The Railways and Roadways form the lifeline of transportation in India. The Railways in India is not only the biggest employer in the world but also very important and acts as the chief transportation method for long distances. It employs over 1.4 million people as per the latest records, which is huge! It is among the world’s largest railway networks which are spread over 1,15,000 km of the total length of the track. While the railways are of high importance, on the other hand, India has grown a lot in its Road transportation as well. India has the second largest road network in the world with a total length of 43,20,000 km.
Owing to the geographic ups and downs, India has seen the struggle of making tracks and roads on many new sort paths too, which led to the formation of strong and long tunnels. The tunnels have been built to help with the issues of time and geographic limitations. Most of these tunnels are built through soil, earth or rocks and are open on both ends which are used for transportation. These tunnels are very long and have held strong for many years now. Some of these man-made tunnels are as long as 11,215 meters.
Here, we have the list of 12 Longest Tunnels in India of Road or Railways:
1. Pir Panjal Tunnel
The first and the longest tunnel on this list is the Pir Panjal Tunnel. It is the longest rail tunnel in India by a total length of 11.2 km. It is located in the Pir Panjal Range which is laid in the middle of the Himalayas. It is also known as Banihal Railway Tunnel. It forms the part of the Jammu to Baramulla line which in itself is a track of 345 km. This tunnel is present at an elevation of 5,770 ft.
2. Karbude Tunnel
The second longest tunnel presently is the Karbude Tunnel which belongs to the Konkan Railways. It has a total length of 6,506 metres. It forms the parts of Konkan Rails in the Maharastra district. It stayed as the longest tunnel in India for a long time, that is, from 1997-2013, until the Pir Panjal Tunnel was constructed. It is also referred to as the tunnel number 35 (T-35).
3. Natuwadi Tunnel
The next name on the list of the longest rail tunnels in India is of the Natuwadi Tunnel. The total length of this tunnel is 4,389 metres and was constructed in 1997. It is also a part of the Konkan Railways and is present in the state of Maharashtra. It has the stations of Karanjadi and Diwna Khavati. It is referred to as the tunnel number 6 (T-6) and is among the most frequently used tunnels presently.
4. Tike Tunnel
The Tike Tunnel is the next rail-tunnel on the list of the longest Indian tunnels. It has a total track length of 4,077 metres and this is the 4th longest rail-tunnel in India. It was also part of the Konkan Railway project which started in 1997 and thus is present in the state of Maharashtra. It has the stations of Ratnagiri and Nivasar. The tunnel number given to this tunnel is 39 also known as (T-39).
5. Berdewadi Tunnel
With a total length of 4,000 metres, the next name on our list of top longest rail and road tunnels is the Berdewadi Tunnel. It was also the part of 1997, Konkan Railways project and is crucial to the railway network of the state of Maharashtra. The stations of this tunnel are the Adavali and Vilawade. The tunnel number given to the Berdewadi Tunnel is 49, that is, (T-49).
6. Savarde Tunnel
The next tunnel that ranks in the 12 longest rail and road tunnels in India is the Savarde tunnel. It has a total length of 3,429 metres of tracks. As no surprise, this tunnel was also the part of the Konkan Railways project and was constructed in 1997. It has the stations of Kamathe and Savarde, present in the state of Maharashtra. The tunnel number of this rail tunnel is 17, i.e., (T-17).
7. Chenani Nashri Tunnel
The Longest Road tunnel in India is the Chenani Nashri Tunnel. It is also known by the name of Patnitop Tunnel. It is present on NH-44 and in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It has a total length of 9,200 metres and the allowed operating speed is 50kmph. The road is at an elevation of 1,200 metres. It became the longest tunnel in India in 2017, after inauguration by PM Narendra Modi.
8. Rohtang Tunnel
The Rohtang Tunnel is presently the second longest road tunnel in India which will be opened for use very soon. It has a total length of 8,800 metres and is present in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The main objective of this tunnel was to keep the roads open for the Rohtang pass even during winters in blizzards and snowfall. It is being constructed on the Leh-Manali Highway and will be very beneficial.
9. Jawahar Tunnel
Present in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is the next longest road tunnel in India, which is the Jawahar Tunnel. It is also known as the Banihal Tunnel. The total length of the tunnel is about 2.85 km and is the third longest road tunnel in India. It is situated at an elevation of 2,800m (9,200 ft). The tunnel has been in operation since 1956 and was renovated in 1960 by Border Roads Organisation.
10. Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel
The next name on this list of the longest road tunnels in India is the Ghat Ki Guni Tunnel. This tunnel has a length of 2.80 km. It is present in Jaipur, the state of Rajasthan. The main objective of this tunnel was to link Jaipur with the National Highway 11 to the city of Agra and Bharatpur. It was constructed and inaugurated by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
11. Aut Tunnel
The second last name on this list is of the Aut tunnel which is located in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The tunnel runs for a length of 2.76 km. This tunnel is built near the Larji Dam Reservoir and was built for helping to provide better access to Kullu and Manali for outer cities. The main objective of the tunnel was to form the Chandigarh-Manali highway through NH21.
12. Kamshet Tunnel
The Kamshet Tunnel is also one the longest tunnels in India and among the longest in the state of Maharashtra. It is present in the famous and renowned Mumbai-Pune expressway, which is India’s very first concrete tolled expressway with the six-lane system. The tunnel has a stretch of about 2 km and is this very useful in cutting distance and time by a good length.