in India. It offers good fees but you can take a payout only at $100 and not before that, which may take some time.

The chief features of vcommission are its specialized branding, monetization, performance marketing etc.


affiliate page of makemytrip

The MakeMyTrip Affiliate is a great method of increasing your earnings from your website or blog if you have a travel-centric site. Since most of the customers will be the ones interested in a trip, adding MakeMyTrip affiliate can surely add to your earning. Also, MakeMyTrip Affiliate offers great commission rates. The commissions are even higher if the customer has opted for flights and other costly amenities.

The prime benefits of this affiliate program are that you get great commission and the competition is comparatively very less, thus a great deal.


affiliate page of hostgator

Hostgator is well-known in the field of web hosting services and thus has a good customer base which is very broad and reachable. Thus, the affiliate programs by the Hostgator Affiliate holds high value. Moreover, if you are a website or blogger which is already dealing with or want to get into web designing or hosting, you can add the Hostgator affiliate too your site.

It is also free of cost and is great for VPS hosting, web hosting, web designing and servers based websites and blogs in India.


The second last name on this list of best online affiliate marketing programs in India is of Being one of the world’s biggest matrimonial online website, is a great program for affiliates. It has the great features of consistent profits, easy payouts, real-time reports, multiple banners ads, easy joining and much more. joining the Indian market in 1996 and thus has ever grown. also over very high commission rates which can go to 75% of the Revenue Share. You just need to add the banner/text links to your website.


affiliate program of Monster

Lastly, we have the affiliate program for online marketing by Monster Affiliate. The monster website is a job searching type of site which helps the employers post their vacancies and also people looking for jobs can search for them. Since is already helping for users to find jobs, their affiliate program helps them to add to their earning. The monster affiliate also provides an easy and good commission of up to 17%.

All that needs to be done is some planning by the affiliate and then start marketing. The commission to an affiliate is provided very fast and most just after the sale from the affiliates’ link.

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10 Most Popular Fighter Jet Plane (Aircraft) in the Indian Air Force

The Indian Air Force officially came to effect on the 8th of October, 1932 with a strength of 6 Royal Air Force trained officers and 19 ‘Hawai Sepoys’ which literally translates to Air Soldiers. Since then, the Indian Air Force has become the world’s fourth-largest air force in terms of assets. The Air Force Academy where the ranks are trained is located in Dundigal in the state of Telangana. The motto of the Indian Air Force is: ” Touch the Sky with Glory”. The rank of the supreme commander of the IAF is held by the President of India. There is approximately 1,40,000 active personnel in the Indian Air Force presently. The head of the Indian Air Force is the Chief of the Air Staff or The Air Chief Marshall. Air Chief Marshall Birender Singh Dhanoa is the present head of the Indian Air Force.

Indian Air Force has various kinds of aircraft ranging from Helicopters to Transport Aircrafts to cutting-edge, top of the line Fighter Planes. The Air Commands are strategically located throughout the country and different types of aircraft are distributed there, as per the requirement of the area. In this article, we are going to discuss The 10 Most Popular Fighter Planes and Aircraft in the Indian Air Force.

1. SU-30 MKI


The Sukhoi-30 MKI, popularly known as the Flanker-H (NATO Reporting Name), is a multi-role, twin-seater, twin-engine, super maneuverable fighter jet developed by Russia. It is built under license by Hindustan Aeronautical Limited. It can attain speeds up to 2500 km/hr or Mach 2.35. It is the most sophisticated, state of the art multi-role fighter jet of the Indian Air Force. There are about 240 SU-30 MKI in India divided into 20 squadrons spread across the country.

2. Mirage 2000

IAF Mirage
Dassault Mirage

The Mirage 2000 of the Indian Air Force is a single-seater, single-engine, multi-role, defensive aircraft built and developed by the French aeronautical company, Dassault. It can attain a speed of up to 2495 km/hr and can carry two 30 mm internal cannons, two Matra-super 530D mid-range missiles, and two R-550 magic II close combat missiles to external stations.

3. MiG-29

IAF MiG 29

The MiG-29 of the Indian Air Force is a twin-engine, single-seater, air superiority fighter aircraft that was originally developed by Russia. It can attain speeds up to 2445 km/hr or Mach 2.3. This is one of the most popular fighter planes of the Indian Air Force and has its predecessors namely, MiG-27 and MiG-21 BISON. It has a flight ceiling of about 17 kilometers.

4. Mig-27

MiG Series

The MiG-27 is the predecessor of the MiG-29 Fighter and is slightly inferior to the MiG-29. It is a single seater, single engine, tactical strike fighter jet which was originally developed by Russia and now is in collaborated development with India. It can carry one 23 mm six-barrel rotary cannon and can freight up to 4 tonnes of external weapon load. The MiGs have been rather infamous for various technical accidents and have claimed the life of quite a number of the Indian Air Force officers.

5. LCA Tejas

Delta Wing LCA
IAF Tejas

Light Combat Aircraft Tejas, is India’s first indigenously developed fighter aircraft. It is developed by the Aeronautical Development Agency and Hindustan Aeronautical Limited. It is a single seater, single engine, multi-role, light fighter aircraft with a unique delta wing formation, providing it exquisite maneuverability. It can attain speeds up to 2205 km/hr. Tejas was developed to replace the MiG-21 fighter aircraft of the Indian Air Force.

6. Jaguar

IAF Jaguar

The Jaguar is an Anglo-Frech developed single seater, twin-engine, deep pen-strike fighter. It can attain a speed of up to 1350 km/hr or Mach 1.3. It has two internal 30 mm guns, 2 R-350 Magic CCM missiles and can also freight 4750 kilograms of external load in form of bombs and fuel. The heart of Jaguar is the Rolls Royce Turbomeca Adour engine which is capable of thrusting it to the Mach 1.3 speed and carrying about 4750 kilograms of external load.

7. C-130J Super Hercules

C-130J SuperHercules
IAF C-130J

The Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules is a transport aircraft and can be used for transporting paratroops, heavy drops and can also be used for casualty evacuation. It is one of the heaviest aircraft to be owned by the Indian Air Force. It is a four-engine Turboprop military transport plane and can achieve speeds up to 670 km/hr. This aircraft is extremely popular and after development, was ordered by 15 countries.

8. C-17


The C-17 Globemaster is a transport plane and is developed by Boeing in America. It was developed by McDonnell Douglas. The C-17 Globemaster can perform not only tactical missions but also strategic airlift missions. It can carry a payload of about 40 to 70 tonnes and can cover a distance of about 9000 kilometers in a single hop. It can attain a speed of about 830 km/hr or Mach 0.74.

9. MI-35

Mi35 Attack Helicopter
IAF Mi35

The MI-35 is a twin-engine helicopter popularly known as Hind (NATO reporting name), is capable of carrying an assault team of up to 8 men. It is an assault and anti-armour aircraft which carries a four-barrel 12.7 mm rotary gun. It can also carry Scorpion anti-tank missiles and an external load of 1500 kilograms. Presently there are 2 MI-35 squadrons in the Indian Air Force. It can attain speeds up to 333 km/hr.

10. MI-17 V5

MI 17 V5 Helicopter
IAF MI 17 V5

The MI-17 V5 is a medium-lift military helicopter and is equipped with state of the art avionics and glass cockpit instrumentation. They are also equipped with bleeding-edge navigational equipment and radars. It can attain speeds of up to 250 km/hr. It has a standard range of about 580 kilometers and can be extended to 1065 kilometers with auxiliary fuel tanks. It can also attain a maximum altitude of 6000 meters.

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Top 10 Most Popular Indoor games played in India

Humans have always opted for entertainment and if it can be achieved in the comfort of their homes, it is even better. Indoor games can be played and enjoyed by children and it can be an easy and great activity for younger kids and toddlers. Indoor games and sports are thus the solutions of this struggle to entertain ourselves in any weather and at any time. Indoor games provide with great entertainment in any weather. Indoor games and sports can be of various types such as Board games (Chess, Ludo etc), card games (Poker, Bridge etc), table-type games (Table tennis, Carrom etc) or small court games (Badminton, Basketball etc). Indoor games are great for both mind practice and also good physical activity. Many studies have found that these games are very good and important for the overall personality development of a child, thus many schools also encourage the kids to get involved in these sports and activities.

India has been one of the oldest nations with the concepts of Indoor games. Some of the world’s most popular indoor games such as Chess was invented in India. Indians are said to be really good at many outdoor games but today many Indoor games are gaining much popularity in India. Nowadays many of India’s indoor game players are standing at the top of their game. The Indian government has also made efforts to help the education department to involve the children in indoor activities for complete development of the child’s personality.

There are many indoor games which are very popular in Indi, and if you would like to know more about these games, we have compiled the of Top 10 Most Popular Indoor Games in India:

1. Chess

Vishwanathan Anand Playing Chess

Chess is a game easily ranks as the top choice whether in ancient India or today. It is often called as a war over a board. No other game is said to stimulate the players’ mind as a game of chess does. Indians have always been said to be good at Chess. Chess is game for all age groups and can be enjoyed at any time or place. It helps in improving mind coordination and concentration like no other.

Chess is played on a chess board with each player having 16 pieces each. The main objective of the player is to lead the opponent’s King into checkmate. The most notable Indian chess player has been Vishwanathan Anand.

2. Table tennis

players of Table-Tennis

The smaller and indoor version of the lawn tennis is the Table Tennis. This is definitely a sport which is among the most popular ones in the world and also in India. Table Tennis is played on a table which is divided by net, the players use small paddles to hit a lightweight ball over to the other end. Though it sounds easy, it requires a lot of practice. Also, it improves flexibility and enhances the motor skills and concentration of the player.

It is among the few high-intensity indoor sports which cause a very low chance of injury due to no physical contact and indoor environment.

3. Badminton

Player of Badmiton

Badminton is an indoor sport which has gained very high popularity in the last decade in India. Many players such as Sania Nehwal, P.V. Sandhu, Srikanth Kidambi have become role models for many children in India. Badminton is a game played with rackets in which a shuttlecock is hit such as to cross over the net. It is a game is the perfect combination of light as well as intense gaming.

Playing badminton helps in reducing bad cholesterol. It helps in better circulation which helps in improving body’s stamina and overall health.

4. Boxing

Players of Boxing

If you have to find a sport which is the ultimate test your endurance, guts and strength, it is none other than Boxing. This sport is popular and well known for strengthening body and mind and also learning self-defence. Also, boxing helps those people who have anger-management issues. Boxing professionally is not only a national but also an international phenomenon.

In boxing, the players have to fight by using their fists within a set of specific rules in a boxing ring. Boxing also teaches the player to have sportsman-spirit and not take the fight off the ring.

5. Futsal

Players of Futsal

Ever since football gained booming popularity across the globe, it is natural to think of a way to bring this sensation indoors as well. The result of this is Futsal. It is a smaller version of football which is played with 5 players on each side on a smaller field. The game is native to Brazil and Uruguay and has gained a lot of popularity in India. India has also started its own futsal league which is played by both native and international players.

It is a sport that involves a lot of physical activity and is a faster version of Football. It helps as a great physical activity for a change.

6. Kabaddi

Pro-Kabaddi League

Originating from parts of ancient India, Kabaddi is a very popular indoor game. The game is especially popular in South-east Asian countries and has gained recognition across the globe. It is not uncommon to see kids in India to play Kabaddi as a sport in school and among friends. It is similar to wrestling and involves high physical involvement. Kabaddi was first introduced in Asian Games in Bejing in 1990.

Today, Kabaddi has gained even more popularity because of its propagation through leagues such as Pro-Kabaddi League.

7. Basketball

Jordan playing Basketball

Basketball is undoubtedly one of the most popular sports in the world. Many legendary players such as Michael Jordan, Shaquille O’Neal, Magic Johnson, Larry Son etc have contributed highly to the popularity of this sport. If you go to any school in India, there is rarely any which doesn’t have most of its students playing basketball. It is among the most popular indoor and team games.

Basketball is played with 5 players on each team and is a high intensity, fast sport. It is a sport which is not only entertaining for the players but involves anyone watching it!

8. Bowling

Bowling alley

Today, if there is any social gathering or just friends and family weekend, one of the most popular choices is the bowling alley. Bowling is a sport which has gained a lot of popularity not only as a fun time indoor sport but also as a professional sport played at competitive and elite ranks. It is a sport in which the player needs to roll a bowling ball down a lane such that it hits a group of pins and knocks them down.

Though this may sound easy, it takes a lot to practice and skill to actually knock the pins down. If you are interested, do try this sport with your friends and family.

9. Carrom

Carrom board

Who does not love a good game of carrom with family and friends? Carrom is a sport which is played in almost every household of India. If you think of your memories from childhood, it sure involves a happy time of everyone playing carrom together. Carrom is played at many professional levels in India. But sadly, it has no been recognized by the Olympics. Carrom is played with a cue-type sports objective.

Carrom is a tabletop game which is played with the objective to pocket all the carrom men by the use of a striker. The action used to strike is a flick of fingers.

10. Snooker

Table of snooker

The modified version of the traditional billiards is Snooker. It is an indoor game played on the billiards table. It has gained a lot of popularity over the years. It is very common for many businesses to be discussed over a game of snooker or even the Defence officials to play snooker during off-duty. Snooker is played on the billiards table with 15 red balls and 6 different coloured balls that need to be a pot with the help of the white cue ball.

It has many benefits such are improving focus and calculation, improving coordination and also enhancing self-confidence!

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12 Longest Tunnel of Railway and Road in India

The Railways and Roadways form the lifeline of transportation in India. Here we are discussing the longest tunnel of railway and road. But as you all know that railways in India are not only the biggest employer in the world but also a very important act of transportation method for long distances. It employs over 1.4 million people as per the latest records, which is huge! It is among the world’s largest railway networks which are spread over 1,15,000 km of the total length of the track. While the railways are of high importance, on the other hand, India has grown a lot in its Road transportation as well. India has the second largest road network in the world with a total length of 43,20,000 km.

Owing to the geographic ups and downs, India has seen the struggle of making tracks and roads on many new sort paths too, which led to the formation of strong and long tunnels. The tunnels have been built to help with the issues of time and geographic limitations. Most of these tunnels are built through soil, earth or rocks and are open on both ends which are used for transportation. These tunnels are very long and have held strong for many years now. Some of these man-made tunnels are as long as 11,215 meters.

Here, we have the list of 12 Longest Tunnel of Railway and Road in India

1. Pir Panjal Tunnel

Pir Panjal Tunnel in JK

The first and the longest tunnel on this list is the Pir Panjal Tunnel. It is the longest rail tunnel in India by a total length of 11.2 km. It is located in the Pir Panjal Range which is laid in the middle of the Himalayas. It is also known as Banihal Railway Tunnel. It forms the part of the Jammu to Baramulla line which in itself is a track of 345 km. This tunnel is present at an elevation of 5,770 ft.

2. Karbude Tunnel

Karbude Tunnel of Konkan Rialway

The second longest tunnel presently is the Karbude Tunnel which belongs to the Konkan Railways. It has a total length of 6,506 metres. It forms the parts of Konkan Rails in the Maharastra district. It stayed as the longest tunnel in India for a long time, that is, from 1997-2013, until the Pir Panjal Tunnel was constructed. It is also referred to as the tunnel number 35 (T-35).

3. Natuwadi Tunnel

Natuwadi Tunnel in Maharashtra

The next name on the list of the longest rail tunnels in India is of the Natuwadi Tunnel. The total length of this tunnel is 4,389 metres and was constructed in 1997. It is also a part of the Konkan Railways and is present in the state of Maharashtra. It has the stations of Karanjadi and Diwna Khavati. It is referred to as the tunnel number 6 (T-6) and is among the most frequently used tunnels presently.

4. Tike Tunnel

tike-tunnel in Maharashtra

The Tike Tunnel is the next rail-tunnel on the list of the longest Indian tunnels. It has a total track length of 4,077 metres and this is the 4th longest rail-tunnel in India. It was also part of the Konkan Railway project which started in 1997 and thus is present in the state of Maharashtra. It has the stations of Ratnagiri and Nivasar. The tunnel number given to this tunnel is 39 also known as (T-39).

5. Berdewadi Tunnel

Berwadi Tunnel in Maharashtra

With a total length of 4,000 metres, the next name on our list of top longest rail and road tunnels is the Berdewadi Tunnel. It was also the part of 1997, Konkan Railways project and is crucial to the railway network of the state of Maharashtra. The stations of this tunnel are the Adavali and Vilawade. The tunnel number given to the Berdewadi Tunnel is 49, that is, (T-49).

6. Savarde Tunnel

Sarvade Tunnel of the Konkan rails

The next tunnel that ranks in the 12 longest rail and road tunnels in India is the Savarde tunnel. It has a total length of 3,429 metres of tracks. As no surprise, this tunnel was also the part of the Konkan Railways project and was constructed in 1997. It has the stations of Kamathe and Savarde, present in the state of Maharashtra. The tunnel number of this rail tunnel is 17, i.e., (T-17).

7. Chenani Nashri Tunnel

Chenani Nashri Tunnel in JK

The Longest Road tunnel in India is the Chenani Nashri Tunnel. It is also known by the name of Patnitop Tunnel. It is present on NH-44 and in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has a total length of 9,200 metres and the allowed operating speed is 50kmph. The road is at an elevation of 1,200 metres. It became the longest tunnel in India in 2017, after inauguration by PM Narendra Modi.

8. Rohtang Tunnel

Rohtang Tunnel in Himachal

The Rohtang Tunnel or Atal Tunnel is presently the second-longest road tunnel in India which will be opened for use very soon. It has a total length of 8,800 metres and is present in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The main objective of this tunnel was to keep the roads open for the Rohtang pass even during winters in blizzards and snowfall. It is being constructed on the Leh-Manali Highway and will be very beneficial.

9. Jawahar Tunnel

Jawahar tunnel is 2 tube lane tunnel

Present in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is the next longest road tunnel in India, which is the Jawahar Tunnel. It is also known as the Banihal Tunnel. The total length of the tunnel is about 2.85 km and is the third longest road tunnel in India. It is situated at an elevation of 2,800m (9,200 ft). The tunnel has been in operation since 1956 and was renovated in 1960 by Border Roads Organisation.

10. Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel

Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel is in Jaipur

The next name on this list of the longest road tunnels in India is the Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel. This tunnel has a length of 2.80 km. It is present in Jaipur, the state of Rajasthan. The main objective of this tunnel was to link Jaipur with the National Highway 11 to the city of Agra and Bharatpur. It was constructed and inaugurated by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.

11. Aut Tunnel

Aut Tunnel in Himachal Pradesh

The second last name on this list is of the Aut tunnel which is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The tunnel runs for a length of 2.76 km. This tunnel is built near the Larji Dam Reservoir and was built for helping to provide better access to Kullu and Manali for outer cities. The main objective of the tunnel was to form the Chandigarh-Manali highway through NH21.

12. Kamshet Tunnel

Kamshet Tunnel in operation

The Kamshet Tunnel is also one the longest tunnels in India and among the longest in the state of Maharashtra. It is present in the famous and renowned Mumbai-Pune expressway, which is India’s very first concrete tolled expressway with the six-lane system. The tunnel has a stretch of about 2 km and is this very useful in cutting distance and time by a good length.

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8 Popular Nobel Award Winners in India

The Nobel Prize is an honor which is among the highest privileges which can be presented to anyone for any work of excellence. It is presented to those who have significantly contributed in six particular fields which are Nobel Prize for Physics, the Nobel Prize for Chemistry, the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, the Nobel Prize for Literature, and the Nobel Prize for Peace and also the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences. The Nobel Prize was named after its founder Alfred Nobel. In 1895, Nobel declared for all of his wealth to be given an award to those working for the development of the above fields.

Over the years many Indians have worked hard and received Nobel Prizes for their contribution in various fields such as in Literature, Physics, Mathematics, Peace, Chemistry. Some of these men are remembered even today with the utmost respect and honor. They contributed to the nation’s and the world’s development. The timeline of these awards has been from 1913 to 2014. All these people have made a significant contribution in their fields. India is also the first Asian country to have a citizen of their’s receive the Nobel Prize and has continued to do so.

If you wish to know more about some of these most notable Nobel Prize winners, we have compiled a list of 8 Popular Nobel Winners in India:

1. Rabindranath Tagore – The Nobel Prize in Literature 1913

Rabindranath Tagore's Portrait

Rabindranath Tagore is a man often interpreted as one of the greatest writers, song composers, painters and much more. He was bestowed the prestigious award “because of his deeply delicate, vivid and elegant poetry, by which, with absolute skill, he has made his poetic insight, manifested in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West”. In 1913, he became the first Asian and also the first non-European to have won the Nobel Prize. Tagore has composed the national anthems such as India’s ‘Jana Gana Mana’ and Bangladesh’s ‘Amar Shonar Bangla’. Also his poetry seems to be the inspiration behind Sri Lanka’s National Anthem.

2. CV Raman – The Nobel Prize in Physics 1930

Sir CV Raman when he was young

Sir CV Raman is a name every kid in the nation knows. He was bestowed the prestigious award “For his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”. He discovered the ‘Raman Effect’ – the phenomenon of in which the rays which are deflected see a change in wavelength. Though, it is said that Raman was sure that he’ll win this award in 1928 and 1929 but was disappointed and for the 1930 Nobel awards, he had already booked his tickets before the announcement.

3. Mother Teresa – The Nobel Peace Prize 1979

Beautiful portrait of Mother Teresa

“For work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace”, Mother Teresa was awarded the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize. She was born in the Republic of Macedonia but arrived in India when she was 19 and started her apprentice in Darjeeling. All her life she worked as a Roman Catholic nun in which she worked as a missionary serving for the betterment of the poor. In 1979, she was given this prize and the Roman Church also canonized her after 19 years of her death.

4. Amartya Sen – The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998

AmartyaSen after giving lecture

“For his contributions to welfare economics”, Amartya Sen was bestowed with the Nobel Prize in Economic Studies. He was given this prize in 1998. This was all because of his various contributions in the economic theories of famines, welfare economics, economic and social justice, social choice theory, and various other measures he took for the well-being of citizens in developing countries. Memorial Prize (1998), Bharat Ratna (1999) and Johan Skytte Prize (2017) are some of the other prestigious prizes awarded to his work.

5. Kailash Satyarthi – The Nobel Peace Prize 2014

present photo of Kailash Satyarthi

Today, Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai are two names which are held with great respect. They both jointly received the Nobel Prize in 2014, “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of children to education”. Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Global March Against Child Labour, and Good Weave International are some of his major contributions as a child activist. Harvard’s University’s ‘Humanitarian of the Year’ award in 2015, Defenders of Democracy Award (US) in 2009, and Gold medal of the Italian Senate in 2007 are some other important awards given to him.

6. Har Gobind Khorana – The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1968

Youthful image of Har Gobind Khorana

In 1968, Har Gobind Khorana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He won the award along with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley. He was an Indian-born American biochemist. They won this prize “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis”. The work by the three of them proved that the process of synthesis of protein in the cells is controlled by nucleotide which are present in nucleic acids (which are called the genetic code carrier of the cell).

7. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar – The Nobel Prize in Physics 1983

Nephew of CV Raman, Chandrasekhar

The next name on this list of prestigious names is of the nephew of Sir CV Raman, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. He won The Nobel Prize in Physics “for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars”, in 1983. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar was born in India but ultimately moved to the US. The physical process required for the evolution of stars was established by his discoveries. He also founded the Chandrasekhar limit, which is the upper limit of a white dwarf’s mass.

8. Venkatraman Ramakrishnan – The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009

Present picture of Ramakrishnan

“For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan was granted the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He was awarded the prize along with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada E. Yonath, in 2009. Ramakrishnan is an American-British structural biologist who has an Indian origin. Presently, he serves as the President of the Royal Society. Along with Nobel Prize he has been awarded many prestigious awards such as Padma Vibhusha, Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine, Guggenheim Fellowship for Natural Science, and many more.

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Top 10 Tallest Residential Buildings in India

Whenever we think of beautiful views of the skyline or the whole city, we think of ever tall built Buildings. All the countries in the world aspire to construct a tall independent-standing building to display the architectural and engineering progress and also the control and wealth. All the significant places from history until today and even the future will see tall buildings to signify the importance of that place.

Most of the tallest buildings in the world are of great importance in many ways such as a form of modern art or the historical value they carry. The tallest building in the world is Burj Khalifa, UAE. India is also benevolently progressing towards building tall and strong skyscrapers. In the last few decades, India has built many tall buildings which are above 800 ft. Most of these buildings are luxury residential apartments and flats.

Most of the tallest buildings in India are in Mumbai and the highest is in Kolkata. Many even taller projects are under construction such as the Three Sixty West Tower B (aimed to be 1,185 ft), Sky link Tower(to be 988 ft) and many more. Most of the tallest buildings in India are built by the private sector and others by combined efforts of public and private sectors.

If you re interested in knowing all about the Top 10 Tallest Residential Buildings in India, we have compiled the following list for you:

1. The 42

Beautiful view of The 42
The 42, Kolkata

The first name in the list of India’s tallest buildings is none-other than “The 42“, in the city of Kolkata. It is the tallest residential building and tower. It has a total of 62 floors. The 42 completed its construction in the year 2018. It has a total height of 268 meters (879 ft). It was a project of the famous architect Hafeez Contractor.

All the apartments or flats in this tower have a three-level balcony. Also, they provide a 360-degree view of the whole city. The night view from this skyscraper is worth all the fuss!

2. The Imperial

Twin towers of The Imperial
The Imperial, Mumbai

The second tallest building on this list is The Imperial. The Imperial has been the tallest building until the completion of The 42. It is a twin-tower and is residential. They are present in Mumbai, India. Both the towers are of equal height and floors. The total height, of each tower, is 256 meters (840 ft). The total number of floors is 60, in both the towers.

The Imperial is the ninth tallest twin-type building/structure in the world. It was also a project by architect Hafeez Contractor and developed by the Shapoorji Pallonji & Co Ltd.

3. One Avighna Park

Luxurious One Avighna Park
One Avighna Park, Mumbai

The ‘One Avighna Park‘ is the third tallest building in India right now. The prime location and beautiful architecture are its prime catch. It is situated in the heart of Mumbai City, India. It has been constructed by the Avighna India Ltd. It consists of more than 61 floors. It is about 251 meters(818 ft) tall.

It has been rated as 7-star and is a high-class luxury apartment. Many stars and other prominent public figures have a flat here. It has also been graded as a Platinum.

4. Ahuja Towers

Twin residential towers at Ahuja Towers
Ahuja Towers, Mumbai

The 4th tallest building in India is the Ahuja Towers. It is present in Worli in the city of Mumbai. It was constructed and developed by the Ahuja Corporation. It has a total length of 248.5 meters (815 ft). You can buy here flats of 4BHK and Penthouses of 6BHK. The beautiful architecture is the main go of the Ahuja Towers.

These apartments are also a great option for those who love to experience world-class facilities and lifestyle but also really love recreational activities.

5. Lodha Altamount

Beautiful architecture of Lodha altamount mumbai
Lodha altamount, mumbai

If you love luxury loaded residence, the Lodha Altamount is among the top choices! The Lodha Altamount is a luxurious residential-tower and it is the fifth tallest in the country right now. It was developed by the Lodha Group and the style was conceived by German-Iranian architect Hadi Teherani. It has a height of 240 meters (787 ft).

The tower has about 40 floors with some recreational floors and others. The Lodha Altamount is situated on the Altamount Road, Mumbai which is among the 10th most expensive streets in the world.

6. Auris Serenity Tower

four towers of Auris Serenity Tower
Auris Serenity Tower, Mumbai

We all want space were we get world class facilities or just to say which can challenge any top class resort, well that is what Auris Serenity Tower! It is a 235 meters (771 ft) tall residential tower. It was constructed by Transcon-Sheth Creators Pvt. Ltd to provide a world-class residential facility. It has about 69 floors as of now.

One of the other prime features of this tower is its prime location. It is placed optimally from all the top places in Western Mumbai. It is expected to have 4 towers complete soon enough.

7. Two ICC

luxurious ICC Towers
Two ICC, Mumbai

The Island City Center is the next tallest building in India today. It has a height of 223.2 meters (732 ft). The main show stopper feature of this building is the luxury reception. All the apartments are world class and very costly. It has about 65 floors as of now such that with each lift there are about 3 flats. A great piece of architecture.

It is a twin tower and thus the name as “Two” ICC. A unique feature that defines this luxurious haven is its eco-friendly take on everything possible, such as water harvesting, organic waste converter etc.

8. World Crest

Tallest world one tower, Lodha World Crest
Lodha World Crest, Mumbai

The next tallest building in this list is one of the towers of the World One project, that is, World Crest. The World One is being built by the Lodha Group. This project consists of two towers the: World View and World Crest. The World View is expected to be taller than World Crest and is still under construction. This project will complete with a total of three towers and are the next tallest projects.

The World Crest is of the height 222.5 meters (730 ft). It is a world-class skyscraper and the interiors of this project are designed by Giorgio Armani himself.

9. Lodha Venezia A

architecture by Hafeez Contractor of lodha venezia
lodha venezia, mumbai

The second last name on this list is yet again by the innovation and construction giant, the Lodha Group, that is the Lodha Venezia A. It is also another luxurious haven that comes with world-class facilities. It is the second last tallest name on this list of tallest Indian buildings. It has a total length of 213.5 metres (700 ft) with about 68 floors.

It was recently completed and entered the list of top 10 tallest buildings in India. Prime features of this building are its safety centered construction and optimal location.

10. Lodha Bellissimo Tower

Night view of Lodha Bellissimo
Lodha Bellissimo, Mumbai

The final name on our list is yet again by the building experts the Lodha Group, which is the Lodha Bellissimo Tower. These are twin towers known as Lodha Bellissimo Tower 1 and 2. They are both 197.5 meters (648 ft). They are currently working for 48 floors but are to be expanded to 53 floors.

The most attractive features of this oasis of luxury include Italian marble floors, private pools with living rooms, Swedish wooden flooring and many other exquisite features!

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Top 10 Popular National Parks In India

What is an ideal escape from the polluted cities and tiresome-busy life? Where can you experience the thrill and find nature absolute soothing calm? Well, that place is National Parks. National Parks are conserved areas by the government which help to protect the innocent wildlife and also the majestic forest land. These are the only places where you can watch and learn from nature.

Most of the national parks in various countries help to conserve the forest lands for animals and also offer safaris and other adventure activities to the tourists. Here you can see how beautiful and magnificent the nature is! There are many countries across the globe who have converted some of their forest lands in National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. India is also among them.

Having almost 21.54% of its total land as forests, India is progressing towards forest and wildlife conservation. Today, there are over 104 National Parks in India alone and most of these parks are home to some of the rarest and endangered species of birds and animals such as the Bengal Tigers, Snow Leopards, One-horned Rhinoceros, and the Asiatic Elephant and much more.

If you want to know more about these national parks, here we have a list of Top 10 Popular National Parks In India just for you:

1. Jim Corbett National Park

Tigers at Corbett National Park
Corbett National Park, Uttrakhand

The first and one of the most popular national parks on this list is the Jim Corbett National Park. It was named after the British hunter-turned-conservationist Jim Corbett. It is located in the state of Uttrakhand in the lower regions of Himalayas. It was established in 1936 and is spread over a large area of about 1,318.54 sq km.

The main attraction of this national park is its Tigers but it is also home to various animals such as Indian Monitor Lizard, Sambar Deer, Elephants, and Golden Jackel.

2. Ranthambore National Park

Bengal Tigers at Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan
Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan

The next and very popular national park on this list is the Ranthambore National Park. It was established in 1955 as Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary and later got the title of Ranthambore National Park. It is located in Rajasthan and spans over an area of 1,334 sq km. The presence of Ranthambore fort also adds to the experience of the park!

The major attraction of this national park is its Bengal Tigers but offers a lot more, such as the Hyenas, Leopards and also Wild Boars. The whole experience of Ranthambore National Park is a treat.

3. Kanha National Park

Walking Begals at Kanha National Park
Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh

If you have been a fan of Rudyard Kipling’s The Jungle Book, you are going to love the Kanha National Park because the whole book is based on this park! Founded in 1955, the Kanha National Park is one of the most popular national parks in India. It is located in Madhya Pradesh and is spread over an area of 1,067 sq km.

Just like the Jungle Book, here you will find the Bengal Tigers, Wolfs, Bears, Leopards, Pythons and many more wild animals, but no Mowgli. Kanha National Park is a great retreat for any nature lover.

4. Gir National Park

Rare Asiatic Lion at Gir National Park
Gir National Park, Gujarat

The next national park on the list of popular Indian National Parks is the Gir National Park. It is located in the state of Gujarat. It was founded in the year 1965 and the total conserved area is 1,412 sq km, but out of this 1,153 sq km is a wildlife sanctuary. The park has last of the world’s Asiatic Lions and is progressing towards their conservation.

Gir National Park has managed to increase the strength of Asiatic Lions and is continuing with the efforts. Other major attractions for the park are Crocodiles, Striped Hyenas, Leopards, and Peacocks.

5. Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Kaziranga National Park, Assam

The Kaziranga National Park is not only an important national park but also a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It was established in 1905 and is probably the oldest founded national park in India. It is situated in the state of Assam and spread across 403 sq km.

Kaziranga National Park has contributed tremendously well towards the conservation of One-Horned Rhinoceros and has about two-third of their population in the world. It is also home to a great number of wild species such as Swamp Deer, Wild Water Buffalo, and Asian Elephant.

6. Sundarbans National Park

Swampy lands of Sundarbans National Park
Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal

The next national park we have on this list is the Sundarbans Nationa Park. It was named after the Sundarban delta formed by the river Ganga. It is located in the state of West Bengal. It was first established as a Tiger Reserve in 1973 and then converted into a national park in 1984. It is spread aross an area of 1,330 sq km.

The Bengal Tigers are its main treat but because of the optimal ecosystem, it has plenty of aquatic animals such as butterfish, horseshoe crabs, saltwater crocodiles, cobras, and frogs.

7. Hemis National Park

Snow Leopard at Hemis National Park
Hemis National Park, Jammu and Kashmir

The next most popular national park is the Hemis National Park which also happens to be one of the highest national parks in the world at a height of 3,300 m to 6,000 m above sea level. It is located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir and is the largest national park by an area of 4,400 sq km. It was founded in the year 1981 and expanded in area by 1990.

The Hemis National Park is native home of two rarest species, the Mountain Weasel and Snow Leopard. It was named after the famous Hemis Monastery.

8. Great Himalayan National Park

Beautiful mountains of Great Himalayan National Park
Great Himalayan National Park, Himachal Pradesh

The next national park is the Great Himalayan National Park and is also one of the highest national parks in India. It is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. This national park is at 1,500 m to 6,000 m above sea level and covers an area of 1,171 sq km. It was founded in 1984 as to conserve its 31 mammals and 181 species of birds.

The Great National Park has its beautiful and rare birds as the main attraction along with the Himalayan Brown Bear, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Tahr.

9. Desert National Park

Desert lands of Desert National Park
Desert National Park, Rajasthan

The second last name on this list is of the Desert National Park from the state of Rajasthan. It is also the second largest national park in India, after Hemis National Park, with an area of 3,162 sq km. It was founded in 1981. Though the area is very large because of the desert very few species survive here. It has very less of the flora and founa as compared to the other National Parks.

Even though their aren’t many animal and bird species, it is home to the rare bird species which can only be found here, such as the Sam Sand Dunes and Indian Bustard.

10. Bandipur National Park

Elephants in Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park, Karnataka

Last but not the least, Bandipur National Park is the 10th most popular national park in India. It is located in the state of Karnataka. It has a total area of 820 sq km. It was founded in 1974 as a Tiger Reserve and later converted into a National Park. Because of its location near the Western Ghats, the Bandipur National Park has a great flora and fauna.

This National park is home to many wild animals such as Elephants, Tigers, Indian Crocodiles, Muntjac (a rare species of deer) and Dhole. The rivers flowing through the National Park add to its nice ecosystem.

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10 Tallest Statues in India

What is the best way to make one’s art eternal? One of the best ways is the art of sculptures or as we know Statues. A man can become immortal by his works and long before the modern man could make literary records and painting he could save his soul in forms of stone and rock sculpted statues. These statues can be representational or non-representational. Most of the statues that have been built and are being built are free-standing. Statues have been around as long as mankind, for all men love to leave a mark.

Many of the world’s oldest statues that have been found are said to be from 30,000 BC to 40,000 BC. Most of the early age statues were monolithic and made up of stone and rock, but today man has put the use of his skills and tools to use various types of materials such as Metals, Marble, Stone, Wax and many other.

India is also home to some of the world’s tallest, precious and ancient statues and sculptures. The Gommateshwara statue is one of the oldest monolithic statues in India. Also, India has progressed to become native to the World’s Tallest Statue, the Statue of Unity. Most of the tallest statues in India have been built in the last two to three decades and add to the colours it has to offer to its visitors!

Here, we have compiled a list of the top 10 Tallest Statues in India for you:

1. Statue of Unity

Statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Statue of Unity, Gujarat

Today India proudly stands as the nation with the tallest statue in the entire world! And this statue is none other than the Statue of Unity. After 5 years of construction, it was inaugurated on 31 October 2018 on the 143rd Anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. Statue of Unity has a height of 182 metres (597 ft).

The statue has contributed towards prowess of architectural wonders of the Nation. It is said to be twice the height of the Statue of Liberty, USA.

2. Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami

Statue of Hanuman in Vijaywada
Lord Hanuman, Vijayawada, Partala

India is also home to the tallest statue of Lord Hanuman in the world. The Veer Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami is the second tallest statue and is present at the Paritala Anjaneya Temple, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh. It has a height of 135 feet (41 metres). It was opened on 22 June 2003.

It is among the tallest statues in the world and also taller than the famous Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It attracts a lot of travellers and devotees!

3. Thiruvalluvar Statue

Tallest Statue of Thiruvalluvar
Thiruvalluvar Statue, Tamil Nadu

The next statue on our list of tallest statues in India is the Thiruvalluvar Statue, also known as the Valluvar Statue. It was built as a tribute to the Tamilian philosopher Valluvar. He was the author of one of the oldest Tamil textbooks, the Tirukkural. It has a height of 133-feet (40.6 m) and is a type of stone statue.

The long monument of Valluvar is divided into 3 sections which represent virtue (38 chapters), wealth (70 chapters) and love (25 chapters). It was opened to visitors on 1 January 2000.

4. Tathagata Tsal (Buddha Park of Ravangla)

Meditating statue of Tathagata
Tathagata Tsal, Buddha Park, Ravangla

The fourth tallest Indian statue is the Buddha Statue at Tathagata Tsal or the Buddha Park Of Ravangla. It is a magnificent statue of the Buddha which stands tall at a height of 130-foot (40 m). It was blessed and inaugurated on 25 March 2013 by the 14th Dalai Lama.

It was installed on the special occasion of the 2550th birth anniversary of the Buddha. The statue was the result of the joint efforts and devotion of the Sikkim government and the localities.

5. Dhyana Buddha statue

Meditating statue of Buddha
Dhyana Buddha Statue, Andhra Pradesh

The next magnificent statue on this list is the Dhyana Buddha Statue. It is a statue depicting a meditating Buddha and is located at Amaravathi, India. It has a height of 125 ft (38 m). The statue began its installation in 2003 and was completed in 2015. The statue and museum are situated close to the river Krishna, in Andhra Pradesh.

The statue has a very significant museum in its base which attracts a lot of devotees. Also, it is said to open a theme park around the statue very soon!

6. Statue of Padmasambhava

Padmasambhava Statue in Mist of Rewalsar
Statue of Padmasambhava, Rewalsar

Devoted to the 8th-century master of Buddhism, Padmasambhava, the next statue here is the famous Statue of Padmasambhava which is a 123 ft. (37.5 m) tall statue present at Rewalsar, Himachal Pradesh. The literal meaning of Padmasambhava is “Lotus-Born”. The Buddhist master is also revered as the “Second Buddha” by Tibetian Buddhists.

The statue of Padmasambhava is not only preached by Buddhists but the legend of the Buddhist master is also popular among other religions as well.

7. Shiva of Murudeshwara

Beautiful statue of Lord Shiva at Murudeshwara
Lord Shiva Statue, Murudeshwara, Karnataka

The next tallest Indian Statue in this list is the statue of Lord Shiva at Murudeshwara, present in the state of Karnataka. It is the second tallest statue of Lord Shiva in the world after the Kailashnath Mahadev Statue, Nepal. It has a height is 121 ft(37 m) and was completed in a time span of two years. It was completed and opened to the public in 2006.

An amazing fact about architecture is that it is built such that it gets direct sunlight and thus it always seems as if it is sparkling!

8. Adiyogi Shiva statue

Majestic Adiyogi Shiva statue
Adiyogi Shiva statue, Coimbatore

Titled as the world’s largest upper-body sculpture by Guinness Book of World Records, the next statue on this list is the Adiyogi Shiva Statue. It was built by the Isha Yoga Foundation and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 24, 2017. It depicts a magnificent structure of the Adiyogi-Lord Shiva.

The statue is 34.3m tall (112.4 ft), 45m long (147 ft) and 7.62m wide (24.99 ft). The 112 feet indicate to the 112 methods of self-transformation as given by the almighty Shiva or Adiyogi.

9. Hanuman Statue of Damanjodi

Night view of Damajodi Hanuman Statue
Hanuman Statue, Damajodi

The second last name on this list of tallest statues in India is the Hanuman Statue of Damajodi. It is a 108.9 ft (33.1 m) tall statue of Lord Hanuman and is the second tallest statue of Hanuman in the world after the Veer Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami, Vijayawada which is also in India. It was constructed on March 3, 2017.

The statue is present in the NALCO township of Damajodi and is one of the major attraction of the place. It attracts devotees from all over the country.

10. Lord Basava Statue

Tallest statue of Basava
Lord Basava Statue, Basavakalyan

The tenth name on this list of the tallest Indian statues is of the Lord Basava Statue, in honour of the 12th-century Kannada philosopher, poet and social reformer Basavanna. It was opened in 2014 and is the tallest statue of Basavanna in the world. It is located at Basavakalyan, Karnataka, constructed by the Basava Dharma Peetha.

It has a height of 108ft (33 m) and is the tenth tallest statue in India today. It gets a great lot of visitors each day.

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Top 10 Longest and Biggest Bridges in India

Bridges are a majestic example of the wonders of ancient and modern architecture and engineering. They have been around as old as the earliest human civilisation dates back. The main reason of bridges coming into existence was the obstacles in the path and thus to get over the bridges were built. Bridges have played a crucial role first in the development of earliest civilisation and then spreading the knowledge and ideas across obstacles. Bridges can also be interpreted as the crucial building stone in the Worldwide trade and Transportation.

The Hindu mythological tale of Lord Rama also tells the importance and value of bridges to cross long distances. Construction of bridges by proper means of ‘stone arched bridges’ can be dated back to 13th century BC Greek Bronze Age. Then after the developments in civilisation, the materials for the construction of bridges shifted to steel, iron, cement mixes and other stronger materials. The different types of bridges that are present today are: Arch Bridges, Beam Bridges, Suspension Bridges, Truss Bridges, Cantilever Bridges, Cabled style Bridges, Tied-Arch Bridges. These bridges can be for pedestrians, vehicles or trains and other means of transports.

Being rich in its geographical make-up with several types of terrains, rivers, gorges, bridges have a lot of importance in India. India has some of the most magnificent bridges which are not only helpful but also provide great views and a beautiful journey overall. Also, India stands tall with about 40,000 bridges in operation which help mend the issues of distance and transportation. These bridges are a major aid in the transportation system of the nation and the rail-cum-road type of bridges are of even greater value. The bridges are mainly regulated by the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Railways and Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. The budget is given accordingly to the department on the basis of the type of bridge to be constructed. The overall maintenance is done by the Indian Bridge Management System(IBMS).

Excited to know more about these beautiful and longest bridges? Here, we have made a list of Top 10 Longest and Biggest Bridges in India for you to check out:

1. Bhupen Hazarika Setu

Spatial view of Dhola Sadiya Bridge
Bhupen Hazarika Setu, Assam

The longest bridge on our list of Longest and Biggest Bridges in India is the Dhola–Sadiya Bridge, popularly known as the Bhupen Hazarika Setu. This bridge connects the states of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. It stands strong at a length of 9.15 kilometres (5.69 mi). A fun fact is that this bridge was built to aid the Indian army against the Chinese Army in case of any malicious activities.

Prime Minister of India, Mr Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bhupen Hazarika Setu on 26 May 2017. If you are ever up for a great drive near Assam, we recommend you take this route!

2. Dibang River Bridge

Beatiful View of Dibang River Bridge
Dibang River Bridge, Arunachal Pradesh

The second longest bridge which is standing as a spectacle of India’s progress on this list is the Dibang River Bridge. Built over the Dibang River in Arunachal Pradesh. It lays at a length of 18.950 km which makes it second to the Bhupen Hazarika Setu. It helps connect the roads between Bomjur-Meka across the National Highway -13.

The Dibang River Bridge is of high strategical importance to the Indian Army. It aids in keeping an eye out for enemy attacks. And thus a great exhibition of India’s architectural strengths.

3. Mahatma Gandhi Setu

Beautifully Constructed Mahatma Gandhi Setu
Mahatma Gandhi Setu Bridge

The third longest bridge in this list and the second longest over a river is the Mahatma Gandhi Setu, well known as the Ganga Setu or Gandhi Setu. It is laid across the Ganges River this bridge helps connect the south and north ends of the state of Bihar from Patna to Hajipur. It covers a length of 5,750 metres (18,860 ft).

It was inaugurated by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in May 1982 and was constructed over a time period of 10 years. This bridge is among the most jammed routes in India.

4. Bandra-Worli Sea Link

The newly built Bandra Worli Sea Link
Bandra Worli Sea Link, Maharashtra

Bandra–Worli Sea Link is a major aid to the packed traffic jam between the suburbs of Bandra and Worli in the state of Maharashtra. It was first opened to the public on 30 June 2009. It has been very helpful ever since it was turned into 8 lane bridge. It helps to reduce the traffic time from 30 minutes to a mere 10-minute drive.

Not only is the Bandra–Worli Sea Link very helpful but also a magnificent piece of architecture. For a 5.57 kilometres drive, the views are quite worth it!

5. Vikramshila Setu

Great architecture of Vikramshila Setu
Vikramshila Setu, Bihar

Named after the ancient city of Vikramshila, the Vikramshila Setu is one of the biggest and longest bridges in India. It does a great deal in connecting places around and near Ganga river and has aided majorly in shortening the loathing drive from Bhagalpur to other places in Bihar. It covers a length of 4.7 kilometres.

The Vikramshila Setu bridge was opened to aid in the distance problem and but now it is subject to extreme traffic jams. Another bridge near this bridge has been approved to be built for helping with the traffic.

6. Vembanad Rail Bridge

Heavily constructed Vembanad Rail Bridge
Vembanad Rail Bridge, Kochi

Holding strong over water and providing railway transport, Vembanad Rail Bridge is the next bridge on this list. It is the longest railway bridge in India and runs along a distance of 4.620 kilometres. It helps in connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam parts of Kochi in the state of Kerala. It was inaugurated on 11 February 2011.

It has good views and also a good help in reducing traffic on roads. If you love a good train ride and are near this railway route, do take a ride for it is a great view and a good time saver.

7. Digha–Sonpur Bridge

Panoramic View of Digha-Sonpur Bridge
Digha-Sonpur Bridge, Bihar

The Digha-Sonpur Bridge is a rail-cum-road type of bridge and is among the fewest of its type in India. This bridge helps to connect the north and the south of Bihar. It was inaugurated on 12 March 2016 by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is laid over the river Ganga and has a length of about 4.556 kilometres(14,948 ft).

This bridge is the fourth bridge to be built in Bihar across the great waters of Ganga. The main aim of this bridge was to mend the issues of distance and time to move from one part of Bihar to the other.

8. Arrah–Chhapra Bridge

Strategically built Arrah-Chhapra Bridge
Arrah-Chhapra Bridge, Bihar

The next longest Indian bridge on our list is the Veer Kunwar Singh Setu, also known as the Arrah-Chhapra Bridge. The amazing fact about this bridge is that it helps to decrease the between Chapra and Arrah in Bihar from 130 km to a mere 40 km, which shows its importance! It has a length of 4.350 kilometres (14,270 ft).

The four-lane bridge was opened to the public on 11 Jun 2017 and since then a major shift of traffic has been sited. It was the next bridge to be built on the Ganges after the Digha-Sonpur Bridge.

9. Godavari Fourth Bridge

Godavari Fourth Bridge
Godavari Fourth Bridge, Andhra Pradesh

Kovvur–Rajahmundry 4th Bridge popularly known as the Godavari Fourth Bridge is ninth our the list of top 10 longest and biggest bridges in India. It is a dual lane type bridge over the Godavari Nadi. It has a length of 4.13 kilometres (2.57 mi). It helps in connecting West Godavari district and East Godavari district, that is Kovvur and Diwancheruvu.

It took four years for this bridge to complete and open for public use. The recurring delays in construction led to the building cost of the Godavari Bridge from 512 crores to 800 crores!

10. Munger Ganga Bridge

Beautiful dual Munger Ganga Bridge
Munger Ganga Bridge, Bihar

With the Sri Krishna Setu, also known as Munger Ganga Bridge is the last but not the least on our list! This bridge stands at number 10 and is among the longest Indian bridges. It has a length of 3,692 metres (12,113 ft). The bridge forms a link between the Northern and Southern parts of Ganga, connecting NH-31 to NH-80.

Though the rail-cum-road bridge is ready it has not been opened to the public because of the ill-maintained roads nearby it. It is expected to open for use soon enough.

With these 10 bridges, we conclude our list of Top 10 Longest and Biggest Bridges in India. These bridges not only show the architectural progress of India but also the beauty of its river lands!

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10 Most Popular and Best Indian Universities

Indian Education system is often seen as one of the main contributors to the growth of the Indian economy.  Moreover, the seriousness towards education in higher studies can be understood by the number of colleges and universities.  At present, there are around 37,204 colleges, 789 universities,  and 11,443 stand-alone institutions in India.

MHRD or “The Ministry of Human Resource Development” is responsible for administrating the performance of all the universities and colleges in India through its prime regulatory body- Universities Grants Commission (UGC).  All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) and National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) are two worth mentioning government organizations who have significantly contributed to the upliftment of Indian educational scenario.

NIRF or the “National Institutional Ranking Framework” is the methodology used by the Ministry of Human Resource and Development to rank the Indian educational institutes based on different aspects such as their:

  • Overall functionality and performance
  • Based on the type of institute it is
  • Teaching, learning, and resources
  • Graduation outcome
  • Perception

Here, we have a list of 10 Most Popular and Best Indian Universities:

1. Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru

Main Building of IISC

The Indian Institute of Science or IISC is the top-ranked college by NIRF 2018 and the best place for science aspiring students. It was founded in 1909 by Jamshedji Tata and H.H. Sir Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore.

The main academic divisions in the Institute are Biological Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Electrical Sciences, Mechanical Sciences, Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Interdisciplinary Research. The programs offered by IISC are Doctoral degree programs, Masters degree programs, and Bachelors degree programs. IISC has been ranked 251300 in the world by the ‘Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2018‘ and the top institute in India, as well as 21 in Asian 2018 Ranking.

2. Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai

Gardens of IIT Madras

After its foundation in 1959, IIT Madras marched forward to become India’s best engineering college and the second best overall university, as per the NIRF ranking.

IIT Madras presents with diverse fields of education such as Departments Aerospace Engineering, Applied Mechanics, Biotechnology, Chemical Engineering, Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Design, Humanities and Social Sciences, Mechanical Engineering, Management Studies, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Mathematics, Ocean Engineering, and Physics. The offered programs are Doctoral degree programs, Masters degree programs, and Bachelors degree programs.

3. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai

Main Building of IIT Bombay

IIT Bombay was founded in 1958. Following its motto of “ज्ञानं परमं ध्येयम्” or “Knowledge is the supreme goal” into becoming one of the six Indian universities graded as “Institutes of Eminence”.

The campus is in proximity to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the campus has significant green cover and is mostly untouched by the pollution of the rest of the city. IIT Bombay has a total of 15 departments,  one school of excellence, 19 multi-disciplinary centres, and also offers four-interdisciplinary programs. It offers various programs in Bachelor of Technology, Master of Science, Master of Technology, Bachelor of Design, Master of Design, Master of Management, Master of Philosophy, and Doctor of Philosophy.

4. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi

Front entrance of IITD

The Indian Institute of Technology Delhi was established in 1961. IIT Delhi has also been given the status of ‘Institute of Eminence‘ which has graded its full autonomy, leaving this institutes to make all decisions.

IIT Delhi has four externally funded schools functioning as a part of the institute, 11 multi-disciplinary centres and majorly deals in the field of technology providing Bachelors, Masters, and Doctoral various programs. IIT Delhi has been ranked 172 in the world ranking by the QS World University Rankings of 2018 and ranked it 41 in Asia. The admissions for Bachelors programs are done on basis of  Joint Entrance Examination and  Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) for Masters.

5. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur

Main Building, IITK

Founded by the Government of India in 1951, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur is a public engineering institution. It was the first IIT ever established and is also one of the most prestigious ones.

It is the best institute for Architecture aspiring students and the Architecture Department of IITK has been ranked first among all Architecture Colleges in India by National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2018. It is also among the Top 5 Engineering Universities in India. It offers various programs in Bachelors, Masters and Doctoral study.

6. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi

JNU Administration Block

Jawaharlal Nehru University, popularly known as JNU, is a public university situated in New Delhi near IIT Delhi. In 1970, JNU adopted the Indian School of International Studies under it.

JNU has 19 major departments, offers affiliation to 6 defence institutes across India and 13 Research and Development Institutions, and has exchange programs with 71 Universities across the globe. JNU is the best option for those of you seeking Bachelors, Masters or Doctoral in Arts. It offers a large variety of study courses in technology, science, and arts. The JNU campus has an intense political life. It is said that once a student leaves the campus they are said to acquire a “drastically changed outlook on life” as a result of the politics among students.

7. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Faculty Building IIT Kanpur

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur was founded in 1959 ad turned into an IIT in 1960. It was among the first IITs ever established. IIT Kanpur has an office in New York.

The admissions to IIT Kanpur take place through JEE- Advance. The candidates of SC, ST and OBC communities are provided reservation of 15%, 7.5% and 27% seats. IIT Kanpur offers Bachelors, Masters, and Doctoral programs for Engineering, Science, Humanities and Social Science, Management, Design, and some other Inter Disciplinarians.

8. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand

Entrance of IIT Roorkee

IIT Roorkee was established in 1847 in British India as ‘College of civil engineering, Roorkee‘ and later in 2001, it was changed into IIT.

IIT Roorkee has the largest number of academic sectors thus making it the biggest technical institutions in the country. The total academic units are 21 which cover engineering, applied sciences, humanities, social sciences, and management programs. Also, it has 1 academic centre, 5 academic service centres, 3 centres of excellence, and 3 supporting units. IITR has a keen emphasis on scientific and technological education and research. IIT Roorkee has a rank of 431-440 internationally, as presented by the QS World University Rankings of 2018. Also, it ranked it 93 in Asia.

9. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Beautiful gardens of BHU

Banaras Hindu University, popularly abbreviated as BHU, is a public central university situated in the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

BHU is divided into 14 Faculties (Streams), 6 institutes, and nearly 140 departments. The institutes have full administrative autonomy which includes having their own budget, management and academic bodies. The technical institute of BHU was turned into Indian Institute of Technology as ‘IIT-BHU‘. BHU has a rank of 601-800 internationally, as presented by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2018. Also, it ranked it 194 in Asia.

10. Anna University, Chennai

Guidy Campus of Anna university.

Anna University is a type of state-technical university situated in Tamil Nadu, India. The main campus of Anna University is located in Guindy, Chennai. In 2007, Anna University was divided into 6 sub colleges situated in Chennai, Trichupali, Coimbatore, and Tirunelveli.

The main programs offered by Anna University are in engineering and technology through its affiliated colleges. The colleges follow a dual semester system. Earlier the admissions took place only on the basis of a common entrance test — the Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination (TNPC EE) which was conducted in the state, but now admissions also take place on the basis of their marks in higher secondary.  National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2018 has ranked it tenth overall in India, fourth among universities and eighth in the engineering ranking.

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8 Popular Coffee and Tea Plantation Garden in India

India is the among the largest tea-consuming nations in the world and the tea culture is just as famous across the globe. The major tea plantation states in India are in the Northeastern states, along with Himachal Pradesh. The gardens of Sikkim and Tripura are known for producing some of the most perfect flavours.

While the North and Northeast India is famous for tea, South India is seen as the major producer of Coffee in India, with Karnataka 53%, Tamil Nadu 11%, Kerala 28%,  and remaining comes from the states of Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tripura, and Assam. Since they are grown under the shade, Indian coffee is believed to be one of the finest coffees in the world. The presence of hills and good monsoon in these regions make it the optimal place for special types of coffee and tea plantation.

Following are 8 most Popular Coffee and Tea Plantation Garden in India: 

1.) Assam

Tea Plantations in Assam

Assam Tea is a type of ‘black tea’, produced from large-leaved tea plants. The grace of great rainfall during the monsoon season and the presence of great Brahmaputra River results in making this area the best in the world for tea plantation. The tropical climate of Assam gives an individual character to its tea and a significant taste for which this tea is well-known across the globe. Green and white teas are also being produced in small quantities in the regions of Cachar, lowlands of Assam and Barak Valley. In India, Assam is the only place where tea plants are native to the land and are second in the world.

2.) Darjeeling

Beautiful Tea Gardens, Darjeeling

Darjeeling, the beautiful hill station of West Bengal, located in Lesser Himalayan range is well-known as a significant tourist destination as much as its tea industry. This Himalayan city produces tea from plants with small leaves, which is known for its alluring aroma and taste. Darjeeling tea is also famous and renowned as the ‘black tea’. Also, ‘oolong’ and ‘green tea’ are also becoming popular in the state for production. Some areas are also producing ‘white tea‘. Darjeeling has a large variety of tea which is produced on different plantation areas in taste and aroma such as Badamtam,  Arya, Happy Valley Pussimbing, Ging, and Kaley Valley. 

3.) Nilgiri

Blue Mountains of Nilgiris

Nilgiri is a District in the Tamil Nadu, and a renowned mountain range laid across the Tamil Nadu, Karnataka as well as Kerala. Nilgiri tea is famous for its dark colour, fragrant and flavoured; Mostly grown in the hills of the Nilgiri, also known as ‘blue mountains’. The blue mountains of India are not only a home to rich tea plantation but also to many beautiful hill stations such as Ooty Hill Station(Queen Of Hill Stations) and the Coonoor. The Coonoor tea garden and Ooty tea gardens are major tea producing areas in the district and also a popular tourist spot.

4.) Munnar

Tea Plantation of Munnar

Munnar, renowned as ‘Tea County of Kerala’, is a popular hill station located on the sumptuous Western Ghats of India. The hill city is a range of mountains positioned at the convergence of mountain brooks such as Nallathanni, Madhurapuzha, and Kundaly rivers, laying in the Idukki district. Picturesque Tea gardens of Munnar are one of the significant attractions along with beautiful flora and fauna. Munnar is also known as one of the best monsoon stops in India. Tea plantation is spread from Munnar to Central Travancore and further south in the state of Kerala. Aside from lavish green hills and tea plantations, Idukki is renowned for its 168.91 m tall arch dam which stands between the two mountains on the Periyar River identified as Idukki Dam.

5.) Chikmagalur

Coffee Plantations in Chikmaglur

Chikmagalur is the first area in India where coffee was proposed. It is well-known as the ‘Coffee estate of Karnataka’. Chikmagalur is one of the most renowned hill stations in the state of Karnataka, situated in the foothills of Mullayanagiri range. Its geography and climatic conditions make it one of the biggest coffee plantations in Karnataka (Kodagu, Coorg and Hassan follow after it). Mullayanagiri is the highest peak of Karnataka located in the Baba Budan Giri Range of the Western Ghats. It is also the tallest peak between the Himalayas and the Nilgiris and is well-known as the top spot for trekking in Karnataka.

6.) Wayanad

Coffee Plants, Wayanad

Wyanad or ‘The green paradise of Malabar region’  is situated between the mountains of the sumptuous Western Ghats. Wayanad is one of the greatest hill stations of Kerala along with Munnar, Nalliyampathy, and Rajamala. The artistic hill region is encircled by evergreen forest, Pookkode Lake and Karapuzha Dam nearby. Its subtle climate is best for coffee and tea cultivation, thus also known as the ‘Coffee County of Kerala’. The significant type of coffee cultivated in this area is Rubusta and Arabica. The Malabar region is also renowned for its magnificent hill, green valleys and cool climate which makes its one of the main reasons for blooming flora and fauna.

7.) Yercaud

Beautiful plantations of Yercaud

Yercaud is a small and young hill station of Tamil Nadu which is situated in the Salem District of the state. Yercaud is located in the Shevaroys range of hills in the Eastern Ghats in India. It has got its name because of the forests near the lake mean ‘Lake Forest’. The cool climate and silent valley of Yercaud known as the best coffee forests in India. Nilgiris District, Coonoor and Kodaikanal are other sites in Tamil Nadu which are known for their coffee plantations. In India, Nilgiris District is further well-known for tea cultivation.

8.) Araku

Magnificent Araku Valley

Araku is a beautiful hill station in Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh, in the Eastern Ghats, India. Different types of tribes have resided in Araku. Coffee Plantation in Araku is world renowned for its organic coffee brand by first tribal growers. The tribes chiefly focus on cultivating pepper and rubber, and the Coffee cultivation is secondary to the tribes in all of the state. The marvellous Araku valley is encircled by Galikonda, Sunkarimetta, Raktakonda, Chitamogondi mountains, Anantagiri, and Sunkarimetta Reserved Forest. Other coffee yielder regions of Andhra Pradesh are Chintapalli, Paderu and Maredumilli which are also located in Eastern Ghats of India.