India is a very large country and it shares its land borders with 7 countries. Alongside these seven nations, Sri Lanka is also a neighboring nation of India and is connected to the India mainland through sand dunes of Ram Setu. Throughout the years after independence, a lot of transition has been made in the relationship of India and it’s neighbor countries. Correlation with Pakistan and China are not so good since 1947, as we had 5 wars since then, 4 with Pakistan (Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts – Wikipedia) and 1 war with China ( Indo-China War 1962)
So these relationships have been good with some nations and bad with some others. But it doesn’t change the fact they surely share borders and resources with India. It is important that we should know about neighboring countries because of its great part in the geography of our nation. So’ here is a list of 8 Neighbouring Countries of India.
Bangladesh is a country in South Asia, located on the Eastern borders of India and is surrounded by three sides with the Indian border. Bangladesh ranks 92nd in terms of landmass, covering 147,570 km2 (56,980 sq mi), rendering it one of the world’s most rapidly urbanizing nations. India-Bangladesh border has West Bengal, Meghalaya, Tripura, Assam, and Mizoram connected to it. This is the longest border that India shares with a nation and is 4,097 kilometers (2,546 mi) long. This border was formed when Bangladesh got independent from Pakistan which was earlier called as Eastern Pakistan. This border has also faced some cases of interference from Bangladesh. This border is protected by the Border Security Force usually called as BSF. This border mainly has Jungles and some area of Sundarbans delta too.
China is a country in East Asia, located on the North and North-Eastern borders of India. It is the most populous country in the world, with around 1.4 billion inhabitants in 2019. It is the third-largest country in the world by area, covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 million mi2). China is connected by the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. This border is 3,380 kilometers (2,100 mi) long making it second longest after India-Bangladesh border. This border became this long when China occupied Tibet. In Jammu and Kashmir, this border has faced some tension due to China’s occupation of some area in India. This border has mainly two landscapes, those deserted mountains of Ladakh and forested mountains of North-East of India. This border is protected by two forces Indo-Tibetan Border Police and Special Frontier Force.
Pakistan is a country in South Asia, located on the Western borders of India. It is the fifth most populated nation in the world, with a total of more than 212.2 million people makimg it is the 33rd largest nation by population. It covers 881,913 square kilometers of the landmass. The nation continues to face challenges including overpopulation, poverty, malnutrition and corruption. Pakistan borders with India are connected with Rajasthan, Punjab, Gujarat, and Jammu and Kashmir states. This border is 3,323 kilometers (2,065 mi) long and is the third-longest. This border usually remains tense because of the area disputed between the two nations. Mainly in Kashmir where this dispute becomes violent due to Pakistan’s occupation of a large area of India. This border mainly has two landscapes. Those are desert and deserted mountains. This border is also protected by the Border Security Force (BSF).
Nepal is located on the Northern borders of India and is connected with Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Sikkim. This border is the fourth longest and has a length of 1,758 kilometers (1,092 mi). The relations between India and Nepal are very good and things always remain calm and under control there. Each year a lot of Indian pilgrims visit Nepal and there is no passport required to travel between both of these countries. However, this border is protected by Sashastra Seema Bal. This border mostly has Himalaya mountains alongside it.
Myanmar is located on the Eastern borders of India and is connected with states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram. This border is the 5th longest Indian border and is 1,643 kilometers (1,021 mi). This border has only faced issues of Refugees and smuggling but the overall condition remains quite normal over there. For protection, two armed forces are present on this border. These are Assam Rifles and the Indian Army. This border is completely filled with forest areas.
Bhutan is located between Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh right above the state of Assam and West Bengal. This border is connected with only these four states. This border is very short while Bhutan being a small nation in terms of area and is 600 kilometers (370 mi) long. The conditions between India and Bhutan are very good. A lot of resources are shared between both of these nations. There is an interesting fact about Bhutan that it is the only country in the world that has banned tobacco. For security purposes, Sashastra Seema Bal is placed on this border. Most of the terrain over this border is hilly.
Afghanistan is the north most country that shares its border with India. This border is very short and is 106 kilometers (66 mi) long. This border is currently above Pakistan Administered Kashmir, which is an area controlled by Pakistan hence no forces of the Indian army is currently placed these. This border was established under British rule in 1896. The whole terrain over this border is deserted mountains and is very low on resources and population.
8. Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka is only connected with India through sand dunes of Ram Setu and its border is considered 30 kilometers (19 mi) long making it the shortest border that India shares with a country. The Sri Lankan land is very close to the Indian mainland hence it is considered as a neighboring country of India. This can be easily seen through the presence of Tamil culture in Sri Lanka. The security in the area between India and Sri Lanka is provided by the Indian Coast Guard. Usually, conditions on this border stay normal although there were some incidences in which some Indian fishermen were killed by Sri Lankan Navy when they crossed the coastal border.
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