Distances have been a long hurdle in the path of development and some decades ago, nobody would have thought about development in India would be so rapid that distance and time of duration would be reduced to such small numbers. After independence, India opted for the secondary sector as its major moving force. As time passed, the government realized the need for a fast transportation system which is necessary for the public as well as the private sector. Thus, from then a lot of roads and expressways have been made by the government. Currently, India has a road network of 13424 km of expressway. In our busy lives, we need everything to be available in a short duration of time. We have lost patience and thus expressways help us to reach our destination quickly and have reduced the amount of time. In this article, we are going to mention the most amazing and longest expressways in India. But let us first understand the difference between the national highways and expressways.
National highways are controlled and supervised by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) and it connects major cities, ports, etc. These roads are made of concrete and cement often. It consists of either 2 or 4 lanes. Whereas expressways are more modernized in the making and have special features like access ramps, grade separation, elevated section, and lane dividers. It consists of 6 and 8 lanes. There are 26 operational expressways and 27 are under-operation. These expressways are becoming new nerve of the Indian nation as they are capable of carrying a great amount of load in the form of transport, which was not possible by the use of national highways. Also, there are 228 National Highways in India currently. We are also going to include some expressways that are still under construction. Here is the list of such expressways in India:
Operational National Expressways-
1) Agra Lucknow Expressway (301 km):
It is a six-lane high-velocity expressway present in Uttar Pradesh and it covers a distance of 301 km. It can also be extended to eight-lane. It is currently serving as the longest high-speed expressway in India. It was completed on 2nd April 2017 and it was inaugurated by then Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav.
2) Yamuna Expressway (165 km):
Inaugurated on 9th August 2012 by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav to reduce the pressure on NH 2 which joins Delhi with Agra. It is also present in the Uttar Pradesh. It stretches to 165 km and had a total making cost of approximately ₹128.39 billion. Major junctions are Greater Noida and Agra.
3) Hyderabad ORR (158 km):
This expressway is present in Telangana which is a newly formed state partitioned from Andhra Pradesh. ORR stands for Outer Ring Road or it is also regarded as Nehru Outer Ring Road. It is 158 km long. It helps to connect many national highways such as NH 161, NH 44, etc. It was built in 2005 and it took an approximate cost of around ₹3,123 crores.
4) Mumbai Nashik Expressway (150 km):
This expressway joins two major cities of Maharashtra that are Nashik and Mumbai. The total cost spent on this project is around US$560 million. It is also the biggest BOT road project in our country.
5) Western Peripheral Expressway (135 km):
It is a six-lane and 135 km long expressway present in Haryana. It acts as a diverting point for diverting more than 50,000 vehicles from Delhi due to various pollution reasons. Two-wheelers are not allowed on this expressway. It is also maintained by NHAI.
6) Eastern Peripheral Expressway (135 km):
Similar to Western Peripheral Expressway it is also a six-lane expressway. It is also known as Kundli-Ghaziabad-Palwal Expressway. It is present in the Haryana and Uttar Pradesh state. The expressway consists of two sections. Firstly, the 49 km-long Ghaziabad-Sonipat section on the east side and secondly, the 86 km-long Palwal-Ghaziabad section. A total cost of US$1.6 billion has spent on making this expressway.
7) Delhi Meerut Expressway (96 km):
This expressway is present in Uttar Pradesh as well as Delhi and it is about 96 km long. This is the widest expressway in India and has 14-lanes from earlier 8 lanes. This project took around ₹8000-10000 costs for completion. It is also one of the widest controlled-access expressways and it connects the capital with the city of Meerut.
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8) Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway (95 km):
This is also known as Mahatama Gandhi Expressway. This was completed in the year 2003. This expressway is present in Gujarat and it was inaugurated by the former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It is also known as National Expressway 1. it has a length of 95 km. Two-wheeler vehicles are not allowed on this expressway. It has 6 lanes. Its north end lies in Ahmedabad and the south end lies in Vadodara.
9) Mumbai Pune Expressway (94.5 km):
It is now officially known as Yashwantrao Chavan Expressway. It became fully operational in 2002 and it is present in Maharastra and spreads up to 94.5 km. It is also one of the busiest expressways in the country. It covers major cities like Panvel, Khandala, Lonavala. Its west end lies in Kalamboli and its east end is Ravet(Pune). it is the first 6 lane expressway with concreted tolls.
10) Jaipur Kishangarh Expressway (90 km):
Jaipur Kishangarh Expressway is a six-lane expressway, connecting Jaipur to Kishangarh. This 90 km long expressway has access controlled toll and this expressway is a part of the National Highway 8 and Golden Quadrilateral project. It was started in April 2005 and it is present in Rajasthan.
These expressways are future of the Indian Transport will help in the overall development of the whole nation by making transport much more efficient.
Ganga Expressway (1047 km):
This is a newly proposed greenfield expressway in Uttar Pradesh. It was announced on 29th January 2019 by Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath who led a cabinet meeting at newly met at Prayagraj. Name to this expressway has been given on the sacred river “Ganga”. It is approximately a thousand kilometers long.
Mumbai Nagpur Expressway (766 km):
Mumbai Nagpur Expressway between Mumbai and Nagpur via Aurangabad is an approximately 766 km long express state highway and it is present in Maharashtra. This super communication expressway will reduce travel time between Aurangabad and Nagpur.
Chandili Rourkela Expressway (650 km):
It is also named as Biju expressway currently. It is still under construction and it is present in Odisha (earlier Orissa). It has a length of 650 km. It covers places like Sundergarh, Jharsuguda, Padampur, Sohela, Sambalpur, etc.
Purvanchal Expressway (343 km):
Purvanchal Expressway is one of the proposed 8 lane superhighways in India’s Uttar Pradesh state. The expressway will connect historic towns of Ballia and Azamgarh through the city of Nawabs that is Lucknow, hence it is also regarded as Lucknow Azamgarh Ballia Expressway.
Amaravati Anantapur Expressway (371 km):
Amaravati Anantapur Expressway is one of the big road projects and it is present in the new capital of Andhra Pradesh which got divided some years ago and a new state was formed named Telangana. The Amaravati Anantapur Expressway will be six-lane wide expressway and it will be connecting to Amaravathi Outer Ringroad from Anantapur which will help to reduce the traffic and pollution.
Bangalore Chennai Expressway (240 km):
The Bangalore Chennai Expressway is a new six-lane expressway project, connecting the city of Bangalore to Chennai. This 240 km expressway will run through the mostly dry area and cut down total time for traveling by many hours and it will also help to reduce fuel consumption.
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