India is home to many heritage sites and architectural marvels. The number of historical wonders in the country is endless. That’s why many tourists come to visit India every year. From the list of endless historical wonders in India, today we’re talking about the most famous and visited Gardens. Before the British entered India in the early 16th century, Mughal Emperors inspired by the Islamic culture and Persian architecture, brought the trend of Mughal Gardens in India.
In brief, the Mughal Gardens refer to the gardens proposed by the Mughals in the Islamic style during the period of their rule in India as well as other countries. Mughals were known for their keen interest in art and architecture apart from their interest in vigorous border extension and war policies.
Their fascinating way of architecture and design included blending nature with the design of monument and skills of fusing canals in between the area of the garden is simply fabulous!
Consequently, they built many historical monuments and gardens during their rule. Some of the examples of Mughal Gardens in India are the Red Fort garden, the Agra Fort garden, the garden of Taj Mahal, Khusro Bagh etc. Not only these gardens attract a lot of tourists but also adds greenery amidst the colonies of skyscrapers. They are a way of preserving the environment in a remarkable way. So, here we’ve compiled a list of 12 Famous And Most Visited Gardens in India
1.) Taj Mahal Garden
Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the modern world is known for its marvellous architecture and is marked as the symbol of love. Every year many tourists come to visit this historical monument. What adds to the charm of this place is the “charbagh” or Mughal garden between the passage of the tomb and the gateway! The charbagh garden is designed in a manner that the pathways divide it into the four quarters. This Moonlight Garden also has a large lotus shaped marble tank in between. What amazes everyone is the presence of trees and fountains throughout this beautiful garden. This monument is an apt example of stupendous Mughal architecture.
2). Presidential Gardens
The Rashtrapati Bhavan, Delhi is known for it’s wonderful design and architecture. The Rashtrapati Bhavan Garden also known as Presidential Gardens is situated on the backside of the Rashtrapati Bhavan. It is only in the month of February every year that this Mughal Garden can be accessed by the tourists. This Mughal style garden is one of the best-managed gardens in India and has a large variety of flora species with rose being the prime flower.
3). Humayun’s Tomb Garden
The next garden to be featured on our list of 12 Famous And Most Beautiful Mughal Gardens in India is Humayun’s Tomb Garden. This is another char bagh garden, that is designed in a typical later Mughal Garden style. Inspired by the Islamic architecture, this garden is located at Delhi itself and it started the trend of garden-tomb in the Indian subcontinent. If you’re ever in Delhi, I’ll suggest visiting this place at least once!
4). Mehtab Bagh
Mehtab Bagh is the next Mughal Garden on our list. This charbagh complex is situated in the city of Agra, somewhere north of the Taj Mahal-the symbol of love and Agra Fort, on the opposite side of the sacred Yamuna river. This bagh is aligned perfectly on the opposite bank of the marvellous Taj Mahal. It is a square-shaped garden and was built by the first Mughal emperor Babur.
5). Nishat Garden
The next Mughal garden on our list is Nishat Garden. This is the second largest Mughal garden found in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a terraced garden, situated on the eastern side of the Dal Lake near the city of Srinagar, the capital of Kashmir. On a whole, this garden has 12 terraces which are divided into two sections. The sight of magnificent Pir Pranjal is a visual delight for you if you’re visiting this garden!
6). Brindavan Gardens
Brindavan Garden is the next garden on our list. Situated in the city of Mysore, Brindavan Garden is one of the most beautiful gardens in the country. This garden lies adjacent to the Krishnarajsagara dam built across the Kaveri river in the south. This Mughal Garden is also somewhat inspired by the Shalimar Gardens in Srinagar. It is one of the most popular destinations in the city of Mysore and is visited by approximately 2 million tourists every year. This garden comprises three terraces along with many fountains and flora species surrounding these terraces. Some of the unique features of this Mughal garden are pergolas, gazebos and topiary work.
7). Shalimar Bagh
Shalimar Bagh situated at Srinagar is the next big thing on our list. There is no denial in the fact that it is one of the most enticing gardens in the country. Also famous as Shalamar Gardens, this garden was built by the Mughal ruler Jahangir. Though at times this garden was transformed by various rulers but that essence of original Shalimar Bagh was always preserved. This garden has three terrace formation and many fountains within its garden complex.
8). Yadavindra Gardens
Yadavindra Gardens or commonly known as Pinjore Garden is one of the most fascinating gardens found in the country. This garden is situated in a small town named Pinjore in the Panchkula district in Haryana. This Mughal garden was built by the rulers of the Patiala dynasty. This garden comprises of 7 terrace gardens along with a temple and zoo adjoining the garden. This garden also has an amusement park named TimeOut and a food joint named Oasis in the garden complex itself. If you’re planning a picnic away from the city lights, then you should visit this place at least once! The garden looks amazing during the night time. The ideal time to visit Pinjore garden is at the time of Baisakhi in the month of April and during the Mango Festival in June.
Verinag is a small town in the state of Jammu and Kashmir famous for its spellbinding beauty. This town falls in Anantnag district and is the first tourist spot of the Kashmir valley. Verinag Spring and the garden was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The design comprises of an octagonal tank where reminiscents of Hindu idols along with an age-old temple could also be found. This tourist spot also has provisions for a hot and cold bath and is one of the most beautiful Mughal gardens in the country.
10). Khusro Bagh
The next Mughal garden on our list is Khusro Bagh. This Mughal garden is situated in the city of Allahabad. This Mughal Garden is a large walled garden and marks the multiple tombs i.e., the tombs of Khausrau Mirza, Shah Begum, and Khusrau’s sister. Nowadays, it is a public park situated near the Allahabad Junction Station and is open for all. On a historical note, Jahangir used the garden premises for imprisoning Khusrau for rebelling against him. It is expected that soon a township will be set up around this Mughal garden.
11). Safdarjung’s Tomb
Safdarjung Tomb is the next Mughal Garden on our list. It is the second example of the garden-tomb structure in the county after Humayun’s Tomb. This garden is also situated in the national capital Delhi. The design of this garden is also a ‘Charbagh‘ structure- somewhat a replica of Humayun’s tomb. The garden premises comprise of wide pathways, four squares and number of water tanks around them. Furthermore, the beauty of the garden is enhanced by the presence of a number of water channels in between.
12). Roshanara Bagh
Last but not the least, Roshanara Bagh is the next Mughal garden that bagged a spot on our list. This Mughal Garden was built by the Roshanara Begum, the second daughter of Shah Jahan and was named after her. This garden is situated near the University of Delhi and is a home to many flora and fauna species. Every year a large number of birds migrate to the lake present in the garden premises. It is a pure delight to visit this place during the winter months!
This marks the end of our list of 12 Famous And Most Visited Gardens in India. Do mention about your experiences in the comment section.