India is a very large country, hence there is a lot of types of landscape you see here. A large portion of the Indian landscape includes deserts alongside grasslands and forests. Desert is the barren land where a very low or no amount of greenery is present. India’s large landscape has a lot of different deserted areas. However, being a completely barren land, these deserts can entertain some tourists too.
The tourists, which mainly like to get away from hustle and bustle of the city visit these deserted destinations. These destinations offer stunning views of the deserted landscape, that can set everyone’s mind at ease. These deserts can also be dangerous too, hence if you want to take a trip do it carefully. To increase your knowledge about deserts in India, we are coming with a list of 10 Biggest and popular Deserts in India.
1. Great Rann of Kutch
The Great Rann of Kutch often called as Rann or Kutch is located in the northern region of Gujarat. It has an area of 7500 sq km ( 2900 sq miles) and it is a part of Thar Desert. Its area spread from Gujarat to all the way to Pakistan border. It is basically a salt desert which looks white in appearance, hence called as the white desert. The weather in Kutch stay very hot mostly and reaches up to 50-degree Celcius and at night it can be lower than freezing point too. Every year hosts a 3-month festival called as Rann Utsav. This festival hosts a number of tourists. The main attraction of Rann Utsav is the shining white desert under the full moon.
2. The Thar Desert
Thar desert is the main desert of western India and all other deserts there its subparts. It has an area of 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi) making it the 17th largest desert in the world and 9th largest subtropic desert. Its 75 percent area is in India and rest is in Pakistan. Basically, most of the area of Rajasthan is in Thar desert. Thar desert consists of all kinds of subtropical desert landscape. Its 10 percent area is sand dunes and the rest consists of craggy rocks, grasslands, and dry salt lake patches. The weather in Thar desert stay very hot mostly and reaches up to 50-degree Celcius and at night it can be lower than freezing point too.
3. The Deccan Thorn Scrub Forests
The Deccan Thorn Scrub Forests are basically dry forests which cover most of the landscape of South India. They are mainly spread across the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Maharashtra. It is a very dry area and the temperature here can reach up to 40 degrees Celcius in summers. This terrain is mostly rocky hence there is no large vegetation in the area. Only bushes and small three survive in Deccan Thorn Scrub Forests. However, this area makes a home for 350 species of birds, which can survive here.
4. Spiti Valley Cold Desert
Spiti Valley is a cold desert located in the northern region of Himachal Pradesh. It is a completely barren land. Due to the high altitude and lack of oxygen, there is a very low amount of vegetation there. This landscape basically consists of huge barren mountains. These mountains make the whole landscape look stunning. Spiti Valley is a great getaway from hustle and bustle of the city and is a perfect location for people who want to get a view of the beautiful night sky in the mountains. Spiti valley is mostly closed during winters when there is heavy snowfall. Spiti Valley is also famous for Buddhist monasteries.
Pushkar is located in Ajmer district in the state of Rajasthan. It is basically a part of Thar Desert and the most of terrain in and near the town is sand dunes and craggy rocks. It is a religious place which is visited by Sikhs and Hindus. It has Gurudwaras dedicated to Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh and has the only Hindu temple dedicated to lord Bramaha, which is named as Jagatpita Brahma Mandir. Pushkar is also famous for hosting Pushkar fair every year, which attracts a lot of tourists throughout the year. In Pushkar tourist can also get camel rides too.
Bikaner is located in the northwest region of the state of Rajasthan. It is a city with an area of 155 km2 (60 sq mi) and a population of 644,406 as per 2011 census. It is one of the oldest cities in Rajasthan and consists of a terrain having sand dunes, where tourist can enjoy camel rides. Bikaner is also known of Rats temple, which is very unique. In the month of May temperature in Bikaner can reach up to 50 degrees and at night it can get as cold as -4 degrees too. Bikaner has various temples and palaces too, which become a great attraction for tourist.
Jodhpur is a city located in Rajasthan and is also known as the Blue City, due to a large number of Blue houses in the City. It is an old city and most of the part is bounded with large fort walls, which were made for protection from attackers. It has an area of 78.6 km2 (30.3 sq mi) and a population of 1,056,191 as per 2011 census. Jodhpur is also known as Gateway to Thar. It also has various temples and palaces too, which become a great attraction for tourist. All of these are a great piece of architecture and history. Due to all of the above and great view of the desert, Jodhpur has become one of the most popular tourist destinations in India.
8. Nubra Valley
Nubra Valley is located in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is 150 km away from Leh Town. It also consists of barren mountains and is a cold desert. It is 10,000 ft. or 3048 meters above sea level and this high altitude make this landscape a barren mountain land. Alongside huge mountains, Nubra valley also has some white sand dunes too. It is a very isolated area as compared to the Spiti Valley and otherwise, it is more or less the same. It also gives the view of the beautiful night sky in the mountains. Nubra valley is mostly closed during winters when there is heavy snowfall.
Khimsar is located in Rajasthan and is a small village. It is 90 km away from Jodhpur and Bikaner highway and is popular for hosting Nagaur festival every year. Alongside the Nagaur festival, the main attraction of Khilmsar is the 450 years old Nagaur fort, which is awarded “National grand heritage award for excellence”. All of these alongside sand dunes attracts a lot of tourists to Khimsar making it a very popular destination among all of the people living in Rajasthan.
Jaisalmer is located in Rajasthan and is called as The Golden City. It is located in the west most region of Rajasthan and has an area of 5.1 km2 (2.0 sq mi) and a population of 65,471. During summers temperature can reach up to up to 50 degrees and at nights it can get as cold as -4 degrees too. Jaisalmer has a lot of historic temples and forts in the middle of the Thar desert, which offers a great view and attracts a lot of tourists. Alongside, these attractions Jaisalmer is also known for camel rides in the sand dunes of Thar desert.