If we look a bit into the History or even go back a thousand years, we’ll find out that geographical location and structure of a landmass was a deciding factor mostly in deciding how and to what extent it would be sustainable to declare the boundaries of a nation. The ideas of a nation have changed over the years, precisely from the era of empires to the French Revolution giving birth to the idea of a nation, but what hasn’t changed in all these years is the role of geography in the location suitability of a certain group or civilizations of people that today are the reverse-revised version of a country recognized by its sovereignty. Of all the geographical factors, some major ones are oceans, seas, rivers, mountain ranges, and desserts at times.
Mountain Ranges and the approximate inability to conquer and rule both sides of a range has been a deciding factor in how most of the nations are today defined by the mountain ranges that they adorn. Be it the mighty Himalayan Range bifurcating India from the People’s Republic of China. Similarly, the Ural Mountain range separates Asia from Europe. Thus, as evident mountain ranges are a deciding factor in ensuring what a country looks like. India is also defined by various mountain ranges some of which boast about the tallest mountain summits on our planet.
India has a proper hilly region in its north-east and also has some decent heightened mountains on the eastern and western ghats as well. India is as diverse as its people when it comes to its terrain. Today we would be discussing the ten majors most mountain ranges of India.
1.The Himalaya Range
Himalayas is one of the most magnificent mountain ranges in the world. The word Himalaya comes from the Sanskrit word Him and Alaya which translates to ‘abode of snow’. If you ever get a chance to visit these, you’ll know the justice these mountains do to their name. These ranges were formed when two tectonic plates collided and are one of the recent most formations and hence the youngest ranges of India.
This range has 100+ mountains with a height of more than 7200 meters. This mountain range has every highest peak in the world except a few and hence we can say that these are the tallest mountain ranges in the World. Its eastern point is the Namcha Barwa and the western point is the Nanga Parbat. Mount Everest lies in the Himalayan Range in the Nepal region. It melts down into various rivers namely the Indus, the Ganges, and the Brahmaputra.
2. Karakoram Range
These ranges lie to the north-west of the Himalayan Range. A bigger portion of this range lies in the disputed area between Pakistan and India and both countries claim their authority over this mountain range. K2, the second-highest peak of the world at 8611m lies in this range.
After polar glaciers, this mountain range has the most no. of and some of the biggest glaciers of the World, namely Siachen Glacier and the Biafo glacier, which are the second and the third biggest glaciers of the World. The length of this range is approximately 500 km.
3. Pir Panjal Range
The Pir Panjal Range lies in the south of the Himalayan range. It starts from Himachal Pradesh and goes on to the northwest to the disputed area of Jammu and Kashmir. This one is also known as the lower Himalayas. Ravi, Chenab, and Jhelum flow through this range, and a lot of hill stations lie in this range as well.
4. Purvanchal Range
This range is also known as the eastern mountain range because it is the extension of the Himalayas to the eastern part of India. These ranges have a formation pattern similar to the Himalayas but are not as high as the Himalayas. This range has three parts specifically: The Patkai-Bum Hill, The Mizo Hill, and the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia Hills. Lying in the Khasi Hill, Mawsynram, the wettest place on the Earth has this nature because of these hills. Commonly, for better understanding, these ranges are spread in the whole of the Seven sisters.
5. The Satpura and Vindhya range
Both of these ranges lie in central India and both run parallel to each other. Rivers like Narmada and Tapti are sourced by the Satpura Range which is higher in length. Both of these ranges are situated primarily in Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh. Kalumar Peak at 752 meters and Duphgarh Peak at 1350 meters are the highest points in these ranges. These ranges are a huge tourist attraction and hence bring a lot of revenue to these states.
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6. The Aravalli Range
With a width of 10 to 100-kilo meters, these mountain ranges are the oldest mountain ranges of India. In the local Rajasthani language, Aravalli means a line of peaks. Its length is approximately 800-kilo meters and is primarily existent in Rajasthan. Rajasthan being dry has a lot to do with these mountain ranges. Guru Shikhar at an elevation of 1722 meters is the highest point in these ranges. Banas, Sabarmati, and Luni are the major rivers in this range.
7. The Western Ghats
As the name suggests, these mountain ranges are located on the western ghats of India. It is a 1600 meters long mountain range that runs from Gujrat to Kanyakumari in South India and is popularly called the Sahyadri Mountains. Three sub-ranges namely the Nilgiris, the Annamalai, and the Cardamom are the ones that make this mountain range. It is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.
8. The Eastern Ghats
It runs parallel to the Bay of Bengal. It isn’t continuous and isn’t as tall as other ranges in India. Arma Konda at 1650 meters is the highest point in this range. Vishakhapatnam and Bhuvneshwar are the important cities located in these ranges.
9. Dhauladhar Range
It is a part of the Himalayan Mountains. It is located specifically in Himachal Pradesh and goes from Indian Planes to the North of Kangra and Mandi. Dhauladhar is known as the beautiful most sub-range in The Himalayas and hence creates a lot of revenue through tourism.
10. Hindu Kush Mountain range
The Hindu Kush is an 800-kilo meter long-range that exists from Afghanistan to Pakistan, Tajikistan, and some to the disputed area of POK. It’s referred to as the western section of the Himalayan range. This one is the westernmost extension of the Pamir and the Karakoram ranges. It is at an elevation of 7690 meters and the highest point on this peak is the Naw Shakh. It is located in four different countries and calling it purely Indian would not be correct but it serves as a strategic geopolitical range and hence is one of the major ranges of India.
So, these were our picks for the major ten mountain ranges of India. If you belong to the Hills, tell us your hometown in terms of the Mountain range it lies in, in the comments section. If not, which one of these are you planning on visiting. I’d personally recommend the Dhauladhar and the Pir Panjal range.
Till then. Stay safe. Stay Healthy.
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