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List of Official Languages of India According to Indian Constitution

Language History of India: The concept of verbal communication in India started late back in Indo-Aryan time from 1500 BCE to 600 BCE. It was a period of Indus Valley civilization. In this era, a Dravidian Language is supposed to exist for speaking and communicating. Soon after, Devanagari script was introduced for writing Sanskrit and later Hindi languages. Subsequently, many native and regional languages emerged with the widespread of Indian Civilization. Most of them were dialects and variants grouped under the Hindi Language. Centuries later, Persian language or Parsi was introduced into India by the Mahmud of Ghazni and by other Turkish & Afghanis Dynasties as the court language. In an early 18th century, the British started the invasion in India and for administrative purpose brought their major Language – English. It’s a latest known language in India.

Official languages of India:

India has the world’s second highest 780 number of languages, after Papua New Guinea which has 839 languages. According to the most recent census of 2001, there are 1635 restructured mother tongues, 234 identifiable mother tongues, and 22 major languages. Many assume that Hindi is the National Language of India, but it’s a misconception. Hindi is not the national language of India but official. The Constitution of India designates the official language of the Government of India both as Standard Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English. The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 languages, which have been referred to as scheduled languages and given status, recognition and even official encouragement. Here, we have not including English as a part of Indian Nationalized Languages. Let us below identify with the most Spoken, Popular and 22 Official Languages of India (in alphabetic order).

  1. Assamese – is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language. It is spoken by over 15 million native speakers. It is also spoken in parts of Arunachal Pradesh and other northeast Indian states.
  2. Bengali – is an Indo-Aryan language spoken both in the Republic of Bangladesh and north-eastern states of the Republic of India including West Bengal, Tripura, Assam (Barak Valley) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The language is spoken by 83 million people across India. After Hindi and Punjabi, Bengali is 3rd most spoken language in India.
  3. Bodo– is the Sino-Tibetan language spoken primarily by the Bodo people of North East India, Nepal and Bengal.  The population of Boro speakers according to 2001 census report was 2 million.
  4. Dogri– is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by roughly five million people in India and Pakistan, chiefly in the region of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and northern Punjab in India.
  5. Gujarati – is an Indo-Aryan language native to the state of Gujarat. Gujarati emerged from time 1100–1500 AD in India. It is the official language in the state of Gujarat, in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Gujarati is the language of the Gujjars, who had ruled Rajputana and Punjab. According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 4.5% of the Indian population speaks Gujarati, which amounts to 46 million speakers in India.
  6. Hindi– is the most spoken and standardized Hindustani language. There are more than 300 Million people who use Hindi as their mother tongue. Moreover, it is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world. It is considered to be one of the oldest languages in the world. As it is descended from Sanskrit language and is considered part of the New Indo-Aryan subgroup. Hindi written in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Government of India. Modern Standard Hindi is believed to be influenced by Dravidian languages, Turkic languages, Persian, Arabic, Portuguese and English.
  7. Kannada – is a Dravidian language spoken primarily by Kannada people in south India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The language has roughly 45 million native speakers who are called Kannadigas.
  8. Kashmiri – is a language from the Dardic sub-group of the Indo-Aryan languages and it is spoken primarily in the state of north India of Jammu and Kashmir mainly in the Kashmir and Chenab Valley. There are approximately 5 Million speakers throughout India. Most Kashmiri also speaks and use Urdu or English as a second language.
  9. Konkani – is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages and is spoken along the South western coast of India, mainly in Goa and Maharashtra. Native speakers are almost 8 million. The first Konkani inscription is dated 1187 A.D.
  10. Maithili – is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the northern and eastern Bihar of India and a few districts of the Nepal Terai. It is one of the largest languages in India and the second largest language in Nepal. It is almost spoken by 34 million people in India. Less commonly, it was written with a mix of other neighboring languages such as Bhojpuri, Magahi, and Awadhi.
  11. Malayalam – is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in south India, principally in the state of Kerala. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was designated as a Classical Language in India in 2013. Malayalam is also spoken in the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Approximately 34 million native people speak Malayalam.
  12. Manipuri – or known as Meitei is the main language in the southeastern Himalayan state of Manipur, in northeastern India. It is the State official language in government offices. Manipuri is also spoken in the Indian states of Assam and Tripura, and in some part of Bangladesh and Myanmar. It is currently classified as a vulnerable language by UNESCO. Just about 1.5 Million People speak this language in India.
  13. Marathi – is an Indian language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively. Roughly, 75 Million people in India Speaks Marathi as their native language. There is no much difference in Marathi and Konkani Language while speaking.
  14. Nepali – is an Indo-Aryan language derived from Sanskrit. It is the official language of Nepal. But In India, (due to Devanagari script) the Nepali language is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India as an Indian language having an official status in the Indian state of Sikkim and in West Bengal’s Darjeeling district. It is spoken essentially by Pahari people in Nepal and by a significant number of Bhutanese and some Burmese people.
  15. Odia – or Oriya is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken mostly in eastern India from the state of Odisha. Just around 44 million native speakers are from Orissa (and above 55 million if we include adjoining regions of its neighboring states largely migrated from Orissa to other parts of India), making it spoken by 4.2% of India’s population.
  16. Punjabi – is an Indo-Aryan language, which is very popular in northern India and in large Pakistan province. It is second most spoken language in India. Punjabi is spoken by over 120 million native speakers worldwide (making it the 11th most widely spoken language in the world). Basically, it’s the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region of India and Pakistan before independence.
  17. Sanskrit – is a standardized dialect of Old Indo-Aryan and is a primary liturgical language of Hinduism. It is marked as the philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and even considered lingua franca of ancient India and Nepal. As a result of transmission of Hindu and Buddhist culture to Southeast Asia and parts of Central Asia, it was also a language of high culture in some of these regions during the early-medieval era. Even today, in many secondary schools across India, the Sanskrit language is regarded as one of the main subjects from other class lessons.
  18. Santali – is a language in the Munda sub-family of Austro-Asiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari. It is spoken by around 6.4 million people in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. Most of its speakers live in India, in the states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Tripura, Mizoram, Assam and West Bengal.
  19. Sindhi -is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region (spoken by the Sindhi people) from Pakistani province of Sindh. But, In India, due to its chronological history, Sindhi is considered one of the scheduled languages officially recognized by the Indian federal government. There are roughly 25 million people across India and Pakistan who speaks in Sindhi.
  20. Tamil – is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by 70 million people from India and Sri Lanka. In India, it is spoken widely in South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Chennai, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also an official language of two countries – Sri Lanka and Singapore.
  21. Telugu – is another Dravidian language native to India. Telugu is the prime language in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Yanam, Puducherry, Chennai and Karnataka. It is one of six languages designated a classical language of India by the Government of India. Telugu ranks fourth by the number of native speakers in India which turns out to be somewhere 74 million in numbering.
  22. Urdu – is a Persian standardized index language of the Hindustani language. Urdu came in India with Islamic Mughal Empire late back in 1100 AD. Urdu is an official language of six states of India – Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal as well as Delhi. It is the official national language of Pakistan also. Urdu is recognized in the Constitution of India as one of the official languages.

Other local languages and dialects:

Below we have also tried to identify places and those small regions where some other native and least popular languages are spoken by more than 1 million people (10 Lakh) in India. Most of them are dialects/variants grouped under the Hindi Language. They are;

  • Bhojpuri – language is from the Bihar State of India with a number of native speakers of 33 million.
  • Rajasthani – is a language from Rajasthan State with 19 Million no of native speakers.
  • Magadhi – language is from East Bihar State with approximately 18 million speakers.
  • Chhattisgarhi – is a language from Chhattisgarh State with number of native speakers = 13 Million
  • Haryanvi – language is from Haryana with number of native speakers reaching to 10 Million
  • Marwari – is a language from Gujarat and Rajasthan State with number of native speakers are roughly about 8 Million
  • Malvi – language is from Madhya Pradesh State with number of native speakers = 6 Million
  • Mewari – language is from Rajasthan State with a number of native speakers of 5 Million.
  • Khorth – language is from Jharkhand with the number of native speakers = 4 Million.
  • Bundeli – language is from Bundelkhand region (comprises regions of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh) with the number of native speakers somewhere about 3 Million.
  • Bagheli – Language is from Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh with 2 million people speaking across these regions.
  • Pahari – Language is often spoken in the State of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and some part of Jammu & Kashmir with the number of native speakers 2 Million.
  • Laman – language is from Maharashtra and Karnataka State with a number of native speakers = 2.5 Million.
  • Awadhi – language is from Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal with the number of people speaking is more than 2 Million in numbering.
  • Harauti – is a Rajasthani language, spoken by some 4 million people in the Hadoti region of southwestern Rajasthan and neighboring areas in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Garhwali – language is from Garhwal Division of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas with the number of native speakers somewhere about 2.5 Million.
  • Nimadi – is from Nimar region of west-central India (lies within the state of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra). 2 million people speak this language.
  • Sadri – language is spoken in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and the north of West Bengal, and in Bangladesh with number of native speakers of 2.4 Million
  • Kumauni – language is spoken by over 3.2 Million people who reside in the State of Uttarakhand.
  • Dhundhari – is from northern Rajasthan. People speaking this language is somewhere about 2 million in counting.
  • Tulu – is a Dravidian Languages spoken by around 2 million native speakers mainly from the Indian state of Karnataka and Kerala.
  • Surgujia – is primarily spoken in Surguja, Jashpur, and Koriya districts of Chhattisgarh with a number of native speakers = 1.5 Million.
  • Bagri – is a dialect of Rajasthani language mixed with Punjabi language, spoken mainly in the Bagar region of north-western India and parts of Pakistan with 2 Million native speakers.
  • Banjari – is a language of once nomadic Banjara people live across India with the number of native speakers of 1 Million.
  • Surajpuri – is a Bengali dialect mainly spoken in the Seemanchal region of Bihar, West Bengal (Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur districts, and in Siliguri city of Darjeeling district with a number of native speakers of 1.5 Million.
  • Kangri – language is predominantly spoken in the Kangra, Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Una districts and some parts of Mandi and Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh with number of native speakers = 1.2 Million
  • Varhadi – is a dialect of Marathi spoken in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra with a number of native speakers = 1.5 Million.
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25 Vastu Shastra Tips to Brings Peace, Wealth and Positive Energy

What is Vastu Shastra? 

Brief Intro: It’s an ancient Indian devout knowledge that brings peace, harmony, and success in life by eradicating negative energy and attracting positive energies around us and in our home. One thing is obvious that we spend most of our time inside a home, office or under any building. And in India, it is very strongly believed that all things in the universe have a level of divine force associated with them. And for this reason, it is said that all buildings and even the land have vibrations of energy which is somehow interlinked. It is assumed that there are many different energies generated through the atmosphere like cosmic energy, solar energy, lunar energy, thermal energy, wind energy, light energy etc. These energies can be arranged properly to bring in prosperity, achievements, and peace in life and at home.  And here Vastu Shastra plays a vital role to make the favorable atmosphere around us and sometimes change bad vibrations into a positive one.

You must have noticed that while searching on Google many People often ask astrologer that what can be done to bring more money, health, assets, and prosperity in a house or in our lives. Below we are going to share with you great tips that would be very beneficial in the long-term scenario. To begin with, we will primarily focus on 4 vital things to enjoy all the peace and happiness in your life and remove any Vastu dosh:

Vastu Main Door

1.) Main Door – Always keep your main door entrance dirt free and door neatly painted and clean. Use a bright light at entrance above the door. Make main door size big and wide (in breadth). Always use name plate on your main door. Make sure that all doors in the house are noise-free (doesn’t produce cracking sound while opening and closing). Entry to the main door must be free of any obstacle such as, from any cable, pole or any vehicle.

Vastu Shastra

2.) North-East Corner – is considered very significant place according to Vastu, because this is a place of deity. And for that reason, this area is used to make a place of worship or puja room inside a house. It must be always clean and clutter free as it’s a main source of prosperity or wealth in the house. You can set aquarium on this place or can even keep decorated water fountain as a showpiece.

Best Vastu Tips

3.) South-west Corner – It is believed that to keep all wealth like money, jewellery, property papers, etc in south-west corner of the house brings luck and keep on increasing your current capital. You can set your vault (tijori) or Almirah / lockers/ cupboard at this location of the house, facing north-east. You can even place mirror inside your vault to augment cash and jewellery, as mirror reflect things twice over. Try not to keep any cash (or inside the locker) under a beam, it may cause financial crisis or loss in business.

Meditation in Vastu Shastra

4.) Meditation: It is believed that meditating at one particular area for a long time create cosmic power in that place and even makes pious and positive. Meditation is also essential to feel good all the time, live a happy life and to eliminate all negative feelings, worries, anxiety and all other factors that make us distressing. The mind, heart, and body can improve with regular meditation. We must try to meditate 10-15 minutes daily on regular basis, every day. If possible do it in morning and also in evening. As said above, Mediation gives immense internal strength and free from stress or physical problem. The north-east direction is the best place for meditation.

Above Vastu directions were major instructions one ought to follow at-least once in a lifetime. However, we have also revealed 25 other strong tips that would help to make a change in life for betterment and  to remove any Vastu dosh:

  1. Vastu Shastra is all about attracting more and more positive energies. You can attract these energies by following simple trick like always washing your feet and hands once you come back home.
  2. Blow Shankh (cone shell) every morning and always place it in your puja room or any place you worship. It has many health as well as wealth significance in life.
  3. Value food and never to waste it. Take only that quantity which you can consume. If sometimes, you are unable to eat then don’t throw your food in the trash or keep long in the kitchen. Rather give to animals or birds.
  4. The bedroom should be planned in a south-west direction to enhance the relationships and try not to keep a broom in the room.
  5. Any tap or plumbing leakage in a home is not considered good according to Vastu.  Repair it as soon as possible. As it drains finances from a house.
  6. The roof of a house must be clear and clean. And never keep any kind of useless scrap on roof-top, like any kind of junk.
  7. Placing pyramids in the house is good and effective. It must be placed in the centre of the house, a particular room or even an energetic key point.
  8. Make sure all clocks in the house are working properly giving accurate time and not halt. Stop watches brings all finances to stand still.
  9. Sharp corners or sharp things in-house in not consider good in Vastu Shastra. As they act as energy spears and create stress in the nervous system.
  10. Keeping money plant in north zone attracts money and better job opportunity.
  11. At the entrance of main door place an Om Sign or Swastik Sign or simply a picture of Ganesha.
  12. Drainage/Sewerage pipes should be fitted in the north direction of your house.
  13. The wife should always sleep on the left side of the husband.
  14. Use soothing colours while you are doing the interiors of your bedroom. Soft furnishings and soothing colours for painting walls can enhance your married life relationships.
  15. Place natural green plants in the bathroom to remove negativity and bring colour brightness.
  16. Always light lamps, candles, divas or incense stick at home, every morning and evening this process removes all negativity and any evil eye.
  17. The kitchen must be in the south-east corner of the house. If not possible then make sure your gas stove is placed in the south-east direction. Or else north-west corner is the second best option.
  18. According to Vastu, a lemon in a glass of water keeps negative energy away.  And this water must be changed every Saturday.
  19. Keep medicines away from the kitchen.
  20. Keep holy water (Gangajal) at the corners of the house and change it every week or so.
  21. Do not paste too many pictures of God or Goddess in a home. Hollow sculpture of any deity is also not good. Moreover, keeping God’s idol which is more than 10 inches is considered inauspicious.
  22. There should not be any mirrors in the bedroom. If you have, try to cover mirror at night. As according to Vastu, it leads to ill health and increases family internal fights.
  23. Use wind chimes to kill negative energy and help the positive energy to flow easily.
  24. Salt is a healer, placing salt bowls in the corners of the house or mainly in toilets helps to absorb all the negative energy.
  25. And lastly, to maintain the harmony and joy in your home it is important that you perform the Navagraha puja or Ganesh puja at least once in three years. Puja helps to remove any Vastu dosha from the house.

If your house is built with these principles, you will enjoy all the peace and happiness in your life. You can even download or save Vastu-Shastra Chart – giving directions of rooms in a home below:

Vastu Chart Tips

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History of Ancient India Civilization in 8 Brief Stages

Ancient India

Was not the same from what its look now. It was an undisputed vast land and amalgamation of 7-8 countries of today’s Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Srilanka, Bhutan, and Burma (explore map of Ancient India). And history of our country – India can be outlined from the human activities that existed since 75,000 years ago. It was one of the three early places where human civilization began. The species known as Homo-Sapiens inhabited our sub-continent centuries before humans migrated to other territory known as Europe. Lets us understand all this below by different phases through which Ancient India embarked itself, starting from:

1.) Prehistoric Era:

Well, not much-written records are available in relation to prehistoric India but it is considered that period before 10000 B.C. was known as Stone Age or Prehistoric Era. It was a time when Pre-historic people used stones to kill, work and protect. They used stone tools to kill animals, make leather clothes, craft sandstone pottery, artifacts and other metals. The history of art in ancient India begins with prehistoric rock paintings. But as humans, it was a period of immense struggle and facing huge problems from surroundings and Nature. In concise, we can divide Prehistoric phase into 3 stages namely;

  • Paleolithic (Old Stone Age),
  • Mesolithic (Middle Stone Age),
  • Neolithic (New Stone Age).

2.) Indus Valley Civilization Era:

Then came the first-ever civilization of Ancient India, known as Indus Valley Civilization. It is also acknowledged as Harappa Civilization or Bronze Age civilization. Indus Civilization mainly covered region of South Asia (Pakistan, north India, and small division of Afghanistan). It got its name through eminent river Indus flowing from the Himalayas. It is estimated that Indus Civilization had a population of over five million. Inhabitants of this civilization were known to be skilled with amazing techniques in handicraft such as carnelian products, seal carving and working with metal using copper, tin, bronze, and lead. The Indus cities were also well noted for their urban development e.g. using baked brick in constructing houses for strength and safety, clever water supply and drainage systems. The phase of the Indus civilization lasted from 2600 to 1900 BCE.

3.) Dravidian Era:

Dravidian Period

Dravidians were actually tribal people who migrated from north India (and still their followers exists in southern part of India known as Gond people and Kannadigaru Dravidians from Karnataka, northern Kerala, southern Maharashtra, and northwest part of Tamil Nadu). It was believed that Dravidian people are actually part of Indus valley civilization. And later Aryans (Indo-Iranian people who migrated from Middle-East and Europe in tribes) pushed out Dravidian with Warfare’s from Northern Province of India to the southern part. But whether, Dravidian Empire is related to Indus Valley Civilization or not is still a big controversy. The most commonly spoken Dravidian languages still in India are Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam, and Brahui and Tulu. Dravidians were, in fact, peaceable farmers who have dark complexion, dark black hair and large foreheads. Because of these bodily similarities, another anecdote depicts that Dravidians have an African origin and they migrated from Africa and reached South India passing through the southern route about 50,000 years ago. Because of rivers and fertile soil they stayed in India in large numbers than other parts of the globe. In short, Dravidians were a very trendy and skilled race of community.

4.) Vedic Era:

Vedic Era

The Vedic Period or Civilization refers to that time period when the Vedic Textbook were written in India from 1500 BC to 500 BCE. Following the fall down of the Indus Valley Civilization, groups of Indo-Aryan peoples migrated into north-western India and started to inhabit the northern Indus Valley. Initially, Vedic age people did not have a settled life and were nomads but with growth in agriculture sector these people started to settle down in groups. The early society was mainly tribal and the head of the tribe was believed to be the ‘Raja’ or the King, although the concept of King had not developed yet. Later, as time progressed, Vedic Age turned into civilization and some privileged people initiated a great religion; know as Hinduism and started writing classical literature in a beautiful language know as Sanskrit. Vedic Period got illustrious because of four famous Vedas – the Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda, and the Atharvaveda written in God’s own language – Sanskrit. Sanskrit is considered one of the oldest languages in the world. It was also the period when the epic Vedic Sanskrit texts – Ramayana and Mahabharata originated. The Vedic age is considered the very important era in Indian history. As it lays the foundation for what we consider to be modern Hinduism or modern-day India.

5.) Mahajanapadas or Magadha Era:

Mahajanapadas of Ancient-India

With the end of Vedic era, ‘Lord Krishna’ Kingdom – Dwarka is believed to evolve. It is known as world’s most Ancient City. Besides that many other small kingdoms known as the Mahajanapadas also covered our sub-continent and flourished from between 600 BCE to 200 BCE. Basically, the Mahajanapadas were the sixteen most powerful and vast Kingdoms namely; Anga, Assaka, Avanti, Chedi, Gandhara, Kamboja, Kasi, Kosala, Kuru, Magadha, Malla, Matsya, Panchala, Surasena, Vajji and Vatsa located mainly across the fertile Indo-Gangetic plains. There were a number of other smaller kingdoms stretching the length and breadth of Ancient India. But Magadha (among 16 Mahajanapadas or great states) was believed to be the rich source of minerals and also from the agricultural aspect. It was founded by Jarasandha (son of brihadrath). Magadha growth started under Haryanakas and expanded under Shishunags and later into Nanda dynasty and Maurya dynasty. Actually, from 6th century to 4th century BC we see a great power struggle between 4 powerful states (Kosala, Avanti, Vasta and Magadha) to conquer each other and rest of Ancient India region. Apart from this, Magadha era is also alleged to be an origin of Buddhist and Jain religion. And, Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment in this era somewhere in 537 BC.

6.) Upanishads and Puranas Era:

Upanishad Era

Somewhere about 800 BCE to 400 BCE witnessed the amazing work of the ‘Upanishads and Puranas’. It was the time when many Saints, Deity, Sadhus, Gurus evolved and taught humans about the spiritual path, some in writing and others verbally. Those who wrote their teachings were called Upanishads and Puranas (Holy Hindu Textbook). Upanishads are basically a new form of Sanskrit scripts known as Vedanta which tell us about the concepts of ‘karma’ (action), ‘moksha’ (nirvana), ‘samsara’ (reincarnation), the aatma (soul), and the ‘Brahman’ (Absolute Almighty). Upanishads also teaches us the Vedic doctrines of self-realization, meditation, and yoga. There are major 18 Puranas (holy textbooks) which all in simple terms explains about tough Vedic Teachings in Sanskrit. In Short, this era enlightens more about teachings of the spiritual path and secret knowledge from guru or master.

7.) Great Ancient Empire Era:

Ancient Empires

As we noted above, Magadha era was the main foundation of Kings and their monarchy settlement in India. Many decades later, out of Magadha, came out the Maurya Empire, which was considered the first major historical Indian realm and absolutely the largest one formed by any Indian Emperor. This dynasty was ruled by Chandragupta Maurya with the help of his intellectual Guru Chanakya. It was said that to turn back Alexander the Great from invading northwest India, Chandragupta Maurya took over Magadha and created the Maurya Empire. And after a treaty with Alexander’s generals (soon after Alexander death), the empire acquired territory till Afghanistan and Iran. Chandragupta grandson, Ashoka the Great is also famous for winning countless battles and conquering almost entire India till south during his terrain. After that, with time came many other important empires such as Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, Pratihara Empire and Chola Empire.  To mention all about these empires is massive work. You can search on Google about these dynasties or just by typing Medieval India History.

8.) Muslim Invading India Era

Ancient Muslims

Muslim conquering Indian subcontinent mainly took place from period 11th to the 16th centuries. When ‘Gupta Empire’ was replaced by the rule of ‘Harshavardhan’ and with the invasion of the ‘Huns’, India fell into anarchy and split into small realms and somehow was lacking to unite themselves to fight against invading forces. Muslim took advantage of this anarchism and tried to capture India through routes of Afghanistan and Pakistan. Muhammad of Ghazni was the first Muslim ruler of Ghazi kingdom (based in Afghanistan) to attack India. He had heard that India was a very wealthy nation and there was no unity among Indian Kings. So he decided to spread Islam in this nation and to take wealth back to his nation. Consequently, he looted India 17 times and killed thousands of innocent Hindu to mark his presence. Soon after Ghazi death, another rulers from Afghanistan came into power known as Muhammad Gori. He conquered Lahore and attached ‘Rajput’ Kingdoms several times. When Gori decided to leave India he handed over all his power and kingdom also known as Delhi Sultanate to one of his close slave Qutub-din-Aibak. He made famous Qutub Minar in Delhi to show his authority. He later conquered Bengal and southern part of India. Aibak gave his kingdom to another slave (and also his son-in-law) known as Shamsuddin Iltutmish, who stopped Genghis Khan (ruler from Mongolia) to invade India. This era was also known as Slave Dynasty era. There after came many famous dynasties such as Khilji Dynasty (Ruler – Alauddin Khilji), Tughlaq Dynasty (Ruler- Muhammad Tughlaq), and lastly Lodhi Dynasty (Pashtuns/Afghans Rulers). In 1526 Mughals Invaded India and put end to Delhi Sultanate Regime.

Till here we mark a period known as primeval or ancient India with its Civilization History (as we sum-up our tour to Ancient India). We have tried our level best to tell our viewers about pre-historic India with ideal facts and information. But still, if you find any mismatch of dates or any information misleading so kindly correct us via commenting below or through email with appropriate proof/example.


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Current Local Time In India

India Standard Time is five and a half hours advance of the Universal Time standard, written as time zone of UTC + 5:30. It means you must add five and a half hours from Coordinated Universal Time to find the standard time in the zone.

India Standard Time falls under nonstandard time zone because it does not have an hourly incremental difference like most other zones. Instead, there’s an additional 30 minute time difference between this zone and standard time. India and Sri Lanka remain on India Standard Time all year long and do not make any changes for Daylight Saving.

India Time in Digital Format

Current local time in

Time is very valuable and indispensable! Whether you are:

  1. Just confirming the current time to make an International phone call to India.
  2. Planning an online meeting.
  3. A small tour or trip.
  4. Late night chat online.
  5. To make an appointment or
  6. To book a Movie Ticket, confirming the current & accurate time is necessary.

Time is what we just need to see all the time. Our all daily work is scheduled just after watching time. We eat breakfast on time, we go office on time and we sleep on time.

India Time in Analog Format

We tried hard to make certain the time and information presented above to be faultless but still, we make no guaranteed that Time in India mentioned above will be absolutely accurate (sometimes due to some server error). Therefore please make the second check before proceeding ahead.