Indian Spices

25 Famous Indian Spices with their Hindi Names

India, since time immemorial has been called “The Land of Spices“. Major trade routes were connected to India because India exported its spices to places like Mesopotamia, Egypt, Sumeria, China and Arabia etc. There is also a mention of cloves in the Ramanyana which shows us that spices have been grown and acknowledged in India since a very long time. Spices from India were also exported to locations like Carthage, Rome and Alexandria as mentioned in ancient Roman writings dating back to 1st Century AD.
In the early ages, it was the trading and export of spices that led to the country becoming a prosperous one and attracted a lot of foreign travellers from around the world. India was one of the richest countries in the world at the time owing to the presence of trade routes which allowed the export of materials like spices and cloth in order to generate that amount of wealth.
The Arabians had close relationships with the Indian spice merchants and they were exported to the west by the Arab people. However, they discouraged any kind of competition in business and kept their source of spices a secret from the western world. They even made up stories of these spices like cinnamon growing in highly dangerous and inaccessible areas like gorges filled with poisonous snakes to entice the people into paying heavy prices for the India spices.
Europeans also travelled a lot in search of spices and Indian spices were in huge demands at that time. The spices were really difficult to produce and were even more expensive than gold back then. It is also believed that the Parthian wars were fought by the Europeans largely to maintain the trade routes to India for the exports of various kinds of spices.
The Indian Sub Continent alone is responsible for 75 percent of the world’s total spice exports. There are about a 109 varieties of spices produced throughout the world and our country alone produces more than 65 varieties.
The 109 varieties of spices produced are standardised by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO).
There are a number of spices which need processing and over the years India has become a technology led and highly mature processor of various spices. These processing techniques led to export of about 1,028,060 tons of spices in 2017-18 which generated a revenue of Rs 17,929.55 crores in those years.

Given below are 25 Famous Indian Spices with their Hindi Names :

1. Asafoetida, (हींग, Heeng)

States: Punjab, Kashmir
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 770 per kilogram
Benefits Antibiotic and other medicinal properties
Asafoetida


2. Bishop’s Weed, (अजवायन, Ajwain)

States: Rajasthan, Gujrat
Climatic Conditions: 35-45 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 300 per kilogram
Benefits: Digestion aid, Antiseptic, Relieves abdominal pain
Bishop's Weed


3. Cardmom, (इलायची, Elaichi)

States: Kerala, Maharashtra
Climatic Conditions: 18-35 degree Celsius, 75 percent Humidity
Cost: Rs 2000 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Perfumery
Cardmom


4. Poppy Seed, (खस खस, Khas Khas)

States: Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir
Climatic Conditions: Temperate and Sub Tropical
Cost: Rs 500 per kilogram
Benefits: Food additive, Sedative, Nutritive
Poppy Seeds


5. Chilli, (मिर्च, Mirch)

States: Manipur, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Kerala
Climatic Conditions: 20-25 degree Celsius with humidity
Cost: Rs 100 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Cancer treatment, Vitamin C
Chilli


6. Cinnamon, (दालचीनी, Daalchini)

States: Kerala
Climatic Conditions: 27 degree Celsius with 2500 mm of rainfall
Cost: Rs 500 per kilogram
Benefits: Antifungal, Can check nausea, Oil extraction
Cinnamon


7. Clove, (लौंग, Laung)

States: Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius, 1500 mm of Rainfall
Cost: Rs 1200 per kilogram
Benefits Used in Soaps, Perfumes, Helpful in Diabetes, Reduces Toothaches
Cloves


8. Coriander, (धनिया, Dhaniya)

States: Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Assam
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 300 per kg
Benefits: Seasoning, Flavouring, Garnishing
Coriander


9. Cumin, (जीरा, Jeera)

States: Gujrat, Rajasthan
Climatic Conditions: 25-30 degree Celsius, Less Rainfall
Cost: Rs 375 per kilogram
Benefits: Antistringent, Carminative, Stimulant
Cumin


10. Fennel, (सौंफ, Saunf)

States: Northern India
Climatic Conditions: 15-25 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 150 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Stimulant, Carminative
Fennel


11. Fenugreek, (मेंथी, Methi)

States: Rajasthan, Gujrat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
Climatic Conditions: 10-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 30 per kilogram
Benefits: Aphrodisiac, Hair Oil, Carminative
Fenugreek


12. Garlic, (लहसुन, Lehsun)

States: Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
Climatic Conditions: Temperate Climate
Cost: Rs 100 per kilogram
Benefits: Antibacterial, Fungicidal, Insecticidal
Garlic


13. Ginger, (अदरक, Adrak)

States: Punjab, Sikkim, Meghalaya
Climatic Conditions:  20-30 degree Celsius, 150-300 mm rainfall
Cost: Rs 200 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Antibiotic, Carminative
Ginger


14. Mint, (पुदीना, Pudina)

States: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost:  Rs 500 per kilogram
Benefits: Antibacterial, Preservative, Flavouring
Mint


15. Mustard, (सरसों, Sarson)

States: Punjab, Assam, Bihar
Climatic Conditions: 15-25 degree Cesius
Cost: Rs 300 per. kilogram
Benefits: Preservative, Antioxidant
Mustard


16. Saffron, (केसर, Kesar)

States: Kashmir
Climatic Conditions: 15-25 degree Celsius, above 2000 m sea level
Cost:  Rs 1,50,000 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Antioxidant, Medicinal
Saffron


17. Parsley, (अजमोद, Ajmod)

States: Karnataka
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius,  average pH should be 6
Cost: Rs 70 per kilogram
Benefits: Garnishing, Flavouring
Parsley


18. Basil, (तुलसी, Tulsi)

States: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
Climatic Conditions: 10-20 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 120 per kilogram
Benefits: Medicinal, Insecticide, Bactericide
Basil


19. Rosemary, (रोजमैरी, Rosemary)

States:  Northern India
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost:  Rs 300 per kilogram
Benefits: Anti inflammatory, Detoxifier, Carcinogen Blocker
Rosemary


20. Turmeric, (हल्दी, Haldi)

States: Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 50 per kilogram
Benefits: Anti inflammatory,  Anti oxidant
Turmeric


21. Tamarind, (इमली, Imli)

States: Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
Climatic Conditions: 20-30 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 200 per kilogram
Benefits
Tamarind


22. Vanilla, (वनीला, Vanilla)

States: Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 25,000 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring
Vanilla


23. Nutmeg, (जायफल, Jaifal)

States: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 550 per kilogram
Benefits: Stimulant, Carminative, Astringent
Nutmeg


24. Star Anise, (चक्र फूल, Chakra Fool)

States: Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka
Climatic Conditions: 20-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 350 per kilogram
Benefits: Anti-bacterial, Carminative, Diuretic, Stomachic
Star-Anise


25. Tejpat, (तेज पत्ता, Tej Patta)

States: Punjab, Kerala, West Bengal
Climatic Conditions: 25-35 degree Celsius
Cost: Rs 50 per kilogram
Benefits: Flavouring, Hypoglycemic, Stimulant
Tejpat


 

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