10 Famous Historical Monuments in India

1.) Taj-Mahal – The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen.

Taj-Mahal
Taj-Mahal

2.) Khajuraho Temples – Khajuraho, a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 620 kilometres southeast of New Delhi, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their erotic sculptures. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is considered to be one of the “seven wonders” of India. The Khajuraho temples are made of sandstone. The builders didn’t use mortar: the stones were put together with mortise and tenon joints and they were held in place by gravity.

Khajuraho Temples
Khajuraho Temples

3.) Ajanta and Ellora Caves – The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra, are about 300 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE. The caves include paintings and sculptures described by the government Archaeological Survey of India as the finest surviving examples of Indian art, particularly painting, which are masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales. The caves form the largest corpus of early Indian wall-painting; other survivals from the area of modern India are very few, though they are related to 5th-century paintings at Sigiriya in Sri Lanka.

Ajanta and Ellora Caves
Ajanta and Ellora Caves

4.) Sun Temple, Konark – is a 13th century Sun Temple (also known as the Black Pagoda), at Konark, in Odisha. It was supposedly built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty around 1250. It has been built in the shape of a gigantic chariot with elaborately carved stone wheels, pillars and walls. A major part of the structure is now in ruins. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also featured on NDTV’s list of Seven Wonders of India and Times of India’s list of Seven Wonders of India.

Sun Temple
Sun Temple

5.) Red Fort – known locally as Lal Qila is a 17th-century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in the walled city of Old Delhi that served as the residence of the Mughal Emperors. The design is commonly credited to Mughal architect Ustad Ahmad. The construction of the fort began in 1638 and was completed by 1648. It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government. The fort is shaped like an octagon with the north-south axis longer than the east-west axis. The use of marble, floral decorations, double domes in the buildings inside the fort exemplifies a very high level of art form and ornamental work. It is believed that the Kohinoor diamond was a part of the furniture.

Red Fort
Red Fort

6.) Golden Temple – also known as Harimandir Sahib, a prominent Sikh Gurdwara, located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab is considered holy by Sikhs. The holiest text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, is always present inside the Gurdwara. Its construction was mainly intended to build a place of worship for men and women from all walks of life and all religions to come and worship God equally. Much of the present decorative gilding and marblework dates from the early 19th century. The gold plating on the Harmandir Sahib was begun by Ranjit Singh & Hukam Singh Chimni was finished in 1830. Over 100,000 people visit the holy shrine daily for worship.

Golden Temple
Golden Temple

7.) Mausoleum of Fatehpur Sikri – is a city and a municipal board in Agra district in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The city was founded in 1569 by the Mughal emperor Akbar. He took a great interest in the building of Fatehpur Sikri and probably also dictated its architectural style. And that is the reason that Fatehpur Sikri is one of the best preserved collections of Mughal architecture in India. Some of the important buildings in this city, both religious and secular are: Buland Darwaza, Jama Masjid, Tomb of Salim Chishti, Diwan-i-Aam/Khas, Ibadat Khana, Birbal’s House, Panch Mahal, etc.

Fatehpur Sikri
Fatehpur Sikri

8.) Ancient Nalanda University – was established in 5th century AD by Gupta Kings. Nalanda was the first great university in recorded history and one of the world’s first residential university as it had dormitories for students In its heyday, it accommodated over 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers.The university was considered an architectural masterpiece, and was marked by a lofty wall and one gate. Nalanda had eight separate compounds and ten temples, along with many other meditation halls and classrooms. On the grounds were lakes and parks. The library was located in a nine storied building where meticulous copies of texts were produced. It is also one of the most famous universities.

Nalanda
Nalanda

9.) Hampi monuments – Hampi is a village in northern Karnataka state, India. It is located within the remnants of Vijayanagara, the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire. Predating the city of Vijayanagara, it continues to be an important religious centre, housing the Virupaksha Temple, as well as several other monuments belonging to the old city. The ruins are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, listed as the Group of Monuments at Hampi. The temple houses the famous musical pillars. The British wanted to check the reason behind this wonder and so they had cut two pillars to check anything was there inside the pillars that was producing the sound. They had found nothing but hollow pillars. Even today we can see those pillars cut by the British.

Hampi
Hampi

10.) Victoria Memorial – officially called Victoria Memorial Hall, is a memorial building dedicated to Victoria and was intended to serve as a tribute to the success of the British Empire in India, located in Kolkata (Calcutta). It currently serves as a museum and a tourist attraction. It is an autonomous organisation within the Indian Ministry of Culture. The memorial is the largest repository in India for relics of the visual history of Calcutta. It also has a major collection of paintings, sculptures and manuscripts from the British period.

Victoria Memorial
Victoria Memorial

One thought on “10 Famous Historical Monuments in India

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    India has been home to many foreign rulers and cultures and the present day India is a result of the fusion of these foreign cultures with pre-existing arts and cultures of India.
    These buildings of historical interests are fine example of various cultures that once existed in the country in the purest form.

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