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5 Major Rivers of Himachal Pradesh

India has the most astonishing diversity of all the countries in terms of ethnicities, languages, people, culture, and religions. But what is mostly overlooked in the awe of that is how diverse India is in terms of geographical landscapes and eye-catching mountains and rivers. The seven sisters in the North East boast a landscape of brooks and waterfalls, the Arunachal flaunts the beautiful fall season, the Dhauladhar ranges are proud of the snow-laden mountains as well. While Uttarakhand is developing itself as the new winter tourism capital and Jammu and Kashmir alongside Leh-Ladakh is undergoing its redemption from the after-effects of terrorism on tourism, Himachal is the place loved by all as a perennial tourist destination. 

Himachal Pradesh is often regarded as the adobe of the heavenly and that’s primarily because of the beautiful mountains, blue rivers, white waterfalls, and lush green valleys. Himachal is one of the beautiful most geographical locations in the whole Asia region and at the same time is inhabitable because of the balancing seasons and diversity in the landscape. Himachal is a tourist hub when it comes to most of the picturesque locations and many others subsequently are developing into major tourism hotspots. 

As popularly said, Rivers are what makes a landscape the perfect one by forming mountains, valleys, basins, and forests out of it. The Himachal River System is no exception to that. Ironically, Himachal Pradesh’s capital is the only town where you’ll miss rivers. Any other spot and rivers are there for your view. Himachal Pradesh River System feeds both the Indus and the Ganges basins. Primarily five rivers make up the Himachal Pradesh River System, the Chenab (the Chandra Bhaga), the Ravi, the Sutlej, the Beas, and the Yamuna. All five of these rivers are perennial i.e. have water all twelve seasons of the year and have rainfall and snow as the feeding factor. All these rivers are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation and thus are the backbone of the beautifully green Himachal. 

So, today we’d be discussing these 5 major rivers of the Himachal Pradesh River System. Stay on the line for a read if you want to know some interesting information about your fav travel destinations’ state.



The Sanskrit name for this river is Bipasha. This north Indian river rises 4361 meters above sea level on the southern face of Rohtang Pass in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. Its total length is 470-kilo meters and its drainage basin is 20303 square kilometers large, while the water body itself is home to the Indus Dolphin. The river Beas gets its name from the rishi Veda Vyasa, the one who is the author of the Hindu epic Mahabharata. As per the legend, he created it from the Vyas Kund.

Before Veda Vyasa the Vipasa River’s name was Saraswathi. This river is historically accounted to mark the eastern border of Alexander the great’s conquest in 326 BC. When his soldiers refused to obey his orders here in 326 BC making Alexander give in by raising twelve colossal altars to mark the glory of his expedition. This river has a sad incident to its records as on 8th June 2014, 24 engineering students and one tour operator drowned when the flood gates of the Larji dam were opened resulting in instantaneous overflooding. In another incident, back in 2018, countless aquatic life was found dead when a sugar mill in Gurdaspur dumped its waste material here. 



The Sanskrit name for this river is Asikni. This river flows in two countries namely India and Pakistan. It starts in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the 5 major rivers of the Punjab region. The waters of this river were allocated to Pakistan under the Indus Water Treaty. This river is formed by the confluence of two rivers namely Chandra and Bhaga at Tandi, 8 km southwest of Keylong in the Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh. 

This river has its mentions in the Rigveda and also is mentioned in the Mahabharata by the name Chandrabhaga. Even the ancient Greeks have mentioned it in their scriptures by the names Sandrophogas, Sandabaga, and Cantabra. The references on using Chenab for the first time on as the name goes back to Alberuni. Just like the Beas River, Alexander also has a history with the Chenab River. He allegedly founded the town of Alexandria on the Indus (present-day Uch Sharif) back in 325 BC. This river has 6 ongoing hydroelectricity projects.

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Just like Chenab, this river also flows through India and Pakistan. As per the Indus Water Treaty in 1960, the rivers of this river are allocated to India. In Sanskrit this river’s name is Iravati. In Vedic times, it was known by the name Purushni and Hydraotes to the ancient Greeks. The Ravi River originates in the Himalayas, in the Multhan Tehsil of Himachal Pradesh. It follows a northwesterly course. 

It is mostly fed by the snow but also two of its tributaries Budhil and Nai join it 64 kilometers downstream origins from the Mani Mahesh-Kailash peak and Kali Debi Pass respectively. Another major tributary that joins it, later on, is the Seul River. Sadly, the valley formed by this rover was exploited for its rich Timber trees. This valley has large terraces which are very fertile and thus are called the gardens of Chamba, the yield from which feeds the Dalhousie town. The hydropower potential of the Ravi River system is assessed at 2294 W of which only 1638 W has been assessed thus wasting a huge potential of 650+ W.



In Sanskrit, this river is by the name Shatadru and is the longest of the five rivers that make Punjab. This river is also known as Satadree. It is the easternmost tributary of the Indus River. The waters of this river are allocated to India as per the Indus Water Treaty. The source of this river is in Tibet from the west catchment area of Lake Rakshasthal. This lake used to be a part of the Sutlej River long ago but then was separated by a major tectonic Movement. 

This river is known to have its history back to 1700 BC and many historians claim that it used to be a tributary of the Ghaggar-Hakra River. This river’s fast flow rate is also known to cause erosion of many rocks up in Rampur. This trend is expected to have the same effects as the Indus River had on the Nanga Parbat.  


Although the Yamuna River has its origins from the Yamunotri in Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand. But it also flows through Himachal Pradesh and has a total catchment area of 2320 square kilometers. Its tributaries in the region are the Tons, the Giri, and the Bata.

This river, right after its origin, flows into the Paonta Sahib region of Himachal Pradesh and flows for a while before flowing into the plains. 

So, these were the five major rivers of the Himachal Pradesh River System. If you’re planning on visiting Himachal; do try to guess the name or probably origins of the rivers you’ll be driving on the sides of mostly. I hope this article helps you in doing so. 

Till then Stay Safe, Stay Healthy.

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10 Major Mountain Ranges in India

If we look a bit into the History or even go back a thousand years, we’ll find out that geographical location and structure of a landmass was a deciding factor mostly in deciding how and to what extent it would be sustainable to declare the boundaries of a nation. The ideas of a nation have changed over the years, precisely from the era of empires to the French Revolution giving birth to the idea of a nation, but what hasn’t changed in all these years is the role of geography in the location suitability of a certain group or civilizations of people that today are the reverse-revised version of a country recognized by its sovereignty. Of all the geographical factors, some major ones are oceans, seas, rivers, mountain ranges, and desserts at times. 

Mountain Ranges and the approximate inability to conquer and rule both sides of a range has been a deciding factor in how most of the nations are today defined by the mountain ranges that they adorn. Be it the mighty Himalayan Range bifurcating India from the People’s Republic of China. Similarly, the Ural Mountain range separates Asia from Europe. Thus, as evident mountain ranges are a deciding factor in ensuring what a country looks like. India is also defined by various mountain ranges some of which boast about the tallest mountain summits on our planet.

India has a proper hilly region in its north-east and also has some decent heightened mountains on the eastern and western ghats as well. India is as diverse as its people when it comes to its terrain. Today we would be discussing the ten majors most mountain ranges of India.

1.The Himalaya Range


 Himalayas is one of the most magnificent mountain ranges in the world. The word Himalaya comes from the Sanskrit word Him and Alaya which translates to ‘abode of snow’. If you ever get a chance to visit these, you’ll know the justice these mountains do to their name. These ranges were formed when two tectonic plates collided and are one of the recent most formations and hence the youngest ranges of India.

This range has 100+ mountains with a height of more than 7200 meters. This mountain range has every highest peak in the world except a few and hence we can say that these are the tallest mountain ranges in the World. Its eastern point is the Namcha Barwa and the western point is the Nanga Parbat. Mount Everest lies in the Himalayan Range in the Nepal region. It melts down into various rivers namely the Indus, the Ganges, and the Brahmaputra

2. Karakoram Range


These ranges lie to the north-west of the Himalayan Range. A bigger portion of this range lies in the disputed area between Pakistan and India and both countries claim their authority over this mountain range. K2, the second-highest peak of the world at 8611m lies in this range.

After polar glaciers, this mountain range has the most no. of and some of the biggest glaciers of the World, namely Siachen Glacier and the Biafo glacier, which are the second and the third biggest glaciers of the World. The length of this range is approximately 500 km.

3. Pir Panjal Range


The Pir Panjal Range lies in the south of the Himalayan range. It starts from Himachal Pradesh and goes on to the northwest to the disputed area of Jammu and Kashmir. This one is also known as the lower Himalayas. Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum flow through this range, and a lot of hill stations lie in this range as well.

4. Purvanchal Range


This range is also known as the eastern mountain range because it is the extension of the Himalayas to the eastern part of India. These ranges have a formation pattern similar to the Himalayas but are not as high as the Himalayas. This range has three parts specifically: The Patkai-Bum Hill, The Mizo Hill, and the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills. Lying in the Khasi Hill, Mawsynram, the wettest place on the Earth has this nature because of these hills. Commonly, for better understanding, these ranges are spread in the whole of the Seven sisters.

5. The Satpura and Vindhya range


Both of these ranges lie in central India and both run parallel to each other. Rivers like Narmada and Tapti are sourced by the Satpura Range which is higher in length. Both of these ranges are situated primarily in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Kalumar Peak at 752 meters and Duphgarh Peak at 1350 meters are the highest points in these ranges. These ranges are a huge tourist attraction and hence bring a lot of revenue to these states.  

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6. The Aravalli Range


With a width of 10 to 100-kilo meters, these mountain ranges are the oldest mountain ranges of India. In the local Rajasthani language, Aravalli means a line of peaks. Its length is approximately 800-kilo meters and is primarily existent in Rajasthan. Rajasthan being dry has a lot to do with these mountain ranges. Guru Shikhar at an elevation of 1722 meters is the highest point in these ranges. Banas, Sabarmati, and Luni are the major rivers in this range.

7. The Western Ghats


As the name suggests, these mountain ranges are located on the western ghats of India. It is a 1600 meters long mountain range that runs from Gujrat to Kanyakumari in South India and is popularly called the Sahyadri Mountains. Three sub-ranges namely the Nilgiris, the Annamalai, and the Cardamom are the ones that make this mountain range. It is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.

8. The Eastern Ghats


It runs parallel to the Bay of Bengal. It isn’t continuous and isn’t as tall as other ranges in India. Arma Konda at 1650 meters is the highest point in this range. Vishakhapatnam and Bhuvneshwar are the important cities located in these ranges.

9. Dhauladhar Range


It is a part of the Himalayan Mountains. It is located specifically in Himachal Pradesh and goes from Indian Planes to the North of Kangra and Mandi. Dhauladhar is known as the beautiful most sub-range in The Himalayas and hence creates a lot of revenue through tourism. 

10. Hindu Kush Mountain range


The Hindu Kush is an 800-kilo meter long-range that exists from Afghanistan to Pakistan, Tajikistan, and some to the disputed area of POK. It’s referred to as the western section of the Himalayan range. This one is the westernmost extension of the Pamir and the Karakoram ranges. It is at an elevation of 7690 meters and the highest point on this peak is the Naw Shakh. It is located in four different countries and calling it purely Indian would not be correct but it serves as a strategic geopolitical range and hence is one of the major ranges of India.

So, these were our picks for the major ten mountain ranges of India. If you belong to the Hills, tell us your hometown in terms of the Mountain range it lies in, in the comments section. If not, which one of these are you planning on visiting. I’d personally recommend the Dhauladhar and the Pir Panjal range.

Till then. Stay safe. Stay Healthy.

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Top 9 Indian Celebrity Homes

India is a country where Bollywood actors are considered as Gods. Those who are from India already know this. For example, let’s consider south Indian Actor Rajinikanth. He has been given names like Thalaivar which means the boss or the leader in Tamil. So, is his fan following in the Tamil province that he is as revered as a God there. So, is the stardom of Shah Rukh Khan in Mumbai. Every year on his birthday on the 2nd of November, the crowd that gathers around his house just to bid him a happy birthday and receives a wave back from ‘the king khan’ is in such a huge number that it is in itself a testimony to the influence Bollywood stars have on masses. 

Various names such as ‘Nawab’ given to Saif Ali Khan, ‘the king khan’ given to Shah Rukh Khan, ‘perfectionist’ given to Aamir Khan, ‘Bhai’ given to Salman Khan, ‘Baba’ given to Sanjay Dutt and many such nicknames are a medium used by Indian Fans to show love towards their favorite celebrities and anything that belongs to these celebrities is of high value. Their Cars’ collection, bikes’ collection, the tux they wore at the IIFA or the Filmfare Awards, the hairstyle they recently rocked, and every such thing that apparently belongs to a celebrity as per the fans is considered Holy. Yes, you read that right. Holy. As mentioned earlier, Indians consider celebs as their Gods. 

The one such thing that fans love to boast the knowledge of, is the homes these celebrities have. All the celebrities have a home, which at times can be a mansion or a bungalow or an apartment, which serves as the shrine to these fans for their so-called Gods. The fans gather around these homes on their birthdays when their newly released movie becomes a super hit or young B-Industry aspirants to fuel their inspirations to work harder to achieve the goal that’s standing in front of them as an ‘achieved by someone else’ reality.

So, today on our list, we would be focusing on all the splendid celebrity homes that are known to represent these celebrities in the house version. We hope we mention your favorite celebrity’s home here.



Arguably one of the best in Mumbai, Aamir Khan’s home is one of the prettiest in itself. Located in the Bella Vista Apartments in Bandra over an area of 5000 sq. feet, it has all the elements of the European as well as Asian in their state-of-the-art interior designs. Aamir Khan lives here with his wife Kiran and his son Azad there and loves spending time there when he is spending his leisure time. Shining white with a hint of sky blue this house is a treat to the eyes.



Situated on Mumbai’s Carter Road, this bungalow is a shrine to all the Rajesh Khanna fans. Rajesh Khanna has been a heartthrob to the B-Town girls for a very long time now. And his house is no less than a visual treat, just like the person who owns it. Valued at 100 crores+ when Rajesh’s live-in partner, Anita Advani claimed rights to it, the controversies around it caught heat. Originally, it was valued at 60,000 and was sold at 90 crores to a business in 2012 after Rajesh Khanna’s death. It’s undergoing renovation these days.



There’s a story behind this building. Back in his days as a struggler, when Akshay wanted to click a few photos for his portfolio with the wall of the Bungalow in the background. Somehow, he was shooed away back then but today when the tide of the time turned its course, Akshay Kumar owns that very house. Today after some renovations to that piece, Akshay today lives in this sea-facing building with his sister, wife, kids, and mother.



The man that never ages, as said owns a house that also looks young just like him. A perfect combination of splendor and personalization this house looks very family place from the outside itself. A lot of green lawns and a fully equipped gym are some of the specialties of this house. Wonder how Anil Kapoor is so young and has a body that toned? He lives here with his wife Sunita, an interior designer, and daughters Sonam Kapoor and Rhea.



Although he isn’t married himself, Salman Khan is pretty much a family man himself. He has an extended family of brothers his father and other family members and for the past forty years, he has lived in this building in his Galaxy Apartments. Rumour has it that he is deeply connected to one of the rooms sets in his house that he finds is falling short of its ability to hold his accessories and other stuff and expresses his concern to shift to a bigger place soon.  

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The house of ‘the king khan’ needs no introduction. Mannat which stands for ‘Vow’ is the luxurious palace in which SRK lives. SRK bought this site from a heritage trust and then renovated it as per his own requirements and has turned today into no less than some 5-star hotel with all the amenities that one can possibly imagine. It has a huge library, a gym, a swimming pool, a mini theatre, and a basement parking that can store several cars at once. A bar, a lounge, a club, and everything else. No less than a mall, one can say.



Contrary to the image of the house you’re imagining right now, the one dearest to Amitabh ji and the one dearest to him is the one that’s more on the serene side. He lives alone in his mansion named Prateeksha that hasn’t seen much improvisation over the years. His family including Aishwarya and Abhishek live in their other home Jalsa, in Juhu.



Fortune Heights in Bandra is the residence of the ‘chote nawab’ of the industry, Saif Ali Khan. He also has a few other houses in Bhopal and his Ibrahim Kothi in Gujarat. But he loves spending time in his Bandra residence with his family, wife Kareena Kapoor Khan, and kids.



Note: We all know that Mukesh Ambani is not an actor but he is an established business and his mansion is one of the richest around the world (which makes him count on big celebrity).

Located in South Mumbai, Antilia is the residence of Mukesh Ambani, the richest businessman in India. This residence is 173 meters, 27 story building which was undertaken possession of in 2012. It has three helipads, an air control team, and 168 car garages. Well, frankly speaking, if I start mentioning all luxuries this house has, another dedicated article will fall short of words. So long story short, Mukesh Ambani has the royal most house in India, probably Asia and arguably the world. Yes. In India.

So, these were our picks for the best celebrity homes in India. Which one did you like the most? Let us know in the comments section. Did we mention your favorite celebrity’s house? If no, tell us about them and their houses that you like. And if you’re rich enough are you planning on buying or building one, then I hope these will serve as enough inspiration. That’s all for today.

Till then. Stay Safe. Stay Healthy.

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Best ten profitable business franchises in India (under 10 Lakh)

Franchise based business models have flourished in every country with a sustainable working class and a huge market where youth comprises a big part of that. First China and now India are showing compliance with this trend. Many developing nations like Brazil and South Africa have also shown a similar adherence to this pattern. And summing up the predictions of this trend it is obvious that the franchise model is going to be a success in the Indian subcontinent.

One example of such a business would be starting a salon franchise to sell beauty and skincare products alongside various grooming services. Such services already have 175+ salons all over India in more than 40 cities. Setting up such a franchise would cost an investment of approximately 10 lakhs with a floor area of 500 sq. Opening up one such outlet would add to the no. of branches that the franchise has and the same outlet can attract customers on the basis of trust and public image that the franchise name has earned over the course of time. It’s thus a win-win for both the franchise owner and the store owner.

Looking up to the success of one such franchise model in India is the example of Bharti Airtel. The telecom giant released the quarterly report for its Home Services Segment on 18th May 2020. Analyzing the performance of its expansion to 1.8 lacs homes in India via the Franchise model, the company exclaimed that Airtel succeeded in reaching all these homes via their franchise tie-ups in 11 cities. Thanking its franchise participants, the final numbers released to show how Airtel was able to pull off the growth of 3% as of March 2020 because of these franchises expanding their presence in localities where earlier it wasn’t feasible expanding on a sole basis by Bharti Airtel.

Franchise Models thus are having a bright future in a diverse market such as India. And hence, today’s article would be focusing on how you can plan on taking on a franchise outlet to run your own business. What would be the Investment involved and what are the various prerequisite parameters you have to meet to step foot in your first franchise business store. In today’s article, we would be discussing the top ten profitable business franchises that have a bright future ahead, given the market of India, and how you can invest a definite estimated sum on franchises that will possibly have the best returns with minimum risk involved. Here we go:



As the name suggests, this business’s name was inspired by the Indian delicacy Kathi Roll. Navneet Sajwan stepped into the Food and Beverages segment by launching his own food line by this name in 2009.

With a Pan India expansion till now, the business has already reached 150+ cities in 25 states of India. Based on the Franchisee Owned Franchisee Operated (FOFO) Model, the area required for setting up would be 250-1500 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 7 lacs to 30 lacs, the royalty to be paid is a mere 4%. Thus, this business has succeeded as of yet, and hence anyone willing to step into the food and beverages segment, this one is a good go.



This brand as of yet has only expanded in Delhi-NCR and with a few outlets in Chandigarh and other few in Panjab and Haryana, but is planning on expanding soon to Dehradun and Bangalore and later on to Hong Kong and France making the vision go from Pan India to International and hence collaborating with such a name would be a big thumbs up. 

Popularly known as ‘the cheese paradise’, this is very famous among the young café goers in India. Kashish Aneja and Shivam Kakkar came up with this idea a few years ago. Based on the Franchisee Owned Franchisee Operated (FOFO) Model, the area required for setting up would be 300-1000 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 25 lacs to 40 lacs, the royalty to be paid is at a decent 8%. The expansion is promising and thus this business makes it to our list.



High Chances are that you’ve heard about this name by now. DTDC has made sure that doorstep delivery isn’t just a dream for India anymore. While the world markets were blazing with Amazon, Alibaba, and other such home delivery businesses everyone thought it would be difficult to apply such a model in India. Companies like DTDC made it possible. 

Subhashish Chakraborty came up with the idea back in 1990 in the Courier and Delivery segment and thus has managed to have 1000+ outlets in India over a course of 30 years. Based on the three CF and MF Models, the area required for setting up would be 250 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 0.5 lacs to 2 lacs, the royalty to be paid is sustainable and hence a suitable franchise business to invest in.



Everyone today whenever thinks of business to approach for a solution to eyewear thinks of Lenskart. Makes sense as this one is the biggest online portal for eyewear in India. Founded in 2010 by Piyush Bansal, Amit Chaudhary, and Sumeet Kapahi as an online portal for contact lenses in India. Based on aiming at the eyewear segment, the area required for setting up would be 300-500 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 30 lacs to 35 lacs, the royalty to be paid is decent, and have today 330+ outlets in India.



Founded by John Bissel in 1960, this one is a solution to keeping up with the changing trends on a budget. Based upon aiming at the retail businesses, the area required for setting up would be 700-1500 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 40 lacs to 50 lacs, the royalty to be paid is decent while they have 175+ outlets. So, a good go.

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If you love Ice Creams this one is for you. Founded by Giani Gurucharan Singh back in 1956, this business belongs to the Food and Beverages Segment. Based upon aiming at the desserts and Ice Creams businesses, the area required for setting up would be 80-300 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 10 lacs to 20 lacs, the royalty to be paid is decent while they have 50+ outlets.



Founded by Vishal Sharma in 1992, this is a synonym of grooming and luxury. Considered among the top 100 in the world, it aims at the beauty and wellness businesses. The area required for setting up would be 1500-2000 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 30 lacs to 50 lacs, the royalty to be paid is decent while they have 100+ outlets.  



Supriya Chopra launched this business in January 2018 to cater to the growing demand for healthy eating in India. Based upon aiming at the Food and Beverage segment, the area required for setting up would be 300-1000 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 30 lacs to 60 lacs, the royalty to be paid is decent while they have 10 outlets in India.



Brew places are growing exponentially as a result of this trend among the Indian youth to dine out at chill places. Based on the Franchisee Owned Franchisee Operated (FOFO) Model, the area required for setting up would be 1000-1500 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 55 lacs to 120 lacs, the royalty to be paid is a mere 7%. They are aiming at PAN India expansion. 



Established in 1998, they serve one of the best North Indian delicacies. Based on the Franchisee Owned Franchisee Operated (FOFO) Model, the area required for setting up would be 350-4000 sq. feet. With the investment ranging from 37 lacs to 200 lacs, the royalty to be paid is a mere 7%. With Food and beverages Industry being ruled by North Indian Dishes lately, this one is a good go. 

So, these were our top picks for profitable Business Franchises in India. 

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