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15 Most Powerful and Biggest Dam in India (with Images)

Here in this article, we are going to cover the Biggest Dam in India in terms of Power and Production Capacity.

Dams are the masterpiece of civil engineering wonders. They are considered to be one of the toughest and strongest tangible structures in the world. They are so powerful that even a high explosive shell could not bring a crack on its concrete walls easily. To block up massive rivers and to create hydro-electricity or simply control big reservoirs are not at all easy. The way they are built using tons of concrete blocks with a mix of stone, earth, bricks and steel is simply incredible.

As you all know that dams are very important for us to survive efficiently. They not only provide electrical energy to our houses but also provide water for domestic, industry and irrigation purposes. In India, there are nearly 4200 small and big dams that have been constructed by the end of the year 2016. Being rivers land, India has great potential to make a good amount of electricity production each year. Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam (SJVN), National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC), Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) and National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) are few major Indian government organizations who are working ingeniously to strengthen DAMS Projects in India.

Below, we have compiled the list of the 15 Most Powerful and Biggest Dam in India:

1) Koyna Dam (Maharashtra)

Maharashtra has the maximum number of large-scale dams in India, which are about 1845 in number. Koyna Dam is one of the biggest dams in India in terms of power production. And largest in Maharastra in terms of height (which is about 103 meters). It is a rubber- concrete type dam and is built on the Koyna River. The Koyna River is considered the ‘lifeline of Maharashtra because of its electricity generation capacity. The principal purpose of the Koyna dam is hydroelectricity and for some irrigation in neighboring regions. It has a total production capacity of about 1920 MW. Koyna is the biggest dam in India which makes it number one on our list.

Koyna Dam in India
Koyna dam – Image 1 (Aerial View)
The Koyna dam
Koyna dam – Image 2 (Font View)
Front View of Koyna Dam
Koyna dam – Image 3 (all spillway opening view)

Dam and Spillways:

Type of dam (Koyna)Rubble and concrete dam
Height103.2 m (339 ft)
ImpoundsBiradar River
Length807.2 m (2,648 ft)

Koyna Dam Reservoir Details:

NameShivajisagar Lake
Surface area891.78 km2 (344 sq mi)
Total capacity2,797,400,000 m3

Power Station & Turbines:

Koyna dam foot powerhouse:2 X 20 MW
Stage 1:4 X 70 MW
Stage 2: 4 X 75 MW
Stage 3:4 X 80 MW
Stage 4:4 X 250 MW
Total 18 Francis turbines
Total Installed capacity1,960 MW

2.) Nathpa Jhakri Dam (Himachal)

The second-biggest Indian dam in terms of power and production capacity is Nathpa Jhakri Dam. It is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej river in Himachal Pradesh, India. Hydroelectric power generation is the primary purpose of the dam and it provides water to a 1,530-megawatt through its underground power station. Water is redirected into a 27.4 km (17 mi) headrace tunnel prior to arriving at the power station. Construction started on the project in 1993 and was completed in 2004. In March 2004, the last two of the 250 megawatts Francis turbine-generators went live. It is a property owned by SJVN Ltd.

Nathpa Jhakri Dam, HP, India
Nathpa Jhakri Dam – Image 1 (Side Dam view)
Nathpa Jhakri Dam is 2nd biggest Dam in India
Nathpa Jhakri Dam – Image 1 (Spillway opened view)

Nathpa Jhakri Dam and Spillways:

Type of damConcrete gravity
Height67.5 M
ImpoundsSatluj River
Length185 m (3,978 ft)
Spillway Capacity5,660 m3/s

Reservoir Details:

NameSatluj Reservoir
Surface area234 km2
Total capacity3,430,000,000 m3

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)SJVN Ltd
Opening year2004
Turbines Dam6 x 255 MW
Total Installed capacity1,550 MW

3.) Sardar Sarovar Dam (Gujarat)

Sardar Sarovar Dam is the third biggest dam in India. It has a height of 163 meters. The length of the Sardar Sarovar Dam is 1,210 meters. On September 17, 2017, Sardar Sarovar dam was inaugurated by the present Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi. The head power plant of this dam has about six 200 MW Francis pump-turbines, which are used to generate hydro-electricity. Adding to this, there five 50 MW Kaplan turbine-generators in the power plant on the intake for the main canal. The total power capacity is 1,450 MW, making it the 3rd biggest dam on our list.

Sardar Sarovar Dam in Gujarat
Sardar Sarovar Dam – Image 1 (Front View with all spillway opened)
Sardar Sarovar Dam in India
Sardar Sarovar Dam- Image 2 (Aerial View)

Dam and Spillways:

Type of damGravity dam
Height138.6 m
ImpoundsNarmada River
Length1210 m (3,978 ft)
Spillway Capacity84,949 m3/s

Sardar Sarovar Reservoir Details:

Maximum water depth140 M
Surface area375.33 km2 (144.92 sqmi)
Total capacity9.5 km3 (7,700,000 acre⋅ft)

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)Sardar Sarovar Narmada Nigam Limited
Opening year2017
Turbines Dam6 × 20 MW Francis pump-turbine
Turbines Canal5 × 50 MW Kaplan-type
Installed capacity1,450 MW

4.) Bhakra Nangal Dam (Himachal Pradesh)

The next biggest and highest dam on this list is the Bhakra Nangal Dam which is present in the state of Himachal Pradesh. It is again built on the river Satluj (Bilaspur). Bhakra Nangal Dam is the Second highest dam and the fourth biggest dam in India. It has a height of 226 meters and a length of 520 meters. It is a concrete gravity type of dam. This dam forms the ‘Gobind Sagar Lake Reservoir’ which has a capacity of 7,501,775 acre•ft. It produces a power range of about 1325 MW. this dam is really beautiful and a must-see when visiting the Himachal Pradesh- Punjab border.

The Bhakra Nangal Dam in Punjab
Bhakra Nangal Dam- Image 1 (Sunset View)
The Bhakra Nangal Dam in Punjab
Bhakra Nangal Dam – Image 2 (Front View)

Bhakra Dam and Spillways:

Type of damConcrete gravity
Height226 m
ImpoundsSatluj River
Length520 M
Spillway TypeControlled, overflow

Bhakra Reservoir Details:

NameGobind Sagar Reservoir
Surface area168.035 km2
Total capacity9.340 km3

Power Station & Turbines:

Opening year1963
Turbines5 x 108 MW, 5 x 157 MW Francis-type
Installed Capacity1325 MW

5.) TEHRI DAM (UTTARAKHAND)

The highest dam in India is the Tehri Dam. It is also the 8th tallest dam in the world. It has a height of 260 meters and has a length of 575 meters, Also it has a reservoir capacity of 2,100,000 acres. ft. It is situated on the Bhagirathi River. Tehri Dam is said to produce 1,000 MW of hydro-electricity. The first phase of creating the ‘high rock and earth-fill embankment dam’ was completed in 2006. The next two phases of the project are under construction. Once they are completed, it will generate 2400 MW of power, making it the most powerful dam in India.

The Tehri Dam
Tehri Dam – Image 1 (Aerial View)
The Tehri Dam in Uttarakhand
Tehri Dam – Image 2 (Side View)

Tehri Dam and Spillways:

Type of damEmbankment, earth and rock-fill
Height260.6 m
ImpoundsBhagirathi River
Length575 m
Spillway Capacity15,540 m3/s

Tehri Reservoir Details:

Maximum water depth140 M
Surface area52 km2
Total capacity3,200,000 acre⋅ft

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)THDC INDIA LIMITED
Opening year2006
Turbines Dam4 x 250 MW Francis pump-turbine
Max. Planned Turbines2,400MW
Installed capacity1,000 MW

6.) Indira Sagar Dam (Madhya Pradesh)

The next sixth most powerful and big Dam on this list is the Indira Sagar dam. It has been built on the Narmada river in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It stands at a height of 92 meters. It is a concrete gravity-type dam. It is situated in Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh. Of the many projects on the Narmada River, the Indira Sagar project was the key project for aiding in the water shortage issue. Indira Sagar Dam also has one of the biggest reservoirs in India with a capacity of 7,904,454 acre-ft. It has an installed capacity of 1000 MW.

Indira Sagar dam
Indira Sagar dam – Image 1 (Side View)
The Indira Sagar dam
Indira Sagar dam – Image 1 (back View)

Indirasagar Dam and Spillways:

Type of damGravity dam
Height92 M
ImpoundsNarmada River
Length655 m
Spillway CapacityNA

Indirasagar Reservoir Details:

NameIndira Sagar Reservoir
Surface areaNA
Total capacity9,890,701 acre⋅ft

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)NHDC
Opening year2005
Turbines Dam8 × 125 MW Francis turbines
Total Installed capacity1,000 MW

7.) Karcham Dam (Himachal Pradesh)

It’s a 1,000-megawatt dam that runs on the river Satluj through Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh, India. The Dam is also commonly known as Karcham Wangtoo Hydroelectric Plant because it is located between the villages of Karcham and Wangtoo. A memorandum of understanding to build the dam was signed by Jaypee Karcham Hydro Corporation Limited of the Jaypee Group in 1993 and construction of the power station began on 18 November 2005 after years of delays. Jaypee Group sold the Karcham Wangtoo Project to JSW Group in 2015. It is a 7th most power generation dam in India.

Karcham Dam
Karcham Wangtoo Dam – Image 1 (Front Dam View)
Karcham dam
Karcham Wangtoo dam – Image 2 (Aerial View)

Karchham Dam and Spillways:

Type of damGravity Dam
Height98 M
ImpoundsSatluj River
Length178 M
Spillway Capacity4,660 m3/s

Reservoir Details:

NameSatluj Reservoir
Surface area588 km2
Total capacityNA

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)JSW Group
Opening year2011
Turbines Dam4 x 250 MW Francis-type
Total Installed capacity1,000 MW

8.) Pandoh Dam (Himachal Pradesh)

In the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, India, the Pandoh Dam is built (as an embankment dam) on the Beas River. The dam was completed under the Beas Project in 1977 and its primary purpose is to produce hydroelectric power. It diverts the waters of the Beas to the southwest into a 38 km long chain of tunnels and channels as part of a run-of-the-river power scheme. At the Dehar Power House, the water is used for power generation before being discharged into the Sutlej River, linking both rivers. This powerhouse has 990 MW of installed capacity.

Pandoh Dam in Himachal
Pandoh Dam – Image 1 (Aerial View)
Pandoh Dam in Himachal Pradesh
Pandoh Dam – Image (Spillway Open)

Pandoh Dam and Spillways:

Type of damEmbankment dam
Height72 M
ImpoundsBeas River
Length255 m
Spillway Capacity9,939 m3/s

Pandoh Reservoir Details:

NamePandoh Lake
Surface area1.7 km2
Total capacity33,239 acre-ft

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)Beas Construction Board
Opening year1977
Turbines Dam6 x 165 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity990 MW

9.) Nagarjuna Sagar Dam (Telangana)

At the height of 124 meters, the Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam. It was built across Krishna River in Andhra Pradesh (now in Telangana). Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is without any doubt the vanity of India, as it is the largest man-made lake in the world. The 1.6 km stretch with about 26 gates dam is seen as the symbol of modern India’s architectural and technological victory over the ever strong nature. It has an installed capacity of 816 MW.

The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Image 1 (Front View)
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam in Telangana
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Image 2 (Side View)
The Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
Nagarjuna Sagar Dam – Image 2 (Close Front View)

Nagarjuna Dam and Spillways:

Type of damMasonry dam
Height124 M
ImpoundsKrishna River
Length1550 m
Spillway of dam471 m

Nagarjuna Reservoir Details:

NameNagarjuna Sagar Reservoir
Surface area285 km2
Total capacity11.56 km3

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)Telangana State Power Generation Corporation Limited,
Andhra Pradesh Power Generation Corporation
Opening year1967
Turbines Dam1 x 110 MW Francis turbine,
7 x 100.8 MW reversible Francis turbines
Installed capacity816 MW

10.) Koldam (Himachal Pradesh)

The ninth dam on our list of the biggest dam in India is Koldam. It is an embankment dam on the Satluj River (upstream of the Dehar Power House). It is off the Chandigarh-Manali Highway (NH-21) near Barmana, Himachal Pradesh, 18 km from Bilaspur. Hydroelectric power generation is the main purpose of the dam and a total of 800 MW power is generated. The National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) built the dam. The foundation stone for the dam was laid by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on 5 June 2000. Significant work began on the dam on 14 January 2004.

Koldam
The Kol Dam – Image 1 (back view of the dam)
The Koldam in Himachal
The Kol Dam – Image 1 (front view of the dam)

Koldam and Spillways:

Type of damEmbankment Dam
Height153 M
ImpoundsSatluj River
Length474 m
Spillway Capacity16,500 m3/s

Koldam Reservoir Details:

NameSatluj Reservoir
Surface area576,000,000 m3
Total capacity40 km2

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)NTPC Limited
Opening year2015
Turbines Dam4 x 200 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity800 MW

11.) Idukki Dam (Kerala)

The Idukki Dam is the tenth biggest dam in India and on our list. It is a double-curved Arch Dam built in a narrow gorge between two granite hills locally known as Kuravan and Kurathi in Kerala, India, across the Periyar River. It is one of the tallest arch dams in Asia, at 168.91 metres. It is established and operated by the Board of State Electricity of Kerala. It supports Moolamattom’s 780 MW hydroelectric power station, which began generating power on 4 October 1975. With long-term loans and grants, the Government of Canada assisted in the construction of the dam.

Idukki Dam – Image 1 (Aerial view)
Idukki Dam, Kerala
Idukki Dam – Image 2 (beautiful side view of the dam)
Idukki Dam in Kerala
Idukki Dam – Image 3 (Sidewall view)

Koldam and Spillways:

Type of damDouble curvature parabolic, thin arch concrete Dam.
Height169 M
ImpoundsPeriyar River
Length366 m
Spillway Capacity16,500 m3/s

Koldam Reservoir Details:

NamePeriyar Reservoir
Surface area60 km2
Total capacity5.55 km³

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)NTPC Limited
Opening year1973
Turbines Dam6 x 130 MW Pelton-type
Installed capacity780 MW

12.) Hirakud Dam (Orissa)

Hirakud dam has been built across the Mahanadi River in the state of Orissa. it is one of the longest dams in the world with a length of about 26 km. One of the not so common features of this beautiful and powerful dam is that there are two observation towers present on it. One of the towers is “Gandhi Minar” and another one is “Jawahar Minar”.
The reservoir of the Hirakund Dam is 55 km long. It is used as a multipurpose scheme, primarily intended for flood control, irrigation, and power generation. It has a reservoir capacity of 4,779,965 acre•ft and an Installed Capacity of 347.5 mW. It is the 7th biggest dam in India.

Hirakud Dam in Odisha
Hirakud Dam – Image 1 (Side View)
Hirakud Dam Sambalpur
Hirakud Dam – Image 2 (back View)

Hirakud Dam and Spillways:

Type of damComposite Dam
Height62 M
ImpoundsMahanadi River
Length4800 m
Spillway Capacity64 sluice-gates, 34 crest-gates,
42,450 cubic metres per second

Hirakud Reservoir Details:

NameMahanadi Reservoir
Surface areaNA
Total capacity5,896,000,000 m3

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)Odsiha Govt.
Opening year1957
Turbines DamPower House I (Burla): 2 x 49.5 MW, 3 x 37.5 MW, 2 x 32 MW Kaplan-type
Power House II (Chiplima): 3 x 24 MW
Installed capacity348 MW

13.) Rihand Dam (Uttar Pradesh)

The Rihand Dam, also known as ‘Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar’, is the largest dam (by volume) in India. It was built and started during the period from 1954-62. The reservoir of the Rihand Dam is located on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. It is a concrete gravity-type dam. It has a total capacity of 300 MW and the powerhouse of the Rihand Dam is present at the toe of the dam. The maximum height of the Rihand dam is 91.44 m.

Rihand Dam
Rihand Dam : Image 1 (Front View)
The Rihand Dam in UP
Rihand Dam : Image 2 (all spillway open)

Rihand Dam and Spillways:

Type of damGravity dam
Height91.5 M
ImpoundsRihand River
Length934 m
Spillway CapacityNA

Rihand Reservoir Details:

NameGovind Ballabh Pant Sagar
Surface area13,333.26 km2
Total capacity10.6 billion cubic metres

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)UP Govt.
Opening year1962
Turbines Dam6 x 50 MW Francis-type
Installed capacity300 MW

14.) Mettur Dam (Tamil Nadu)

Mettur Dam is the most beautiful dam in India which is built across the Kaveri River at Salem district in the state of Tamil Nadu. It has a height of 120 ft. It was built in 1934, making it one of the oldest dams of India. This dam has the biggest and the most power generating capacity among all the ones in Tamil Nadu. Not only is this an important source of power and hydroelectricity but is also an important source of tourism in Tamil Nadu. Many Bollywood and Tollywood movie scenes are filmed here. The dam and the river are a great attraction for the explorers. It has an installed capacity of 200 MW. making it the 13th powerful dam India.

Mettur Dam
Mettur Dam – Image 1 (Aerial view from side)
Mettur Dam, Tamil Nadu
Mettur Dam – Image 2 (view from Front)

Mettur Dam and Spillways:

Type of damGravity dam
Height214 M
ImpoundsCauvery River
Length1700 m
Spillway CapacityNA

Mettur Reservoir Details:

NameStanley Reservoir
Surface areaNA
Total capacity93.4 billion ft³

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)Tamil Govt.
Opening year1934
Turbines Dam4 X 30 MW
2 X 40 MW
Installed capacity200 MW

15.) Krishnarajasagar Dam (Karnataka)

Last on our list is KRS Dam. As one of the prime and largest dams built on the Kaveri River (which is one of India’s major rivers), Krishnarajasagar dam is built across the Kaveri River near Mysore in Karnataka, South India. Kaveri is one of the most important and beautiful rivers in India. Also, there is a Famous and really beautiful Brindavan Gardens which is a part of the Krishna Raja Sagar Dam. It is the most beautiful garden you can visit in Mysore and one of the best in India.

The Krishnarajasagara dam
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam – Image 1 (front view)
The Krishna Raja Sagara Dam
Krishna Raja Sagara Dam – Image 2 (all spillway open)

K.R.S. Dam and Spillways:

Type of damGravity dam
Height92 M
ImpoundsNarmada River
Length655 m
Spillway CapacityNA

K.R.S. Reservoir Details:

NameIndira Sagar Reservoir
Surface areaNA
Total capacity9,890,701 acre⋅ft

Power Station & Turbines:

Operator(s)NHDC
Opening year2005
Turbines Dam8 × 125 MW Francis turbines
Installed capacity1,000 MW

List of other 60 Major Dams in India

Name of The DamStateRiver
Alamatti DamKarnatakaKrishna River
Baglihar DamJammu and KashmirChenab River
Bansagar DamMadhya PradeshSone River
Bargi DamMadhya PradeshNarmada River
Barna DamMadhya PradeshBarna River
Bhatsa DamMaharashtraBhatsa river
Chamera DamHimachal PradeshRavi River
Chandil DamJharkhandSwarnarekha River
Dantiwada DamGujaratBanas River
Dharoi DamGujaratSabarmati River
Dhauli Ganga DamUttarakhandDhauli Ganga River
Dumkhar Hydroelectric DamJammu and KashmirIndus River
Gandhi Sagar DamMadhya PradeshChambal River
Gangapur DamMaharashtraGodavari river
Girna DamMaharashtraGirana river
Harangi DamKarnatakaHarangi River
Indravati DamOdishaIndravati River
Jalaput DamAndhra Pradesh and Odisha BorderMachkund River
Jayakwadi DamMaharashtraGodavari River
Kadana damGujaratMahi River
Kadra DamKarnatakaKalinadi River
Khadakwasla DamMaharashtraMutha River
Kodasalli DamKarnatakaKali River
Kolkewadi DamMaharashtraVashishti River
Kundala DamKeralaKundala Lake
Linganamakki damKarnatakaSharavathi River
Lower Manair DamTelanganaManair River
Maithon DamJharkhandBarakar River
Malampuzha DamKeralaMalampuzha River
Mettur DamTamil NaduKaveri River
Mid Manair DamTelanganaManair River
Mula DamMaharashtraMula river
Mullaperiyar DamKeralaPeriyar River
Mulshi DamMaharashtraMula River
Narayanpur DamKarnatakaKrishna River
Neyyar DamKeralaNeyyar River
Nizam Sagar DamTelanganaManjira River
Panchet DamJharkhandDamodar River
Panshet DamMaharashtraAmbi River
Parambikulam DamKeralaParambikulam River
Pawna DamMaharashtraMaval River
Peechi DamKeralaManali River
Perunchani DamTamil NaduParalayar River
Radhanagari DamTelanganaBhogawati River
Rajghat DamUttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh BorderBetwa River
Singur damTelanganaManjira River
Somasila DamAndhra PradeshPennar River
Srisailam DamAndhra PradeshKrishna River
Supa DamKarnatakaKalinadi or Kali river
Tansa DamMaharashtraTansa river
Tunga Bhadra DamKarnatakaTungabhadra River
Ujani DamMaharashtraBhima River
Ukai DamGujaratTapti River
Upper Manair DamTelanganaManair River and Kudlair River
Uri Hydroelectric DamJammu and KashmirJhelum River
Vaigai DamTamil NaduVaigai River
Vaitarna DamMaharashtraVaitarna river
Walayar DamKeralaWalayar River
Wilson DamMaharashtraPravara River
Yeldari DamMaharashtraPurna river

Conclusion:

In terms of percentage, Maharashtra has 41.29% of India’s Large Dams when compared to the other States of India. The state has the maximum number of dams in India right now. Kallanai Dam is one of the oldest dams in India, which was built across the Kaveri river in Thogur, Tamil Nadu (got constructed around 2 A.D by a Tamil King ‘Karigalan’ of the Chola Dynasty). The Hirakud Dam is the longest major earthen dam in India, measuring 25.8 km (including dikes, and stands across the river Mahanadi).

You might be interested to read: Largest Freshwater Lakes in India

DAMS IN INDIA

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10 Longest Rivers in India (with images)

We have complied 10 longest rivers in India (includes entire stretch of a river)

Brief Intro: Rivers are one of nature’s most beautiful gifts to humanity. They are not only natural flowing watercourse (freshwater) that starts its course from up the mountains into the sea and the ocean but also a vital essence of human existence and a major contributing factor to the development of our nation’s economy. Some rivers in India are considered Holy Waters and are of great religious importance in India. With nearly 3,200 hydroelectric projects on the major rivers in India, it can be well understood how important rivers are in India.

The longest river is Ganga which is 2525 km in length and the smallest is the Poisar river in Mumbai which is 7 KM in length. The seven holy rivers of India are Ganga, Saraswathi, Yamuna, Godavari, Sindhu, Kaveri, and Narmada. All main rivers of India originate from the following ranges:

  • The Himalayan Ranges & The Hindu Kush Range (In North India)
  • Vindhya and Satpura Ranges (in Central India)
  • Sahyadri or Western Ghats (in western India)

Rivers also plays a vital role in the lives of people living in rural parts of India. They not merely utilize river water but worship them solely due to some divine powers. Below are some of the interesting facts about rivers:

  1. Rivers that flow from the Himalayas carry vital nutrient water that supplies excellent habitat and food for many of the soil organisms and to Indian fields.
  2. They even play an important part in the water cycle behaving as drainage channels for surface water.
  3. Many exceptional plants and trees like Reeds and bulrushes grow by rivers. Animals like a bear, antelopes use the river water for food & drink.
  4. Birds like duck & kingfishers eat small fish from the river. Many Indian Rivers have provided travel routes for commerce, exploration, and recreation.
  5. Most importantly, rivers provide an energy source to the entire nation. They are the only source to power large Dams and other small hydroelectric plants with electricity.

Please Note: We have arranged rivers sequence in longest flowing distance (from start to end, covering two or three nations on its way). Below are the top 10 Longest, Sacred and Important Rivers of India.

1.) Indus River

River Indus
Indus river, Ladakh, HP

It is one of the longest rivers in Asia which is 3200 KM in length. It originates from the Tibetan Plateau (surrounding area of Lake Mansarovar), enters the Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir, and shortly takes a turn to the south-west direction to enter Pakistan and finally falls into the Arabian Sea. It has a large number of tributaries in both India and Pakistan and has a total length of about 3200 KM.

Now we know that that half of its part flows through Pakistan. But we can’t ignore its Riverscape and length in total. It is marked as the longest river in Asia and not to include in our list will be our idiocy.

The main tributaries of the Indus in India are:

  1. Chenab – 960 kilometres
  2. Jhelum – 813 kilometres
  3. Ravi – 720 kilometres
  4. Sutlej – 529 kilometres
  5. Beas – 460 kilometres


2.) Brahmaputra River

The Brahmaputra River, India
Brahmaputra River, Aerial View

The Brahmaputra originates from Angsi Glacier in the Himalayas. It is also commonly known as the only male river in India. The river is shorter than the Indus with a total of 2900 KM in length, and most of its route lies outside India. It flows from the Himalayas, reaches to Pi (Pe) in Tibet (river is known by the name of ‘Yarlung Tsangpo’ in Tibet.), and after a long stretch enters Siang in Arunachal Pradesh and thereafter enters Bangladesh.

In India, it flows through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and it is an important source for transportation and irrigation. The river is joined by several tributaries such as the Lohit, the Dibang, the Subansiri, the Jiabharali, the Dhansiri, the Manas, the Torsa, etc. Many of its offshoot rivers are worshiped in small villages across India. In Bangladesh, it is known by the name of ‘Jamuna’. After completing its course it meets with The Ganges and empties itself in the Bay of Bengal. It is second most longest river in India (due to its length)

3.) Ganga River

The Ganga River
The River Ganga, Haridwar

The great Ganga (The Ganges) is the National River of India and it is the third-longest river of India, flowing 2,525 kms. In Hindu religion, the Ganga or Ganges is considered one of the most sacred rivers as it is the visage of the goddess known as Ganga. It is believed that bathing in the Ganga river eradicates all sins and helps in Moksha. The river flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh with a total length of 2525 km. Tehri Dam is constructed across the Ganga river.

The Ganga is formed with the union of the Alaknanda River and Bhagirathi River and at Devprayag. The Bhagirathi rises from Gangotri Glacier, at ‘Gaumukh’ in the Himalayas. And Alaknanda from the foot of ‘Naina Devi’ & ‘Trishul’ Mountains. After flowing 250 KM through its narrow Himalayan gorge, the Ganga emerges from the mountains at ‘Rishikesh’ and after that pilgrimage town of ‘Haridwar’. The main tributaries of the Ganga rivers are Yamuna, Gomati, Ram Ganga, Ghaghara, Son, Damodar, and Sapt Kosi.

The major cities it flows through are Varanasi, Haridwar, Allahabad, Kolkata, Patna, and Ghazipur. Alas! due to human-induced pollution, The Ganges has become one of the most polluted rivers in the world.

4.) Godavari River

The Godavari River
Godavari River, Rajahmundry

The Godavari originates from Brahmagiri Mountain in Nashik, Maharashtra. It is the fourth-longest river in India and is commonly known as Dakshin (South) Ganga. The River is sacred to Hindus and many pilgrimage centers are there on the banks of this river from the past thousands of years. It flows for 1,465 KM in total starting its source from Nasik Hills (Triambakeshwar) Maharashtra. Several Dams are constructed across the river including Sriram Sagar Project and Babhali dam.

After flowing through the states of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Karnataka and Puducherry it ultimately empties itself into the Bay of Bengal. Some of its tributaries are Manjira, Indravati River, Bindusara, and Sabari. Some important cities and towns on its banks are Bhadrachalam, Nasik, Rajahmundry, and Narsapur.

5.) Yamuna River

Jamuna River
Yamuna River, Agra

The Yamuna is the fifth-longest river in India. It is also known as Jamuna which is the largest branch river of the Ganga. It travels a total length of 1,376 kilometers starting from Yamunotri Glacier in Uttarakhand and then travelling to the state of Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, and later Delhi before merging with the Ganga River at a holy spot of Triveni Sangam in Allahabad. It is of great mythological importance for the Hindu religion and is the main site for the famous ‘Kumbh Mela’, which is held every twelve years. Lakhwar-Vyasi Dam project is constructed on Yamuna River.

The Yamuna is considered a very important river as almost 58 million people of four states depend on the Yamuna waters. Like Ganga, the Yamuna River too is highly respected in Hinduism and worshipped as goddess Yamuna, throughout its route. The top cities of India like Delhi, Noida, Mathura, Agra, Firozabad, Etawah, Hamirpur, Allahabad lie on its banks.

6.) Narmada River

The Narmada river
Narmada river, Hoshangabad

The Narmada is also known as Rewa, which is in central India and the sixth-longest river in the Indian subcontinent with a length of 1312KM. The origin of the Narmada is from Amarkantak hill in Anuppur District of Madhya Pradesh. Its journey starts from Madhya Pradesh to Maharashtra and finishes at the Arabian Sea in the Bharuch district of Gujarat. The river is ‘Life Line of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh’. The Famous Sardar Sarovar dam is constructed on Narmada River.

To Hindus, the Narmada is one of the seven holy rivers of India and many hermits claim that the Narmada River is older than the river Ganga. Many important religious places and Ghats are there along the course of this river. Two main tributaries of Narmada, namely, Hallon and Banjar, flow through Kanha National Park (one of the best National Parks of Asia).

7.) Krishna River

The Krishna River
Krishna River flows through Bezawada (vijayawada)

The Krishna river is also known as Krishnaveni. The river is somewhat 1300 km in length which originates from Mahabaleswar (in Maharashtra) and flows to the state Karnataka before entering Andhra Pradesh and finally pours into the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi. It contributes to the major source of irrigation in the states of Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Two major dams, namely, Srisailam and Nagarjuna Sagar are constructed across the Krishna River.

Its basin has an area of about 258,948 km2, which forms about 8% of the total geographical area of the country. The river’s most important tributary is the Tungabhadra River, which itself is formed by the Tunga and Bhadra rivers that originate in the Western Ghats. Other tributaries are Koyna, Bhima, Mallaprabha, Ghataprabha, Yerla, Warna, Dindi, Musi, and Dudhganga rivers. Like other rivers, Krishna too is considered holy by many Hindus and believed to eradicate all sins by taking a bath in this river.

8.) Mahanadi River

Mahanadi River
The Mahanadi River flows through Odisha state

Mahanadi is a major river in East Central India. It is the largest river in Orissa state. The river starts from Sihawa, in Chhattisgarh, flows over Madhya Pradesh & Odisha state, and finally joins the Bay of Bengal, covering a total course of 858 kilometers (and a drainage area of 141,600 square kilometers). The Mahanadi is known for its devastating floods for much of Odisha state recorded history. It is also important for trade and agriculture as it deposits more silt in the Indian subcontinent than any other river.

Famous Hirakud Dam is built on this River. It is best known for its fertile soil and flourishing agriculture. The river carried more silt than any other river in the Indian subcontinent. The main branches of River Mahanadi are Seonath, Mand, Hasdeo, Ong, Jonk, Telen. The important cities based on the banks of this river are Sambalpur, Cuttack, Sonepur, Birmaharajpur, Subalaya, Kantilo, Boudh.

9.) Kaveri River

Kaveri (Cauvery) River

Ninth on our list is the Kaveri River. It is also stated as ‘Cauvery’ in English. The river origins from Talakaveri (Kodagu in the Western Ghats in Karnataka) and travels to the state of Tamil Nadu and finally empties at the Bay of Bengal, covering a total length of 765 KM. It has many tributaries including Kapila, Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavathy, Honnuhole, Lakshmana Tirtha, Noyyal, Kabini, Lokapavani, Bhavani, and Famous Amaravati. Popular Krishna Raja Sagar Dam is constructed on this river.

It is the third-longest river in South India. The river is an important source for an extensive irrigation system and for hydroelectric power. It served as the source of revenue in ancient kingdoms and today modern cities of South India. The cities of Bangalore and Mysore depend almost completely on the Kaveri river for their drinking water supply. Through its course, it covers the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, and Puducherry.

10.) Tapti River

The Tapti River
Tapti River flows through Burhanpur

Last on our list of the 10 longest rivers in India is Tapti or Tapi river. It is one of the important Rivers of peninsular India with a total length of around 724 KM. It begins its journey from eastern Satpura Range of southern Madhya Pradesh, and flows westward to Madhya Pradesh and then to Maharashtra and east Vidarbha regions of south Gujarat, before emptying into the Arabian Sea, in the Surat District of Gujarat.

Ukai Dam is built on this river. The chief tributaries of the Tapti River are the Waghur, Mindhola, Girna, Panzara, Bori, and Aner River. Major towns and cities along the river are Betul, Multai, Nepanagar, and Burhanpur in Madhya Pradesh; Bhusawal in Maharashtra and Surat & Songadh in Gujarat.

For your better understanding, above mentioned river locations, we have enclosed a river map of India with this post below.

River Map of India

Conclusion:

There are somewhat 200 big small rivers in India. And many projects have started to help save and clean our major rivers; such as NMCG (National Mission for Clean Ganga), NRCD (National River Conservation Directorate), YAP (Yamuna action Plan), Namami Ganga, and so on. Whether it is for the production of Hydro-power electricity, Irrigation, Industrial projects, or just for clean Drinking water, rivers are the most important and contributing factor.

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10 Most Popular Yoga Teachers in India

The word Yoga is derived from the Sanskrit root ‘Yuj‘ which means ‘to join’ or ‘to unite’. Many practitioners from Rishikesh find its intervention with the Hindi word ‘Yogya’ which means ‘able’. Yoga thus encapsulates the idea of the natural ability to control one’s mind, thoughts, and the impression of the surroundings and enhancing it through training for better and peaceful expression on a spiritual level. Yoga teaches one’s mind and his body to be in spiritual harmony with each other. Yoga has benefits that are intangible but very impressive as per the experiences of those who practiced it.

Yoga Scriptures claim it to be a method of the fusion of individual consciousness with the universal consciousness which paves the path for the ‘Sangam’ of Atma and Paramatma on a mental level. Modern Physics also says that everything around us is a part, product, version, or the manifestation of a quantum firmament. And one who experiences this oneness in the existential form is termed as a Yogi. Yogis are the ones that are true to the art of Yoga and thus have found the beautiful moksha, nirvana, or as they say in English; freedom through the consistent practice of this discipline.

This freedom achieved through Yoga can be observed in all walks of life and thus aspiring for freedom in health, competitiveness, prosperity, and resourcefulness should be the goal of every Yoga fanatic. So is the impression of Yoga amongst the Highest authorities of the world, that U.N. in response to India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s proposal of adopting an India-Led resolution of transforming the world through Yogic practices in 2014 declared 21st of June as ‘International Day of Yoga’. This day is celebrated every year to raise awareness and attract interest in this discipline.

Yoga is considered as one of the best gifts of the Indus Valley Civilization to the world as ever since 2700 BC Yoga has been uplifting the material and spiritual interdependence of mankind. Thus, Yoga is one of the oldest and most revered disciplines practiced by us for a very long time. The modern advancements take us away from our roots and culture all while making us more stressed, confused and self-realization deprived and thus Yoga as an answer to all this which makes practicing it the need of the hour. Hence today, we would be discussing the ten most popular Yoga Gurus in India which can impart immense knowledge on how to practice this art of spirituality.

1. TIRUMALAI KRISHNAMACHARYA

TIRUMALAI KRISHNAMACHARYA

Popularly in the Yoga Community, he is known as the ‘Father of Modern Yoga‘. He is well known for the revival of Hatha Yoga and is also known to architect the Vinyasa.
Apart from being a Yoga Guru, he also has the knowledge of Ayurveda, an ancient Indian Discipline of Medicine and the time to time combines both in his classes to help health naturally and thus is called the healer. He has toured India promoting Yoga under the patronage of Maharaj of Mysore. He’s also popular for having impressive control over his heartbeats which he can pause and resume for a while as per his wish too.

2. SWAMI SIVANANDA

Swami-Sivananda

Famous for his detailed hasya yoga, Swami Sivananda is known for his humorful style of doing yoga. He considers humor as one of the top traits a yogi must possess and believes in the quote ‘Laughter is the best medicine.’ He was a doctor by profession alongside being a Yogi. He once wrote a song that explained the top 18 traits of a Yogi and Humour was at the top of this list. He is a master in Trimurti Yoga known as the Yoga of Trinity which is a mixture of Hatha Yoga, Karma Yoga, and Master Yoga.

3. BKS IYENGAR

Bks-Iyer

One of T Krishnamacharya‘s pupils, he’s famous for popularizing Yoga abroad. Throughout his childhood, various diseases made him weak and vulnerable which made him resort to Yoga as an escape. He redefined Patanjali’s Asanas and sutras and finally gifted the ‘Iyengar Yoga‘ to the World. When he died aged 95, he could still do the handstand i.e. the Sira asana for more than half an hour. Although he suffered from two heart attacks in 1996 and 1998, his Yoga regime kept him fit. He’s loved in more than 70 countries for gifting them his Yoga techniques and his book Light on Yoga (1966) has been dubbed into 19 languages and has sold over 3 million-plus copies. This book is known as the Bible of Yoga.

4. K PATTABHI JOIS

K-PATTABHI-JOIS

He’s popularly known as the celebrity Yoga Guru. He has celebrity clients like Madonna, Gwyneth Paltrow, and Sting. He’s popular for Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga or known as the Ashtanga Yoga which is based on Yoga Korunta, an ancient yoga scripture.

5. MAHARISHI MAHESH YOGI

MAHARISHI-MAHESH-YOGI

He mastered in one of the simplest yet most effective forms of Yoga: the meditation mantras. His disciples included the Beatles, the greatest band of all time. He was a prodigy in the transcendental meditation technique which is practiced with close eyes.

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6. PARAMHANSA YOGANANDA

PARAMHANSA-YOGANANDA

Famous for the Kriya Yoga, he was one of the first Gurus that took Yoga to the West. He believes in uniting with the infinite through Kriya or e certain consistent action form of Yoga and is also a master in meditation techniques.

7. JAGGI VASUDEV

Jaggi-vasudev

Popularly known as Sadh guru nowadays, he runs a foundation by the name Isha Foundation that works on spreading positive spirituality through Yoga Programmes around the World. He hails from Karnataka and by profession is a philanthropist. He gained popularity when he arranged Yoga sessions with prisoners in the USA.

8. SRI SRI RAVI SHANKAR

SRI-SRI-RAVI-SHANKAR

A popular spiritual leader and the founder of the Art of Living Foundation, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar believes in practicing Yoga through the Rhythmic Control of breathing which is called the Sudarshan kriya. He claims to have come up with this Idea while practicing Silence for a 10-day period in Karnataka.

9. BABA RAMDEV

BABA-RAMDEV

This guy needs no introduction. Although today he is popular for his business firm Patanjali Industries once he was the torchbearer of Yoga in this country. He made Yoga a household name in India. He is the reason a huge portion of the Youth came to know about Yoga. His Kapalbhati and Anulom Vilom prakriya made everyone believe that Yoga is not only for Yogis but for the general public too.

10. BIKRAM CHOUDHARY

BIKRAM-CHOUDHARY

He is popular for practicing Yoga in heat. He conditions halls to high temperatures ranging from 35-40 degrees and then does the improvised versions of the Hatha Yoga which he made popular by introducing and mastering 26 new postures which he calls the Bikram Yoga.

So, these were the ten most popular Yoga Gurus in India that have mastered the discipline of Yoga through training and have improvised over the period of time to serve now the mankind with the most natural way of releasing stress and tense lifestyle. Do you plan on adopting Yoga as a part of your Lifestyle? If yes, let us know in the comments section, which Guru of these has till yet inspired you and which one you are looking forward to following.
Till then, stay safe, stay healthy.

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