India is a very large country in terms of area and is the 7th largest country in the world. This land is so big that it contains a huge channel made by a lot of rivers that pass through this land. These rivers have made some large freshwater lakes throughout the Indian land. There are some artificial lakes too that were made by humans but they are also a result of water from these rivers.

India’s largest lake is Vembanad that has an area of 2033 sq km and a depth of 12m. Vembanad is located in Kerala and is a half fresh half brackish. Brackish is water that is slightly saline but lesser than seawater. In this article, we are covering only freshwater lakes so some large lakes like Vembanad, Chilika, Pangong Tso and Pulikat lake would be out of the list due to the saline nature of there water. So’ here is a list 10 largest freshwater Lakes in India.

1. Shivaji Sagar Lake

Shiva Sagar, Maharashtra

Shivaji Sagar is the largest artificial freshwater lake in India and is located in Maharashtra. It has a surface area of 891.78 km2 (344 sq mi) and a maximum depth of 80 m (260 ft) making the whole water volume in Shivaji Sagar 2,797,400,000 cubic meters. It is basically a water reservoir which is a result of the construction of the Konya dam Konya river. Konya dam was constructed in 1964 and its construction resulted in the largest artificial freshwater lake in India. Shivaji Sagar is named after legendary Maratha ruler Shivaji. Shivaji Sagar is located near Mahableshwar.

2. Indira Sagar lake

Indira Sagar, Telangana

Indira is another artificial freshwater lake in India and is the second largest coming after Shivaji Sagar in terms of Surface area. It has a surface area of 627 sq. km. It is also a water reservoir and is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh. It is built as a result of the Indira Sagar Dam on the Narmada river. Indira Sagar is one of the most important dams in India, it helps in irrigation of 1,230 square kilometers of land and produces a power of 1000 MW. Its construction began in the year 1992 and was finalized in 2005. It is named after late Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi.

3. Sardar Sarovar lake

Sardar Sarovar, Gujarat

Sardar Sarovar is also a man-made freshwater lake located in Navagam in the state of Gujarat. It is a result of Sardar Sarovar Dam, which is also built on the river Narmada. It is also a water reservoir that provides water to four states Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan. It was completed in 2017 and was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This water reservoir irrigates 18,000 km2 (6,900 sq mi) of land. There are total 30 dams built on the Narmada river and Sardar Sarovar is largest of them.

4. Loktak Lake

Loktak, Manipur

Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeastern India and some considered it to be the largest too but its argued due to the several small floating islands on this lake. It is located in the state of Manipur and has a surface area of 287 sq. km. It is a relatively shallow lake has an average depth of 4.6 m. It is located on a height of 768.5 m (2,521 ft). Loktak produces 1,500 tonnes (6,600,000 lb) of fishery every year and it has 1,00,000 people living around it. Loktak has reported being home of 425 species of animals out of which 249 are vertebrae.

5. Nagarjuna Sagar Lake

Nagarjunasagar, Telangana

Nagarjuna Sagar is another artificial freshwater lake and it is also a water reservoir. It is located in the Nalgonda district of Telangana State. It is a reservoir of Nagarjuna Sagar Dam which is one of the tallest and biggest Masonry dams in the world and was built in 1967. Nagarjuna Sagar lake is 285 sq. km making it the fifth-largest freshwater reservoir in India. It is built across the Krishna river. This lake provides irrigation water to the Nalgonda, Suryapet, Krishna, Khammam, Guntur, and Prakasam districts. Nagarjuna Sagar is also a famous tourist spot near Hyderabad.

6. Wular Lake

Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir

Wular lake is considered as the largest natural freshwater lake in India but its area changes drastically from season to season. It can be 12 square miles (30 square kilometers) to 100 square miles (260 square kilometers). Its water came from Jhelum river and it is located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Wular lake has a maximum depth is of 12 meters. Wular lake is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Jammu and Kashmir and is known for boating and water skiing. Wular has also lost some of its surface areas due to Willow plantations.

7. Kolleru Lake

Kolleru Lake

Kolleru lake is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh and is a natural freshwater lake. It has a surface area of 245 sq. km and is a shallow lake with an average depth of 1 m and a maximum depth of 2 m. It also has an island in it which is named as Kolletikota and also called as (Heart of Kolleru Lake). This lake is also a tourist attraction due to the immigrant birds coming there in winters. In 1999 Kolleru lake and area around it were declared as wildlife sanctuary which has an area of 308 km2. The total population of the birds in this lake can reach 20 million in winter.

8. Gobind Sagar

Gobind Sagar, Himachal Pradesh

Gobind Sagar is an artificial freshwater lake located in the state of Himachal Pradesh in district Bilaspur and Una. It has a depth of 163.07 m (535.0 ft) and an area of 168 sq. km. It is built on the Sutlej river and to maintain the flow of Beas river it was connected to the Gobind Sagar in 1976 by Beas-Sutlej link. This lake has ferries and water sports as its main attraction. This reservoir is very large it has a length of 56 km and 3 km breadth. Speedboating is one the popular water sports that Gobind Sagar offers.

9. Dhebar Lake

Dhebar Lake, Rajasthan

Dhebar lake is located in the Udaipur district of the state of Rajasthan. It is one of the oldest artificial freshwater lakes and was built in the 17th century by Rana Jai Singh back then it was the largest artificial lake in the world. It has an area of 87 km2 (34 sq mi) and a maximum depth of 102 ft (31 m). It gets its water from the Gomati River. It was created due to the large marble dam built across the Gomati river to fulfill the irrigation needs of nearby areas. Dhebar lake has three islands on it.

10. Kanwar Lake

Kanwar lake, Bihar

Kanwar lake is located in the state of Bihar and is also known as Kabar Taal lake. It is a natural freshwater lake and has an area of 67.5 km2. In 1987 Kanwar Lake became a bird century that is home to 106 species of birds, 60 of them are immigrants from central Asia that came to India during winters. Some of the birds that come to Kanwar lake are the Oriental white-backed vulture, the Long-billed vulture, Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubiu), Greater spotted eagle (Aquila clanga), Lesser Kestrel (Falco naumanni) and Sarus crane (Grus Antigone). The presence of these birds makes Kanwar lake a perfect place for bird watchers.

Below is the list of 140 other major Lakes in India

Lakes NameLocationState Name
Agara LakeBengaluruKarnataka
Alwal Cheruvu LakeSecunderabadTelangana
Ana Sagar LakeAjmerRajasthan
Anshupa LakeCuttackOdisha
Ashtamudi LakeKollamKerala
Badkhal LakeFaridabadHaryana
Barua Sagar TalBarua Sagar cityUttar Pradesh
Belasagar LakeKulpaharUttar Pradesh
Bellandur LakeBengaluruKarnataka
Berijam LakeDindigulTamil Nadu
Bhimtal LakeBhimtalUttarakhand
Blue Bird LakeHisarHaryana
Brahma SarovarThanesarHaryana
Brighu LakeKulluHimachal Pradesh
Chandra TaalLahaul and SpitiHimachal Pradesh
Chandubi LakeGuwhataiAssam
Chembarambakkam LakeChennaiTamil Nadu
Chilka LakePuriOdisha
Dal LakeSrinagarJammu and Kashmir
Dashir LakeKeylongHimachal Pradesh
Deepor BeelGuwahatiAssam
Dhankar LakeKulluHimachal Pradesh
Dhebar LakeUdaipurRajasthan
Dudh TalaiUdaipurRajasthan
Durgam CheruvuHyderabadTelangana
East Calcutta WetlandsKolkataWest Bengal
Fateh Sagar LakeUdaipurRajasthan
Gorewada LakeNagpurMaharashtra
Gurudongmar LakeNorth SikkimSikkim
Haflong LakeSilcharAssam
Hamirsar LakeBhujGujarat
Harike WetlandTarn Taran SahibPunjab
Hebbal LakeBengaluruKarnataka
Himayat SagarHyderabadTelangana
Hussain SagarHyderabadTelangana
Kanjia lakeBhubaneswarOdisha
Kanjli WetlandKapurthalaPunjab
Kankaria LakeAhmedabadGujarat
Kanwar LakeBegusaraiBihar
Karanji lakeMysoreKarnataka
Kareri lakeDharamsalaHimachal Pradesh
Karna LakeUchanaHaryana
Kaylana LakeJodhpurRajasthan
Keetham LakeAgraUttar Pradesh
Khajjiar LakeChambaHimachal Pradesh
Khecheopalri LakePelling, West SikkimSikkim
Kodaikanal LakeKodaikanalTamil Nadu
Kolleru LakeVijayawadaAndhra Pradesh
Kukkarahalli lakeMysoreKarnataka
Lake CholamuNorth SikkimSikkim
Lake SalusagarSikar Rajasthan
Lake TsongmoEast SikkimSikkim
Lakhota LakeJamnagarGujarat
Lalbagh Lake BengaluruKarnataka
Lingambudhi Lake MysoreKarnataka
Loktak LakeMoirangManipur
Lonar LakeLonarMaharashtra
Lower Lake, BhopalBhopalMadhya Pradesh
Maanaanchira LakeKozhikodeKerala
Macchial LakeMandiHimachal Pradesh
Madiwala Lake BengaluruKarnataka
Maharana Pratap SagarKangraHimachal Pradesh
Man Sagar lakeJaipurRajasthan
Manasbal LakeSrinagarJammu and Kashmir
Manimahesh LakeChambaHimachal Pradesh
Manimahesh LakeChambaHimachal Pradesh
Mansar LakeJammuJammu and Kashmir
Mir Alam TankHyderabadTelangana
Moti Jheel, KanpurKanpurUttar Pradesh
Nainital LakeNainitalUttarakhand
Nakki LakeSirohiRajasthan
Nako LakeKinnaurHimachal Pradesh
Nal SarovarAhmedabad-WestGujarat
Narayan SarovarBhujGujarat
Ooty LakeUdhagamandalamTamil Nadu
Osman SagarHyderabadTelangana
Pachpadra LakeBarmerRajasthan
Padinjare chira LakeThrissurKerala
Palak Dil LakeSaihaMizoram
Pampa SarovarKoppalKarnataka
Pandoh LakeMandiHimachal Pradesh
Pangong TsoJammuJammu and Kashmir
Paravur KayalKollamKerala
Pashan LakePuneMaharashtra
Pichola lakeUdaipurRajasthan
Powai LakeMumbaiMaharashtra
Prashar LakeMandiHimachal Pradesh
Pulicat LakeCoromandel CoastAndhra Pradesh & Tamil Nadu border
Punnamada Lake or Vembanad lakeAlappuzhaKerala
Pushkar LakeAjmerRajasthan
Puttenahalli Lake BengaluruKarnataka
Rabindra Sarobar LakeKolkataWest Bengal
Rajsamand LakeKankroliRajasthan
Ramgarh LakeJaipurRajasthan
Ramgarh Taal LakeGorakhpurUttar Pradesh
Rangsagar lakeUdaipurRajasthan
Rankala LakeKolhapurMaharashtra
Red Hills Lake or Puzhal lakeChennaiTamil Nadu
Renuka LakeSirmourHimachal Pradesh
Rewalsar LakeMandiHimachal Pradesh
Ropar WetlandRupnagarPunjab
Sambhar Salt LakeJaipurRajasthan
Sankey LakeBengaluruKarnataka
Sannihit SarovarThanesarHaryana
Santragachhi LakeSantragachhiWest Bengal
Saroornagar LakeHyderabadTelangana
Sattal Lake BhimtalUttarakhand
Senchal LakeDarjeelingWest Bengal
Seruvalsar LakeChambaHimachal Pradesh
Shamirpet LakeHyderabadTelangana
Shasthamkotta lakeKollamKerala
Sheikha JheelAligarhUttar Pradesh
Sheshnag LakeAnantnagJammu and Kashmir
Shivajisagar lakeSataraMaharashtra
Sholavaram LakeThiruvallurTamil Nadu
Siliserhlake, AlwarAlwarRajasthan
Singanallur LakeCoimbatoreTamil Nadu
Son BeelKarimganjAssam
Suraj TaalLahaul and SpitiHimachal Pradesh
Surajkund LakeSunamHaryana
Sursagar LakeVadodaraGujarat
Swaroopsagar lakeUdaipurRajasthan
Talao Pali LakeThaneMaharashtra
Tam Dil LakeAizawlMizoram
Thol LakeAhmedabad (West)Gujarat
Tilyar LakeRohtakHaryana
Tso MoririJammuJammu and Kashmir
Ulsoor Lake BengaluruKarnataka
Umiam LakeShillongMeghalaya
Upper LakeBhopalMadhya Pradesh
Upvan LakeThaneMaharashtra
Vastrapur LakeAhmedabad (West)Gujarat
Veeranam LakeCuddaloreTamil Nadu
Vellayani LakeThiruvananthapuramKerala
Venna LakeMahabaleshwarMaharashtra
Wular LakeSrinagarJammu and Kashmir

Nikunj Sharma

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