We’ve said it a lot of times before on this page, and we’ll repeat it today; the Indian subcontinent has one of the best diversities in the considered geography of the world. Be it in terms of the culture, geography, populous, social practices, religion, flora, or fauna; you name it. I might be going a bit too much but I doubt I’m wrong if I tell you that If you’ve traveled every geographical location of its kind of India, you’ve probably visited every geographical type in the World, so is the diversity of the Indian subcontinent.
The soil, climatic conditions, landscape, peninsular geography, tons of water bodies of all shapes and sizes in India support all types of vegetation, plants, and wildlife, and hence all of them can co-exist in India simultaneously. The variety ranges from tropical/dry to subtropical/humid to mountainous graphic, the fluctuation from high to low in terms of temperature and elevation results in facilitating a lot of flora/fauna in the region.
India has hilly areas in its northern region, deep forests in the north-east region, bays and season on the east-southern and west-southern side, and Decans in the middle and proud river beds in the basins of the western and eastern ghats. All these topographical regions boast a different set of plants, trees, and vegetation which contribute to the diversity we were talking about in the beginning. All these regions have trees that are found specifically in the Indian subcontinent. So today in our article we’ll be talking about the different variety of trees found in Indian Geography.
1. INDIAN MAHOGANY
Scientifically known as the Swietenia Mahogani, this tree is famous among Music fans as the trunk of this tree is used to make furniture and musical instruments. This one is famous in the world for its durability and beautiful color tones.
It is also an important medicinal plant and is widely used in Ayurveda. The close relative of this one is Chikrasi which is scientifically known as Chukrasia Tabularis.
2. ASHOKA TREE
This one is scientifically known as the Saraca Arosa. This one is popular for its thick foliage which is evergreen and has fragrant flowers and a pointed top. This one has scenic properties as it has beautiful flowers that bloom and blossom in the months of February to April and are famous for their bright yellow and orange colors.
3. GULMOHAR TREE
Its scientific name is Delonix Regia. This tree is famous among Indians as the symbol of Love. The Gulmohar Tree has a wide canopy and its flowers are large and flamboyant which are orange in color and because of these features it has high ornamental value.
This tree’s wood is used to make agricultural implements and handles for various carpentry tools and combs hold etc. Apart from that, this one is also used for burning purposes in bonfires in the upper Himachal region.
4. CURRY TREE
Its scientific name is Murraya Koenigii. As the name suggests, this one finds a special way into the Indian dish: Curry. But not only that, but this plant also finds its way to a lot of Indian Cuisines specifically South Indian. This plant can be found in both tropical and sub-tropical climates and is native to both India and Sri Lanka. This one is used mostly for its edible and taste/aroma enhancing properties. This tree also produces small blackberries which also are used for the same purpose.
5. PEEPAL TREE
Its scientific name is Ficus Religiosa. It is an evergreen tree that is primarily worshipped in the Indian subcontinent by various religions, mainstream or tribal. This one holds a high value among all the non-atheists. This one could be recognized by the heart-shaped leaves which dance when the summer breeze gushes through them.
6. BANYAN TREE
Its scientific name is Ficus Benghalensis. It is the national tree of India and is famous for its aerial prop roots. This one holds high value in the Hindu and the Buddhist faiths. It can be recognized from a big canopy. It represents life and fertility.
Its scientific name is Shorea Robusta. This tree is famous for its timber which can further be used for making furniture, decorative wooden hangings, and certain wooden sports implements.
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8. ARJUNA TREE
Its scientific name is Terminalia Arjuna. This tree is famous for its fibrous woody fruit and has found a way to the show ‘Man vs wild’ for its rehydration properties. This tree is popular for its usual location which is found primarily on the banks of rivers. It is also used in Ayurveda for the treatment of heart disease. It is sacred in Buddhism and is known as the Guardian of heart.
9. NEEM TREE
Its scientific name is Azadirachta Indica. Neem is popular for its medicinal properties and thus finds its way into a variety of shampoos, face wash, soaps, ointments, etc most of which claim to treat acne. Its also used as a pesticide and can treat pox virus as well.
This plant has a scientific name as Alstonia Scholaris. This tree is known as the devil tree and is found primarily in Bengal. It is native to the Indian subcontinent as is the state tree of West Bengal.
Its scientific name is cedrus deodara. These trees are primarily found in the Himalayan region. They hold high value in Hinduism and are grown as ornamental trees. They also hold a special place in Ayurveda.
This tree is grown widely in the Indian region especially on the roadsides to counter the pollution in sub-cities and towns. They have a signature essence and are found primarily in the Nilgiris Hills and South India. These are flowering and shrub trees.
Its scientific name is Diospyros melanoxylon. Its popularly known as the Indian ebony tree and is called Kendu or tendu in the state of Chhattisgarh. It’s popular among smoking fans as its leaves are used to make beedi. This one also found its way while distinguishing the jhoom farming when the east India company first visited India.
Its scientific name is Vachellia Nilotica. It is an invasive species which is known by the name the Indian Acacia Tree. This tree is Cattle’s pedigree and is also used as a constituent in Toothpastes along with Azadirachta Indica which is commonly known as Neem. It also has medicinal properties and thus finds its way into the cosmetics world.
This one is also known as the Sagwan Tree. This tree is considered an option for Timber as this one can deter termites on its own. This is a flowering part which is native to Asia and mainly India. It is used for making furniture, flooring and is home to Hyblaea Purea moth, Caterpillar, and Timber Termite.
So, these were the best fifteen trees that are native to India and hold a high value either in terms of religion, pollution countermeasure, timber or furniture construction, and so on. Which one of these have you seen in real life and which of these has immense growth in your nearby areas, let us know in the comments section. I hope the information was helpful and you could use it while guessing trees around you. Till then.
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