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Top 10 Deadliest Wild Animals Found in India

India has one of the most biodiverse regions and it consists of a large number of flora and fauna species. There are different ecozones in India namely mountains, deserts, grasslands, plains, tropical and temperate forests, etc. India has been home to different and deadliest animals like the Black Bear, Snow leopard, Asian elephant, Black-buck, Golden Langur, Swamp deer, etc.

According to a survey done by the Government of India (GoI), 89,451 species are found in India under different physical and climatic conditions which include Protista, mollusks, anthropods, amphibia, Mammalia, Reptilia, members of protochordate, Pisces, aves and other invertebrates. There are approximately 500 species of mammals, 30,000 species of insects and 2000 species of birds and wide varieties of reptiles and amphibians. Below is the list of 10 popular wild animals found in India:

1) Indian Rhinoceros:

Indian-Rhinoceros

These are also known as “One Horned Rhinoceros” and these are found in the northeastern side of India mainly in Assam. These have thick grey-brown skin with pink skin folds and a black colored horn. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered with a certain type of bump. They were once found from Pakistan to the Indian-Myanmar border including Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh. But due to climatic conditions and habitat destruction they are now only found in areas of Assam, northern Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal. In 2006, the total population was estimated to be 2,575 individuals and now they are around 3500. They are found in Kaziranga, Manas, Dudhwa National Parks. Their conservation status is vulnerable.

2) Indian Elephant:

Indian-Elephant

These are smaller than the African Elephants and they are included in endangered conservation status. They are present mainly in four parts in India. First is in the Northwest (at the foot of the Himalayas in U.P. and Uttarakhand), secondly in Northeast (in West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya), thirdly in the central part (Odisha, Jharkhand) and lastly in the South (the Western Ghats in Karnataka). The total population is around 31,000. Mostly they are found in South India, in grasslands, evergreen, and semi-evergreen forests.

3) Asiatic Lion:

Asiatic-Lion

The name was given by Austrian Zoologist Johann N. Meyer in 1826. According to the survey from 2010, their population has increased significantly to 650 in 2017. They are one of the deadliest animals in India right now. Up to the 19th century, they existed in countries like Iran, Turkey but now they have been living only in Gir national park. They are now an endangered species.

4) Royal Bengal Tiger:

Royal-Bengal-Tiger

It is the national animal of India and since it is found mostly in West Bengal it has been named Royal Bengal Tiger. Most of their population resides in Kanha National Park. Their population is approximately 2,603 to 3,346. It ranks second among the biggest wild cats and it is only smaller than Siberian Tiger. These are also endangered species.

5) Sloth Bear:

Sloth-Bear

It is also regarded as “Labiated Bear” because it has a long lower lip and palate which is used for sucking insects. They have a breading period during spring and early summer. They are regarded as vulnerable species. They have a population of around 20,000. About four species of them can be found in India.

6) Indian Leopard:

Indian-Leopard

It is one of the huge cats on the Indian subcontinent apart from Asiatic Lion and Royal Bengal tiger. According to surveys, their total population is around 12,000 to 14,000. They are categorized as vulnerable species as they are hunted for their skins and body parts. These have quite strong legs and a long well-formed tail, short ears and small, yellowish-grey eyes. They can be found in Satpura, Gir, Nagarhole National Parks.

7) Nilgai (Blue Bull):

Nilgai

They are one of the most found species in India with a population of over one million and they have a conservation status of least concern. Blue Bull is called Nilgai in the common tongue. Nilgai is the biggest Asian antelope and is commonly found in Indian grasslands. It stands up to 1-1.5 meters nearly 3.3 to 9.4 ft at the shoulder. They can be seen in Gir National Park. Nilgai is the biggest Asian antelope and is commonly found in Indian grasslands. They weigh around 100 to 288 kgs. They are herbivores and they eat grasses, herbs, and small bushes. Their nature is silent normally but on teasing they roar hard and may be dangerous.

8) Gaur (Indian Bison):

Gaur

It is regarded as the strongest bovine species and it can only be found in India. It has a conservation status of vulnerable species. These are also the largest among wild cattle species. It has a worldwide population of 21,000 but for three consecutive decades, it has lost 70 percent of its total population. It can be seen in Kanha and Periyar national park in evergreen and moist deciduous forests.

9) Ghudkhur (Indian Wild Ass):

Ghudkhur

It is also known as Khur or Indian Onager in Gujrati language. It is near to being called a threatened species. These have a population of about 4,451. These possess erect, dark mane from the back of the head to the neck portion. They can be found in Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. They can run at a speed of 70 km per hour. Their common habitat is saline deserts and arid grasslands. In these species, males are quite large as compared to females. Currently, India ranks third in terms of the number of Ghudkhur found in the world.

10) Barasingha:

Barasingha

They are called Swamp Deer. They are found in northern and central India. In common tongue, they are referred to as Barasingha and in English, it means 12 horned deer. They are pun under the tag of vulnerable species. They have a population of 350. It is also the state animal of Madhya Pradesh. It is mostly found in Kanha National Park as the government has made a special breeding ground scheme for the species. During the mid 20th century they became vulnerable due to sudden decline in the strength of the species. Most of the reasons were hunting and poaching but efforts have been made by the government for the protection of the species.

Conclusion:

There are some other famous wild animals like Wild Water Buffalo, Snow Leopard, Indian Rock Python, King Cobra, Blackbuck, etc. Thus, we can conclude that India is rich in wildlife. It is also home to some species that are only found in India. But there has been a constant threat to these species as the time has passed due to ever increase in the greed of human beings as there are involved in activities like hunting and poaching.

Before independence, hunting was regarded as a sports activity by Indian kings, and even British officials used to get involved in these killing activities. It resulted in a decrease in the population of tigers and lions in India. But after Independence, Government has also tried to protect wildlife by creating various wildlife sanctuaries and national parks.

Wildlife Protection Act has also been passed in 1972 to protect the endangered species. But still, several species have become extinct and some are on the verge of extinction. Thus, it is on us to create awareness among people and to startup some NGOs to protect wildlife and to punish those who are involved in animal hunting. Only then there will be some improvement in the population.

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10 Famous and Longest Beaches in India

When it comes to enjoying the natural beauty, India is one of the beautiful destinations one could for. Let it be mountains, rivers, beautiful skies, beaches, India has everything. Talking about the coastal area, India has a coastline of approximately 7,516.6 kilometers. India is also a peninsular country which means it is covered with water in the east, west and south sides.

In the east, it is bounded by the Bay of Bengal, on the west by the Arabian Sea and the south by the Indian Ocean. Thus, due to such a big coastline, there are several beaches to be visited in India to remove tiredness from life and get charged up for all the upcoming challenges. States like Goa, Kerala, Odisha have a lot of beach destinations in India. Goa is known worldwide for its beaches. Alongside these states, Gujarat also has some beaches and is the state with the longest coastline.

Here’s the list of famous and longest beaches in India:

1) Marina Beach – Chennai, Tami

Marina-Beach

This is the longest beach in India. It is a natural urban sandy beach situated in the city of Chennai in Tamil Nadu. It is also the second-longest natural beach in the world. The beach is present on the Coromandal coast of Bay of Bengal with a length of 13 km. It also has rocky formations just like some beaches in Mumbai for example Juhu each. It is famous for rich ecosystems and 30,000 to 50,000 visitors come to this beach. Many luxury hotels are present near this beach. Thenga Manga Pattani Sundal is a very famous dish which one should try!

2) Colva Beach– Salcete, Goa:

Colva-Beach

This is the second largest beach in India and it is situated in the Southern part of Goa in a coastal village named Salcete, on the west coast of India. It is approximately 2.5 km long and the total area of the beach is 25 km which is covered with white sand having many coconut palm trees in it. This has a significant connection with Portugal as it was a change of air for Portuguese people who lived in Goa at that time. It features a tropical monsoon climate and has a hot and humid climate for most of the year. It is the longest beach in Goa. Tourists also visit “Our Lady of Mercy Church” which is close to the beach. Colvakars love fish and seafood and the cuisine are influenced by Hindu Gaud Saraswat Brahmin as well as Portuguese taste. Fish curry is a famous dish.  

3) Muzhappilangad Beach– Kannur, Kerala:

Muzhappilangad-Beach

It is a 5.5 km long beach present in Kannur district in Kerala. It is also the longest Drive-In Beach in Asia and one of the top 6 best beaches for driving in the world. A road with coconut groves on both sides will take you to the beach. Every year, a beach fest is celebrated in April. Various species of birds can be found in different seasons for example Egrets, Plovers, Ruff, Sea Gulls, etc. Thus it provides tourists with a bird-watching spot and teenagers also enjoy car drifting as well as bike wheeling.

4) Ramakrishna Beach– Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh:

Ramakrishna-Beach

This beach is situated on the eastern coast of India in the city of Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh. It is also called RK Beach and it is present near Dolphin’s Nose. One lighthouse is also present on this beach. It stretches over 3 km approximately. One could also visit the Submarine Museum which is quite famous.

5) Kaup beach– Udupi, Karnataka:

Kaup-beach

This beach is also known as Kapu beach and it is located in the Udupi district of Karnataka. It is present on the eastern coast of the Arabian sea. Kapu lighthouse (27 meters high) which was constructed in 1901 is also a famous spot to visit along with the restaurant called “The Spicy Kitchen“. Many Telugu films have been shot here. Sunsets are the most beautiful scene you will see here. One can also visit Krishna Temple which is 13 km from this beach.

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6) Ganpatipule Beach – Ratnagiri, Maharashtra:

Ganpatipule-Beach

It is located in a small town in Maharashtra. The name has been given on the name of Hindu god Ganesha or Ganapati. Swambhu Ganapati temple is also built near this beach which is of great religious importance for the people. October to February is the most pleasant season for going there. Many spas and hotels are situated near this beach. The length of this beach is 10 km approximately. Prachin Konkan museum is also one of the tourist attractions here.

7) Ahmedpur-Mandvi Beach– Junagadh, Gujarat:

Ahmedpur-Mandvi-Beach

This beach is located near the UT (union territory) Daman and Diu and in the Somnath district of Gujarat. Water sports like Parasailing, water scooter are the most enjoyable part of this beach. It has a length of 6 km approximately. March to July is the best time to visit this place.

8) Radhanagar Beach– Andaman & Nicobar Islands:

Radhanagar-Beach

This beach is famous worldwide and it is located in Havelock islands. In Time Magazine it was named Asia’s Best Beach in 2004. The beach has nearly 15 hotels that are sold prior the peak season (in advance). It is present on Andaman and Nicobar islands Vast expanses of unspoiled white sand, emerald blue waves with white foam necklaces gently caressing the shoreline, lush greens on the other horizon make it look like a paradise. It is a beach for people who come here to celebrate the honeymoon. Scuba Diving, deep-sea diving and surf riding are also famous here. This beach is so clean and it doesn’t have a very large crowd.

9) Swargadwara beach – Puri, Odisha:

Swargadwara-beach

Swargadwara is made up of two words that is ‘Swarg’ and ‘Dwar’. In which Swarg means heaven and Dwar is a door. Thus, ‘Swargdwara’ means the door to heaven. It is one of the religious beaches present in the city of Puri in Odisha. Ashes of people are dissolved here. According to legend, it was a bathing area of Sri Chaitanyadev (sage of Vaishnava cult). It is a religious as well as a modern outing place for people.

Sand sculpture festival is very famous here and it occurs every year. Temple of Puri Jagannath is near this beach and sports like horse and camel riding are very famous. Chilika lake is also situated near this beach.

10) Digha Beach– Digha, West Bengal:

Digha-Beach

It is a low gradient beach with shallow sand located in the Purba Medinipur district of West Bengal. Marine Aquarium and Research Centre(MARC) and Lord Shiva Temple At Chandaneshwar and Amravati Park are nearby places to visit here. The best time to come here is around rainy to the pre-winter season. Food stalls and shopping stores can be easily found on this beach.
The sunrise and sunset provide peace and serenity to the viewers.

Conclusion:

These were the longest beaches in India. Other famous beaches in India are Baga beach, Calangute beach, Anjuna, Agonda in Goa, Kovalam beach in Kerala, Cherai, Varkala beach Karmatang beach, Radha Nagar beach in Andaman and Nicobar, Mahabalipuram beach, Rameshwaram beach, Kanyakumari beach, Auroville beach, Covelong beach, Elliots beach in Tamil Nadu, Manginapudi beach, Bheemunipatnam beach in Andhra Pradesh, Surathkal beach, Om beach, Kurumgad beach in Karnataka, Madh island, Bassein beach, Juhu beach in Maharashtra and Diu beach in Daman and Diu.

Longest Beaches in India

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Four Major Mathas in India (Along with Their History)

Matha is a word that originated in the Sanskrit language which is regarded as one of the oldest languages of the world and even the language Hindi is said to be derived from it. It refers to a place of study which can either be an institute or college or school. In Buddhism and Jainism, it also refers to a monastery. These were established by Adi Shankaracharya who was an Indian guru (teacher), philosopher and theologist. He was born in 44 BCE in Chidambaram and he was the one who consolidated the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta (non-duality). It is a part of Hinduism which refers to the attainment of the higher self of one’s true identity.

Mathas took time to grow and during the period of the second half of 1st millennium CE as proved by the archaeological pieces of evidence. In these institutes, sannyasis (monks) and gurus were led by Acharyas (teachers). The main purpose of these institutes was set for the attainment of “Moksha” which means free from the cycle of rebirth. These also taught the disciples about medicine, dance, art, etc. These ancient Mathas are mainly found in southern India for example in the states like Kerala, Andra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, etc.

Five major rules for students learning in Mathas which were later adopted by Jains and Buddhists are :

  • To not injure living beings
  • To be truthful
  • To not take another’s property
  • To practice self-restraint (continence)
  • To be tolerant/liberal

The four Mathas are called Advaita Mathas and these were taken care of by disciples of Adi Shankaracharya known as Shankaracharya.
In each direction, there is one matha situated. In the north, it is in Badrinath, in the south, it is in Sringeri, in the east, it is in Jagannatha Puri, in the west, it is in Dwarka. These are as follows:

1) Govardhana Math, Puri, Orissa:

Govardhana-Math

This is the eastern part of Advaita Mathas and it is present in the beautiful city of Puri in Orissa. It was formed around 483 BC. Swami Nischalananda Saraswati is the current Shankaracharya. This math has been connected to the Jagannath temple. Deities like Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Goddess Vimala are worshipped here. Ardhanareshwara Shiva and Krishna are put up by Adi Shankaraya. Its history goes back to its first holder or leader that was Padmapadacharya.

According to the legend, this matha also holds connections with the Jagannath temple which is also situated at Puri. Another matha that is regarded as its substitute was made around the same time and it is called Sankarananda Math. A tradition named Samudra Aarti also takes place. It was started nine years ago by present Shankaracharya. It is a prayer made to the sea on the day or special occasion of Paush Purnima. It is said to have a connection with Jagannath temple which is also located in Puri and thus it is regarded as Govardhananthatha. It does contain one more sub-matha which was built around at the same time and it is regarded as Sankarananda Matha. It covers all the eastern Indian sub-continent including stated like Mizoram, Tripura, Bihar, and countries like Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, etc. Padmapadacharya preached the concept of ‘Prajnanam Brahma’ (Consciousness is Brahman) which formed based on Rig Veda.

2) Sringeri Sharada Peetham, Chikkamagaluru, Karnataka:

Sringeri-Sharada-Peetham

It is southern matha and is one of the four Advaita Vedanta present in the Chikkamangaluru district of Karnataka. This matha consists of two temples of great importance. One is the Vidyashankara Linga Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and the other one is Sharda Amba dedicated to Goddess Saraswati ( goddess of knowledge ). It was made around 800 AD in Sringeri. The Shiva temple was made during the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire. It is a famous Hindu matha with almost all major god deities being worshipped by people like Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma, Goddess Saraswati, Goddess Lakshmi, etc. This matha is eighty-five kilometers in size stretched across the south side of India.

Sureshwaracharya was the first leader of this matha. There are many stories behind the formation of the matha at this place. One is associated with Rishi (monk Rishyasringa) and the other one states that Adi Shankara saw a huge snake forming an umbrella to protect the frog from the hot sun. The current leader of the matha is Sri Vidhushekhara Bharati Mahaswami appointed in 2015. After the Vijayanagara era, came the Keladi era then the Maratha era but still, the matha has stood all this time with glory. It has also found its reference in Ramayana and Mahabharata (both are ancient Sanskrit epic). It was the basis of Yajur Veda.

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3) Dwarka Matha, Dwarka, Gujarat:

Dwarka-Matha

This is the western Peeth or Matha. It is present on the coastal shore of Gujarat. This matha is also called as Kalika Matha. It was built during the eighth century CE. It represents the Sam Veda. It is present in the coastal city of Gujarat that is Dwarka. It is also known as Kalika Pitha. This matha is in the west and the Sharada Matha is in the southern side of India. Both of these are together called as Sharada Peeth. Shri Yogeshwarananda succeeded Shri Bharati who was invited to lead this matha in 1925 after the position was empty due to retirement of Shri Trivikrama Tirtha who was the head of the matha till 1921.

In 1945, Shri Abhinava Saccidananda Tirtha took the seat of this matha. Sam Veda is the third Veda amongst of the total four Vedas that have existed in the Hindu mythology. It was first headed by Hasta Malanka.

4) Jyotir Matha, Badrikashram, Uttarakhand:

Jyotir-Matha

This is the northern matha present in the Badrikashram village of Uttarakhand. It is also regarded as Jyotir Peetha. It is also one of the four Mathas established by Adi Shankaraya. It represents the last Veda that is Atharva Veda. It was established in 820 AD. During the 18th century, it was headed by Swami Ramakrishna Tīrtha but this seat remained empty for the next 165 years and then it was filled by Swami Bramhanada Sarswati in 1941.

It is the northern monastery. During the British period, all the words and texts were discarded by them but still somehow the work is present and the stories and the Vedic Sanatana Dharma has been passed by the native people from time to time to protect Hinduism and keep the principles of Adi Shankaracharya awake in the future generations to come. Tokakacharaya is regarded as the first head of this matha and he was also appointed by Adi Shankaracharya. On September 23rd, 2017 Shankaracharya stepped down and till now no one has been appointed as the next head of the Jyotir matha or peeth. It is the headquarter of Giri, Parbat, and Sagar sects of Dashmi monistic order.

Conclusion:

These were the four major Mathas of India. But we know India is a country of many religions and at every corner, you will find any holy temple or building. Thus, some other major Mathas are Kanchi Matha in Tamil Nadu, Sri Samsthan Dabholi Math in Goa, Chitrapur Math, Karnataka, Shri Gaudapadacharya Math in Goa, Svarnavalli Matha in Karnataka, Belur Matha in West Bengal, Kashi Matha in Uttar Pradesh.

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10 Must Visit Temples in South India

Anyone in the world who has a little bit of knowledge about India will know that it is a country of gods and people have a lot of faith in them. It is a country where you can easily find temples in every corner of the country. You can call it belief, faith or superstition but this is the reality of all Indians as well as India as a whole. From north to south as well as from east to west, you will see people practicing different religions. In every 25 km, you’ll notice a change in language and culture.

Religion in India is something that can even affect the nature of politics as well. In our long history, let it rulers or let it be the parties in the current scenario, they all have played the card of religion to succeed. Thus, it is going to be fun knowing about some famous temples of South India which are standing from ages with their great mesmerizing view, shape as well as grandeur. Remains of different rulers who once ruled the south may have been dead to ashes but these temples speak about their times and their religious beliefs and prove how religion has found its way through so many centuries in India. In this article, you’re about to witness the beauty of the finest art ever made in the history of the world. Here is a list of 10 must-visit temples of South India:

1) Virupaksha Temple, Hampi, Karnataka:

Virupaksha-Temple

Virupaksha Temple is located in Hampi that lies in the Ballari district of the state of Karnataka. This temple was built in the 7th century. It started as a shrine and later it developed as a large complex. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva (also regarded as Lord Virupaksha in southern India) and it was built under the Vijayanagara Empire. It is present on the banks of river Tungabhadra. It is a part of the Group of Monuments at Hampi and is designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site. There is a Shiva Lingam (religious stone) present which is believed to be changing its color three times a day.

2) Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh:

Sri-Venkateswara-Temple

It is the richest temple in the world as it receives a lot of donations from tourists who visit here (50,000 to 1,00,000 tourists are estimated to visit daily and 30 to 40 million people on annual basis). This temple is located in the hill town of Tirumala at Tirupati, which is in the Chittoor district of the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a famous Vaishnavite temple (as Lord Vishnu or Lord Venkateshwara is worshipped in this temple). This temple is also called Tirupati Balaji temple. This temple was built around 300 AD. According to legend, the idol of the Lord shall remain until the end of Kali Yuga which is an Indian way of distributing several years into 4 parts of which it is the last part.

3) Meenakshi Temple, Madurai, Tamil Nadu:

It is an ancient Hindu temple which is located on the bank of the Vaigai river. This temple is in the city of Madurai in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is also known as Meenakshi Amman or Meenakshi-Sundareshwara temple. Meenakshi is a form of goddess Parvati whereas Sundareshwar is a form of Lord Shiva. It was built by King Kulasekara Pandya. You can easily find the art forms of Hindu God and Goddesses in this temple. It was one of the nominees of New Seven Wonders of the World.

4) Sri Ramanathaswamy Temple, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu:

It is a Hindu temple located on Rameswaram island in Tamil Nadu. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva Temples. According to the legend, during Ramayana, Rama (7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu) prayed to Lord Shiva to forgive him for the sins he did in the war against King Ravana of Sri Lanka. He thus ordered his lieutenant (Hanuman) to bring lingam from mountains but he delayed the task, so Rama himself made it from sand (not much big though). It was called Ramalingam and the one brought by Hanuman is called Vishwalingam.

5) Airavateswara Temple, Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu:

This temple was built in the 12th century CE based on Dravidian architecture and present in the town of Darasuram. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The name of the temple is kept on the name of the elephant of Indra (Emperor of gods) as he used to worship Lord Shiva. It is a
UNESCO World Heritage site. It was built by Rajaraja Chola 2.

6) Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala:

Padmanabhaswamy-Temple

It is located in the capital city of Kerala that is Thiruvananthapuram (meaning City of Lord Ananta in Malayalam). God Ananta is worshipped here. It is based on the fused art of Dravidian and Chera Style. Lord Vishnu is the chief deity. Only Hindus are allowed here and a tough and disciplined dress code is adopted.

7) Thanumalayan Temple, Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu:

Thanumalayan-Temple

It is a Hindu temple located in Suchindram in Tamil Nadu. It is known for its stone craftsmanship. Only 1035 pillars are constructed for the dancing hall in this temple. There are 22 feet Hanuman (Anjaneya) statue which is carved out of one single granite block. This temple depicts the artistic form of three major Hindu gods that are Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Brahma. It is called as Sthanumalayan.

8) Brihadeshwara Temple, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu:

This Hindu temple is present on the bank of the Kaveri river and it is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is based on the Dravidian style and regarded as Dhakshina Meru. It was built between 1003 and 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola 1 and it is also a UNESCO World Heritage site. Tamil, Sanskrit and Maratha inscriptions can be found here.

9) Ayyappa Temple, Sabarimala, Kerala:

Ayyappa-Temple

It is located at Sabarimala inside of the Periyar Tiger Reserve, which is situated in the Pathanamthitta district of the state of Kerala. People worship god Ayyappa as the chief deity who according to the tales is the son of Shiva and Mohini (the female incarnation of Lord Vishnu). Annually 40 to 50 million people visit this temple. Recently, this temple has been in news regarding the ban on the entry of women inside the main temple. Makaravilakku and Mandalapooja are major festivals celebrated here.

10) Golden Temple, Vellore, Tamil Nadu:

Golden-Temple-Vellore

Everyone knows about the Golden Temple in Amritsar. But you’d be surprised to know that there is also a Golden Temple in southern India which is situated at the foot of small green hills at Malaikodi in Vellore in Tamil Nadu just 120 km from Tirupati. It was completed in 2007 by an organization headed by Shri Sakti Amma. It is interesting to note that everything in this temple is made of pure gold (1,500 kg). Goddess Lakshmi or Mahalakshmi or the goddess of wealth is the chief deity in this temple.

There are many other famous and prestigious temples in the south but all the temples which are the most visited over the year of all have been chosen by us. Now you would have known about what we’ve told you earlier about the fine art of Southern temples of India. Have you visited any of them? If yes, then how many temples have you been visited? Tell them in the comment section.

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11 Fastest Trains in India

Indian Railway network is Asia’s second-biggest railway network and it’s fourth-largest in the world, with almost 2.5 crore passengers travelling daily on an average basis, it is equivalent to the whole the Australian population itself. It is also one of the oldest railway transports in the world and it can be regarded as one of the cheapest modes of transport for long journeys. Since its inception in 1853 under the supervision of British Government, Indian railway has come along way. It is now owned by the Government of India and every year it gets its own budget.

Due to various technological revolution in the past century trains have become faster and safer than ever before. Thus, it has become quite interesting to know about the fastest trains in India along with their respective speeds. These trains basically act as nervous system in the body of the nation. Thus effective they are better it is for the development of the whole country.

These were some of the fastest Indian trains along with their maximum speeds. However, due to ambiguous data, we were not able to mention them in a list accordingly. A few more trains of Indian Railways that are really fast and efficient are Mumbai-Ahmedabad Double Decker Express,  Mumbai CST Suvidha Superfast Express, Humsafar Express, Uday Express, Rajdhani Express, Shatabadi Express. Here’s a list about the fastest Indian trains with their respective top speed.

1) Vande Bharat Express (180 km/h):

Vande-Bharat-Express
Vande Bharat Express is the fastest train in India.

This train is said to be the successor of old trains like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express and it is currently the fastest train in India with the top speed of 180 km/h. But due to certain safety reasons, its speed is kept around 140 km/h. It is a semi-high speed intercity electric multiple units. Its Train Number is 22439 and it goes from Delhi to Katra. Its current owner is Indian Railways. It is well-equipped with facilities like CCTV cameras, smoke alarms, odour control system, sensor-based water taps, automatic doors etc. It started functioning on 23rd February 2019.

2) Tejas Express (180 km/h):

This train has the same speed as Vande Bharat Express but the difference lies in the average operating speed of Tejas Express which is around 130 km/h as compared to 140 km/h speed of the Vande Bharat. It became operational on 24th May 2017 and it is India’s first semi-high speed fully air-conditioned train. It offers modern onboard facilities like LED tv’s, electric outlets, CCTV cameras, hand dryers, sensor-based water taps etc.

Tejas basically refers to “sharp”, “lustre” and “brilliance” in many Indian languages. It covers a distance of 552 km. It runs from Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in Mumbai to Karmali, Goa. Another (2nd) Tejas Express became functional on 1st March and it runs over 497 kilometres from Chennai Egmore to Madurai Junction in  Tamil Nadu. It takes a total of 6 hours and 18 minutes to complete the journey.

3) Gatimaan Express (160 km/h):

Gatimaan-Express

This train runs from Delhi and Jhansi. It is India’s First Semi-High Speed Train. It connects famous tourist places that are Delhi, Agra, Gwalior and Jhansi. It just takes 100 minutes to reach Agra from Delhi and it covers a distance of 403km approximately. Its Train Number(s) is 12049/12050. Facilities like Wi-Fi, North and South cuisine are available on this express. It started functioning on 5th April 2018. It also has facilities like smoke alarms, overhead racks etc.

4) New Delhi-Bhopal Habibganj Shatabdi Express (150 km/h):

It is a train operated by Northern Railway and it runs from New Delhi-Habibganj (a sub-urban railway station of Bhopal city). Its complete route is from New Delhi-Mathura Junction-Agra Cantonment-Morena-Gwalior-Jhansi Junction-Lalitpur Junction-Bhopal Junction-Habibganj. It started service on 14th November 1988 that is on former Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru’s birthday. This train doesn’t have any pantry car coach but still one can get drinks like tea/coffee etc. Its Train Number(s) is 12001/12002.    

5) Mumbai – New Delhi Rajdhani Express & New Delhi – Kanpur Shatabdi Express (140 km/h):

Rajdhani-Express

Both trains have a tie in terms of speed that is 140 km/h but the distance covered by both these trains is different. The Rajdhani covers a distance of 1384 km and Shatabdi covers a distance of 437 km. The former started its service on 17th May 1972 and the latter started its service on 7th February 2010. The former has one pantry car coach whereas the latter doesn’t have one. We put them in the same section because in this article we are only concerned with the speeds.

6) Sealdah-New Delhi Duronto Express (135km/h):

Overall, this train is the fourth fastest train in India but in Duronto category, this train is the fastest of all. It was started on 18th September 2009. Unlike the above express, it does have a pantry car coach. Its Train Number is 12259. It runs between New Delhi and Kolkata. It comes under the eastern railway zone. It has three different classes that are AC 1st Class, AC 2 tier, AC 3 tie.            

7) Delhi Airport Metro Express (132 km/h):

Delhi-Airport-Metro-Express

It is a Metro line that runs from New Delhi Metro Station to Dwarka. It is also known for linking Indira Gandhi International Airport. The line was opened on 23 February 2011. It is jointly owned by reliance industries and CAF. The total length of this line is 22.7 km. Its most part is underground and some remaining is between Buddha Jayanti Park and Mahipalpur.  

8) Mumbai LTT – H.Nizamuddin AC Superfast Express (130 km/h):

It is an AC Superfast Express which started functioning on 30th October 2013. It comes under Central Railways. It starts from Lokmanya Tilak Terminus and stops at Hazrat Nizamuddin station after crossing 9 stops. It travels a distance of 1,521 km. It has 3 onboard services that are AC 1st class, AC 2 tier, AC 3 tier. It also has one pantry car coach. The journey takes approximately 19 hours. Its Train Number(s) is 22109/10. It runs through junctions like Kalyan Junction, Nasik Junction, Gwalior Junction.   

9) Bandra Terminus–Hazrat Nizamuddin Garib Rath Express(130 km/h):

Bandra Terminus–Hazrat Nizamuddin-Garib-Rath-Express

This train runs via Surat, Vadodara Junction, Kota Junction, to Hazrat Nizamuddin and vice-versa. This train has the same speed as Mumbai LTT – H.Nizamuddin AC Superfast Express but it lags in the average speed. This train has classes like AC 3 tier, AV Chair Car. But it doesn’t have any pantry car coach. This train started functioning on 22nd February 2007. It passes through 8 stops in its journey. It covers a distance of 1,366 km and it takes an average time of 16 hours and 45 minutes to complete the journey. It comes under Western railways. 

10) Howrah-Ranchi Shatabdi Express (130 km/h):

This 12019/20 train is a Superfast express train of the Shatabdi Express. It belongs to the Eastern Railway Zone of Indian Railways. This train runs from Howrah Junction to Ranchi Junction and vice-versa. The Howrah Junction comes in West Bengal and the Ranchi Junction comes in Jharkhand state. This is one of the oldest Shatabdi trains in India as it started its service on 1st July 1995. It travels a total distance of 426 km taking an average time of 6 hours and 40 minutes approximately. In this train, no pantry coach is attached. Presently, it has 7 AC Chair Car and 2 End on Generator and catering is arranged onboard in train.

11) Howrah Anand Vihar Yuva Express (130 km/h):

Howrah-Anand-Vihar-Yuva-Express

This is also a superfast train of Indian Railways which connects Kolkata (capital of West Bengal) to Anand Vihar Terminal in Delhi. It was inaugurated by former railway minister Mamta Banerjee who is now the Chief Minister of West Bengal in order to facilitate journey between the two metro cities. It started its service on 30th December 2009. It consists of 10 AC Chair Car Coaches with 5 AC 3 Tier Coaches ANd with 2 End-on-generation vans. It covers a distance of 1447 km in approximately 20 hours and 30 minutes.

Read More: Luxurious Train In India.

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26 Reasons Why Indian Railways Network is Considered Best In The World

The first recorded steam-hauled railway journey took place long back on 21 February 1804 from Penydarren Ironworks (a community for manufacturing iron goods in South Wales) to Abercynon (a small village in South Wales). It took almost 50 years for the British East India Company to establish its first Rail Track in India under the supervision of British officer Lord Dalhousie (also known as the father of Indian Railways). He was a Governor-General of India at that period.

Now Indian Railways is India’s national railway system operated by the Ministry of Railways (one of the ministries in the Government of India, responsible for the country’s rail transport). As of March 2017, it operates the fourth-largest rail network in the world and is 67,368 km wide.

Being the 7th largest country in the world, and having such geological diversity was always in need of some network that connects the cities altogether and this need was fulfilled by Indian Railway. Indian Railway took its time to became nerve of the whole nation but it started way before complete road transport was available to the common folk of Inda. Railway changed the course of the history and economy of India as it did for no other country in the world.

We today may seem too forgot its importance due to other means of transportation, however, without the railway, their employment wouldn’t have been possible. Following are some facts and figures about Indian railway that really make it best in the world.

1. Indian Railway is 168 years old

Indian-Railway-Old
Indian Railway in 1853

The inception of the Indian railway dates back to 16 April 1853. The first train track was 33 kilometers in length and was started between Mumbai and Thane. It was capable to carry 400 passengers, another interesting fact about it is that day was declared as a holiday by the British Government.

2. It carries equivalent Population of Australia Every Day

Yes, every day 23 million people use Indian railway to move from one place to another. This fact on its own enough to show one importance of the Indian railway. We can really say that it carries the nation on its soldiers.

3. It Really does some heavy lifting

Not only people but a huge quantity of freight is carried by Indian railway. There are 7,421 freight trains operating in India and they are capable to carry 3 million tonnes (MT) of freight daily.

4. Indian Railway has its own finances

Back in the financial year of 1920-1921 a separate committee and budget were made for the development of Indian railway. In 1924 all of its finances were separated from other Government finances.

5. Other transport has taken the load off the Indian railway now

In 1950’s Indian Railway used to carry 75% of public transport and 90% of freight of the whole nation however due to other mediums of transportation, it has reduced to 15% and 30%. respectively.

6. It even has a Mascot

Indian-Railway-Mascot
Indian Railway Mascot is an elephant

Indian railway even has a Mascot who is an elephant named-Bholu. It can be seen wearing guard dress at various places, however, it is not very common.

7. Its Max Speed is 180 Km/hr

Vande Bharat Express is the fastest train in Indian and has a max speed of 180 Km/hr. However, due to safety concerns speed is restricted to 130km/hr. Anything above it could have been very dangerous.

8. Indian railway is fourth-largest in the world

Lenght of Indian railway tracks is 67,368-kilometre it is long enough to cover the equator one and a half time. Railway networks of the USA, Russia and China are the only ones in the world that are longer than India.

9. Its slowest speed is 10 km/hr

Indian-Railway-Slowest

Mettupalayam Ooty Nilgiri Passenger train is the slowest train in the Indian railway system, with a speed of 10 km/hr. It is because of the hilly area where the train can’t achieve a very high speed.

10. It is one of the World’s largest employers

Indian railway has 1.6 million that keep the whole system running for the world’s largest democracy. Its is arguably one of the top 10 employers of the world.

11. New Delhi Main Station has a place in Guinness Book of World record

Having the world’s largest route relay interlocking system made New Delhi Main Station get a name in Guinness Book of World record. It makes Delhi station a hub for all the railway networks in India.

12. Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh has the longest platform in the world

Gorakhpur-Railway

Having a length more that 1.3 kilometres Gorakhpur railway station in Uttar Pradesh has the longest platform.

13. It is set to have the highest railway bridge

Chenab Bridge will be built in the union territory of Jammu & Kashmir and it will be 359 m above Chenab river and will have a length of 1.3 Kilometers. It is even higher than the Effie Tower.

14. It has 7500 stations

Indian railway is so large that 7500 stations are needed to hold it all together. These stations carry out the task of loading and unloading of passengers and various maintenance-related tasks too.

15. It has the oldest steam Locomotive

Fairy-Queen

Indian railway has the Fairy Queen. It is the oldest steam locomotive that is still running. It runs between New Delhi and Rajasthan and was constructed back in 1855. In 1998 it also got a Guinness book of world record.

16. It has a train that runs 6.5 hours non-stop

Trivandrum – H. Nizamuddin Rajdhani covers 528 km between Vadodara and Kota without stopping. It completes this journey in about 6 and a half hour.

17. It got its first toilet in 1909

Indian railway didn’t have any toilets for the first 50 years. Only when a passenger named Okhil Chandra Sen wrote a letter to the railway department, this need was fulfilled. That letter is currently in the railway museum.

18. In 2012 it was stopped for several hours

In 2012 North India met an energy crisis due to which caused a blackout for Indian railway. All the railroads were stopped because of it for several hours.

19. In 1981 it met its deadliest disaster

In 1981 a passenger train fell into the Bagmati river that killed nearly 600 people. It was considered as a black day in the history of Indian Railway.

20. It has one of the world’s most unreliable train

Guwahati -Thiruvananthapuram- Express

The Guwahati Thiruvananthapuram Express with an average delay of 10-12 hours is one of the most unreliable trains in the world. However, considering its odd geographical path it can’t be said it’s the worst.

21. It has a popular website

The IRCTC (Indian Railways Catering & Tourism Corporation) has a website that gets 12 lakh hits per minute, due to its online booking system. It has expanded railways reach to the people and it is much easier nowadays to book tickets online.

22. It has four sites declared “World Heritage sites” by UNESCO

Darjeeling, Himalayan Railway (1999), Mumbai CST Building (2004), Neelgiri Mountain Railways (2005) and Kalka-Shimla Railways (2008) were declared “World Heritage sites” by UNESCO.

23. It also has a toy train

In Darjeeling, there is a famous toy train that was built by the British government back in 1881. It is famous for its small size and it still runs on steam. Over the years it has become a famous tourist attraction.

24. It has a railway station that is in 2 states

Navapur railway station is built on a border between Maharashtra and Gujarat thus it has area spanned in both the states.

25. Samjhauta Express runs between India and Pakistan

Samjhauta Express runs between Delhi and Lahore and connects both nations. However, due to continued tension between both countries, it gets suspended from time to time.

26. It saved people after partition

From August to November in 1947 Indian railway helped in the evacuation of Over a million non-Muslims from Pakistan and 1.3 million Muslims from India. It was all possible because of Indian railway’s efficiency.

Conclusion:-

Indian-Railway-Conclusion

Indian railway has always been the lifeline of India. We hope all the aforementioned facts provided will boost your knowledge about the fourth-largest networks in the World. A network this large helps the people of the nation to move around in a certain way which can’t be achieved by any other medium. After the rise of road transportation, its use certainly has been compromised but its importance and role in Indian history certainly aren’t. Indian history couldn’t have been the same without the Indian railway, so it is important for us to know about it.