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List of Top 15 Important Spices used for Cooking Recipes in India

“Spices” elaborating this is something an aromatic stuff which is used to flavor the food, especially the Indian dishes cannot be cooked without this. Throughout the year’s if we will be looking out for some fascinating part of our Indian history these spices made a remarkable job during that time, even have often been more valuable than the gold and precious stones.
In ancient chapters spices have been mentioned for their beneficial parts, although not only for the purpose of flavoring the food but also for use in medicine, religious rituals, and cosmetics or for the perfume production. But majorly we see in foods these spices cannot be ignored in Indian food menu.
Indian Spices: India counts as a rich and heart of spices in foods. From different plants, seeds, fruit, root, and bark we manage to create some of beautiful as own originate spices of India. And here we bring to you the “Top 15 Important Spices of India which has been used the Indian cooking Recipes

1.) The famous Cumin Seeds (Jeera)

Let makes it interesting, the most common and in every kitchen during cooking the ever first spice our mothers to chefs include in their most of recipe is “Cumin Seeds”. These are initially roasted in oil till they get brown and add that smoky flavor to Indian dishes. This spice seeds holds an intense fragrance and tastes bitter. Very importantly never dry-roasted as it burns easily so keep have an eye on while roasting it as on dry basis.

Famous Recipe: Jeera Rice (Jeera known as Cumin Seeds in Hindi). On other cumin can also be added to any stews, soups, vegetable, rice, tempering and spice mixtures.

• In Digestion, stimulating the appetite, treating nausea, increasing lactation and also increasing metabolisms are some healthy benefits we get from these seeds.If you haven’t tried or added this into your spices shelves, go and immediately add on to it as it’s the most famous, popular Indian Spice with its smoky flavor and health benefits.

2.) The must pour important Turmeric (Haldi)

This spice is the favorite and importantly adds to any Indian dish, without this we found a kitchen empty for sure. In every Indian kitchen to hotels, professional chefs everybody does need this. Basically, a stem which grows under the beneath surface of the ground in a vertical manner is “Turmeric” born story.

Famous Recipe: Roasting vegetable, curries, Rice add-ons, or make a milk tea this spice can be used for multiple choices.

•On another hand, turmeric is very important hosting spice for the healthy purposes as well.

It can cure the critical to inner-minor injuries wound also, and also contains powerful medicinal properties with itself.

3.) The ubiquitous Coriander (Dhaniya)


The ubiquitous coriander this is most probably present spice in Indian spices racks or shelves. This spice is also the oldest known spice in the world, with its golden yellow color and the ridged texture. It can also be added into the base of some spices mixes box. Usually, while during roasting the cumin seeds we add up some ratio of this spice to vegetable and then these two spices are we seeing golden-brown tinge and also “dancing” in our fry pans. We also have this in a dry form as well in a coriander leaves.

Famous Recipe: Coriander chicken recipe is something that a non-vegetarian should try with these coriander spice add-on, Hurry chicken lovers do try this recipe with this spicy ingredient.

Multiple health benefits for this are firstly a great source of dietary fiber, iron, and manganese.

4.) The Treasured Ginger (Adrak)

The Treasured GingerThis spice expresses the original Indian flavor which originated in Southeast Asia, whereas at an early it was exported to Ancient Rome from India. This peppery and sweet flavor with a little spiciness to your Indian food.

Famous Recipe: Garlic Ginger stir fry sauce is something should be definitely in cuisine for the multi-purposely using.

• It’s a famous quote when your stomach is well then all is well so this spice is the best cure for the stomach problems, also for motion sickness, morning sickness, gas, diarrhea etc. So for sure keep in mind this Ginger spice a mandatory in your food dishes.

5.) The Sweet Cinnamon (Dal Chini)

The Sweet CinnamonAlso known as the “Dal Chini” in Indian kitchen this cinnamon is brown colored wood spice we mostly find in Indian traditional kitchens. It’s famous for its sweet and savory fragrance in Indian cuisines. Cinnamon comes from the inner bark “Cassia” which is a tree.

Famous Recipe: Again this spice is more flavored in the chicken recipes. But for the vegetarians, they can add-on this aromatic into their vegetables, curries, and rice for its flavor.

• This most delicious and healthiest spice prevents through for the lower blood sugar levels, reduces heart diseases risk factors. While using this Indian Spice in your Kitchen’s keep in mind to use it in a small dose only.

6.) An Organic Clove (Laung)

An Organic Clove – This Indian Spice comes from flower buds of an evergreen tree in Indonesia. The method of making is these flower buds are harvested in an immature state and then dried. This spice is very strongly flavored and aroma.

Famous Recipe: The best part is this spice is versatile and can be used in both sweet and savory dishes.

Indian spices are almost very much beneficial from all aspects of health; although these clove spice are good at temporary treat-up a toothache, reduce inflammation, Improve digestion.

7.) Tangy Black Pepper (Kali Mirch)

Moving further to the tangiest flavoring not only Indian but western cuisines this Indian spice create stormy effect towards the foods. This Indian Spice Black pepper again at the immature level been harvested from a fruit. This is used to get spicy over your savory food dishes.

Famous Recipe: This spice can be add on behalf of the Red chili flakes for having that tangy flavor just add some of the little ratios to your food. Also used in some of the Indian drinks such as Lemon Juice.

• Improving the digestion, Skin Care, Weight loss and even have the anti-bacterial quality makes this Indian Spice as the best in health factors.

8. Classic Nutmeg (Jaayaphal)

It is an Indian Spice that derived from its fruit; this is a dark leaved evergreen tree. From an Indian kitchen, this spice is sweet spice quartet but more than any another spice. It holds the harmonizing flavors to the Indian cuisines.

Famous Recipe: Mostly we find this spice works with more and well with dairy-based dishes such as custards and dessert sauces.

• Pain relief, soothe indigestion and boosting skin health are some of best health benefits we get from this Indian spice Nutmeg.

So, whosoever have been skipping this Indian Spice in their foods please soon add to get the flavor and health benefits.

9.) Sugary Cardamom (Elachi)

Sugary CardamomWith basic two categorized, we found of this Indian Spice; green and black Green is commonly we found in our Indian kitchen with the spices mixes which is also known as Garam Masala. This Spice tastes sweeter and good for the high fragrance food preparations. Whereas if we compare this to the black cardamom that is powerful and smoky one.

Famous Recipe: In some of the Indian kitchen the mother’s used this spice for the Gajar ka Halwa, and some sweet desserts making.

• This is good in increasing appetite, digestion problem and heartburn etc.

10.) Small Mustard Seeds (Sarso)

This Indian Spice is available in different and various mustard plants. Some are yellow, black and brown in color. These we mostly found in the south Indian kitchens. Interchangeably we use to use these seeds in our Indian cooking styles. This Indian spice carries its own smoky and nutty flavor which usually we found in curries.

Famous Recipe: Mostly in all kind of vegetable makings, rest the famous South Indian Idlis, Sambhar curry we can see the black mustard spice is must add.

•Mustard oil to mustard seeds is being used in Indian kitchens for not only the flavor purpose but also for the health purpose as it is the rich source of calcium, Magnesium, phosphorous and potassium.

11.) Herbal Fenugreek (Methi)

This European herb fenugreek seeds we can see in Indian Kitchens. The earthy, musky fragrance holder spice is mostly used in Madras kitchens. These seeds are used for centuries not only for spices but also used as medicines. This spice comes in plants leaves form.

Famous Recipe: Richly used in vegetables in Indian Kitchens. But fenugreek leaves which we also have known as “Methi” used in many Indian kinds of stuff.

• The best Indian spice in health manner also as it improves the digestive system and Cholesterol Levels.

12.) The Beautiful Red Saffron (Kesar)

In Indian Kitchens, we call it ‘Kesar’. This beautiful looking dark red toned saffron is very expensive to any another spice in this whole world. The reason of its being expensiveness is its most labor-intensively spice to produce. Holding a unique flavor with itself it comes from some selective areas like Kashmir, Iran, or Spain.

Famous Recipe:  We mostly found its flavor at its best in sweet dishes, In Indian homes from historic chapters being famous as for “Kesar Milk” or Saffron Milk.

• This Indian spice having potassium which helps to balance the fluids in cells and also cause painful muscle cramps.

13.) The Sour  Mango Powder (Amchur)

The Sour AmchoorAmchoor spice is also known as mango powder. This spice you will usually find in Indian kitchen and used as citrusy seasoning.  This spice made from unripe green mangoes. Decomposed in the curries and Indian cuisines and make them sour flavor.

Famous Recipe: Famous In almost Indian veggies and provide a sour flavor.

• Very few of know that this spice is the most recommended to an anemic one and also for pregnant women, as it is rich in iron content. It also helps in the acidity and improves digestion.

14.) Juicy Pomegranate seeds (Anardana)

These seeds are also sour, juicy and crunchy. The same method is used for these seeds made from the pomegranate fruit and dried in to get them a form of spice.This spice also gives a sour & sweet flavor to Indian kitchen dishes.

Famous Recipe: It is basically again can be used as a common spice in all kind of Indian curries and veggies.

  • These Indian spice health benefits are some of Anemia, Lower Blood Pressure, Relieve Stress, and also the Dental care etc.Adding into this in your kitchen is definitely a plus point.

15.) Spicy Red Chili (Lal Mirch)

Basically, this spice was grown and cultivated by Mexicans and they were used to spice up their foods with this, later it was introduced by Christopher Columbus to the world.

•    This is a real spicy spice that Indian couldn’t skip into their kitchens food. The most famous and red chili powder is blended with other spices in Indian kitchens, Restaurants.

Famous Recipe: This Indian spice cannot be over to the tongue of Indians as it is used in most of the all salted dishes.

•    All in all a small dose should be included as it’s good for digestion and rich with Vitamin C.

So these are some of most commonly used spices we found in almost every Indian Kitchen. The special thing is to keep in mind while using these Spices in your food is the right ratio. Rest, the access of anything in our diets is not good for health. But do use these Spices and some Indian originates spices to get nutritious as well as the flavor part in your foods.


10 Popular Indian Tattoo Designs and their Meanings

Tattoos on everybody’s tongue; this is something what our new generation fashion, trend sense screaming about, tattoos have become more famous as the artistic value among people these days is more. We live in a world with beautiful talents, artistic people where we are more influenced and motivated by them to see them creating and setting new trends in the world.

Tattoos are one of them which born about the 18th century and have survived till becoming a fashion. Foreign artists or an Indian the work get famed of every individual artist who holds that great skilled factor. For hundreds of years, tattooing has been a part of Indian culture, tradition and even today considered as an integral part of so many tribes and communities.

Tattoos are indelible ink, pigment or a dye which is an insertion of the skin dermis layer.

A Style Statement itself“. The learning and researchers made tattoos more creative and a notable art form today and It isn’t a surprise that some of the best tattoo artists in the world come from India such as famous tattoo artist in Indian tattooist worlds are Kevin Andrade (Mumbai), Lokesh Verma(New Delhi), NiloyDas(Kolkata), Alex Shimray(Manipur) and much more. Tattoos do have types, yes you heard it right very few of us knows that tattoos have types as well as we are more influenced by the craze and fashion but sometimes we forget to know the types of tattoos. As in a quick manner mentioned are the types of tattoos so further any of from crowd will know the theme and style of a particular tattoo design.

Below mentioned are Popular Tattoos types:

  • Traditional
  • Realism
  • Watercolor
  • Tribal
  • New School
  • Neo-Traditional
  • Japenese
  • Blackwork

Recreating and get reformed tattoos resettled about 20 years ago and came back to Indian Fashion, and now this fashion holds a list of  Top ten Indian popular Tattoo designs holding their meanings, which we going to explain for the tattooist lovers.

1.) Bird Tattoo Design

  • Birds, those who only fly with freedom with no borders.
  • A hopeful desire we have when we see them in the sky. We have around 10,000 birds in the whole world, different bird tattoos we can insert to our preferable body part.
  • Those are the messenger of God which flies with no ends.
  • It’s quite difficult saying that which is the top one but yes it seems like it’s popular to us of all.
  • Mostly selected and prominent among women, as women’s always wish to be fly like a bird with their dreams and hopes.

Bird tattoo design mostly can be insertion on the wrist, back, shoulder and stomach and also can be combined with other designs as well.

2.) Feather Tattoo Design 

  • Feathers correlate to bird’s characters where we found truth, courage, bravery, freedom, travel & more. Some of we believe feathers are a message from the spiritual world.
  • Each of feathers believes to have its own definition, as we know feathers play an important role for every single bird fly, let’s have an example for our peacock feather which reflected to be a pure soul and cannot be corrupted.

For both women and men can be implemented. Mostly prefer by women’s and can be made into different size and colors.

3.) Flower Tattoo Design

  • Being a tattoo lover we surely get confused which design we should get on. A lot of designs with their different meanings exist.
  • Everybody does have a different taste while going on ahead the third popular best tattoo can you get on your favorite body part is our flowers, flowers with different mingling collage we can insert to our preferable part dermis.
  • As above everything has a meaning flower does also have the same things carry with them.
  • As per selecting the flower design, we can choose our best-loved one.

Feminine favorable and best to the placed back neck, back, ankle side.

4.) Animal Tattoo Design

Vector tribal style wolf totem tattoo with ornaments
  • Animal lovers get awakened you got a great way to show your affection towards your animal, pets. We have seen when we in deep love we get insertion of our loved names to show them our love for them so why not for the animals we can do that.
  • Each animal represents its own meaning, so here we do have options such as for tiger for the braveness, Lion for great emperorship as we call him a king.
  • Animals are loyal, love and more, so have a tattooed for your best-loved animal and show the affection.
  • We can combine animals and flowers tattoo design to have a unique and extraordinary look.

Preferable for men, can have on their back, neck, shoulder.

5.) Astrology Tattoo Design

  • Going further with the best popular Indian tattoo among Indians is Astrology Tattoo Design.
  • Astrology defines itself some zodiac signs which suppose to use for to know our future, past, present and with that not to end also believe to predict the up comings of our life parts like in money, health, love life etc.
  • So this is the next you can have on your list to be tattooed and even can get accordingly your zodiac sign and preferred by your astrologer.

Both women, men can have this on their selected part of the body, comes within ink with black and grey mostly.

6.) Religious Tattoo Design

  • If you have seen above I have mentioned about the traditional Tattoo type, yes the assumption in your head is right traditional tattoo does reflect the Religious Tattoo Design.
  • With the popularity with this, a religious person can have this tattoo according to his religion whether it’s Hindu, Sikh, Christian, Muslim, a tattoo lover can have.
  • It purely means that person is loyal to his/her religion.
  • Having tattoo like this will show your image to be a religious and cultural oriented person.

Both men and women can have on their preferred body part, Mostly to be designed on shoulder, neck.

7.) Sun Tattoo Design

Moving to next popular design for tattoo lovers is Sun Tattoo; Sun is also included as in traditional tattoo type.

  • We Indians worship sun although we believe it’s a symbol of positive energy.
  • We also correlate sun to religious factor, so being an Indian and devotes to our culture this design of sun reflects your image to be a True Indian.

For both men and women can be an insertion, the highlighted area can be the neck.

8.) Text/ Sanskrit Tattoo Design

Texting is something we write, written. Text can be a word to a line or a paragraph.

  • So the new fashion begins with today’s generation is Text Tattoo. It’s quite mysterious and attention seeker tattoo design.
  • Text tattoos can be for loved ones to show the love towards an individual; from Ma to (Daddy’s girl), Fear, and hope are some of popular.
  • Sanskrit tattoo texting is in demand these days, whether you want to show the affection towards your parents, lovers, friends, religion, pets, etc. This cultural showing text tattoo will definitely look great on any part of your body and with its texting style and meaning.
  • And the most amazing thing about Sanskrit tattoo that people do ask you the meaning behind those insertion words.

Both male and female can have this trendy text tattoo design with different style, fonts, language.

9.) Henna Tattoo Design

  • It’s also named as Mehendi Design as it’s a temporary one. Those who want a temporary or look like a tattoo can go with this Henna Tattoo Design.
  • It’s popular among the women’s, and also it is used for auspicious occasions like Indian weddings and religious functions.
  • Whether it’s from any above-mentioned tattoo designs in henna we can have a temporary basis.

For those girls or women’s who willing to get a temporary tattoo can go with this best-suited option. It’s a pure Indian traditional, cultural based home made a tattoo.

10.) Star Tattoo Design

Last but a tattoo which shines like a star, well I am going to add and commonly popular among all girls a Star Tattoo Design.

  • This is purely a symbol of dreamer’s who want to shine like a star.
  • Moreover very worthful to those who had some tough times and gone through a struggling life throughout their lives.
  • So don’t get hopeless and have this beautiful star design on your body to get motivated for your future goals and shine like a star.

Stars on hands and arm will look very attractive.

So get not too much confused and just select your favorite from these Top Ten Popular Indian Tattoos design. And become a fashion setter.

Top 10 Great Indian Scientists and their Inventions

Invention – when we heard about this word the very utmost thing strike in our mind is a method, an innovative process or composition in different areas like physics, medicine, mathematics, chemistry, and biology. These inventions are engaging in a systematic activity to obtain the knowledge that describes and predicts the natural world. With the expertise in one or more areas of science an individual who uses a scientific method by conducting experiments, defines as a scientist. Scientists are our pride whether we say it for our nation or in the world of any area, scientists are honored and recognize till date through our studies for their great research works and inventions

There are more than 100 renowned scientists from India but below we have listed top 10 greatest scientists of our nation, who devoted their lives in researches and inventions and made our India a proud nation. Whether it’s C.V Raman or Salim Ali, these scientists have proved, established themselves and are count amongst the GREATEST SCIENTISTS OF INDIA.

Scientist from India1.) Prafulla Chandra Ray – (2nd August 1861 -16th June 1944) is a scientist known for his contributions towards the chemistry stream, born on 2nd August 1861 in Khulna, Bangladesh. Born to a rich landowner, he was younger of two brothers.

  • Despite the illness during his childhood days forced him to discontinue studies for a while but he made the best use of that time too and pursued the Higher education from the ‘University of Edinburgh’ and done his further research for a year there. He got famous by his works on nitrites and hyponitrites of metals, especially mercury does work for him worldwide. This Bengali chemist educator and entrepreneur, in another word he was hailed as the ‘Father of Indian pharmaceuticals.
  • He knew for his work of starting the first ever Chemical Landmark Plaque outside the Europe, for which he got honored by the Royal Society of Chemistry.

Top Scientist in India2.) Salim Ali  (12th November 1896 – 20th June 1987) – Know as “Birdman of India”, was a great scientist of birds although we can say an ornithologist and naturalist. He was born into a large family in Mumbai and the ninth-youngest child of Moizuddin and Zeenat–un-Nissa. He was an orphaned at age of three as he lost his father at age of a year old. He was taken by his middle-class uncle and aunt and received an upbringing at their home. His interest was seen in birds so he was introduced to W.S Millard, the secretary of the Bombay Natural History Society when he needed help in identifying a bird he had shot. Later Millard kindled in his desire to learn about birds and the young Salim Ali ventured into ornithology.

  • He was the renowned ornithologist despite having any formal training in the subject. The popular Salim Ali was among the first Indians to conduct systematic bird surveys across India. In 1947 he became a key figure at Bombay Natural History Society where he was actively involved in the creation of Bharatpur bird sanctuary. He also honored of his life’s work which includes Padma Bhushan and Padam Vibhushan.

S. Ramanujan3.) Srinivasa Ramanujan – (22nd December 1887- 26th April 1920) We saw a lot of scientists, in them the greatest Mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan got fame at the age of twenty-six. He was born in Erode town in Tamil Nadu on 22nd December 1887.The surprising fact we get to know about his life that even his college education was not completed due to his illness. He was keen of mathematics at that level where he started learning on his own, with the theory of learning he found the new formulas for solving out mathematical problems and also wrote articles. One of the articles when saw by the professor hardy a scientist of Cambridge University he was impressed and got an invitation towards England.

He was also considered as the master of the theory of numbers. In 1914 the formula for p (n), the number of partitions of ‘n’ was his outstanding contribution. And also known for his one of valuable contribution which he developed while working in Trinity College the ‘Number Theory’ and also elected a fellow of Trinity College on 18th October 1917. He passed away on 26th April 1920. Not only Government of India had issued a commemorative stamp of honor but also the Indian National Science Academy and other scientific institutions giving awards in memory of this brilliant scientist.

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman4.) C.V. Raman – (7th Nov 1888- 21st Nov 1970)  Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman born on 7th November 1888 near a small village in Tiruchirapalli was the genius of Physics.His father was initially a teacher and later became a lecturer in mathematics and physics in one of Vishakhapatnam college.

  • Throughout, from the age of 11, he passed the matriculation examination as a brilliant student even though at age 13 he also passed his F.A examination with the scholarship. In 1902in Madras he joined Presidency College and received his B.A physics in 1904. He was honored in this age only and won the gold medal in his examination. 1907 he earned his M.A degree. His whole life he was an achiever and throughout the years.
  • In 1907 he topped in financial civil service and later 1907 he went Calcutta and joined Indian Finance Department as Assistant Accountant.
  • Majorly the greatest invention he did for our nation and made us proud by his discovering the “Raman Effect” or we can say the inelastic scattering of the photon. The experimentation was based on that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength. From this invention early in the 20th century he got a count the greatest scientist of India. He won 1930 Nobel Prize in physics for the “Raman Effect and become the first Indian to win Nobel Prize in sciences, and in 1954 he was also honored with Bharat Ratna.

H.J. Bhabha5.) Homi Jehangir Bhabha – (30th Oct 1909- 24th Jan 1966) He was born to a well-known Parsi lawyer. Belongs to a well prominent family and also related to Dorabji Tata. His primary study was at Bombay’s Cathedral and John Connon School and later he went to Elphinstone College and Royal Institute of science till 1927. Not everyone knows Homi firstly did mechanical engineering in first class from Cambridge University, whereas the keen interest of the young was into science later his father stick and keeping his promise let him continue for the further studies where he received a doctorate in nuclear physics.

  • His first published was ‘The Absorption of Cosmic radiation ‘ through which he wins the Isaac Newton Studentship in 1934 which he held for next three years.
  • Invention for he enlisted as the greatest scientist the nuclear power where he conducts a research for the country. He envisioned the three-stage nuclear power programme which focused on extracting power from thorium instead of uranium reserves. He honored with Padma Bhushan in 1954 and also the third highest civilian award in India.

J.C. Bose6.) Jagadish Chandra Bose – (30th Nov 1858- 23rd Nov) This scientist proves that if an animal has the pain factor same as the plant does. He proves the plants also feel pain and affection, he born in Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India. Although all factors majorly his keen interest was seeing towards natural sciences from his schooling days only. He received his bachelor’s degree from the University of Calcutta in 1879. During this phase, he quit of two options for pursuing the further studies into Indian Civil Services and medicine. Later, finally, he decided to study Natural Science and secured admission in Christ’s College, Cambridge.

  • During his career, he does great inventions but the invention he got famous was who proved by the experimentation that both animals and plants share much in common. By his experimental, he shows that plants also are sensitive to heat, cold, noise, and various other external Stimuli.
  • A personality who considered as being the modern scientist of India for the recognition he received from the Royal Institution, London. He was known as Polymath who discovers and extensively contributed to the fields like botany, archeology and radio science. Apart from he was also a talented writer who set the precedence for Bengali science fiction writing.

Avul Pakir Jainlabdeen Abdul Kalam7.) A.P.J Abdul Kalam (15th Oct 1931- 27 July) He has known also as Avul Pakir Jainlabdeen Abdul Kalam into a Muslim Family in Rameshwaram. His father was a boat owner while his mother was a housewife and had four elder siblings. As in young age, sir had sell newspaper because of the financial issues at home. But the atmosphere was filled up with love all around. One of his school teachers plays a role to kindled him to do something for aircraft.

  • He traveled to Madras for pursuing his dream and study aerospace engineering in Madras Institute of Technology. He not only served as the greatest scientist but also as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.He made his significant contributions as both in nation’s civilian space programme and military missile development and also in India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998 which established him as a national hero. He was also transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) where he served as the project director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). He was also famous for his quotes too.
  • His achievements are uncountable; throughout he was Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and Bharat Ratna from the Government of India.

S. N. Bose8.) Satyendra Nath Bose (1st Jan 1894- 4th Feb 1974) Among the all his brother-sister he was the eldest son of Surendranath Bose, a former accountant who worked East Indian Railways. From his young age, he does have a deep interest in mathematics and science. Later he joined the University of Calcutta as the research scholar in 1916. This was the most amazing time in annals of science as new discoveries were made. He got famous for giving the concepts of ‘Boson’ which refers to one or two classes of particles.

  • Bose-Einstein the theory got named when bose work in quantum physics was further developed by the Albert Einstein.
  • Our Government honored him with Padma Vibhushan as the bestowed and eminent physic in 1954.
  • He was also a polyglot and also had interests in diversified fields like philosophy, art, and music.

Birbal Sahni9.) Birbal Sahni – (14th Nov 1891- 10th April 1949) He was born Shahpur District, West Punjab. He received his early education from the Mission and Central Model Schools. Later he joined Government College University, Lahore, where his father worked. After attending Government College from where he pursued his studies with Botany, he moved to England for his further studies. He also had briefly worked in Germany before returning to India. With his great knowledge, he became the head of the Botany Department of the Lucknow.

  • His major work where he got recognized with as he was the founder of Palaeobotany which later renamed as Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany. He was the pioneer in Palaeobotanical research in India but also took place in geologist as he had interest in archeology.
  • He was elected to the Royal Society of London in 1936, which demonstrate as the highest British scientific honor, it was a record for our nation, becoming the first Indian botanist. He was also honored with Nelson Wright Medal of the Numismatic Society of India in 1945 and also Sir C.R Reddy National Prize in 1947.

Scientist Raj Reddy 10.) Raj Reddy – (13th June 1937 – Till Date) Raj Reddy born 13th June 1937, an Indian-American Computer Scientist. He is also known as Dabbala Rajgopal Reddy, his father was an agricultural landlord whereas his mother was a homemaker.

  • He received Bachelor degree in civil engineering in Madras (now Anna University, Chennai) India in 1958.In Australia 1960, he pursues his master’ degree in technology from University of New South Whales. He also got the doctorate degree in computer science from Stanford University in 1966. He was best known for his one of invention work which relates to large-scale artificial systems.
  • He is the early pioneers of the Artificial Intelligence and has served on the faculty of Stanford and Carnegie Mellon University for over 40 years.

Above from different the list, we have marked for the Top Ten Greatest Scientists who achieved miles with their Inventions in different sectors.

Download 18 Most Popular Patriotic (Desh Bhakti) Songs in India

Patriotism is basically a great sentiment you have or show towards your country. Today, there is a great need for Patriotic thought among all Indian. Patriotism inspires citizen to rise in mutiny and stand firm for the freedom sake of his country. Patriotic people, like our soldiers, are always ready to sacrifice their lives for the country. A Patriotic person immensely loves his nation and do many good things for the betterment of the country, e.g. never take a bribe or give bribe, by no means throw litter or any trash on the street, always respect fellow citizen and provide help whenever needed, they are aware of the rights and the duties and constantly put great efforts for a better nation. This feeling for their country is called patriotism. It is a noble feeling of the mind and one of the best virtues anyone can find in anyone. It is believed that to serve our motherland is much more superior to have a place in heaven. There are people who sacrifice their own interest and even lives for the good of the country (and so they are immortals). We must love our country but at the same time also not hate others. Wars break out between two nations for want of love for other countries. We should, therefore, love our country as well as those of others.

Today, India is celebrating its 70th anniversary of Independence. We have selected best patriotic songs for the wonderful occasion of Independence Day or Republic Day of India from Bollywood movies having a patriotic theme. Below you can find 18 most downloaded and Popular Patriotic or ‘Desh Bhakti’ Songs of all time. All these songs are of the original soundtrack. You can play and even download these songs.

1.) Aao Bachcho Tumhe

This beautiful and  Super Hit patriotic song is from old classic movie Jagriti (1954) starring Abhi Bhattacharya, Pranoti Ghosh, Kanu Roy, Mehmood, Dhumal, Bipin Gupta, Ghanshyam. Music was given by Hemant Kumar and Sung by Pradeep

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2.) Ae watan ae watan

Popular and great patriotic song from old movie Shaheed (1965). Music was given by Prem Dhawan and Sung by popular singer Mohd. Rafi

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3.) Aye Mere Pyare Watan

Enjoy this Hit song from the 1961 movie Kabuliwala starring Balraj Sahni, Usha Kiran, Paul Mahendra, Sajjan and Sonu. Download Link Below. Music Director was Salil Chowdhary and Singer was: Manna Dey. 

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4.) Aye mere watan ke logo

Lata Mangeshkar sang this song “Aye mere watan ke logo” in the presence of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru at the Ramlila Maidan in New Delhi on Republic Day on 26 January, 1963 (just two months after the end of Sino-Indian War). The lyrics of the song was given by Kavi Pradeep. A copy of the soundtrack spool was also later gifted to Nehru on the occasion.

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5.) Aye Watan Tere Liye

This beautiful Patriotic song is sung by Bollywood playback singer Mohammad Aziz and Kavita KrishnamurthyMusic Composed by Laxmikant-Pyarelal for the movie Karma (1986). Download Link Below.

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6.) Bharat Hum ko Jaan

This Hit song is from the 1992 movie Roja starring Arvind Swamy, Madhoo, Pankaj Kapoor, Nassar and Janagaraj. Music Director was A. R. Rahman and Singer was Hariharan.

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7.) De Di Hamen Azadi

This patriotic song based on ‘Mahatma Gandhi‘ is from old classic movie Jagriti starring Abhi Bhattacharya, Pranoti Ghosh, Kanu Roy, Mehmood, Dhumal, Bipin Gupta, Ghanshyam. Music was given by Hemant Kumar and Sung by Pradeep

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8.) Hai Preet Jahan Ki

This classic song is from Patriotic Film: Poorab Aur Paschim (1970). This song is sung by Mahendra Kapoor. And Music is given by Kalyanji-Anandji. You can Download the song from link Below.

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9.) Hum Hindustani

This Song Chhodo Kal Ki Baatein is from Movie Hum Hindustani (1961) and Singer was Mukesh

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10.) Hum Laye Hain

Super hit song from old classic Patriotic movie Jagriti (1954). Music by Hemant Kumar and sung by Mohd. Rafi.

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11.) Jahan Dal Dal Pe

This awesome song is from movie Upkar [1967] starring Asha Parekh, Manoj Kumar, and Prem Chopra. It was Directed by Manoj Kumar and Music is given by Kalyanji Anandji. Enjoy this song in the beautiful voice of Mohd. Rafi.

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12.) Jis Desh Mein Ganga Behti Hai

Enjoy this super hit song from the 1960 movie Jis Desh Men Ganga Behti Hai starring Padmini, Raj Kapoor, Pran, Lalita Pawar, Raj Mehra and Sulochana Chatterjee. Music Director was Shankar Jaikishan and a singer is Mukesh.

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13.) Kadam Kadam Badhaye Ja

This classic Patriotic Song is from movie Samadhi (1950) starring, Ashok Kumar, Nalini Jaywant, Shyam, kuldeep, Sandhya. The Music Director of this movie was C. Ramchandra and Singer was Chitalkar.

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14.) Kar Chale Hum Fida

This song is considered one of the best patriotic song of India from the movie Haqeeqat sung in mesmerizing voice of Mohammed Rafi

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15.) Mere Desh ki Dharti

Mahender Kapoor sang this popular and amazing song on direction of music director Kalyanji Anandji for the movie UPKAR (1967)

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16.) Rang De Basanti Chola

This beautiful Patriotic song is sung by Bollywood playback singer Mahender Kapoor for movie Shaheed 1967. Download Link Below.

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17.) Sare Jahan Se Acha

This Popular Patriotic song is sung by Bollywood playback singer Lata Mangeshkar on the eve of Independence day of India. Listen or Download it from Link Below.

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18.) Vande Mataram

This beautiful Patriotic song on occasion of Indian Republic Day and Independence day.

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Adsterra – Earn Money with Websites

Adsterra Publisher Account – Makes Money!

We all have that one desire in mind to make easy money with our website. However, web monetizing is not that simple from what it seems, there are many factors involved to earn well. One of which is choosing the performance based Ad network. Here, we are going to emphasize on one of the hottest and top ad network in web industry, known as Adsterra. It’s a complete advertising network serving over 10 billion geo-targeted ad impressions per month with its sharp optimization technologies for online marketers and web publishers.

With Adsterra you can create Free Publisher Account for instant approval. No need to wait! The best part about Adsterra is very simple to implement on your website. Once you sign up, it will ask you to place a simple code on your webpage that will recognize the content of your site and start displaying related advertisements. For example, if your site is related to Travel Agency (Hotels, Travel & Flights), Adsterra will start showing your visitors ads for Premium Hotels, Best Travel Packages, Cheap Flights and more.

As a Publisher Account you will get:
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Thousands are already earning well with Adsterra. This is what one of the publishers remarked: “Adsterra is a good alternative for AdSense. After using Adsterra for 4,5 months now I finally think Adsterra is the network that can challenge AdSense monopoly.”- Steve Patrick

Below is a latest earning report from Adsterra: (Click to enlarge)


Increase Web Traffic  with Adsterra

Adsterra platform is one of the most effective ways to drive traffic that converts instantly. It provides everything you need to grow your business, increase website traffic, builds awareness and simultaneously to achieve your goals. They transform digital advertising for the web, mobile and social platforms and make it creative, unique and engaging with the help of their modern technology.

Adsterra Advertising Network enables your business to set a budget for advertising and only pay when people click the ads. Their ad service is largely focused on keywords. In short, if you want to reach to fresh customers online, then advertising with Adsterra is just right for you.

Sharp Web & Mobile Ad Formats

From Popunders to Banners, from Push Ups to Interstitial Ads, Adsterra boost high impression ad formats to engage users and drive better revenue. Below are 7 major Ad Formats that makes impact on sales:

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  3. Direct Link: Direct Link is a specific format designed for advertisers who are looking to drive the high volume of traffic where they need it most. CPC based, this format is fully created by publishers and is very effective.
  4. Popunders: appear hidden behind the main browser window, and are shown to users after the window is closed. This ad is nondisruptive and has a high impact on the desktop and mobile users.
  5. Push up Ads – An ideal and most popular non-aggressive ad unit that doesn’t interrupt web browsing and is similar to mobile OS notifications.
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All Adsterra advertisers are provided with an instant access to their campaign detailed statistics in real time to track ad performance. Not only this, you can even integrate with mobile tracking system which gives you detailed tracking of all traffic sources through HasOffers, Voluum, Tune, Cake, AppsFlyer, and others.

Advertisers PAY only for performance

In this form of advertising, Adsterra allows the Advertiser to pay only when there are some measurable results (real time measurement of a marketing campaign’s ROI – return on investment). You can even meet your campaign objectives by reaching the right user with the most suitable payment models, like:

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To join, click on Adsterra Advertisers Sign up Form or simply watch the video below to get more catchy information on this:

To sum up, If you are looking for an ad network that is powerful, versatile, active and engaged, Adsterra could be an awesome choice without any doubt.

22 Most Spoken, Prominent and Scheduled Languages of India.

Language History of India: The concept of verbal communication in India started late back in Indo-Aryan time from 1500 BCE to 600 BCE. It was a period of Indus Valley civilization. In this era, a Dravidian Language is supposed to exist for speaking and communicating. Soon after, Devanagari script was introduced for writing Sanskrit and later Hindi languages. Subsequently, many native and regional languages emerged with the widespread of Indian Civilization. Most of them were dialects and variants grouped under the Hindi Language. Centuries later, Persian language or Parsi was introduced into India by the Mahmud of Ghazni and by other Turkish & Afghanis Dynasties as the court language. In early 18th century, the British started the invasion in India and for administrative purpose brought their major Language – English. It’s a latest known language in India.

Prominent languages of India: India has the world’s second highest 780 number of languages, after Papua New Guinea which has 839 languages. According to the most recent census of 2001, there are 1635 restructured mother tongues, 234 identifiable mother tongues, and 22 major languages. Many assume that Hindi is the National Language of India, but it’s a misconception. Hindi is not the national language of India but official. The Constitution of India designates the official language of the Government of India both as Standard Hindi written in the Devanagari script, as well as English. The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 languages, which have been referred to as scheduled languages and given status, recognition and even official encouragement. Here, we have not including English as a part of Indian Nationalized Languages. Let us below identify with the most Spoken, Popular and 22 Scheduled Languages of India (in alphabetic order).

  1. Assamese – is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language. It is spoken by over 15 million native speakers. It is also spoken in parts of Arunachal Pradesh and other northeast Indian states.
  2. Bengali – is an Indo-Aryan language spoken both in the Republic of Bangladesh and north-eastern states of the Republic of India including West Bengal, Tripura, Assam (Barak Valley) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The language is spoken by 83 million people across India. After Hindi and Punjabi, Bengali is 3rd most spoken language in India.
  3. Bodo– is the Sino-Tibetan language spoken primarily by the Bodo people of North East India, Nepal and Bengal.  The population of Boro speakers according to 2001 census report was 2 million.
  4. Dogri– is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by roughly five million people in India and Pakistan, chiefly in the region of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and northern Punjab in India.
  5. Gujarati – is an Indo-Aryan language native to the state of Gujarat. Gujarati emerged from time 1100–1500 AD in India. It is the official language in the state of Gujarat, in the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli. Gujarati is the language of the Gujjars, who had ruled Rajputana and Punjab. According to the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 4.5% of the Indian population speaks Gujarati, which amounts to 46 million speakers in India.
  6. Hindi– is the most spoken and standardized Hindustani language. There are more than 300 Million people who use Hindi as their mother tongue. Moreover, it is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world. It is considered to be one of the oldest languages in the world. As it is descended from Sanskrit language and is considered part of the New Indo-Aryan subgroup. Hindi written in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Government of India. Modern Standard Hindi is believed to be influenced by Dravidian languages, Turkic languages, Persian, Arabic, Portuguese and English.
  7. Kannada – is a Dravidian language spoken primarily by Kannada people in south India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The language has roughly 45 million native speakers who are called Kannadigas.
  8. Kashmiri – is a language from the Dardic sub-group of the Indo-Aryan languages and it is spoken primarily in the state of north India of Jammu and Kashmir mainly in the Kashmir and Chenab Valley. There are approximately 5 Million speakers throughout India. Most Kashmiri also speaks and use Urdu or English as a second language.
  9. Konkani – is an Indo-Aryan language belonging to the Indo-European family of languages and is spoken along the South western coast of India, mainly in Goa and Maharashtra. Native speakers are almost 8 million. The first Konkani inscription is dated 1187 A.D.
  10. Maithili – is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the northern and eastern Bihar of India and a few districts of the Nepal Terai. It is one of the largest languages in India and the second largest language in Nepal. It is almost spoken by 34 million people in India. Less commonly, it was written with a mix of other neighboring languages such as Bhojpuri, Magahi, and Awadhi.
  11. Malayalam – is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in south India, principally in the state of Kerala. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India and was designated as a Classical Language in India in 2013. Malayalam is also spoken in the neighboring states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Approximately 34 million native people speak Malayalam.
  12. Manipuri – or known as Meitei is the main language in the southeastern Himalayan state of Manipur, in northeastern India. It is the State official language in government offices. Manipuri is also spoken in the Indian states of Assam and Tripura, and in some part of Bangladesh and Myanmar. It is currently classified as a vulnerable language by UNESCO. Just about 1.5 Million People speak this language in India.
  13. Marathi – is an Indian language spoken predominantly by the Marathi people of Maharashtra. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively. Roughly, 75 Million people in India Speaks Marathi as their native language. There is no much difference in Marathi and Konkani Language while speaking.
  14. Nepali – is an Indo-Aryan language derived from Sanskrit. It is the official language of Nepal. But In India, (due to Devanagari script) the Nepali language is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India as an Indian language having an official status in the Indian state of Sikkim and in West Bengal’s Darjeeling district. It is spoken essentially by Pahari people in Nepal and by a significant number of Bhutanese and some Burmese people.
  15. Odia – or Oriya is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken mostly in eastern India from the state of Odisha. Just around 44 million native speakers are from Orissa (and above 55 million if we include adjoining regions of its neighboring states largely migrated from Orissa to other parts of India), making it spoken by 4.2% of India’s population.
  16. Punjabi – is an Indo-Aryan language, which is very popular in northern India and in large Pakistan province. It is second most spoken language in India. Punjabi is spoken by over 120 million native speakers worldwide (making it the 11th most widely spoken language in the world). Basically, it’s the native language of the Punjabi people who inhabit the historical Punjab region of India and Pakistan before independence.
  17. Sanskrit – is a standardized dialect of Old Indo-Aryan and is a primary liturgical language of Hinduism. It is marked as the philosophical language of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and even considered lingua franca of ancient India and Nepal. As a result of transmission of Hindu and Buddhist culture to Southeast Asia and parts of Central Asia, it was also a language of high culture in some of these regions during the early-medieval era. Even today, in many secondary schools across India, the Sanskrit language is regarded as one of the main subjects from other class lessons.
  18. Santali – is a language in the Munda sub-family of Austro-Asiatic languages, related to Ho and Mundari. It is spoken by around 6.4 million people in India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Nepal. Most of its speakers live in India, in the states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Tripura, Mizoram, Assam and West Bengal.
  19. Sindhi -is an Indo-Aryan language of the historical Sindh region (spoken by the Sindhi people) from Pakistani province of Sindh. But, In India, due to its chronological history, Sindhi is considered one of the scheduled languages officially recognized by the Indian federal government. There are roughly 25 million people across India and Pakistan who speaks in Sindhi.
  20. Tamil – is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by 70 million people from India and Sri Lanka. In India, it is spoken widely in South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Puducherry, Chennai, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Tamil is also an official language of two countries – Sri Lanka and Singapore.
  21. Telugu – is another Dravidian language native to India. Telugu is the prime language in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Yanam, Puducherry, Chennai and Karnataka. It is one of six languages designated a classical language of India by the Government of India. Telugu ranks fourth by the number of native speakers in India which turns out to be somewhere 74 million in numbering.
  22. Urdu – is a Persian standardized index language of the Hindustani language. Urdu came in India with Islamic Mughal Empire late back in 1100 AD. Urdu is an official language of six states of India – Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal as well as Delhi. It is the official national language of Pakistan also. Urdu is recognized in the Constitution of India as one of the official languages.

Other local languages and dialects:

Below we have also tried to identify places and those small regions where some other native and least popular languages are spoken by more than 1 million people (10 Lakh) in India. Most of them are dialects/variants grouped under the Hindi Language. They are;

  • Bhojpuri – language is from the Bihar State of India with a number of native speakers of 33 million.
  • Rajasthani – is a language from Rajasthan State with 19 Million no of native speakers.
  • Magadhi – language is from East Bihar State with approximately 18 million speakers.
  • Chhattisgarhi – is a language from Chhattisgarh State with number of native speakers = 13 Million
  • Haryanvi – language is from Haryana with number of native speakers reaching to 10 Million
  • Marwari – is a language from Gujarat and Rajasthan State with number of native speakers are roughly about 8 Million
  • Malvi – language is from Madhya Pradesh State with number of native speakers = 6 Million
  • Mewari – language is from Rajasthan State with a number of native speakers of 5 Million.
  • Khorth – language is from Jharkhand with the number of native speakers = 4 Million.
  • Bundeli – language is from Bundelkhand region (comprises regions of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh) with the number of native speakers somewhere about 3 Million.
  • Bagheli – Language is from Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh with 2 million people speaking across these regions.
  • Pahari – Language is often spoken in the State of Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and some part of Jammu & Kashmir with the number of native speakers 2 Million.
  • Laman – language is from Maharashtra and Karnataka State with a number of native speakers = 2.5 Million.
  • Awadhi – language is from Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal with the number of people speaking is more than 2 Million in numbering.
  • Harauti – is a Rajasthani language, spoken by some 4 million people in the Hadoti region of southwestern Rajasthan and neighboring areas in Madhya Pradesh.
  • Garhwali – language is from Garhwal Division of the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas with the number of native speakers somewhere about 2.5 Million.
  • Nimadi – is from Nimar region of west-central India (lies within the state of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra). 2 million people speak this language.
  • Sadri – language is spoken in the Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and the north of West Bengal, and in Bangladesh with number of native speakers of 2.4 Million
  • Kumauni – language is spoken by over 3.2 Million people who reside in the State of Uttarakhand.
  • Dhundhari – is from northern Rajasthan. People speaking this language is somewhere about 2 million in counting.
  • Tulu – is a Dravidian Languages spoken by around 2 million native speakers mainly from the Indian state of Karnataka and Kerala.
  • Surgujia – is primarily spoken in Surguja, Jashpur, and Koriya districts of Chhattisgarh with a number of native speakers = 1.5 Million.
  • Bagri – is a dialect of Rajasthani language mixed with Punjabi language, spoken mainly in the Bagar region of north-western India and parts of Pakistan with 2 Million native speakers.
  • Banjari – is a language of once nomadic Banjara people live across India with the number of native speakers of 1 Million.
  • Surajpuri – is a Bengali dialect mainly spoken in the Seemanchal region of Bihar, West Bengal (Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur districts, and in Siliguri city of Darjeeling district with a number of native speakers of 1.5 Million.
  • Kangri – language is predominantly spoken in the Kangra, Hamirpur, Bilaspur, Una districts and some parts of Mandi and Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh with number of native speakers = 1.2 Million
  • Varhadi – is a dialect of Marathi spoken in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra with a number of native speakers = 1.5 Million.