The world cannot be imagined without beautiful invention by the almighty being called Humans. The global human population has been counted approx 7.6 billion in December 2017 and highly encouraging this population part with developing world is India – a federal union incorporates with twenty-nine states and seven union territories (the total of 36 states including union territories). These states and union territories obviously are filled with it increasing population as the current charts show India reached 1,349,391,292 this 10th March 2018 based on United Nations estimate. As country ranks number 2nd in the list of countries by population.
If we see a bit highlighting with the population part India during the year 1975- 2019 the population doubled to 1.2 billion, as the mark of being reaching the billion was in 1998 although it is being projected that India will be the world’s most populous country by 2024. India has more than 50% population with below the age 25 and 65% below the age of 35 as it is also expected to be in 2020, the average age of Indian will be 29 years as compared to 37 for China and 48 for Japan by 2030.
With more than two thousand ethnic groups and every religion in India is represented, as four main families of languages (Indo-European, Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic and Sino-Tibetan Languages) also two isolated language Nihali, that spoken in Maharashtra and the Burushaski language in Jammu & Kashmir.
Endlessly Indian is a country with numerous cities, towns, and villages and a great diversity of people with divergent cultures, languages, religions, etc. With the population chart let’s have a glimpse of 10 largest and populated cities of India.
The city Mumbai is one of the most populous cities in India, as the city is also known as Bombay and capital of Maharashtra. Mumbai considered the top metropolitan of India with increase ratio of 2.5 million populations in last 5 years. With the various religious groups in Mumbai according to the year, 2011 includes 65.99% Hindus, 4.85% Jains, 20.65% Muslims, and 3.27% Christians also 4.10% Buddhists, 0.58% Sikhs and Parsis making up the remaining of the overall population. The city has experienced fast growth over the past twenty years, which has led to an increased number of residents living in slums. Mumbai has raised the growth of its largest slum, Dharavi, as Malad- Dahisar region of west and Chembur- Govandi region in the east have grown the fastest growing in last 10 decades. The density in Mumbai is assessed to be approximately 20,482 persons per square kilometer, whereas the other side for its high population is most of celebrities and personalities reside permanently in the city like Mumbai.
With the chart graphs Mumbai has an estimated population with 28 million by the year 2030, which means that the current ranking 6th in the world would move up the city to 4th in the list of world most populous city. As area wise 4355 sq km Mumbai stands at first in the list with the largest, also the city of dreams is one of the wealthiest, busiest and the most populous city in India
- Estimated Population statistics Mumbai 2018 = 22.05 million
2.) New Delhi
Moving to the next in the list with the second populous city, New Delhi our capital city of India, itself has a population of 257, 803. The city official language is widely spoken is Hindi. Being a capital of India New Delhi play an important role in government and commercial business, as it is expected to continue to grow. The NCR includes neighboring cities such as Baghpat, Alwar, Sonepat, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Noida etc. Whereas Delhi has a rapidly growing population, which was 16.7 million in 2011, and the city has a population density of 29, 259.12 people per square mile which is one of the highest in the world.
With an old past data of this city the time period 2012-2016, the capital has perceived an increase in a ratio of 5 million over half decade with high figures from 400,00 in the year 1901. It is being expected by the year 2020 Delhi would be the third biggest metropolis after Mumbai and Tokyo in the world. As religion wise the city is most commonly followed with Hinduism, with 89.8% of the residents following this religion also has residents with Muslims, Christian, Sikh, Jain, Jewish. The city increased population reasoned because of it is capital of a country which appeals and attract to more opportunities for job, politics, and livelihood from all parts of the country.
New Delhi is ranked 3rd in this list with largest 1484 sq km, as the city is rich with history and vibrant culture also with numerous exceptional tourist destinations.
•Estimated Population statistics New Delhi 2018 = 18.6 million
Our next city is our traditional, commercial and educational center of East India and one of the oldest operating ports in the country, Kolkata. The city is capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and located on Hooghly River. With an estimated population of 4.6 million, Kolkata is the largest urban area, includes the suburbs having a population of more than 14.3 million, this makes the city India’s 3rd most populous metropolitan area. Kolkata has a very high population density of 24,000 people per square kilometer. If comparing the literacy rates it’s higher about 87% in the city, whereas Indian average rate is of 74%. The city has a lower sex ratio as a whole with 899 females for every 1,000 males.
In another fact Kolkata also a very critical role in the economic part as well as military activities in the eastern region of India since it is the only international airport in the area, the city represents the cultural hub in the country with deep roots in art, drama, theatre, film, and literature.
With the growth prospectus, Kolkata is no longer the fastest growing urban area in Bengal, as Asansol has now taken this title. It has been predicted that the city urban area will have an estimated population of 20.1 million by the year 2025.The city is 2nd with the largest city in India with 1851sq km.
- Estimated Population statistics Kolkata 2018 = 14.3 million
Tamil Nadu capital, Chennai is the next city also voted the safest city the year 2015. With the larger Chennai, the metropolitan area covers 459.07 in an area with it home about 8,653,521 people. The population in Chennai is maximum are Tamils and few south Indians, as Tamil is the essential dialect spoken in major part of Chennai. The city also, formerly Madras, located near the Coromandel Coast near the Bay of Bengal. The estimated ratio population of 4.9 million people Chennai ranks 4th in India.
The city has an approx population of 4.9 million with an area grown from 176 square kilometers. With a stable factor, the city continues its growth pattern, as many of its people are categorized as “slum people” who reside far below the poverty line. As city Chennai is also stated the health capital of India, also it is expanded in the total area of 1189sq km. Chennai is also famous for its traditional culture, cosmopolitan lifestyle, classic art, historic monuments, latest technology and fast-growing economic growth at one place. The city has more than 33% of India’s automobile industry.
- Estimated Population statistics Chennai 2018 = 8.7 million
The IT hub called, Banglore the city comes in 5th in position with an area 742 sq km. The capital of state Karnataka, Banglore is located in the southeastern region of the state on the Deccan Plateau. If we have a look on about the population set then about 79% of the population is Hindu, which is line with the Indian national average, whereas the Muslims account for 13% of the population and also followed with Christians 6% and Jain 1%. Over just ten years of graphs, the city has increased in population with 47% only in ten years, which has been assets the growing opportunities and growth that are bringing people from across the country.
Over this city more is vibrant and especially famous for its moderate climate, throughout the year, also it is the second fastest growing economies in India with an average economic growth of 10.3%. The city female-male ratio is much skewed as 908 women for every 1,000 men, with the also lowest work participation rate among women, with just 24% of women working.
- Estimated Population statistics Banglore 2018 = 8.5 million
As in list with the largest the city of pearls Hyderabad is ranked on 9th, about 650 sq km the city is the capital of state Telangana which is located on the bank of River Musi. In the year 2014, the estimated population of Hyderabad counted 8.7 million which makes the city that year city of 4th most populous in India. With an estimated population 8.7 million the density of 18, 480 people per square kilometer has been recorded.
On other graphs with the religion; Hinduism is the most common religion practiced in the city with 55.5%, Muslims 41%, Christians 2.5%, Jains 0.5% and very few with Buddhists and Sikhs. Around 13% of the population in Hyderabad city lives below poverty line, with at least 1,476 slums, and with 1.7 million lives in the core of the city that made the Hyderabad up before the expansion in 2007. The growth rate of the city is counted as one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in all India.
The city is also the economic powerhouse of Telangana.
- Estimated Population statistics Hyderabad 2018 = 7.75 million
Ahmedabad is the largest city of Gujrat state is still a judicial capital since Gujarat High court is located there. In a year, 2016 the estimated population of Ahmedabad is over 7 million in the urban agglomeration, though that makes the city as largest metropolitan area. Ahmedabad was the former capital city of Gujarat state. As the approximately 31,000 rural families living in Ahmedabad with 1,700 of them living poverty line. Ahmedabad has a ratio of sex with 897 women to every 1000 men. Ahmedabad is the 2nd oldest stock exchange market and the 2nd largest cotton industry as well.
With the growth of population chart the area where Ahmedabad is located has been populated since the 11th century. The city majorly grew by about one and a half million people by the last census in the year 2011, as it is predicted by the year 2021 there could by nearly 9 million people residing in Ahmedabad.
- Estimated Population statistics Ahmedabad 2018 = 6.3 million
Our next in list with the ranking of second-largest city of Maharashtra, Pune is 9th on the list as largest area wise. Pune is located on the Mutha River and it was once the power center of Maratha Empire. The city covers about 281 square miles of area. In Pune, an estimated 50% of its total population is of international students. Pune has also appeared as the manufacturing and IT center with the 6th higher capita income in India. With an average age, 62% of the population is under 30 with a sharing an average age people 25-34. Religion-wise the most common Pune by far is crowded with Hinduism, although there are many Jewish synagogues, churches, Buddhist Viharas, Jain temples and other religious centers in the city.
With the fastest growing cities Pune, the year 1991-2001 the city grew by the 40% increase from 1.6 million to 2.5 million. The estimated population will hit 5.6 million by the year 2031.
- Estimated Population statistics Pune 2018 = 5.0 million
Surat is our next in the list with fastest growing in the world and on eighth in the largest city of India. With the majority sets people in Surat associate themselves with Hinduism, with 87% in total with the following religion. Surat is a port in India and the capital of the Surat district. With a coverage area city is on 126.068 square miles of land, and is home to around 4.5 million residents 65% of the city’s population is connected to the internet, also city has set to become India’s first smart IT city. The literacy chart shows that the city is higher than the national average at 89%, where the male has been recorded at 93% while it is 84% for females, also there is a high rate of young people with 13% of the total population being under the age of 6.
As a point in population growth wise in recent times, the population has jumped to over 4.5 million in the city. The city has earned a reputed one of the best cities in India.
- Estimated Population statistics Surat 2018 = 4.5 million
Over with the list of cities, we cannot skip our Pink city Jaipur as one of the most consistently growing cities in the country. As with each year passing the population of Jaipur grows by steady 3% ratio and the current population remains strong at 3,653,927. The city is densely populated, with 598 people for every sq. km of land, as according to 2011 census states there 909 females for every 1000 with an exact ration of females 1,454, 070 compared to 1,619, 280 males.
You will have primary Hindu religion in the city, other religions represented Jaipur is Islam, which practiced by 7% of the population and remaining 4% with Christianity, Jainism, Sikh, and Buddhism.Our Pink city Jaipur is the largest city in state Rajasthan and also a capital of it. As an area, it is built on 187. 12 sq of land and it is to home 3.1 million people.
- Estimated Population statistics Jaipur 2018 = 3.1 million